headshot

M. Ravi Shankar

Professor
Department Research Coordinator
Industrial Engineering

about

(2014) Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE) Hamid K. Eldin Outstanding Early Career IE in Academia Award.

(2012) Air Force Office of Scientific Research Summer Faculty Fellowship.

(2010) Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer award, Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME).

(2009) William Kepler Whiteford Faculty Fellow, University of Pittsburgh.

PhD, School of Industrial Engineering, Purdue University, 2006

MS, School of Industrial Engineering, Purdue Univeristy, 2002

BS, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, 2000

Idell, Y., Wiezorek, J., Facco, G., Kulovits, A., & Shankar, M.R. (2020). Geometric dynamic recrystallization of austenitic stainless steel through linear plane-strain machining. Philosophical Magazine, 100(9), 1102-1128.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/14786435.2020.1725680.

Ghasri-Khouzani, M., Peng, H., Attardo, R., Ostiguy, P., Neidig, J., Billo, R., Hoelzle, D., & Shankar, M.R. (2019). Comparing microstructure and hardness of direct metal laser sintered AlSi10Mg alloy between different planes. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 37, 274-280.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jmapro.2018.12.005.

Saed, M.O., Ambulo, C.P., Kim, H., De, R., Raval, V., Searles, K., Siddiqui, D.A., Cue, J.M.O., Stefan, M.C., Shankar, M.R., & Ware, T.H. (2019). Molecularly‐Engineered, 4D‐Printed Liquid Crystal Elastomer Actuators. Advanced Functional Materials, 29(3), 1806412.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/adfm.201806412.

Smith, M.L., Gao, J., Skandani, A.A., Deering, N., Wang, D.H., Sicard, A.A., Plaver, M., Tan, L.S., White, T.J., & Shankar, M.R. (2019). Tuned photomechanical switching of laterally constrained arches. SMART MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, 28(7), 075009.IOP Publishing. doi: 10.1088/1361-665X/ab1ce4.

Tabrizi, M., Ware, T.H., & Shankar, M.R. (2019). Voxelated Molecular Patterning in Three-Dimensional Freeforms. ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 11(31), 28236-28245.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acsami.9b04480.

Abolghasem, S., Basu, S., Shekhar, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2018). Mapping dislocation densities resulting from severe plastic deformation using large strain machining. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 33(22), 3762-3773.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1557/jmr.2018.264.

Ghasri-Khouzani, M., Peng, H., Attardo, R., Ostiguy, P., Neidig, J., Billo, R., Hoelzle, D., & Shankar, M.R. (2018). Direct metal laser-sintered stainless steel: comparison of microstructure and hardness between different planes. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 95(9-12), 4031-4037.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00170-017-1528-y.

Peng, H., Ghasri-Khouzani, M., Gong, S., Attardo, R., Ostiguy, P., Gatrell, B.A., Budzinski, J., Tomonto, C., Neidig, J., Shankar, M.R., Billo, R., Go, D.B., & Hoelzle, D. (2018). Fast prediction of thermal distortion in metal powder bed fusion additive manufacturing: Part 1, a thermal circuit network model. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, 22, 852-868.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.addma.2018.05.023.

Peng, H., Ghasri-Khouzani, M., Gong, S., Attardo, R., Ostiguy, P., Rogge, R.B., Gatrell, B.A., Budzinski, J., Tomonto, C., Neidig, J., Shankar, M.R., Billo, R., Go, D.B., & Hoelzle, D. (2018). Fast prediction of thermal distortion in metal powder bed fusion additive manufacturing: Part 2, a quasi-static thermo-mechanical model. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, 22, 869-882.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.addma.2018.05.001.

Ambulo, C.P., Burroughs, J.J., Boothby, J.M., Kim, H., Shankar, M.R., & Ware, T.H. (2017). Four-dimensional Printing of Liquid Crystal Elastomers. ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 9(42), 37332-37339.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acsami.7b11851.

Babaei, M., Clement, J.A., Dayal, K., & Shankar, M.R. (2017). Steering with light: indexable photomotility in liquid crystalline polymers. RSC Advances, 7(83), 52510-52516.Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). doi: 10.1039/c7ra10619j.

Ghasri-Khouzani, M., Peng, H., Rogge, R., Attardo, R., Ostiguy, P., Neidig, J., Billo, R., Hoelzle, D., & Shankar, M.R. (2017). Experimental measurement of residual stress and distortion in additively manufactured stainless steel components with various dimensions. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 707, 689-700.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2017.09.108.

