headshot

Savio Woo

Professor
Distinguished University Professor & Director, Musculoskeletal Research Center
Bioengineering Department

about

(2012) IEEE Gold Medal for Innovations in Healthcare Technology - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

(2008) Diamond Award "Distinguished Achievement in Academia" - University of Washington College of Engineering.

(2007) Mechanical Engineering Department Hall of Fame - University of Washington.

(2007) Life Fellow - American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

(2007) Founding President - World Association for Chinese Biomedical Engineers (WACBE).

(2007) Lifetime Achievement Award - Bay Area Knee Society.

(2006) Life Sciences Award - Carnegie Science Center 2006 Awards for Excellence.

(2005) Achilles Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Research Award - International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine.

(2005) Robert Henry Thurston Lecture Award - American Society of Mechanical Engineering.

(2005) Board of Visitors Faculty Award - University of Pittsburgh, School of Engineering.

(2005) Presidential Guest Speaker - "Godfather" Lecture - Herodicus Society.

(2005) Distinguished Lecturer Award - Biomedical Engineering Society.

(2005) Inaugural Class of Fellows - Biomedical Engineering Society.

(2003) School of Engineering Hall of Fame - University of Pittsburgh.

(2002) Aircast Basic Science Research Award - American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(2002) Richard O'Connor Award - Arthroscopy Association of North America.

(2002) Excellence in Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(2002) Centenary Professor - The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland.

(2000) Resident/Fellow Essay Award - Arthroscopy Association of North America.

(2000) Hughston Award - Most outstanding paper that appeared in The American Journal of Sports Medicine for the year.

(2000) Distinguished Alumni Award - College of Engineering, Computer Science and Technology, California State University, Chico.

(1999) Cabaud Memorial Award - American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1999) Chancellor's Distinguished Research Award - University of Pittsburgh.

(1999) Albert Trillat Young Investigator Award - International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine.

(1999) The Hallvard 1999 Annual Award - Ola Grimsby Institute.

(1998) Olympic Gold Medal - Nagano Winter Olympic Games.

(1998) IOC Prize for Sports Science - The International Olympic Committee.

(1998 - 2002) Chairman - The World Council for Biomechanics (WCB).

(1998) Honored Guest - 62nd Dapper Dan Charities Dinner, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

(1997) The O'Donoghue Sports Injury Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1996) Inaugural Gesellschaft für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin (GOTS)-Beiersdorf AG Research Award - First Prize Winner.

(1995) Muybridge Medal - International Society of Biomechanics.

(1994 - 1997) Chairman - U.S. National Committee on Biomechanics (USNCB).

(1993) Giovanni Borelli Award - The American Society of Biomechanics.

(1993) Excellence in Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1992) World Renowned Foreign Scholars Lectureship Award - National Science Council, Dept. of State, Republic of China (Taiwan).

(1992 - 1994) Founding Chairman - College of Fellows, American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering.

(1992) World Renowned Foreign Scholars Lectureship Award, National Science Council, Dept. of State, Republic of China.

(1991) H.R. Lissner Medal - American Society for Mechanical Engineers.

(1990) Excellence in Clinical Science Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1990) The O'Donoghue Sports Injury Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1990) Founding Fellow - American Institute for Medical & Biological Engineering.

(1990 - 1992) President - International Society for Fracture Repair.

(1989) Sumner-Koch Award - Chicago Society for Surgery of the Hand: For paper to have the greatest clinical significance.

(1989) Phi Beta Delta, Honor Society for International Scholars.

(1988) Citation Award - American College of Sports Medicine.

(1987) Government Fellowship Award - Japan Ministry of Education.

(1986 - 1987) Chairman - Bioengineering Division, American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

(1986) Honorary Editor - Chinese Biomechanics Magazine.

(1986) Excellence in Sports Science Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1985 - 1986) President - The Orthopaedic Research Society.

(1985 - 1986) President - The American Society of Biomechanics.

(1983) Elizabeth Winston Lanier Kappa Delta Award for Outstanding Orthopaedic Research - Orthopaedic Research Society/American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

(1983) Excellence in Basic Science Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1983) Visiting Lecturer Award - Alberta Heritage Medical Research Foundation.

(1981) Fellowship Award - Japan Society for Promotion of Science.

(1979) Orthopaedic Science and Bioengineering Group - 1st U.S. Delegation to People's Republic of China.

(1977 - 1982) Research Career Development Award - NIH/USPHS.

(1967) Sigma Xi.

(1962) Blue Key National Honor Society.

(1962) Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society.

(1962) American Society of Testing and Materials (Student Membership Award).

(1961) Outstanding Undergraduate Engineer.

Ph.D., Bioengineering, Univ. of Washington, 1971

B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Chico State College, 1965

M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Univ. of Washington, 1966

Cheng, C.K., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2020). Frontiers in Orthopaedic Biomechanics. 1-425.Springer Singapore. doi: 10.1007/978-981-15-3159-0.

Cheng, C.K., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2020). Introduction. ix-xi.

Mau, J.R., Hawkins, K.M., Woo, S.L.Y., Kim, K.E., & McCullough, M.B.A. (2020). Design of a new magnesium-based anterior cruciate ligament interference screw using finite element analysis. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC TRANSLATION, 20, 25-30.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jot.2019.09.003.

Wang, H., Liu, B., Qi, X., Woo, S.L.Y., & Cheng, C.K. (2020). Biomechanics of the knee. In Frontiers in Orthopaedic Biomechanics. (pp. 189-218). doi: 10.1007/978-981-15-3159-0_9.

Woo, S.L.Y. (2020). In Memoriam of Yuan-Cheng "Bert" Fung. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 110, 109911.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2020.109911.

Woo, S.L.Y. (2020). In the Memory of Yuan-Cheng "Bert" Fung, Ph.D. September 15, 1919 - December 15, 2019 The Father of Modern Biomechanics and A 5G Man (Genius, Giant, Generous, Genuine and Gentle). JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC TRANSLATION, 23, A2-A3.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jot.2020.07.002.

Wang, H., Kang, H., Yao, J., Cheng, C.K., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2019). Evaluation of a magnesium ring device for mechanical augmentation of a ruptured ACL: Finite element analysis. CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 68, 122-127.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.06.002.

Woo, S.L.Y. (2019). A Tribute to Our Centenarian Yuan-Cheng Fung: Father of Modern Biomechanics. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 141(9).ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.4044066.

Woo, S.L.Y. (2019). A Tribute to Our Centenarian Yuan-Cheng Fung: Father of Modern Biomechanics. J Biomech Eng, 141(9). doi: 10.1115/1.4044066.

Woo, S.L.Y., & Sites, T.J. (2018). Collagen. In Collagen: Volume II: Biochemistry and Biomechanics. (pp. 223-241).CRC Press. doi: 10.1201/9781351070782.

Mau, J.R., Wang, H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2017). The Use of a Large Animal Model and Robotic Technology to Validate New Biotherapies for ACL Healing. In Bio-orthopaedics. (pp. 185-196).Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-662-54181-4_15.

Farraro, K.F., Sasaki, N., Woo, S.L.Y., Kim, K.E., Tei, M.M., Speziali, A., & McMahon, P.J. (2016). Magnesium Ring Device to Restore Function of a Transected Anterior Cruciate Ligament in the Goat Stifle Joint. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 34(11), 2001-2008.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.23210.

Li, Z.M., Wang, J.H.C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2016). Biomechanics and mechanobiology of ligaments and tendons. Yiyong Shengwu Lixue/Journal of Medical Biomechanics, 31(4), 301-307. doi: 10.3871/j.1004-7220.2016.04.301.

Liang, R., Yang, G., Kim, K.E., D'Amore, A., Pickering, A.N., Zhang, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2015). Positive effects of an extracellular matrix hydrogel on rat anterior cruciate ligament fibroblast proliferation and collagen mRNA expression. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC TRANSLATION, 3(3), 114-122.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jot.2015.05.001.

Nguyen, D.T., Dellbrügge, S., Tak, P.P., Woo, S.L.Y., Blankevoort, L., & van Dijk, N.C. (2015). Histological characteristics of ligament healing after bio-enhanced repair of the transected goat ACL. J Exp Orthop, 2(1), 4.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1186/s40634-015-0021-5.

Woo, L.Y.S., Farraro, K.F., Flowers, J.R., & Chen, C. (2015). Measuring in vivo joint motion and ligament function: New developments. In Sports Injuries: Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation, Second Edition. (pp. 21-31). doi: 10.1007/10.1007/978-3-642-36569-0_3.

