Neuromuscular Control and Robotics Laboratoryhttp://www.engineering.pitt.edu/Labs/SHARMA
Neuromuscular Control and Robotics Laboratory
Nitin Sharma, PhD
Restoring Walking and Standing Functions
The long term goal of our laboratory is to restore walking and standing functions in persons with the sensory and motor deficits by using an active orthosis and a functional electrical stimulation (FES) device. Primarily, our focus is to design robust and optimal control methods that sustain walking and standing function for longer time duration. Currently, longer walking duration is not feasible due to the muscle fatigue associated with FES. We believe that it can be achieved by: 1) using an active orthosis working in conjunction with an FES device and 2) using an optimized control algorithm which is metabolically efficient and minimizes muscle fatigue associated with FES.
NSF Center for Space, High-performance, and Resilient Computing (SHREC)http://www.nsf-shrec.org/
NSF Center for Space, High-performance, and Resilient Computing (SHREC)
Director: Dr. Alan George, Chair, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
In September 2017, under the auspices of the Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers (IUCRC) program at the National Science Foundation, a new national research Center was jointly established, the Center for Space, High-performance, and Resilient Computing (SHREC). This Center comprises three university Sites, including the University of Pittsburgh (Pitt) as lead institution, and Brigham Young University (BYU) and the University of Florida (UF) as partner institutions. The SHREC Center is dedicated to assisting U.S. industrial partners, government agencies, and research organizations in mission-critical computing, with research in three domains: space computing for Earth science, space science, and defense; high-performance computing for a broad range of grand-challenge apps; and resilient computing for dependability in harsh or critical environments. The university Sites of the NSF SHREC Center will help address the shortage in the mission-critical computing workforce by training many students with the knowledge and skills necessary to solve the many challenges facing this growing industry. With the complementary nature of expertise at each Site, the SHREC Center will address research challenges facing the three domains of mission-critical computing, by exploiting a variety of existing and emerging computing technologies, including digital signal processors, field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), graphical processing units (GPUs), hybrid processors, advanced memories, and high-speed interconnects. For space computing, a specialty at the Pitt and BYU Sites, the Center will develop, evaluate, and deploy novel forms of space architectures, apps, computers, networks, services, and systems, while leveraging commercial and radiation-hardened or -tolerant technologies. For high-performance computing, a specialty at the Pitt and UF Sites, the Center will explore the application and productive use of heterogeneous computing technologies and architectures in support of high-speed, mission-critical computing. For resilient computing, a specialty at the Pitt and BYU Sites, the Center will exploit its expertise in fault injection and mitigation as well as radiation testing to demonstrate unique reliability concepts and solutions, including adaptive hardware redundancy, fault masking, and software fault tolerance.
Optical Computing Systems Laboratory
Steve Levitan, PhD
The Optical Computing Systems Laboratory, directed by Steve Levitan, PhD, supports joint research with Computer Science in guided wave optical computing, communications, and storage. Equipment consists of two high speed sampling oscilloscopes: a Tek 11402 3GHz digitizing scope and a Tek CSA803 50GHz Communications Signal Analyzer, as well as a Tek 1240 Logic Analyzer, assorted bench equipment: supplies, function generators, etc. and facilities for PCB design and prototyping of opto-electronic sub-systems.
Organizational Innovation Lab (OI Lab)
The Organizational Innovation Lab was established under Dean James Martins vision to bring humanness back into engineering. The Lab accomplishes this mission by applying theories in leadership and organizational research to innovate organizational practices. The Lab envisions a future where a vibrant network structure is established for optimal information flow, unity in mission is established to reach cohesion while diversity of ideas is valued to reach better decisions, and nonlinear thinking is practiced by every organizational member. Just as music ensembles or sport teams need practice to perform well, organizations need practice to work together effectively as a team. The Lab provides a platform for members to go through rapid ideation and prototyping cycles, learn together with colleagues of distinct professional backgrounds within their work context, and scale learning to the entire organization.
Orthopaedic Engineering Laboratory
Patrick Smolinski, PhD
The Orthopaedic Engineering Laboratory, directed by Patrick Smolinski, PhD, is collaboration between the Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science Department and the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of Pittsburgh. This lab performs computational simulation and experimental evaluation of surgical procedures, injury modeling and assessment of biomechanical functions. Other activities included the medical device development, tissues engineering, characterization of tissue properties and quantitative anatomical description. The goal of this lab is the advancement of orthopaedic medicine through the application of engineering analysis.