Lee, D.W., Phadikar, J., & Shankar, M.R. (2017). Multiplicity of shape selection in functionally graded liquid crystalline polymers. RSC Advances, 7(37), 23046-23054.Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). doi: 10.1039/c7ra03465b.

Moradi, M., Basu, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2017). Creation of ultrafine-grained surfaces by large strain extrusion machining (LSEM). Machining Science and Technology, 21(4), 617-631.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10910344.2017.1336624.

Ravi Shankar, M. (2017). Photomechanical Effects to Enable Devices. In Photomechanical Materials, Composites, and Systems. (pp. 369-391).John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. doi: 10.1002/9781119123279.ch11.

Skandani, A., Clement, J.A., Tristram-Nagle, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2017). Aliphatic flexible spacer length controls photomechanical response in compact, ordered liquid crystalline polymer networks. Polymer, 133, 30-39.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2017.10.050.

Skandani, A.A., Chatterjee, S., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.S., White, T.J., Shankar, M.R., & Smith, M.L. (2017). Relaxation Dynamics and Strain Persistency of Azobenzene-Functionalized Polymers and Actuators. MACROMOLECULAR MATERIALS AND ENGINEERING, 302(12), 1700256.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/mame.201700256.

Moradi, M., Basu, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2016). Deformation mechanics and microstructure evolution during indirect extrusion in (sub) mm-scale samples. Journal of Materials Research, 31(8), 1096-1112.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1557/jmr.2016.85.

Skandani, A.A., Chatterjee, S., Smith, M.L., Baranski, J., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.S., White, T.J., & Shankar, M.R. (2016). Discrete-state photomechanical actuators. EXTREME MECHANICS LETTERS, 9, 45-54.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.eml.2016.05.002.

Wie, J.J., Shankar, M.R., & White, T.J. (2016). Photomotility of polymers. Nature Communications, 7(1).Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1038/ncomms13260.

Basu, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2015). Crystallographic Textures Resulting from Severe Shear Deformation in Machining. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 46A(2), 801-812.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11661-014-2672-8.

Moradi, M., Basu, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2015). In situ measurement of deformation mechanics and its spatio-temporal scaling behavior in equal channel angular pressing. Journal of Materials Research, 30(6), 798-810.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1557/jmr.2015.38.

Basu, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2014). Spatial confinement-induced switchover in microstructure evolution during severe plastic deformation at micrometer length scales. ACTA MATERIALIA, 79, 146-158.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2014.07.004.

Basu, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2014). Microstructure evolution during severe shear deformation at small length-scales. SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 72-73, 51-54.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2013.10.009.

Shayan, M., Jung, Y., Huang, P.S., Moradi, M., Plakseychuk, A.Y., Lee, J.K., Shankar, R., & Chun, Y. (2014). Improved osteoblast response to UV-irradiated PMMA/TiO2 nanocomposites with controllable wettability. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE, 25(12), 2721-2730.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s10856-014-5284-3.

Wie, J.J., Chatterjee, S., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.S., Shankar, M.R., & White, T.J. (2014). Azobenzene-functionalized polyimides as wireless actuators. POLYMER, 55(23), 5915-5923.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2014.06.084.

Wiezorek, J.M.K., Facco, G., Idell, Y., Kulovits, A., & Shankar, M.R. (2014). Nano-structuring of 316L type steel by severe plastic deformation processing using two-dimensional linear plane strain machining. Materials Science Forum, 783-786, 2720-2725. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.783-786.2720.

Wiezorek, J.M.K., Facco, G., Idell, Y., Kulovits, A., & Shankar, M.R. (2014). Nano-Structuring of 316L Type Steel by Severe Plastic Deformation Processing Using Two-Dimensional Linear Plane Strain Machining. Materials Science Forum, 783-786, 2720-2725.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.783-786.2720.

Abolghasem, S., Basu, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2013). Quantifying the progression of dynamic recrystallization in severe shear deformation at high strain rates. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 28(15), 2056-2069.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1557/jmr.2013.201.

Basu, S., Abolghasem, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2013). Mechanics of Intermittent Plasticity Punctuated by Fracture During Shear Deformation of Mg Alloys at Near-Ambient Temperatures. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 44A(10), 4558-4566.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11661-013-1796-6.

