Kurt Beschorner

Associate Professor
Bioengineering Department Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science


Kurt Beschorner uses technical competency areas in biomechanics, tribology, understanding of human movement, and ergonomics to understand and prevent falling accidents. His research has identified the link between shoe, floor, and ladder design and fall risk.


PhD, Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, 2004 - 2008

BS, Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 2000 - 2004

Beschorner, K.E., Li, Y., Yamaguchi, T., Ells, W., & Bowman, R. (2022). The Future of Footwear Friction. In Proceedings of the 21st Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2021). 223 LNNS, (pp. 841-855).Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-74614-8_103.

Beschorner, K.E., Meehan, E.E., Iraqi, A., & Hemler, S.L. (2021). Designing shoe tread for friction performance: a hierarchical approach. Footwear Science, 13(sup1), S97-S99.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/19424280.2021.1917701.

Ding, R., Gujrati, A., Pendolino, M.M., Beschorner, K.E., & Jacobs, T.D.B. (2021). Going Beyond Traditional Roughness Metrics for Floor Tiles: Measuring Topography Down to the Nanoscale. TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, 69(3).Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11249-021-01460-8.

Hemler, S., & Beschorner, K. (2021). Out of the box and into the workplace—the friction mechanics of worn shoes. Footwear Science, 13(sup1), S67-S69.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/19424280.2021.1917685.

Hemler, S.L., Sider, J.R., Redfern, M.S., & Beschorner, K.E. (2021). Gait kinetics impact shoe tread wear rate. GAIT & POSTURE, 86, 157-161.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.03.006.

Pliner, E.M., Sturnieks, D.L., Beschorner, K.E., Redfern, M.S., & Lord, S.R. (2021). Individual factors that influence task performance on a stepladder in older people. SAFETY SCIENCE, 136, 105152.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105152.

Seneli, R.M., Beschorner, K.E., O'Connor, K.M., Keenan, K.G., Earl-Boehm, J.E., & Cobb, S.C. (2021). Foot joint coupling variability differences between habitual rearfoot and forefoot runners prior to and following an exhaustive run. JOURNAL OF ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND KINESIOLOGY, 57, 102514.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2021.102514.

Walter, P.J., Tushak, C.M., Hemler, S.L., & Beschorner, K.E. (2021). Effect of tread design and hardness on interfacial fluid force and friction in artificially worn shoes. Footwear Science, 13(3), 245-254.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/19424280.2021.1950214.

Beschorner, K.E., Iraqi, A., Redfern, M.S., Moyer, B.E., & Cham, R. (2020). Influence of averaging time-interval on shoe-floor-contaminant available coefficient of friction measurements. APPLIED ERGONOMICS, 82, 102959.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2019.102959.

Beschorner, K.E., Siegel, J.L., Hemler, S.L., Sundaram, V.H., Chanda, A., Iraqi, A., Haight, J.M., & Redfern, M.S. (2020). An observational ergonomic tool for assessing the worn condition of slip-resistant shoes. APPLIED ERGONOMICS, 88, 103140.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2020.103140.

Cook, A., Hemler, S., Sundaram, V., Chanda, A., & Beschorner, K. (2020). Differences in Friction Performance between New and Worn Shoes. IISE Trans Occup Ergon Hum Factors, 8(4), 209-214.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/24725838.2021.1925998.

Hemler, S.L., Charbonneau, D.N., & Beschorner, K.E. (2020). Predicting hydrodynamic conditions under worn shoes using the tapered-wedge solution of Reynolds equation. TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, 145, 106161.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.triboint.2020.106161.

Hemler, S.L., Pliner, E.M., Redfern, M.S., Haight, J.M., & Beschorner, K.E. (2020). Traction performance across the life of slip-resistant footwear: Preliminary results from a longitudinal study. JOURNAL OF SAFETY RESEARCH, 74, 219-225.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jsr.2020.06.005.