Woo, S.L.Y. (2015). In memoriam: Cyril B. Frank, MD (1949-2015). JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 33(12), 1739-1740.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.23076.

Woo, S.L.Y., Kim, K.E., & Farraro, K.F. (2015). Orthopedic research in the year 2025. In Sports Injuries: Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation, Second Edition. (pp. 3203-3216). doi: 10.1007/10.1007/978-3-642-36569-0_259.

Farraro, K.E., Kim, K.E., Woo, S.L.Y., Flowers, J.R., & McCullough, M.B. (2014). Revolutionizing orthopaedic biomaterials: The potential of biodegradable and bioresorbable magnesium-based materials for functional tissue engineering. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 47(9), 1979-1986.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2013.12.003.

Kim, K.E., Hsu, S.L., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2014). Tensile properties of the medial patellofemoral ligament: The effect of specimen orientation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 47(2), 592-595.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2013.11.026.

Sasaki, N., Farraro, K.F., Kim, K.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2014). Biomechanical Evaluation of the Quadriceps Tendon Autograft for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction A Cadaveric Study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 42(3), 723-730.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546513516603.

Nguyen, D.T., Geel, J., Schulze, M., Raschke, M.J., Woo, S.L.Y., van Dijk, C.N., & Blankevoort, L. (2013). Healing of the Goat Anterior Cruciate Ligament After a New Suture Repair Technique and Bioscaffold Treatment. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 19(19-20), 2292-2299.Mary Ann Liebert Inc. doi: 10.1089/ten.tea.2012.0535.

Tei, M.M., Farraro, K.F., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2013). Ligament and Tendon Enthesis: Anatomy and Mechanics. In Structural Interfaces and Attachments in Biology. 9781461433170, (pp. 69-89).Springer New York. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-3317-0_4.

Torry, M.R., Shelburne, K.B., Myers, C., Giphart, J.E., Pennington, W.W., Krong, J.P., Peterson, D.S., Steadman, J.R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2013). High Knee Valgus in Female Subjects does not Yield Higher Knee Translations during Drop Landings: A Biplane Fluoroscopic Study. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 31(2), 257-267.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.22217.

Fisher, M.B., Liang, R., Jung, H.J., Kim, K.E., Zamarra, G., Almarza, A.J., McMahon, P.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2012). Potential of healing a transected anterior cruciate ligament with genetically modified extracellular matrix bioscaffolds in a goat model. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 20(7), 1357-1365.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-011-1800-x.

Myers, C.A., Torry, M.R., Shelburne, K.B., Giphart, J.E., LaPrade, R.F., Woo, S.L.Y., & Steadman, J.R. (2012). In Vivo Tibiofemoral Kinematics During 4 Functional Tasks of Increasing Demand Using Biplane Fluoroscopy. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 40(1), 170-178.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546511423746.

Prantil, R.K., Xiu, K., Kim, K.E., Gaitan, D.M., Sacks, M.S., Woo, S.L.Y., & Li, Z.M. (2012). Fiber orientation of the transverse carpal ligament. CLINICAL ANATOMY, 25(4), 478-482.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/ca.21257.

Woo, S.L.Y., & Kim, K.E. (2012). Orthopaedic Research in the Year 2020. In Sports Injuries. (pp. 1209-1215).Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-15630-4_160.

Woo, S.L.Y., Jung, H.J., & Fisher, M.B. (2012). Biomechanical Variation of Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. In Sports Injuries. (pp. 355-361).Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-15630-4_48.

Fisher, M.B., Jung, H.J., McMahon, P.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2011). Suture augmentation following ACL injury to restore the function of the ACL, MCL, and medial meniscus in the goat stifle joint. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 44(8), 1530-1535.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.02.141.

Jung, H.J., Vangipuram, G., Fisher, M.B., Yang, G., Hsu, S., Bianchi, J., Ronholdt, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2011). The Effects of Multiple Freeze-Thaw Cycles on the Biomechanical Properties of the Human Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Allograft. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 29(8), 1193-1198.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.21373.

Liang, R., Fisher, M., Yang, G., Hall, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2011). Alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase knockout does not alter the properties of porcine extracellular matrix bioscaffolds. ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, 7(4), 1719-1727.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2011.01.001.

Myers, C.A., Torry, M.R., Peterson, D.S., Shelburne, K.B., Giphart, J.E., Krong, J.P., Woo, S.L.Y., & Steadman, J.R. (2011). Measurements of Tibiofemoral Kinematics During Soft and Stiff Drop Landings Using Biplane Fluoroscopy. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 39(8), 1714-1722.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546511404922.

Torry, M.R., Myers, C., Pennington, W.W., Shelburne, K.B., Krong, J.P., Giphart, J.E., Steadman, J.R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2011). Relationship of anterior knee laxity to knee translations during drop landings: a bi-plane fluoroscopy study. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 19(4), 653-662.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-010-1327-6.

Torry, M.R., Myers, C., Shelburne, K.B., Peterson, D., Giphart, J.E., Pennington, W.W., Krong, J.P., Woo, S.L.Y., & Steadman, J.R. (2011). Relationship of knee shear force and extensor moment on knee translations in females performing drop landings: A biplane fluoroscopy study. CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 26(10), 1019-1024.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2011.06.010.

Torry, M.R., Shelburne, K.B., Peterson, D.S., Giphart, J.E., Krong, J.P., Myers, C., Steadman, J.R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2011). Knee Kinematic Profiles during Drop Landings: A Biplane Fluoroscopy Study. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 43(3), 533-541.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181f1e491.

Woo, S.L.Y., Almarza, A.J., Karaoglu, S., Liang, R., & Fisher, M.B. (2011). Functional Tissue Engineering of Ligament and Tendon Injuries. In Principles of Regenerative Medicine. (pp. 997-1021).Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/b978-0-12-381422-7.10054-9.

Fisher, M.B., Jung, H.J., McMahon, P.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2010). Evaluation of Bone Tunnel Placement for Suture Augmentation of an Injured Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Effects on Joint Stability in a Goat Model. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 28(10), 1373-1379.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.21141.

Hsu, S.L., Liang, R., & Woo, S.L. (2010). Functional tissue engineering of ligament healing. Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Ther Technol, 2, (p. 12).England. doi: 10.1186/1758-2555-2-12.

Zamarra, G., Fisher, M.B., Woo, S.L.Y., & Cerulli, G. (2010). Biomechanical evaluation of using one hamstrings tendon for ACL reconstruction: a human cadaveric study. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 18(1), 11-19.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-009-0911-0.

Chien, S., Chen, P.C.Y., Schmid-Schönbein, G.W., Tong, P., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2009). Tributes to yuan-cheng fung on his 90th birthday: Biomechanics: From molecules to man. 1-351. doi: 10.1142/9789814289955.

Darcy, S.P., Gil, J.E., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2009). The importance of position and path repeatability on force at the knee during six-DOF joint motion. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 31(5), 553-557.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2008.11.001.

Jung, H.J., Fisher, M.B., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2009). Role of biomechanics in the understanding of normal, injured, and healing ligaments and tendons. Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Ther Technol, 1(1), 9.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1186/1758-2555-1-9.

Marx, R.G., Karlsson, J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2009). Clinical Decision Making Based on Evidence. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 25(3), 224.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2008.12.013.

Nguyen, T.D., Liang, R., Woo, S.L., Burton, S.D., Wu, C., Almarza, A., Sacks, M.S., & Abramowitch, S. (2009). Effects of cell seeding and cyclic stretch on the fiber remodeling in an extracellular matrix-derived bioscaffold. Tissue engineering. Part A, 15(4), 957-63.

Nguyen, T.D., Liang, R., Woo, S.L.Y., Burton, S.D., Wu, C., Almarza, A., Sacks, M.S., & Abramowitch, S. (2009). Effects of Cell Seeding and Cyclic Stretch on the Fiber Remodeling in an Extracellular Matrix-Derived Bioscaffold. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 15(4), 957-963.Mary Ann Liebert Inc. doi: 10.1089/ten.tea.2007.0384.

Woo, S.L.Y. (2009). Tissue engineering: use of scaffolds for ligament and tendon healing and regeneration. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 17(6), 559-560.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-009-0776-2.

WOO, S.L.Y. (2009). DR. Y. C. FUNG: MY RESPECTED MENTOR AND CHERISHED FRIEND. In Tributes to Yuan-Cheng Fung on His 90th Birthday. (pp. 301-316).WORLD SCIENTIFIC. doi: 10.1142/9789814289955_0028.