Gaussin, M., Hu, G., Abolghasem, S., Basu, S., Meenakshisundaram, R., & Bidanda, B. (2013). Assessing the Environmental Footprint of Manufactured Products: A Survey of Current Literature. International Journal of Production Economics, 146, 515-523.

Idell, Y., Facco, G., Kulovits, A., Shankar, M.R., & Wiezorek, J.M.K. (2013). Strengthening of austenitic stainless steel by formation of nanocrystalline gamma-phase through severe plastic deformation during two-dimensional linear plane-strain machining. SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 68(9), 667-670.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2013.01.025.

Shankar, M.R., Smith, M.L., Tondiglia, V.P., Lee, K.M., McConney, M.E., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.S., & White, T.J. (2013). Contactless, photoinitiated snap-through in azobenzene-functionalized polymers. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 110(47), 18792-18797.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1313195110.

Abolghasem, S., Basu, S., Shekhar, S., Cai, J., & Shankar, M.R. (2012). Mapping subgrain sizes resulting from severe simple shear deformation. ACTA MATERIALIA, 60(1), 376-386.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2011.09.055.

Perry, M.B., Kharoufeh, J.P., Shekhar, S., Cai, J., & Shankar, M.R. (2012). Statistical characterization of nanostructured materials from severe plastic deformation in machining. IIE TRANSACTIONS, 44(7), 534-550.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/0740817X.2011.596509.

Shekhar, S., Abolghasem, S., Basu, S., Cai, J., & Meenakshisundaram, R. (2012). Effect of Severe Plastic Deformation in Machining Elucidated via Rate-Strain-Microstructure (RSM) Mapping. ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 134(031008).

Shekhar, S., Abolghasem, S., Basu, S., Cai, J., & Shankar, M.R. (2012). Effect of Severe Plastic Deformation in Machining Elucidated via Rate-Strain-Microstructure Mappings. JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 134(3).ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.4006549.

Shekhar, S., Abolghashem, S., Basu, S., Cai, J., & Shankar, M.R. (2012). Interactive Effects of Strain, Strain-Rate and Temperatures on Microstructure Evolution in High Rate Severe Plastic Deformation. Materials Science Forum, 702-703, 139-142.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.702-703.139.

Shekhar, S., Cai, J., Basu, S., Abolghasem, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2011). Effect of strain rate in severe plastic deformation on microstructure refinement and stored energies. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 26(3), 395-406.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1557/jmr.2010.28.

Shekhar, S., Abolghasem, S., Basu, S., Cai, J., & Shankar, M.R. (2010). Generating micro and sub-micro scale periodic surface features using modulated machining in compliant systems. Transactions of the North American Manufacturing Research Institution of SME, 38, 299-306.

Cai, J., Shekhar, S., Wang, J., & Shankar, M.R. (2009). Nanotwinned microstructures from low stacking fault energy brass by high-rate severe plastic deformation. SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 60(8), 599-602.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2008.12.024.

Calistes, R., Swaminathan, S., Murthy, T.G., Huang, C., Saldana, C., Shankar, M.R., & Chandrasekar, S. (2009). Controlling gradation of surface strains and nanostructuring by large-strain machining. SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 60(1), 17-20.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2008.08.027.

Lovell, M.R., Cohen, P., Menezes, P.L., & Shankar, R. (2009). Tribological Characterization of Machining at Very Small Contact Areas. JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 131(4), 1-7.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3195038.

Meenakshisundaram, R., Lovell, M., Cohen, P., Menezes, P.L., & Shankar, M.R. (2009). Tribological Characterization of Machining at Very Small Contact Areas. ASME Journal of Tribology, 131(042201).

Meenakshisundaram, R., Saldana, C., Murthy, T.G., Shankar, M.R., Stach, E.A., & Chandrasekar, S. (2009). Stabilizing Nanostructured Materials by Coherent Nano-Twins and their Grain Boundary Triple Junction Drag. Applied Physics Letters, 94(021910).

Saldana, C., Murthy, T.G., Shankar, M.R., Stach, E.A., & Chandrasekar, S. (2009). Stabilizing nanostructured materials by coherent nanotwins and their grain boundary triple junction drag. Applied Physics Letters, 94(2), 021910.AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.3072595.