Pavement Mechanics and Materials Laboratory
Julie Vanderbossche, PhD
The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Pavement Mechanics and Materials Laboratory has developed into an all-encompassing laboratory equipped to perform a full range of tasks including the casting, curing and testing of everything from concrete specimens to full-scale pavements. The 2700 ft 2 facility features the latest equipment in both destructive and non-destructive testing of portland cement concrete. Housed within the lab are two environmentally controlled rooms. The 1007 ft 3 room can be adjusted to replicate a wide range of environmental conditions for curing portland cement concrete test specimens while the 630 ft 3 room is maintained at a constant temperature and humidity for determining the drying-shrinkage properties of concrete in accordance with ASTM-157. The laboratory is equipped with everything needed for measuring basic aggregate properties such as the gradation, absorption capacity and specific gravity, as well as, more detailed characterizations such as determining wear resistance using the Los Angeles abrasion machine or running a micro-deval test. A 5.5 ft 2 concrete mixer and all other necessary tools for casting concrete specimens are available along with equipment for measuring the properties of fresh concrete. A ball mill is available for cement production as well as a jaw crusher for establishing aggregate gradations. The laboratory is equipped to test the more basic properties of hardened concrete, such as, strength, elastic modulus and Poisson's ratio along with the more elaborate testing equipment needed for measuring such things as the dynamic modulus, thermal coefficient or fracture toughness of concrete. Some of the sample preparation equipment available in the laboratory includes a concrete saw, core machine and a fume hood for sulfur capping. The laboratory houses a Baldwin compression machine that can be used to apply loads up to 200,000 lbs as well as a 400,000 lb Test Mark compression machine. A multitude of tests can also be performed using the 7-channel MTS TestStar Controller. The controller can be used for performing dynamic testing using a closed-loop servo hydraulic test machine. This system can be fed by either a 10 gpm or 60 gpm hydraulic pump. The lab also houses an accelerated vehicle simulation loading frame for testing full-scale pavement sections. A family of Campbell Scientific data loggers and accompanying multiplexer and interface hardware is also available as well as a couple of high frequency data acquisitions systems.
Petersen Institute of NanoScience and Engineering (PINSE)http://www.nano.pitt.edu/
Petersen Institute of NanoScience and Engineering (PINSE)
The Gertrude E. and John M. Petersen Institute of NanoScience and Engineering (PINSE), directed by David Waldeck, PhD, is an integrated, multidisciplinary organization that brings coherence to the University's research efforts and resources in the fields of nanoscale science and engineering. The Institute's vision is to solve large, complex scientific and engineering challenges by facilitating interdisciplinary teams drawn from faculty in the Schools of Arts and Sciences, Engineering, and Health Sciences, and to educate the next generation of scientists through world-class integrated programs. PINSE provides research infrastructure for nanoscience research and fosters interactions among diverse research groups both inside and outside of the University to encourage innovative and interdisciplinary knowledge generation. The Institute serves industrial interests by forming partner groups and seeking opportunities for sharing discoveries with the commercial sector. Through an open seminar series and user meetings each semester, PINSE brings in leading researchers to present their work on nanoscience in an interdisciplinary setting in an effort to promote dissemination of expertise throughout the user community. These research goals combine to form the three tenets of PINSE â€“ Collaboration,Innovation, and Service. PINSE supports the Nanoscale Fabrication and Characterization Facility (NFCF), a user facility located in Benedum Hall. This facility houses state-of-the-art equipment with core-nano-level capability. There are several features which make the capabilities of NFCF unique including 5 different types of Lithography (Optical, EBL, Dual Beam, DipPen, and Imprint), a Field-Emission Microprobe (EPMA), and TEM.
Photonics Innovation and Research Laboratory (PIRL)
Kevin Chen, PhD
Researchers in PIRL under the direction of Kevin Chen, PhD, engage in interdisciplinary research in optics science, nanomanufacturing, and applied photonics. PIRL has strong capabilities in laser instrument developments and also superiorly equipped with state-of-the-art commercial laser systems.
Photonics Instrumentation Developments: PIRL researchers have strong capabilities on developing highly sophisticate laser instruments with unique characteristics not available in commercial markets. Some examples include:
Fiber Lasers : our group have developed a number of high-power (1-50 nJ), femtosecond (30-200 fs) fiber lasers for 1.0- (Yb), 1.5- (Er), and 1.9-mm (Tm) doped fiber lasers capable of both soliton and dissipative soliton outputs.