Iraqi, A., Vidic, N.S., Redfern, M.S., & Beschorner, K.E. (2020). Prediction of coefficient of friction based on footwear outsole features. APPLIED ERGONOMICS, 82, 102963.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2019.102963.

Martin, E.R., Pliner, E.M., & Beschorner, K.E. (2020). Characterizing the shoe-rung friction requirements during ladder climbing. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 99, 109507.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.109507.

Nazifi, M.M., Beschorner, K., & Hur, P. (2020). Angular momentum regulation may dictate the slip severity in young adults. PLOS ONE, 15(3), e0230019.Public Library of Science (PLoS). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0230019.

Pliner, E.M., Dukes, A.A., Beschorner, K.E., & Mahboobin, A. (2020). Effects of Student Interests on Engagement and Performance in Biomechanics. JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS, 36(5), 360-367.Human Kinetics. doi: 10.1123/jab.2020-0029.

Pliner, E.M., Novak, A.C., & Beschorner, K.E. (2020). Hand-rung forces after a ladder climbing perturbation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 106, 109790.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2020.109790.

Strayer, S.T., Moghaddam, S.R.M., Gusenoff, B., Gusenoff, J., & Beschorner, K.E. (2020). Contact Pressures Between the Rearfoot and a Novel Offloading Insole: Results From a Finite Element Analysis Study. JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS, 36(5), 326-333.Human Kinetics. doi: 10.1123/jab.2019-0356.

Sundaram, V.H., Hemler, S.L., Chanda, A., Haight, J.M., Redfern, M.S., & Beschorner, K.E. (2020). Worn region size of shoe outsole impacts human slips: Testing a mechanistic model. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 105, 109797.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2020.109797.

Beschorner, K.E., Iraqi, A., Redfern, M.S., Cham, R., & Li, Y. (2019). Predicting slips based on the STM 603 whole-footwear tribometer under different coefficient of friction testing conditions. ERGONOMICS, 62(5), 668-681.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2019.1567828.

Chanda, A., Reuter, A., & Beschorner, K.E. (2019). Vinyl Composite Tile Surrogate for Mechanical Slip Testing. IISE Trans Occup Ergon Hum Factors, 7(2), 132-141.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/24725838.2019.1637381.

Hemler, S.L., Charbonneau, D.N., Iraqi, A., Redfern, M.S., Haight, J.M., Moyer, B.E., & Beschorner, K.E. (2019). Changes in under-shoe traction and fluid drainage for progressively worn shoe tread. APPLIED ERGONOMICS, 80, 35-42.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2019.04.014.

Moghaddam, S.R.M., Hemler, S.L., Redfern, M.S., Jacobs, T.D.B., & Beschorner, K.E. (2019). Computational model of shoe wear progression: Comparison with experimental results. WEAR, 422, 235-241.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.wear.2019.01.070.

Nazifi, M.M., Beschorner, K.E., & Hur, P. (2019). Do Walking Muscle Synergies Influence Propensity of Severe Slipping?. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE, 13, 383.Frontiers Media SA. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2019.00383.

Pliner, E.M., Seo, N.J., Ramakrishnan, V., & Beschorner, K.E. (2019). Effects of upper body strength, hand placement and foot placement on ladder fall severity. GAIT & POSTURE, 68, 23-29.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.10.035.

Beschorner, K.E., Slota, G.P., Pliner, E.M., Spaho, E., & Seo, N.J. (2018). Effects of Gloves and Pulling Task on Achievable Downward Pull Forces on a Rung. HUMAN FACTORS, 60(2), 191-200.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0018720817742515.

Chanda, A., Jones, T.G., & Beschorner, K.E. (2018). Generalizability of Footwear Traction Performance across Flooring and Contaminant Conditions. IISE Trans Occup Ergon Hum Factors, 6(2), 98-108.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/24725838.2018.1517702.

Iraqi, A., Cham, R., Redfern, M.S., & Beschorner, K.E. (2018). Coefficient of friction testing parameters influence the prediction of human slips. APPLIED ERGONOMICS, 70, 118-126.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2018.02.017.