Shekhar, S., Cai, J., Lee, S., Wang, J., & Shankar, M.R. (2009). How strains and strain rates are accommodated by dislocations and twins during chip formation by machining. Transactions of the North American Manufacturing Research Institution of SME, 37, 637-644.

Shekhar, S., Cai, J., Wang, J., & Shankar, M.R. (2009). Multimodal ultrafine grain size distributions from severe plastic deformation at high strain rates. MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 527(1-2), 187-191.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2009.07.058.

Cai, J., Kulovits, A., Shankar, M.R., & Wiezorek, J. (2008). Novel microstructures from severely deformed Al-Ti alloys created by chip formation in machining. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 43(23-24), 7474-7480.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s10853-008-2887-4.

Desai, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2008). Polymers, Composites and Nano Biomaterials: Current and Future Developments. In Bio-Materials and Prototyping Applications in Medicine. (pp. 15-26).Springer US. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-47683-4_2.

Huang, C., Murthy, T.G., Shankar, M.R., M'Saoubi, R., & Chandrasekar, S. (2008). Temperature rise in severe plastic deformation of titanium at small strain-rates. SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 58(8), 663-666.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2007.11.042.

Iglesias, P., Moscoso, W., Mann, J.B., Saldana, C., Shankar, M.R., Chandrasekar, S., Compton, W.D., & Trumble, K.P. (2008). Production analysis of new machining-based deformation processes for nanostructured materials. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MATERIAL FORMING, 1(S1), 459-462.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s12289-008-0094-0.

Meenakshisundaram, R., Iglesias, P., Moscoso, W., Mann, J.B., Saldana, C., Shankar, M.R., Chandrasekar, S., Compton, W.D., & Trumble, K.P. (2008). Production analysis of new machining-based deformation processes for nanostructured materials. Journal of Materials Science, 43, 7474-7480.

Murthy, T.G., Huang, C., Shankar, M.R., Chandrasekar, S., Trumble, K.P., & Sullivan, J.P. (2008). Temperature Field in Severe Plastic Deformation at Small Strain Rates. Materials Science Forum, 584-586, 231-236.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.584-586.231.

Shankar, M.R., & Sundaram, R.M. (2008). Emission of dislocation loops at zero indentation load in adhesive nanocontacts. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 39A(11), 2535-2537.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11661-008-9624-0.

Shankar, M.R., Rao, B.C., Chandrasekar, S., Compton, W.D., & King, A.H. (2008). Thermally stable nanostructured materials from severe plastic deformation of precipitation-treatable Ni-based alloys. SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 58(8), 675-678.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2007.11.040.

Iglesias, P., Bermudez, M.D., Moscoso, W., Rao, B.C., Shankar, M.R., & Chandrasekar, S. (2007). Friction and wear of nanostructured metals created by large strain extrusion machining. WEAR, 263(1-6), 636-642.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.wear.2006.11.040.

Meenakshisundaram, R., & Shankar, M.R. (2007). Surface Steps Lead to Heterogeneous Contact Mechanics and Facilitate Dislocation Nucleation in Nanoindentation. Applied Physics Letters, 90(171924).

Meenakshisundaram, R., & Shankar, M.R. (2007). Surface Steps Lead to Heterogeneous Contact Mechanics and Facilitate Dislocation Nucleation in Nanoindentation. Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, published by the American Institute of Physics and the American Physical Society, 15(18).

Meenakshisundaram, R., Shankar, M.R., & King, A.H. (2007). How Surface Stresses Lead to Size Dependent Mechanics of Tensile Deformation in Nano-wires. Applied Physics Letters, 90(141907).

Meenakshisundaram, R., Shankar, M.R., & King, A.H. (2007). How Suface Stresses Lead to Size Dependent Mechanics of Tensile Deformation in Nano-wires. Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, published by the American Institute of Physics and the American Physical Society, 15(16).

Meenakshisundaram, R., Swaminathan, S., Shankar, M.R., Rao, B.C., King, A.H., Chandrasekar, S., Compton, W.D., & Trumble, K.P. (2007). Large Strain Deformation and Nanostructured Materials by Machining. Journal of Materials Science, 42, 1529-1541.

Moscoso, W., Shankar, M.R., Mann, J.B., Compton, W.D., & Chandrasekar, S. (2007). Bulk nanostructured materials by large strain extrusion machining. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 22(1), 201-205.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1557/JMR.2007.0021.