Woo, S.L.Y., & Fisher, M.B. (2009). Evaluation of Knee Stability with Use of a Robotic System. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 91A(Supplement_1), 78-84.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/JBJS.H.01371.

Woo, S.L.Y., Liang, R., & Fisher, M.B. (2009). Future of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine and Soft Tissue Healing: The Important Role of Engineering. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BIOENGINEERING, 2(3), 448-461.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s12195-009-0065-7.

Wu, C., Noorani, S., Vercillo, F., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2009). Tension Patterns of the Anteromedial and Posterolateral Grafts in a Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 27(7), 879-884.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.20822.

Abramowitch, S., Redfern, M., Debski, R., Almarza, A., Borovetz, H., Hardesty, R.L., & Woo, S. (2008). Intramural research internship: A requirement of the undergraduate bioengineering curriculum at the University of Pittsburgh. ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings, 13-15.

Almarza, A.J., Augustine, S.M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2008). Changes in Gene Expression of Matrix Constituents with Respect to Passage of Ligament and Tendon Fibroblasts. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 36(12), 1927-1933.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s10439-008-9565-1.

Almarza, A.J., Yang, G., Woo, S.L.Y., Nguyen, T., & Abramowitch, S.D. (2008). Positive changes in bone marrow-derived cells in response to culture on an aligned bioscaffold. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 14(9), 1489-1495.Mary Ann Liebert Inc. doi: 10.1089/ten.tea.2007.0422.

Karaoglu, S., Fisher, M.B., Woo, S.L.Y., Fu, Y.C., Liang, R., & Abramowitch, S.D. (2008). Use of a bioscaffold to improve healing of a patellar tendon defect after graft harvest for ACL reconstruction: A study in rabbits. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 26(2), 255-263.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.20471.

Liang, R., Woo, S.L.Y., Nguyen, T.D., Liu, P.C., & Almarza, A. (2008). Effects of a bioscaffold on collagen fibrillogenesis in healing medial collateral ligament in rabbits. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 26(8), 1098-1104.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.20616.

Renstrm, P.A.F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2008). Tendinopathy: A Major Medical Problem in Sport. In Tendinopathy in Athletes. 12, (pp. 1-9).Blackwell Publishing Ltd. doi: 10.1002/9780470757987.ch1.

Wang, J.H.C., Woo, S.L.Y., Hsu, W.H., & Stone, D.A. (2008). Mechanobiologic Studies of Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Tendinopathy. In Tendinopathy in Athletes. 12, (pp. 85-100).Blackwell Publishing Ltd. doi: 10.1002/9780470757987.ch7.

Woo, S.L.Y., Almarza, A.J., Karaoglu, S., & Abramowitch, S.D. (2008). Functional Tissue Engineering of Ligament and Tendon Injuries. In Principles of Regenerative Medicine. (pp. 1206-1231).Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/b978-012369410-2.50073-5.

Woo, S.L.Y., Fisher, M.B., & Feola, A.J. (2008). Contribution of biomechanics to management of ligament and tendon injuries. Mol Cell Biomech, 5(1), 49-68.

Zhang, X., Jiang, G., Wu, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2008). A subject-specific finite element model of the anterior cruciate ligament. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2008, 891-894.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2008.4649297.

Zhang, X., Wu, C., Jiang, G., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2008). The effects of geometry and fiber bundle orientation on the finite element modeling of the anterior cruciate ligament. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2008, 899-902.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2008.4649299.

Abramowitch, S.D., Fisher, M.B., Karaoglu, S., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2007). The Mechanical and Viscoelastic Properties of the Healing Rabbit Patellar Tendon. ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference, (pp. 895-896).American Society of Mechanical Engineers.Keystone, CO. doi: 10.1115/sbc2007-176183.

Giffin, J.R., Stabile, K.J., Zantop, T., Vogrin, T.M., Woo, S.L.Y., & Harner, C.D. (2007). Importance of tibial slope for stability of the posterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 35(9), 1443-1449.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546507304665.

Gilbert, T.W., Stewart-Akers, A.M., Sydeski, J., Nguyen, T.D., Badylak, S.F., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2007). Gene expression by fibroblasts seeded on small intestinal submucosa and subjected to cyclic stretching. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 13(6), 1313-1323.Mary Ann Liebert Inc. doi: 10.1089/ten.2006.0318.

Vercillo, F., Woo, S.L.Y., Noorani, S.Y., & Dede, O. (2007). Determination of a safe range of knee flexion angles for fixation of the grafts in double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction - A human cadaveric study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 35(9), 1513-1520.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546507300822.

Woo, S.L.Y., Renström, P., & Arnoczky, S.P. (2007). Tendinopathy in Athletes. 12, xi-xii.Blackwell Publishing Ltd. doi: 10.1002/9780470757987.

Zhang, X., Fisher, M.B., Woo, S.L.Y., Jiang, G., & Abramowitch, S.D. (2007). The Assumption of a Negligible Preload on the Determination of Viscoelastic Properties Based on the Quasi-linear Viscoelastic (QLV) Theory. 2007 IEEE/ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering, (10.1109/ICCME.2007.4382020), 1617-1620.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/iccme.2007.4382020.

Darcy, S.P., Kilger, R.H.P., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2006). Estimation of ACL forces by reproducing knee kinematics between sets of knees: A novel non-invasive methodology. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 39(13), 2371-2377.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.08.009.

Gilbert, T.W., Sacks, M.S., Grashow, J.S., Woo, S.L.Y., Badylak, S.F., & Chancellor, M.B. (2006). Fiber kinematics of small intestinal submucosa under biaxial and uniaxial stretch. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 128(6), 890-898.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2354200.

Hsu, W.H., Fisk, J.A., Yamamoto, Y., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2006). Differences in torsional joint stiffness of the knee between genders - A human cadaveric study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 34(5), 765-770.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546505282623.

Kilger, R.H.P., Stehle, J., Fisk, J.A., Thomas, M., Miura, K., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2006). Anatomical double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction after valgus high tibial osteotomy - A biomechanical study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 34(6), 961-967.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546505283269.

Liang, R., Woo, S.L.Y., Takakura, Y., Moon, D.K., Jia, F.Y., & Abramowitch, S.D. (2006). Long-term effects of porcine small intestine submucosa on the healing of medial collateral ligament: A functional tissue engineering study. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 24(4), 811-819.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.20080.

Miura, K., Woo, S.L.Y., Brinkley, R., Fu, Y.C., & Noorani, S. (2006). Effects of knee flexion angles for graft fixation on force distribution in double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament grafts. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 34(4), 577-585.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546505281814.

Moon, D.K., Abramowitch, S.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2006). The development and validation of a charge-coupled device laser reflectance system to measure the complex cross-sectional shape and area of soft tissues. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 39(16), 3071-3075.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.10.029.

Moon, D.K., Woo, S.L.Y., Takakura, Y., Gabriel, M.T., & Abramowitch, S.D. (2006). The effects of refreezing on the viscoelastic and tensile properties of ligaments. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 39(6), 1153-1157.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.02.012.

Moore, S.M., Thomas, M., Woo, S.L.Y., Gabriel, M.T., Kilger, R., & Debski, R.E. (2006). A novel methodology to reproduce previously recorded six-degree of freedom kinematics on the same diarthrodial joint. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 39(10), 1914-1923.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.05.014.

Pfaeffle, H.J., Fischer, K.J., Srinivasa, A., Manson, T., Woo, S.L.Y., & Tomaino, M. (2006). A model of stress and strain in the interosseous ligament of the forearm based on fiber network theory. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 128(5), 725-732.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2241730.

Woo, S.L.Y. (2006). Functional tissue engineering of ligaments and tendons. CYTOTHERAPY, 8, (p. 13).Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1186/1758-2555-2-12.

Woo, S.L.Y., Abramowitch, S.D., Kilger, R., & Liang, R. (2006). Biomechanics of knee ligaments: injury, healing, and repair. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 39(1), 1-20.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2004.10.025.

Woo, S.L.Y., Karaoğlu, S., & Dede, O. (2006). [Contribution of biomechanics to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction]. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc, 40(1), 94-100.

Woo, S.L.Y., Takakura, Y., Liang, R., Jia, F.Y., & Moon, D.K. (2006). Treatment with bioscaffold enhances the the fibril morphology and the collagen composition of healing medial collateral ligament in rabbits. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 12(1), 159-166.Mary Ann Liebert Inc. doi: 10.1089/ten.2006.12.159.

Woo, S.L.Y., Wu, C., Dede, O., Vercillo, F., & Noorani, S. (2006). Biomechanics and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Surg Res, 1(1), 2.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1186/1749-799X-1-2.