Iraqi, A., Cham, R., Redfern, M.S., Vidic, N.S., & Beschorner, K.E. (2018). Kinematics and kinetics of the shoe during human slips. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 74, 57-63.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.04.018.

Jones, T., Iraqi, A., & Beschorner, K. (2018). Performance testing of work shoes labeled as slip resistant. APPLIED ERGONOMICS, 68, 304-312.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2017.12.008.

Moghaddam, S.R.M., & Beschorner, K.E. (2018). Predicting shoe-floor contact pressures and their impact on coefficient of friction using finite element analysis. 24-28.

Moghaddam, S.R.M., Acharya, A., Redfern, M.S., & Beschorner, K.E. (2018). Predictive multiscale computational model of shoe-floor coefficient of friction. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 66, 145-152.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.11.009.

Nazifi, M.M., Beschorner, K.E., & Hur, P. (2017). Association between Slip Severity and Muscle Synergies of Slipping. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE, 11, 536.Frontiers Media SA. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00536.

Nazifi, M.M., Yoon, H.U., Beschorner, K., & Hur, P. (2017). Shared and Task-Specific Muscle Synergies during Normal Walking and Slipping. Front Hum Neurosci, 11, 40.Frontiers Media SA. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00040.

Pliner, E.M., Seo, N.J., & Beschorner, K.E. (2017). Factors affecting fall severity from a ladder: Impact of climbing direction, gloves, gender and adaptation. APPLIED ERGONOMICS, 60, 163-170.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2016.11.011.

Beschorner, K.E., Albert, D.L., & Redfern, M.S. (2016). Required coefficient of friction during level walking is predictive of slipping. GAIT & POSTURE, 48, 256-260.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.06.003.

Cowap, M.J.H., Moghaddam, S.R.M., Menezes, P.L., & Beschorner, K.E. (2015). Contributions of adhesion and hysteresis to coefficient of friction between shoe and floor surfaces: effects of floor roughness and sliding speed. Tribology - Materials, Surfaces & Interfaces, 9(2), 77-84.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1179/1751584x15y.0000000005.

Moghaddam, S.R.M., Redfern, M.S., & Beschorner, K.E. (2015). A Microscopic Finite Element Model of Shoe-Floor Hysteresis and Adhesion Friction. TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, 59(3).Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11249-015-0570-x.

Schnorenberg, A.J., Campbell-Kyureghyan, N.H., & Beschorner, K.E. (2015). Biomechanical response to ladder slipping events: Effects of hand placement. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 48(14), 3810-3815.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.09.001.

Beschorner, K.E., Albert, D.L., Chambers, A.J., & Redfern, M.S. (2014). Fluid pressures at the shoe-floor-contaminant interface during slips: Effects of tread & implications on slip severity. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 47(2), 458-463.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2013.10.046.

Pliner, E.M., Campbell-Kyureghyan, N.H., & Beschorner, K.E. (2014). Effects of foot placement, hand positioning, age and climbing biodynamics on ladder slip outcomes. ERGONOMICS, 57(11), 1739-1749.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2014.943681.

Singh, G., & Beschorner, K.E. (2014). A Method for Measuring Fluid Pressures in the Shoe-Floor-Fluid Interface: Application to Shoe Tread Evaluation. IIE Trans Occup, 2(2), 53-59.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/21577323.2014.919367.

Beschorner, K.E. (2013). Biotribology and Human Tribology. In Tribology for Scientists and Engineers. 9781461419457, (pp. 583-603).Springer New York. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-1945-7_17.

Beschorner, K.E., Milanowski, A., Tomashek, D., & Smith, R.O. (2013). Effect of multifocal lens glasses on the stepping patterns of novice wearers. GAIT & POSTURE, 38(4), 1015-1020.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.05.014.