Ravi Shankar, M. (2007). Surface steps lead to heterogeneous contact mechanics and facilitate dislocation nucleation in nanoindentation. Applied Physics Letters, 90(17), 171924.AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.2733027.

Shankar, M.R., & King, A.H. (2007). How surface stresses lead to size-dependent mechanics of tensile deformation in nanowires. APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 90(14), 141907.AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.2718487.

Shankar, M.R., Verma, R., Rao, B.C., Chandrasekar, S., Compton, W.D., King, A.H., & Trumble, K.P. (2007). Severe plastic deformation of difficult-to-deform materials at near-ambient temperatures. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 38A(9), 1899-1905.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11661-007-9257-8.

Swaminathan, S., Shankar, M.R., Rao, B.C., Compton, W.D., Chandrasekar, S., King, A.H., & Trumble, K.P. (2007). Severe plastic deformation (SPD) and nanostructured materials by machining. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 42(5), 1529-1541.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s10853-006-0745-9.

Lee, S., Hwang, J., Shankar, M.R., Chandrasekar, S., & Dale Compton, W. (2006). Large strain deformation field in machining. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 37(5), 1633-1643.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11661-006-0105-z.

Meenakshisundaram, R., Lee, S., Hwang, J., Shankar, M.R., Chandrasekar, S., & Compton, W.D. (2006). Large-Strain Deformation Field in Plane-Strain Machining. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 37, 1633-1643.

Sevier, M., Lee, S., Shankar, M.R., Yang, H.T.Y., Chandrasekar, S., & Compton, W.D. (2006). Deformation mechanics associated with formation of ultra-fine grained chips in machining. NANOMATERIALS BY SEVERE PLASTIC DEFORMATION, 503-504, 379-384.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.503-504.379.

Shankar, M.R., Rao, B.C., Lee, S., Chandrasekar, S., King, A.H., & Compton, W.D. (2006). Severe plastic deformation (SPD) of titanium at near-ambient temperature. ACTA MATERIALIA, 54(14), 3691-3700.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2006.03.056.

Meenakshisundaram, R., Shankar, M.R., King, A.H., & Chandrasekar, S. (2005). Dislocation-Indenter Interactions in Nanoindentation. Journal of Applied Physics, 98(023502).

Meenakshisundaram, R., Shankar, M.R., King, A.H., & Chandrasekar, S. (2005). Dislocation-Indenter Interactions in Nanoindentation. Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, published by the American Institute of Physics and the American Physical Society, 12(5).

Shankar, M.R., Chandrasekar, S., Compton, W.D., & King, A.H. (2005). Characteristics of aluminum 6061-T6 deformed to large plastic strains by machining. MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 410, 364-368.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2005.08.137.

Shankar, M.R., Chandrasekar, S., King, A.H., & Compton, W.D. (2005). Microstructure and stability of nanocrystalline aluminum 6061 created by large strain machining. ACTA MATERIALIA, 53(18), 4781-4793.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2005.07.006.

Shankar, M.R., King, A.H., & Chandrasekar, S. (2005). Dislocation-indenter interaction in nanoindentation. Journal of Applied Physics, 98(2), 023502.AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.1968443.

Siva Shashidhara Reddy, S., Balasubramaniam, K., Krishnamurthy, C.V., & Shankar, M. (2005). Ultrasonic goniometry immersion techniques for the measurement of elastic moduli. Composite Structures, 67(1), 3-17.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2004.01.008.

Swarninathan, S., Shankar, M.R., Lee, S., Hwang, J., King, A.H., Kezar, R.F., Rao, B.C., Brown, T.L., Chandrasekar, S., Compton, W.D., & Trumble, K.P. (2005). Large strain deformation and ultra-fine grained materials by machining. MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 410, 358-363.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2005.08.139.

Uluca, Y., Rao, B.C., Ravi Shankar, M., Brown, T.L., Mann, J.B., Chandrasekar, S., & Compton, W.D. (2005). Nanocrystalline Materials from Aerospace Machining Chips. SAE Technical Paper Series, 994-998.SAE International. doi: 10.4271/2005-01-3306.

Shankar, M.R., Chandrasekar, S., & Farris, T.N. (2004). Interaction between dislocations in a couple stress medium. JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 71(4), 546-550.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.1767172.

Meenakshisundaram, R., Radhakrishnan, V., Shankar, M.R., Hari, R.S., & Babu, N.R. (2001). A Study on Centerless Grinding with Variable Stiffness Regulating Wheel. Transactions of North American Manufacturing Research Institute/Society of Manufacturing Engineers (NAMRI/SME), 29, 145-152.