Femtosecond Solid State Lasers : Our group have developed (and currently equipped) with ultra-short pulse (< 10 fs) Tunable, Ti-Sapphire laser with high output power.
Portable Solid State Lasers : Our group possesses unique capability on developing powerful ultra-compact solid state lasers for homeland security, medicine, and remote sensing applications. We have capability on developing compact YAG laser with >10 mJ and <1 ns pulse output with weight less than 1000 gram.
PIRL scientists also developed a number of cutting-edge sensing instruments. The instrumentation development is supported by state-of-the-art of simulation and CAD tools including COMSOL, OPTIWAVE, ZEMAX, SOLIDWORK, ANSYS, ALLEGRO, and CANDENCE.Â We developed customer software to for nonlinear fiber optics for high-power fiber laser design.Â
Scientific and engineering research in PIRL is also supported by state-of-the-art of commercial equipment. These include:
High-power coherent ultrafast laser system for research on optics science and laser manufacturing from nano-scale to macro-scale.
Sophisticate adaptive optical laser pulse and laser beam shaping tool for parallel laser processing and precise laser matter interaction control at femtosecond time-scale and nano-meter spatial scale.
Multi-axis high-precision motion control systems with better than 0.1-mm bi-directional repeatability (10-nm resolution) over 2 feet travel distance along all axes.
Fully automatic guided wave photonic measurement capability and lightwave chip bonding capability.
Deep UV excimer laser systems (>1-J/pulse) at both 193-nm and 248-nm for laser processing.
Multiple high-power YAG laser (sub-ns) with frequency double and triple output for laser induced breakdown spectroscopy, mid-IR generation, and spectroscopy studies.
Continuous wave Ti-sapphire laser system tunable from 700 nm to 1000 nm with 1-W output power.
800-W VCSEL pump lasers with fast switching time.
>500-W diode pump lasers for fiber laser development
18-W single frequency diode pump laser (Coherent Verdi-18)
Sophisticate spectroscopy equipment including multiple spectrometers for UV, visible, near-IR, and mid-IR measurement (200-nm to 10-mm). Si ICCD camera and InGaAs CCD camera are available for weak signal and IR imaging applications.
Customer-developed time-domain measurement for sub-fs pulse measurement at 1-mm, 1.5-mm, 1.9-mm, and 2.8-mm.
Together with world-leading medical experts from UPMC, PIRL research engages in endoscopic therapies and diagnostics research to determine cancer margins, to develop minimal invasive cardiovascular surgical procedures, and to improve outcome of kidney disease treatment.
PIRL has unique expertise on development and applications of radioactive micro-sources , which can be widely used for biomedical and homeland security applications.
Physical Metallurgy and Materials Design Laboratoryhttp://www.pitt.edu/~weixiong
Physical Metallurgy and Materials Design Laboratory
Assistant Professor, Ph.D. & D.Eng.
Physical Metallurgy & Materials Design Laboratory
Dept of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science
University of Pittsburgh
606 Benedum Hall
3700 OHara Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15261
Office phone: (412) 383-8092
Dept Fax: (412) 624-4846
Directed by Wei Xiong, PhD, the physical metallurgy and materials design (PMMD) lab performs research on different kinds of advanced materials, targeting high performance of materials in various engineering applications. The design fundamental tool is an integration of atomistic modeling, CALPHAD materials thermodynamics and diffusion kinetics, which are indispensable for microstructure optimization. The multidisciplinary research combines efforts on physical metallurgy, applied mechanics, quantum mechanics, hierarchy of materials microstructure characterization, and thermodynamic behavior analysis.
The PMMD lab has close collaborations with many national labs and industrial companies, such as Thermo-Calc Software Inc, NIST, Caterpillar, GM, QuesTek, Quad City Manufacturing Lab, and Argonne National Lab.
Our current research are but not limited to: (1) thermodynamic and kinetic investigation of strengthening in engineering alloy design (2) materials and processing design for advanced manufacturing (3) modern computational thermodynamics for hard and soft matters (4) high throughput experimental methods and materials design genomic database development.
Students and researchers with interests on materials and manufacturing design are highly welcome to join the PMMD lab. We try our best to transfer fundamental research to useful engineering technology.