Beschorner, K.E., Redfern, M.S., & Cham, R. (2013). Earliest Gait Deviations During Slips: Implications For Recovery. IIE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors, 1(1), 31-37.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/21577323.2012.660904.

Moore, C.T., Menezes, P.L., Lovell, M.R., & Beschorner, K.E. (2012). Analysis of Shoe Friction During Sliding Against Floor Material: Role of Fluid Contaminant. JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 134(4), 041104.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.4007346.

Strobel, C.M., Menezes, P.L., Lovell, M.R., & Beschorner, K.E. (2012). Analysis of the Contribution of Adhesion and Hysteresis to Shoe-Floor Lubricated Friction in the Boundary Lubrication Regime. TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, 47(3), 341-347.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11249-012-9989-5.

Tomashek, D., Keenan, K., Beschorner, K., & Smith, R. (2011). Poster 36 The Influence of Corrective Lenses on Foot Displacement during Gait: Implications on Falling and Disability. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92(10), 1703-1704.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2011.07.059.

Beschorner, K., III, H.C.F., & Lovell, M. (2009). Solution of Reynolds Equation in Polar Coordinates Applicable to Nonsymmetric Entrainment Velocities. JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 131(3), 1-5.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3118783.

Beschorner, K., Lovell, M., III, H.C.F., & Redfern, M.S. (2009). Modeling Mixed-Lubrication of a Shoe-Floor Interface Applied to a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus. TRIBOLOGY TRANSACTIONS, 52(4), 560-568.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10402000902825705.

Beschorner, K., & Cham, R. (2008). Impact of joint torques on heel acceleration at heel contact, a contributor to slips and falls. ERGONOMICS, 51(12), 1799-1813.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/00140130802136479.

Beschorner, K.E., Redfern, M.S., Porter, W.L., & Debski, R.E. (2007). Effects of slip testing parameters on measured coefficient of friction. APPLIED ERGONOMICS, 38(6), 773-780.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2006.10.005.

Pliner, E.M., Dukes, A., Beschorner, K.E., & Mahboobin, A. (2020). Work in progress: Engaging early career students in bioengineering with student-specific content. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings, 2020-June.

Pliner, E.M., & Beschorner, K.E. (2019). Increased Hand-Rung Force Is Associated with Increased Ladder Fall Risk. In Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 819, (pp. 800-806).Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-96089-0_88.

Hemler, S.L., Redfern, M.S., Haight, J.M., & Beschorner, K.E. (2018). Influence of Natural Wear Progression on Shoe Floor Traction – A Pilot Study. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 62(1), (pp. 1358-1362).SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1541931218621310.

Martin, E., Pliner, E., & Beschorner, K. (2018). Characterizing the Required Friction during Ladder Climbing. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 62(1), (pp. 1624-1628).SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1541931218621367.

Sundaram, V., Iraqi, A., Cham, R., Nasarwanji, M., Pollard, J.P., & Beschorner, K.E. (2018). The effects of gender, age, weight, and height on biomechanical properties related to slipping. In 73rd Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Annual Meeting and Exhibition 2018, (pp. 27-31).

Beschorner, K.E., Jones, T.G., & Iraqi, A. (2017). The Combined Benefits of Slip-Resistant Shoes and High Traction Flooring on Coefficient of Friction Exceeds Their Individual Contributions. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 61(1), (pp. 931-935).SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1541931213601715.

Hemler, S.L., Charbonneau, D.N., & Beschorner, K.E. (2017). Effects of Shoe Wear on Slipping – Implications for Shoe Replacement Threshold. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 61(1), (pp. 1424-1428).SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1541931213601839.

Iraqi, A., & Beschorner, K.E. (2017). Vertical Ground Reaction Forces During Unexpected Human Slips. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 61(1), (pp. 924-928).SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1541931213601713.

Pliner, E., & Beschorner, K. (2017). Effects of Ladder Climbing Patterns on Fall Severity. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 61(1), (pp. 940-944).SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1541931213601717.