Yamamoto, Y., Hsu, W.H., Fisk, J.A., Van Scyoc, A.H., Miura, K., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2006). Effect of the iliotibial band on knee biomechanics during a simulated pivot shift test. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 24(5), 967-973.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.20122.

Abramowitch, S.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2005). A phenomenological model to describe the dynamic viscoelastic behavior of the rabbit medial collateral ligament. Proceedings of the 2005 Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2005, (pp. 719-720).Vail, CO.

Frank, C.B., Marchuk, L.L., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2005). Basic science of ligament healing - Summary and future directions. SPORTS MEDICINE AND ARTHROSCOPY REVIEW, 13(3), 177-183.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/01.jsa.0000174215.26619.27.

Jia, F.Y., Shimomura, T., Niyibizi, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2005). Downregulation of human type III collagen gene expression by antisense oligodeoxynucleotide. TISSUE ENGINEERING, 11(9-10), 1429-1435.Mary Ann Liebert Inc. doi: 10.1089/ten.2005.11.1429.

Kilger, R.H.P., Thomas, M., Hanford, S., Alaseirlis, D.A., Paessler, H.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2005). The effectiveness of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament using the novel knot/press-fit technique - A cadaveric study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 33(6), 856-863.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546504271745.

Margheritini, F., Rihn, J.A., Mauro, C.S., Stabile, K.J., Woo, S.L.Y., & Harner, C.D. (2005). Biomechanics of initial tibial fixation in posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 21(10), 1164-1171.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2005.06.017.

Moalli, P.A., Howden, N.S., Lowder, J.L., Navarro, J.M., Debes, K.M., Abramowitch, S.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2005). A rat model to study the structural properties of the vagina and its supportive tissues. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, 192(1), 80-88.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2004.07.008.

Moon, D.K., Takakura, Y., Abramowitch, S.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2005). Functional tissue engineering using small intestinal submucosa improves the mechanical properties of the healing medial collateral ligament in rabbits. Proceedings of the 2005 Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2005, (pp. 902-903).Vail, CO.

Moore, S.M., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2005). Accuracy of reproducing the motion of knee and shoulder diatrhodial joints using robotic technology. Proceedings of the 2005 Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2005, (pp. 988-989).Vail, CO.

Woo, S.L.Y., Moon, D.K., Miura, K., Fu, Y.C., & Nguyen, T.D. (2005). Basic Science of Ligament Healing:. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review, 13(3), 161-169.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/01.jsa.0000169643.21585.30.

Abramowitch, S.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2004). An improved method to analyze the stress relaxation of ligaments following a finite ramp time based on the quasi-linear viscoelastic theory. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 126(1), 92-97.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.1645528.

Abramowitch, S.D., Woo, S.L.Y., Clineff, T.D., & Debski, R.E. (2004). An evaluation of the quasi-linear viscoelastic properties of the healing medial collateral ligament in a goat model. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 32(3), 329-335.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1023/B:ABME.0000017539.85245.6a.

Debski, R.E., Darcy, S.P., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2004). Experimental and computational modeling of joint and ligament mechanics. JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS, 20(4), 450-474.Human Kinetics. doi: 10.1123/jab.20.4.450.

Gabriel, M.T., Wong, E.K., Woo, S.L.Y., Yagi, M., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Distribution of in situ forces in the anterior cruciate ligament in response to rotatory loads. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 22(1), 85-89.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(03)00133-5.

Giffin, J.R., Vogrin, T.M., Zantop, T., Woo, S.L.Y., & Harner, C.D. (2004). Effects of increasing tibial slope on the biomechanics of the knee. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 32(2), 376-382.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546503258880.

Li, Z.Z., Yang, G.G., Khan, M., Stone, D., Woo, S.L.Y., & Wang, J.H.C. (2004). Inflammatory response of human tendon fibroblasts to cyclic mechanical stretching. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 32(2), 435-440.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0095399703258680.

Margheritini, F., Mauro, C.S., Rihn, J.A., Stabile, K.J., Woo, S.L.Y., & Harner, C.D. (2004). Biomechanical comparison of tibial inlay versus transtibial techniques for posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction - Analysis of knee kinematics and graft in situ forces. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 32(3), 587-593.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546503261717.

Musahl, V., Abramowitch, S.D., Gilbert, T.W., Tsuda, E., Wang, J.H.C., Badylak, S.F., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2004). The use of porcine small intestinal submucosa to enhance the healing of the medial collateral ligament - a functional tissue engineering study in rabbits. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 22(1), 214-220.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(03)00163-3.

Song, Y.H., Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., Thomas, M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2004). A three-dimensional finite element model of the human anterior cruciate ligament: a computational analysis with experimental validation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 37(3), 383-390.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9290(03)00261-6.

Watanabe, Y., Van Scyoc, A., Tsuda, E., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2004). Biomechanical function of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus: a human cadaveric study. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC SCIENCE, 9(3), 280-284.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1007/s00776-004-0781-8.

WOO, S. (2004). Basic Science of Ligaments and Tendons Related to Rehabilitation. In Sports-Specific Rehabilitation. (pp. 1-14).Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/b978-044306642-9.50004-6.

Woo, S.L.Y. (2004). Contribution of biomechanics to clinical practice in orthopaedics. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2004, 5455.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2004.1404524.

Woo, S.L.Y., Jia, F.Y., Zou, L., & Gabriel, M.T. (2004). Functional tissue engineering for ligament healing: Potential of antisense gene therapy. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 32(3), 342-351.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1023/B:ABME.0000017551.93144.1a.

Woo, S.L.Y., Thomas, M., & Saw, S.S.C. (2004). Contribution of biomechanics, orthopaedics and rehabilitation: The past, present and future. SURGEON-JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL COLLEGES OF SURGEONS OF EDINBURGH AND IRELAND, 2(3), 125-136.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1479-666X(04)80072-6.

Yamamoto, Y., Hsu, W.H., Woo, S.L.Y., Van Scyoc, A.H., Takakura, Y., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Knee stability and graft function after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction - A comparison of a lateral and an anatomical femoral tunnel placement. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 32(8), 1825-1832.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546504263947.

Abramowitch, S.D., Papageorgiou, C.D., Debski, R.E., Clineff, T.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). A biomechanical and histological evaluation of the structure and function of the healing medial collateral ligament in a goat model. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 11(3), 155-162.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-002-0336-5.

Abramowitch, S.D., Papageorgiou, C.D., Withrow, J.D., Gilbert, T.W., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). The effect of initial graft tension on the biomechanical properties of a healing ACL replacement graft: a study in goats. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 21(4), 708-715.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(02)00265-6.

Abramowitch, S.D., Yagi, M., Tsuda, E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). The healing medial collateral ligament following a combined anterior cruciate and medial collateral ligament injury - a biomechanical study in a goat model. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 21(6), 1124-1130.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(03)00080-9.

Burkart, A., Debski, R., Musahl, V., McMahon, R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Biomechanical tests for type IISLAP lesions of the shoulder joint before and after arthroscopic repair. ORTHOPADE, 32(7), 600-607.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00132-003-0495-1.

Chandler, J.W., Stabile, K.J., Pfaeffle, H.J., Li, Z.M., Woo, S.L.Y., & Tomaino, M.M. (2003). Anatomic parameters for planning of interosseous ligament reconstruction using computer-assisted techniques. J Hand Surg Am, 28(1), 111-116.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jhsu.2003.50033.

Debski, R.E., Fenwick, J.A., Vangura, A., Fu, F.H., Woo, S.L.Y., & Rodosky, M.W. (2003). Effect of arthroscopic procedures on the acromioclavicular joint. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 406(406), 89-96. doi: 10.1097/01.blo.0000030505.43495.0f.

Fukuda, Y., Woo, S.L.Y., Loh, J.C., Tsuda, E., Tang, P., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2003). A quantitative analysis of valgus torque on the ACL: a human cadaveric study. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 21(6), 1107-1112.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(03)00084-6.

Li, Z.M., Fisk, J.A., & Woo, S.L. (2003). The use of the matrix method for the study of human motion: theory and applications. Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi, 20(3), 375-383.

Li, Z.M., Pfaeffle, H.J., Sotereanos, D.G., Goitz, R.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Multi-directional strength and force envelope of the index finger. CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 18(10), 908-915.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0268-0033(03)00178-5.

Loh, J.C., Fukuda, Y., Tsuda, E., Steadman, R.J., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Knee stability and graft function following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Comparison between 11 o'clock and 10 o'clock femoral tunnel placement. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 19(3), 297-304.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jars.2003.50084.