Moradi, M., & Shankar, M.R. (2016). Microstructure Engineering of Commercially Pure Ni Sheets to Enhance Micro-Deep Drawing Formability. In Volume 2: Materials; Biomanufacturing; Properties, Applications and Systems; Sustainable Manufacturing, 2.American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/msec2016-8609.

Moradi, M., Basu, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2015). Characterization of deformation mechanics and microstructure evolution during indirect extrusion in small length scales. In ASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015, 2. doi: 10.1115/MSEC20159473.

Basu, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2014). Crystallographic textures resulting from severe shear deformation in machining. In Transactions of the North American Manufacturing Research Institution of SME, 42(January), (pp. 291-300).

Basu, S., & Shankar, M.R. (2014). Effect of Length Scales on Microstructure Evolution During Severe Shear Deformation. In Volume 1: Materials; Micro and Nano Technologies; Properties, Applications and Systems; Sustainable Manufacturing, 1.American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/msec2014-4174.

Smith, M.L., Shankar, M.R., Backman, R., Tondiglia, V.P., Lee, K.M., McConney, M.E., Wang, D.H., Tan, L.S., & White, T.J. (2014). Designing light responsive bistable arches for rapid, remotely triggered actuation. In Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2014, 9058.SPIE. doi: 10.1117/12.2044906.

Gaussin, M., Hu, G., Abolghasem, S., Basu, S., Shankar, M.R., & Bidanda, B. (2013). Assessing the environmental footprint of manufactured products: A survey of current literature. In INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRODUCTION ECONOMICS, 146(2), (pp. 515-523).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2011.12.002.

Abolghasem, S., Basu, S., Shekhar, S., Cai, J., & Shankar, M.R. (2012). Mapping microstructures from severe plastic deformation in machining. Fortieth Annual North American Manufacturing Research Conference (NAMRC).

Abolghasem, S., Guiping, H., Bidanda, B., & Shankar, M.R. (2012). Sustainable Design and Manufacturing by Mapping Microstructure from Severe Shear Deformation in Machining. In IFAC Proceedings Volumes, 45(6), (pp. 1278-1283).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.3182/20120523-3-ro-2023.00059.

Lovell, M.R., Cohen, P.H., & Shankar, R. (2007). On the Modeling of Friction in Micromachining Processes. ASME/STLE 2007 International Joint Tribology Conference. doi: 10.1115/ijtc2007-44196.

Ravi Shankar, M. (2007). Manufacture of high-strength, thermally stable nanostructured materials. In IIE Annual Conference and Expo 2007 - Industrial Engineering's Critical Role in a Flat World - Conference Proceedings, (pp. 1393-1397).

Krishnamurthy, C.V. (2006). The 2004 Ultrasonic Benchmark Problem — SDH Response Under Oblique Incidence: Measurements and Patch Element Model Calculations. In AIP Conference Proceedings, 820 II, (pp. 1820-1827).AIP. doi: 10.1063/1.2184741.

Krishnamurthy, C.V. (2005). Patch Element Model for the Evaluation of Displacement Fields Within an Elastic Solid from a Non-Contact Immersion Transducer: Application to the 2004 Ultrasonic Benchmark Problem. In AIP Conference Proceedings, 760, (pp. 1864-1871).AIP. doi: 10.1063/1.1916897.

Swaminathan, S., Shankar, M.R., Rao, B.C., Brown, T.L., Chandrasekar, S., Compton, W.D., King, A.H., & Trumble, K.P. (2005). Nanostructured Materials by Machining. In Manufacturing Engineering and Materials Handling, Parts A and B, 16-2, (pp. 981-985).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2005-81242.

Lee, S., Hwang, J., Shankar, M.R., Chandrasekar, S., & Compton, W.D. (2004). Velocity and Strain Distributions in Two-Dimensional Orthogonal Machining. In Manufacturing Engineering and Materials Handling Engineering, 15, (pp. 849-858).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2004-62433.

Swarainathan, S., Brown, T.L., Shankar, M.R., Rao, B.C., Trumble, K.P., Compton, W.D., & Chandrasekar, S. (2004). Large scale manufacturing of ultra-fine grained materials. In Ultrafine Grained Materials III, (pp. 161-166).