Seneli, R.M., Beschorner, K.E., Keenan, K., Earl-Boehm, J.E., O'Connor, K., & Cobb, S.C. (2016). Foot Joint Coupling Variability in Rearfoot and Forefoot Runners After an Exhaustive Run. In MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 48(5), (pp. 1075-1076).Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000488236.10388.43.

Vogt, A.P., Merryweather, A., Beschorner, K., & Bamberg, S.J.M. (2013). Potential to fall of bipeds using foot kinematics. In Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2013, (pp. 4746-4750).IEEE.United States. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2013.6610608.

Beschorner, K. (2012). Experimental and Modeling Studies for Understanding Shoe-Floor-Contaminant Friction and Designing for Slip-Resistance. In ASME/STLE 2012 International Joint Tribology Conference, (pp. 127-129).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/ijtc2012-61191.

Beschorner, K.E., & Singh, G. (2012). A Novel Method for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Shoe-Tread Designs Relevant to Slip and Fall Accidents. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 56(1), (pp. 2388-2392).SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1071181312561560.

Cowap, M., & Beschorner, K. (2012). The Effects of Floor Roughness on Shoe-Floor Friction Adhesion and Hysteresis. In ASME/STLE 2012 International Joint Tribology Conference, (pp. 111-113).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/ijtc2012-61152.

Singh, G., & Beschorner, K. (2012). Influence of Hydrodynamic Fluid Pressure and Shoe Tread Depth on Available Coefficient of Friction. In ASME/STLE 2012 International Joint Tribology Conference, (pp. 49-51).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/ijtc2012-61173.

Singh, G., Hasija, V., Menezes, P.L., & Beschorner, K. (2012). Using a 3-Dimensional Viscoelastic Finite Element Model to Analyze the Effects of Floor Roughness, Sliding Speed and Material Properties on Shoe-Floor Friction. In ASME/STLE 2012 International Joint Tribology Conference, (pp. 255-257).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/ijtc2012-61176.

Moore, C., Beschorner, K., Menezes, P.L., & Lovell, M.R. (2011). Analysis of the Contribution of Adhesion and Ploughing to Shoe-Floor Lubricated Friction in the Boundary Lubrication Regime. In ASME/STLE 2011 Joint Tribology Conference, (pp. 43-45).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/ijtc2011-61197.

Moore, C., & Beschorner, K. (2010). Effects of Varying Shoe Surface Roughness on COF Between Shoe and Floor Material in the Presence of a Liquid Contaminant. In STLE/ASME 2010 International Joint Tribology Conference, (pp. 49-51).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/ijtc2010-41179.

Beschorner, K.E., Higgs, C.F., & Lovell, M.R. (2009). Derivation of reynolds equation in cylindrical coordinates applicable to pin-on-disk and CMP. In 2008 Proceedings of the STLE/ASME International Joint Tribology Conference, IJTC 2008, (pp. 399-401).

Beschorner, K.E., Lovell, M.R., Higgs, C.F., & Redfern, M.S. (2009). A mixed-lubrication model for shoe-floor friction applied to pin-on-disk apparatus. In 2008 Proceedings of the STLE/ASME International Joint Tribology Conference, IJTC 2008, (pp. 143-145).

Fred Higgs, C., Lovell, M., Beschorner, K., & Redfern, M. (2008). Modeling Shoe-Floor-Contaminant Friction Applied to a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus. In Contemporary Ergonomics 2008, (pp. 717-722).Taylor & Francis. doi: 10.1201/9780203883259.ch115.

Beschorner, K.E., Lovell, M.R., & Redfern, M.S. (2007). Shoe-Floor Frictional Properties for Varying Sliding Speed, Pressure and Contaminant. In ASME/STLE 2007 International Joint Tribology Conference, Parts A and B, PART B, (pp. 961-963).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/ijtc2007-44363.

Research interests

prevention of falls in older adults
prevention of slips, trips and...
slip resistant shoe and floor...
Whole-body biomechanics