Ma, C.B., Kanamori, A., Vogrin, T.M., Woo, S.L.Y., & Harner, C.D. (2003). Measurement of posterior tibial translation in the posterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed knee - Significance of the shift in the reference position. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 31(6), 843-848.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465030310061901.

Musahl, V., Abramowitch, S.D., Gabriel, M.T., Debski, R.E., Hertel, P., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Tensile properties of an anterior cruciate ligament graft after bone-patellar tendon-bone press-fit fixation. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 11(2), 68-74.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-003-0354-y.

Musahl, V., Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Van Scyoc, A., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Anterior cruciate ligament tunnel placement: Comparison of insertion site anatomy with the guidelines of a computer-assisted surgical system. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 19(2), 154-160.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jars.2003.50001.

Musahl, V., Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Van Scyoc, A., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Anterior cruciate ligament tunnel placement: Comparison of insertion site anatomy with the guidelines of a computer-assisted surgical system. Arthroscopy, 19(2), 154-160. doi: 10.1053/jars.2003.50001.

Shimomura, T., Jia, F., Niyibizi, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Antisense oligonucleotides reduce synthesis of procollagen alpha 1(V) chain in human patellar tendon fibroblasts: Potential application in healing ligaments and tendons. CONNECTIVE TISSUE RESEARCH, 44(3-4), 167-172. doi: 10.1080/03008200390215872.

Wang, J.H.C., Jia, F., Yang, G., Yang, S., Campbell, B.H., Stone, D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Cyclic mechanical stretching of human tendon fibroblasts increases the production of prostaglandin E-2 and levels of cyclooxygenase expression: A novel in vitro model study. CONNECTIVE TISSUE RESEARCH, 44(3-4), 128-133.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/03008200390223909.

Wang, J.H.C., Jia, F.Y., Gilbert, T.W., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Cell orientation determines the alignment of cell-produced collagenous matrix. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 36(1), 97-102.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9290(02)00233-6.

Fukuda, Y., Tsuda, E., Loh, J., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). The Center of Axial Tibial Rotation in the Knee Joint in Response to a Valgus Torque [Japanese]. J. of the Japanese Society for Clinical Biomechanics and Related Research, 23, 423-428.

Hildebrand, K.A., Jia, F.Y., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). Response of donor and recipient cells after transplantation of cells to the ligament and tendon. MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE, 58(1), 34-38.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jemt.10114.

Kanamori, A., Zeminski, J., Rudy, T.W., Li, G., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). The effect of axial tibial torque on the function of the anterior cruciate ligament: A biomechanical study of a simulated pivot shift test. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 18(4), 394-398.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jars.2002.30638.

Martinek, V., Latterman, C., Usas, A., Abramowitch, S., Woo, S.L.Y., Fu, F.H., & Huard, J. (2002). Enhancement of tendon-bone integration of anterior cruciate ligament grafts with bone morphogenetic protein-2 gene transfer: a histological and biomechanical study. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 84(7), 1123-1131.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-200207000-00005.

Martinek, V., Latterman, C., Usas, A., Abramowitch, S., Woo, S.L.Y., Fu, F.H., & Huard, J. (2002). Enhancement of tendon-bone integration of anterior cruciate ligament grafts with bone morphogenetic protein-2 gene transfer: A histological and biomechanical study. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A, 84(7), 1123-1131. doi: 10.2106/00004623-200207000-00005.

Martinek, V., Latterman, C., Usas, A., Abramowitch, S., Woo, S.L.Y., Fu, F.H., & Huard, J. (2002). Enhancement of tendon-bone integration of anterior cruciate ligament grafts with bone morphogenetic protein-2 gene transfer - A histological and biomechanical study. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 84A(7), 1123-1131. doi: 10.2106/00004623-200207000-00005.

Musahl, V., Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Van Scyoc, A., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). Accuracy of anterior Cruciate ligament tunnel placement with an active robotic system: A cadaveric study. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 18(9), 968-973.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jars.2002.36110.

Musahl, V., Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Van Scyoc, A., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). Accuracy of anterior cruciate ligament tunnel placement with an active robotic system: a cadaveric study. Arthroscopy, 18(9), 968-973. doi: 10.1053/jars.2002.36110.

Parsons, I.M., Apreleva, M., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). The effect of rotator cuff tears on reaction forces at the glenohumeral joint. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 20(3), 439-446.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(01)00137-1.

Tsuda, E., Fukuda, Y., Loh, J.C., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). The effect of soft-tissue graft fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction on graft-tunnel motion under anterior tibial loading. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 18(9), 960-967.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jars.2002.36112.

Watanabe, N., Woo, S.L.Y., Papageorgiou, C., Celechovsky, C., & Takai, S. (2002). Fate of donor bone marrow cells in medial collateral ligament after simulated autologous transplantation. MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE, 58(1), 39-44.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jemt.10115.

Woo, S.L.Y., Kanamori, A., Zeminski, J., Yagi, M., Papageorgiou, C., & Fu, F.H. (2002). The effectiveness of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with hamstrings and patellar tendon . A cadaveric study comparing anterior tibial and rotational loads. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 84(6), 907-914. doi: 10.2106/00004623-200206000-00003.

Woo, S.L.Y., Kanamori, A., Zeminski, J., Yagi, M., Papageorgiou, C., & Fu, F.H. (2002). The effectiveness of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with hamstrings and patellar tendon - A cadaveric study comparing anterior tibial and rotational loads. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 84A(6), 907-914. doi: 10.2106/00004623-200206000-00003.

WOO, S.L.Y., KANAMORI, A., ZEMINSKI, J., YAGI, M., PAPAGEORGIOU, C., & FU, F.H. (2002). THE EFFECTIVENESS OF RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT WITH HAMSTRINGS AND PATELLAR TENDON. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American Volume, 84(6), 907-914.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-200206000-00003.

Yagi, M., Wong, E.K., Kanamori, A., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). Biomechanical analysis of an Anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 30(5), 660-666.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465020300050501.

Yagi, M., Wong, E.K., Kanamori, A., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). Biomechanical analysis of an anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Sports Med, 30(5), 660-666. doi: 10.1177/03635465020300050501.

Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., McMahon, P.J., Rudy, T., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., van Scyoc, A., & Woo, S.L. (2001). Precision of ACL tunnel placement using traditional and robotic techniques. Comput Aided Surg, 6(5), 270-278.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1002/igs.10013.

Burkart, A., McMahon, P., Musahl, V., Woo, S., Fu, F., & Imhoff, A. (2001). [Experimental comparison of arthroscopic and robot-assisted anterior cruciate ligament tunnel reconstruction]. Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb, 139(5), M95-M97.

Burkart, A., McMahon, P., Musahl, V.R., Woo, S., Fu, F., & Imhoff, A. (2001). Experimental comparison of arthroscopic and robot-assisted ACL tunnel placement. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ORTHOPADIE UND IHRE GRENZGEBIETE, 139(5), M95-M97.

Burkart, A., Musahl, V., Debski, R.E., Van Scyoc, A., McMahon, P.J., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2001). Does CASPAR improve precision in cruciate ligament surgery?. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ORTHOPADIE UND IHRE GRENZGEBIETE, 139(6), M112-M115.

Debski, R.E., Parsons IV, I.M., Woo, S.L.Y., & Fu, F.H. (2001). Effect of capsular injury on acromioclavicular joint mechanics. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A, 83(9), 1344-1351. doi: 10.2106/00004623-200109000-00009.

Debski, R.E., Parsons, I.M., Woo, S.L., & Fu, F.H. (2001). Effect of capsular injury on acromioclavicular joint mechanics. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 83(9), 1344-1351.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-200109000-00009.

Debski, R.E., Parsons, I.M., Woo, S.L.Y., & Fu, F.H. (2001). Effect of capsular injury on acromioclavicular joint mechanics. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 83A(9), 1344-1351. doi: 10.2106/00004623-200109000-00009.

Fischer, K.J., Manson, T.T., Pfaeffle, H.J., Tomaino, M.M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2001). A method for measuring joint kinematics designed for accurate registration of kinematic data to models constructed from CT data. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 34(3), 377-383.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00195-0.

Harner, C.D., Giffin, J.R., Vogrin, T.M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2001). Anatomy and biomechanics of the posterior cruciate ligament and posterolateral corner. OPERATIVE TECHNIQUES IN SPORTS MEDICINE, 9(2), 39-46.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/otsm.2001.21759.

Hoher, J., Kanamori, A., Zeminski, J., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2001). The position of the tibia during graft fixation affects knee kinematics and graft forces for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 29(6), 771-776.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465010290061601.

Papageorgiou, C.D., Gil, J.E., Kanamori, A., Fenwick, J.A., Woo, S.L.Y., & Fu, F.H. (2001). The biomechanical interdependence between the anterior cruciate ligament replacement graft and the medial meniscus. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 29(2), 226-231.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465010290021801.

Papageorgiou, C.D., Ma, C.B., Abramowitch, S.D., Clineff, T.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2001). A multidisciplinary study of the healing of an intraarticular anterior cruciate ligament graft in a goat model. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 29(5), 620-626.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465010290051501.

Scheffler, S.U., Clineff, T.D., Papageorgiou, C.D., Debski, R.E., Ma, C.B., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2001). Structure and function of the healing medial collateral ligament in a goat model. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 29(2), 173-180.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1114/1.1349701.

Vogrin, T.M., Giffin, J.R., Woo, S.L.Y., Fu, F.H., & Harner, C.D. (2001). Biomechanics of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament-Deficient Knee. Techniques in Orthopaedics, 16(2), 109-118.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00013611-200106000-00002.

Allen, C.R., Wong, E.K., Livesay, G.A., Sakane, M., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Importance of the medial meniscus in the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 18(1), 109-115.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100180116.

Apreleva, M., Parsons, I.M., Warner, J.J.P., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Experimental investigation of reaction forces at the glenohumeral joint during active abduction. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 9(5), 409-417.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1067/mse.2000.106321.

Harner, C.D., Janaushek, M.A., Kanamori, A., Yagi, M., Vogrin, T.M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Biomechanical analysis of a double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 28(2), 144-151.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465000280020201.

Harner, C.D., Janaushek, M.A., Ma, C.B., Kanamori, A., Vogrin, T.M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). The effect of knee flexion angle and application of an anterior tibial load at the time of graft fixation on the biomechanics of a posterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed knee. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 28(4), 460-465.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465000280040401.

Harner, C.D., Vogrin, T.M., Hoher, J., Ma, C.B., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Biomechanical analysis of a posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction - Deficiency of the posterolateral structures as a cause of graft failure. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 28(1), 32-39.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465000280011801.

Hoher, J., Scheffler, S.U., Withrow, J.D., Livesay, G.A., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Mechanical behavior of two hamstring graft constructs for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 18(3), 456-461.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100180319.

Kanamori, A., Sakane, M., Zeminski, J., Rudy, T.W., & Woo, S.L. (2000). In-situ force in the medial and lateral structures of intact and ACL-deficient knees. J Orthop Sci, 5(6), 567-571.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1007/s007760070007.

Kanamori, A., Woo, S.L.Y., Ma, C.B., Zeminski, J., Rudy, T.W., Li, G.A., & Livesay, G.A. (2000). The forces in the anterior cruciate ligament and knee kinematics during a simulated pivot shift test: A human cadaveric study using robotic technology. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 16(6), 633-639.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jars.2000.7682.

Ma, C.B., Janaushek, M.A., Vogrin, T.M., Rudy, T.W., Harner, C.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Significance of changes in the reference position for measurements of tibial translation and diagnosis of cruciate ligament deficiency. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 18(2), 176-182.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100180203.

Ma, C.B., Papageogiou, C.D., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L. (2000). Interaction between the ACL graft and MCL in a combined ACL+MCL knee injury using a goat model. Acta Orthop Scand, 71(4), 387-393. doi: 10.1080/000164700317393394.

Ma, C.B., Papageogiou, C.D., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Interaction between the ACL graft and MCL in a combined ACL plus MCL knee injury using a goat model. ACTA ORTHOPAEDICA SCANDINAVICA, 71(4), 387-393.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/000164700317393394.

Niyibizi, C., Kavalkovich, K., Yamaji, T., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Type V collagen is increased during rabbit medial collateral ligament healing. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 8(5), 281-285.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s001670000134.

Pfaeffle, H.J., Fischer, K.J., Manson, T.T., Tomaino, M.M., Woo, S.L., & Herndon, J.H. (2000). Role of the forearm interosseous ligament: is it more than just longitudinal load transfer?. J Hand Surg Am, 25(4), 683-688.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jhsu.2000.9416.

Rudy, T.W., Sakane, M., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). The effect of the point of application of anterior tibial loads on human knee kinematics. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 33(9), 1147-1152.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00065-8.

Vogrin, T.M., Hoher, J., Aroen, A., Woo, S.L.Y., & Harner, C.D. (2000). Effects of sectioning the posterolateral structures on knee kinematics and in situ forces in the posterior cruciate ligament. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 8(2), 93-98.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s001670050193.

Wang, J.H.C., Stone, D., Jia, F., Celechovsky, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Biological responses of fibroblasts to cyclic stretching: A novel culture model study. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 48, 179-180.

Watanabe, N., Celechovsky, C., Niyibizi, C., Wang, J.H.C., Takai, S., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). The effects of growth factors on proliferation and matrix synthesis of fibroblasts from goat medial collateral ligament. Journal of Musculoskeletal Research, 4(4), 257-264. doi: 10.1016/S0218-9577(00)00031-8.

Woo, S.L. (2000). The importance of biomechanics for the new millennium. J Orthop Sci, 5(2), 89-91.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1007/s007760050132.

Woo, S.L., Debski, R.E., Zeminski, J., Abramowitch, S.D., Saw, S.S., & Fenwick, J.A. (2000). Injury and repair of ligaments and tendons. Annu Rev Biomed Eng, 2(1), 83-118.Annual Reviews. doi: 10.1146/annurev.bioeng.2.1.83.

Woo, S.L., Vogrin, T.M., & Abramowitch, S.D. (2000). Healing and repair of ligament injuries in the knee. J Am Acad Orthop Surg, 8(6), 364-372.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.5435/00124635-200011000-00004.

Woo, S.L.Y., Debski, R.E., Vangura, A.J., Withrow, J.D., Vogrin, T.M., Wong, E.K., & Fu, F.H. (2000). Use of robotic technology to study the biomechanics of ligaments and their replacements. Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics, 10(1), 87-91.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s1048-6666(00)80048-8.

Woo, S.L.Y., Debski, R.E., Zeminski, J., Abramowitch, S.D., Saw, S.S.C., & Fenwick, J.A. (2000). Injury and repair of ligaments and tendons. 2, (pp. 83-118).Annual Reviews Inc. doi: 10.1146/annurev.bioeng.2.1.83.

Allen, C.R., Livesay, G.A., Wong, E.K., & Woo, S.L. (1999). Injury and reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament and knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage, 7(1), 110-121.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/joca.1998.0166.

Boardman, N.D., Morifusa, S., Saw, S.S.C., McCarthy, D.M., Sotereanos, D.G., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Effects of tenorraphy on the gliding function and tensile properties of partially lacerated canine digital flexor tendons. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 24A(2), 302-309.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jhsu.1999.0302.

Clineff, T.D., Debski, R.E., Scheffler, S.U., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Experimental & theoretical evaluation of the viscoelastic properties of the healing goat medial collateral ligament. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 42, 393-394.

Clineff, T.D., Debski, R.E., Scheffler, S.U., Withrow, J.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Evaluation of the viscoelastic properties of the intact medial collateral ligament in a goat model. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 43, 21-22.

Debski, R.E., Parsons, I.M., Fenwick, J.A., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Effect of AC capsular injury on the forces in the coracoclavicular ligaments. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 42, 467-468.

Debski, R.E., Sakane, M., Woo, S.L.Y., Wong, E.K., Fu, F.H., & Warner, J.J.P. (1999). Contribution of the passive properties of the rotator cuff to glenohumeral stability during anterior-posterior loading. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 8(4), 324-329.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1058-2746(99)90154-4.

Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Woo, S.L.Y., Fu, F.H., & Warner, J.J.P. (1999). An analytical approach to determine the in situ forces in the glenohumeral ligaments. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 121(3), 311-315.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2798326.

Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Woo, S.L.Y., Sakane, M., Fu, F.H., & Warner, J.J.P. (1999). In situ force distribution in the glenohumeral joint capsule during anterior-posterior loading. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 17(5), 769-776.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100170523.

DeFrate, L.E., Sakai, J.L., Gilbertson, L.G., Moon, S.H., Nishida, K., Donaldson, W.F., Kang, J.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Magnetic tracking/virtual reality based system for comprehensive kinematic assessment of the cervical spine. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 42, 63-64.

Doehring, T.C., Gilbertson, L.G., Moon, S.H., Kang, J.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Application of a robotic/UFS testing system to the measurement of lumbar spine structural properties. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 43, 37-38.

Doehring, T.C., Gilbertson, L.G., Moon, S.H., Kang, J.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Delineation of in-vitro lumbar spine kinetics using a robotic/UFS testing system with hybrid control. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 42, 171-172.

Gilbertson, L.G., Doehring, T.C., Livesay, G.A., Rudy, T.W., Kang, J.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Improvement of accuracy in a high-capacity, six degree-of-freedom load cell: Application to robotic testing of musculoskeletal joints. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 27(6), 839-843.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1114/1.236.

Harner, C.D., Baek, G.H., Vogrin, T.M., Carlin, G.J., Kashiwaguchi, S., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Quantitative analysis of human cruciate ligament insertions. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 15(7), 741-749.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0749-8063(99)70006-X.

Harner, C.D., Vogrin, T.M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Anatomical and biomechanical considerations of the PCL. JOURNAL OF SPORT REHABILITATION, 8(4), 260-278.Human Kinetics. doi: 10.1123/jsr.8.4.260.

Hildebrand, K.A., Deie, M., Allen, C.R., Smith, D.W., Georgescu, H.I., Evans, C.H., Robbins, P.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Early expression of marker genes in the rabbit medial collateral and anterior cruciate ligaments: The use of different viral vectors and the effects of injury. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 17(1), 37-42.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100170107.

Hoher, J., Livesay, G.A., Ma, C.B., Withrow, J.D., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Hamstring graft motion in the femoral bone tunnel when using titanium button/polyester tape fixation. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 7(4), 215-219.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s001670050151.

Hoher, J., Vogrin, T.M., Woo, S.L.Y., Carlin, G.J., Aroen, A., & Harner, C.D. (1999). In situ forces in the human posterior cruciate ligament in response to muscle loads: A cadaveric study. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 17(5), 763-768.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100170522.

Janaushek, M.A., Woo, S.L.Y., Kanamori, A., Vogrin, T.M., Yagi, M., & Harner, C. (1999). Biomechanical analysis of a double bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using robotic technology. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 43, 25-26.

King, G.J.W., Richards, R.R., Zuckerman, J.D., Blasier, R., Dillman, C., Friedman, R.J., Gartsman, G.M., Iannotti, J.P., Murnahan, J.P., Mow, V.C., Woo, S.L.Y., Surgeons, A.S.E., & Comm, R. (1999). A standardized method for assessment of elbow function. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 8(4), 351-354.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s1058-2746(99)90159-3.

Li, G., Gil, J., Kanamori, A., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). A validated three-dimensional computational model of a human knee joint. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 121(6), 657-662.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2800871.

Li, G., Rudy, T.W., Sakane, M., Kanamori, A., Ma, C.B., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). The importance of quadriceps and hamstring muscle loading on knee kinematics land in-situ forces in the ACL. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 32(4), 395-400.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9290(98)00181-X.

Pfaeffle, H.J., Fischer, K.J., Manson, T.T., Tomaino, M.M., Herndon, J.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). A new methodology to measure load transfer through the forearm using multiple universal force sensors. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 32(12), 1331-1335.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s0021-9290(99)00138-4.

Sakai, J.L., Gilbertson, L.G., DeFrate, L.E., Donaldson, W.F., Kang, J.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Virtual reality assisted visual feedback of cervical spine kinematics for improved control of active range-of-motion maneuvers. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 43, 15-16.

Sakane, M., Livesay, G.A., Fox, R.J., Rudy, T.W., Runco, T.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Relative contribution of the ACL, MCL, and bony contact to the anterior stability of the knee. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 7(2), 93-97.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s001670050128.

Sakane, M., Livesay, G.A., Fox, R.J., Rudy, T.W., Runco, T.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Relative contribution of the ACL, MCL, and bony contact to the anterior stability of the knee. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 7(2), 93-97. doi: 10.1007/s001670050128.

Stone, D., Green, C., Rao, U., Aizawa, H., Yamaji, T., Niyibizi, C., Carlin, G., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Cytokine-induced tendinitis: A preliminary study in rabbits. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 17(2), 168-177.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100170204.

Woo, S.L., Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Yagi, M., & Tarinelli, D. (1999). Use of robotic technology for diathrodial joint research. J Sci Med Sport, 2(4), 283-297.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s1440-2440(99)80002-4.

Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (1999). Robotics technology and ligament research: from in-vitro to in-vivo biomechanics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 42, 137-138.

Woo, S.L.Y., Debski, R.E., Withrow, J.D., & Janaushek, M.A. (1999). Biomechanics of knee ligaments. 27, (pp. 533-543).SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465990270042301.

Woo, S.L.Y., Hildebrand, K., Watanabe, N., Fenwick, J.A., Papageorgiou, C.D., & Wang, J.H.C. (1999). Tissue engineering of ligament and tendon healing. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 367(367), S312-S323.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-199910001-00030.

Woo, S.L.Y., Zeminski, J., Knaub, M.A., Kanamori, A., & Fu, F.H. (1999). Mechanical Testing of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Grafts. Techniques in Orthopaedics, 14(1), 2-13.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00013611-199903000-00002.

Apreleva, M., Hasselman, C.T., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., Woo, S.L., & Warner, J.J. (1998). A dynamic analysis of glenohumeral motion after simulated capsulolabral injury. A cadaver model. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 80(4), 474-480. doi: 10.2106/00004623-199804000-00003.

Apreleva, M., Hasselman, C.T., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., Woo, S.L.Y., & Warner, J.J.P. (1998). A dynamic analysis of glenohumeral motion after simulated capsulolabral injury: A cadaver model. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A, 80(4), 474-480. doi: 10.2106/00004623-199804000-00003.

Apreleva, M., Hasselman, C.T., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., Woo, S.L.Y., & Warner, J.J.P.O. (1998). A dynamic analysis of glenohumeral motion after simulated capsulolabral injury - A Cadaver model. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 80A(4), 474-480.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-199804000-00003.

Apreleva, M., Parsons IV, I.M., Pfaeffle, J., Manson, T.T., Fu, F.H., Warner, J.J.P., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1998). 3-D joint reaction forces at the glenohumeral joint during active motion. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 39, 33-34.

Baek, G.H., Carlin, G.J., Vogrin, T.M., Woo, S.L.Y., & Harner, C.D. (1998). Quantitative analysis of collagen fibrils of human cruciate and meniscofemoral ligaments. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 357(357), 205-211.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-199812000-00026.

Bischoff, R.J., Morifusa, S., Gelberman, R.H., Winters, S.C., Woo, S.L.Y., & Seiller, J.G. (1998). The effects of proximal load on the excursion of autogenous flexor tendon grafts. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 23A(2), 285-289.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0363-5023(98)80128-7.

Demirhan, M., Imhoff, A.B., Debski, R.E., Patel, P.R., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.I.Y. (1998). The spinoglenoid ligament and its relationship to the suprascapular nerve. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 7(3), 238-243.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1058-2746(98)90051-9.

Fox, R.J., Harner, C.D., Sakane, M., Carlin, G.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1998). Determination of the in situ forces in the human posterior cruciate ligament using robotic technology - A cadaveric study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 26(3), 395-401.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465980260030901.

Gil, J., Li, G., Kanamori, A., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1998). Development of a 3D computational human knee joint model. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 39, 1-2.

Harner, C.D., Hoher, J., Vogrin, T.M., Carlin, G.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1998). The effects of a popliteus muscle load on in situ forces in the posterior cruciate ligament and on knee kinematics - A human cadaveric study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 26(5), 669-673.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465980260051201.

Hildebrand, K.A., Woo, S.L.Y., Smith, D.W., Allen, C.R., Deie, M., Taylor, B.J., & Schmidt, C.C. (1998). The effects of platelet-derived growth factor-BB on healing of the rabbit medial collateral ligament - An in vivo study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 26(4), 549-554.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465980260041401.

Hoher, J., Harner, C.D., Vogrin, T.M., Baek, G.H., Carlin, G.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1998). In situ forces in the posterolateral structures of the knee under posterior tibial loading in the intact and posterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 16(6), 675-681.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100160608.

Höher, J., Sakane, M., Vogrin, T.M., Withrow, J.D., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1998). Viskoplastische Elongation eines gevierfachten Semitendinosussehenenkonstrukts mit Tape-und Fadenfixierung unter zyklischer Belastung. Arthroskopie, 11(2), 52-55.

Li, G.A., Rudy, T.W., Allen, C., Sakane, M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1998). Effect of combined axial compressive and anterior tibial loads on in situ forces in the anterior cruciate ligament: A porcine study. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 16(1), 122-127.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100160121.

Przybylski, G.J., Patel, P.R., Carlin, G.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1998). Quantitative anthropometry of the subatlantal cervical longitudinal ligaments. SPINE, 23(8), 893-898.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00007632-199804150-00010.

Winters, S.C., Gelberman, R.H., Woo, S.L.Y., Chan, S.S., Grewal, R., & Seiler, J.G. (1998). The effects of multiple-strand suture methods on the strength and excursion of repaired intrasynovial flexor tendons: A biomechanical study in dogs. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 23A(1), 97-104.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0363-5023(98)80096-8.

Woo, S.L.Y., Fox, R.J., Sakane, M., Livesay, G.A., Rudy, T.W., & Fu, F.H. (1998). Biomechanics of the ACL: Measurements of in situ force in the ACL and knee kinematics. KNEE, 5(4), 267-288.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0968-0160(98)00014-3.

Woo, S.L.Y., Smith, D.W., Hildebrand, K.A., Zeminski, J.A., & Johnson, L.A. (1998). Engineering the healing of the rabbit medial collateral ligament. MEDICAL & BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING & COMPUTING, 36(3), 359-364.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF02522484.

Woo, S.L.Y., Suh, J.K., Parsons, I.M., Wang, J.H., & Watanabe, N. (1998). Biologic intervention in ligament healing - Effect of growth factors. SPORTS MEDICINE AND ARTHROSCOPY REVIEW, 6(2), 74-82.

Xerogeanes, J.W., Fox, R.J., Takeda, Y., Kim, H.S., Ishibashi, Y., Carlin, G.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1998). A functional comparison of animal anterior cruciate ligament models to the human anterior cruciate ligament. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 26(3), 345-352.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1114/1.91.

DeFrate, L.E., Doehring, T.C., Gilbertson, L.G., Donaldson, W.F., Kang, J.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). Axial rotation limits cervical spine flexion-extension range of motion. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 35, 445-446.

DeFrate, L.E., Doehring, T.C., Nishida, K., Kang, J.D., Gilbertson, L.G., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). Virtual reality assisted measurement of in-vivo cervical spine kinematics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 36, 9-10.

Deie, M., Marui, T., Allen, C.R., Hildebrand, K.A., Georgescu, H.I., Niyibizi, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). The effects of age on rabbit MCL fibroblast matrix synthesis in response to TGF-beta(1) or EGF. MECHANISMS OF AGEING AND DEVELOPMENT, 97(2), 121-130.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0047-6374(97)00049-3.

Fischer, K.J., Pfaeffle, H.J., Xu, J., Provenzano, D.A., Tomaino, M.M., Herndon, J.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). 3-D biomechanics of forearm loading: The role of the interosseous ligament. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 35, 327-328.

Ishibashi, Y., Kim, H.S., Rudy, T.W., Livesay, G.A., Xerogeanes, J.W., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). The Effect of ACL Graft Fixation Site at the Tibia on Knee Stability: A Robotics Evaluation. J. of Arthroscopy and Related Surgery, 13(2), 177-182.

Ishibashi, Y., Rudy, T.W., Livesay, G.A., Stone, J.D., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). The effect of anterior cruciate ligament graft fixation site at the tibia on knee stability: Evaluation using a robotic testing system. ARTHROSCOPY, 13(2), 177-182.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0749-8063(97)90152-3.

Lee, K.W., Debski, R.E., Chen, C.H., Woo, S.L.Y., & Fu, F.H. (1997). Functional evaluation of the ligaments at the acromioclavicular joint during anteroposterior and superoinferior translation. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 25(6), 858-862.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354659702500622.

Li, G., Gil, J., Sakane, M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). Experimental validation of a knee joint finite element model. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 35, 317-318.

Li, G., Sakane, M., Rudy, T., Allen, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). The effects of muscle loads on knee kinematics & in situ forces in the ACL. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 35, 259-260.

Livesay, G.A., Rudy, T.W., Woo, S.L.Y., Runco, T.J., Sakane, M., Li, G., & Fu, F.H. (1997). Evaluation of the Effect of Joint Constraints on the In-Situ Force Distribution in the ACL. J. of Orthopaedic Research, 15(2), 278-284.

Livesay, G.A., Rudy, T.W., Woo, S.L.Y., Runco, T.J., Sakane, M., Li, G., & Fu, F.H. (1997). Evaluation of the effect of joint constraints on the in situ force distribution in the anterior cruciate ligament. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 15(2), 278-284.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100150218.

Marui, T., Niyibizi, C., Georgescu, H.I., Cao, M., Kavalkovich, K.W., Levine, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). Effect of growth factors on matrix synthesis by ligament fibroblasts. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 15(1), 18-23.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100150104.

Noguchi, M., Seiler, J.G., Boardman, N.D., Tramaglini, D.M., Chan, S.S., Gelberman, R.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). Tensile Properties of Canine Intrasynovial and Extrasynovial Flexor Tendon Autografts. J. of Hand Surgery, 22(A), 457-463.

Noguchi, M., Seiler, J.G., Boardman, N.D., Tramaglini, D.M., Gelberman, R.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). Tensile properties of canine intrasynovial and extrasynovial flexor tendon autografts. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 22A(3), 457-463.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0363-5023(97)80013-5.

Pfaeffle, H.J., Fischer, K.J., Xu, J., Provenzano, D.A., Tomaino, M.M., Herndon, J.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). A methodology to characterize 3-D forearm structural mechanics using multiple universal force sensors and motion analysis. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 35, 173-174.

Rudy, T.W., Sakane, M., Li, G., Allen, C.R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). The effect of the location of applied anterior-posterior tibial loads on human knee kinematics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 35, 395-396.

Sakane, M., Fox, R.J., Woo, S.L.Y., Livesay, G.A., Li, G., & Fu, F.H. (1997). In-Situ Forces in the ACL and Its Bundles in Response to Anterior Tibial Loads. J. of Orthopaedic Research, 15(2), 285-293.

Sakane, M., Fox, R.J., Woo, S.L.Y., Livesay, G.A., Li, G., & Fu, F.H. (1997). In situ forces in the anterior cruciate ligament and its bundles in response to anterior tibial loads. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 15(2), 285-293.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100150219.

Scherping, S.C., Schmidt, C.C., Georgescu, H.I., Kwoh, C.K., Evans, C.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). Effect of growth factors on the proliferation of ligament fibroblasts from skeletally mature rabbits. CONNECTIVE TISSUE RESEARCH, 36(1), 1-8.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/03008209709160209.

Seiler, J.G., Chu, C.R., Amiel, D., Woo, S.L., & Gelberman, R.H. (1997). The Marshall R. Urist Young Investigator Award. Autogenous flexor tendon grafts. Biologic mechanisms for incorporation. Clin Orthop Relat Res, 345(345), 239-247.

Seiler, J.G., Chu, C.R., Amiel, D., Woo, S.L.Y., & Gelberman, R.H. (1997). Autogenous flexor tendon grafts - Biologic mechanisms for incorporation. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, (345), 239-247.

Winters, S.C., Seiler, J.G., Woo, S.L., & Gelberman, R.H. (1997). Suture methods for flexor tendon repair. A biomechanical analysis during the first six weeks following repair. Ann Chir Main Memb Super, 16(3), 229-234.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s0753-9053(97)80006-3.

Woo, S.L.Y., Chan, S.S., & Yamaji, T. (1997). Biomechanics of knee ligament healing, repair and reconstruction. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 30(5), 431-439.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9290(96)00168-6.

Woo, S.L.Y., Fox, R.J., Sakane, M., Livesay, G.A., Rudy, T.W., Runco, T.J., Li, G., Allen, C.R., & Fu, F.H. (1997). Force and Force Distribution in the ACL and its Clinical Implications. First place winner of the inaugural GOTS-Beiersdorf Research Award Competition for Sports Medicine. Sportorthopadic-Sporttraumatologie, 13(1), 37-48.

Woo, S.L.Y., Niyibizi, C., Matyas, J., Kavalkovich, K., WeaverGreen, C., & Fox, R.J. (1997). Medial collateral knee ligament healing - Combined medial collateral and anterior cruciate ligament injuries studied in rabbits. ACTA ORTHOPAEDICA SCANDINAVICA, 68(2), 142-148.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17453679709003997.

Woo, S.L.Y., Niyibizi, C., Matyas, J., Kavalkovich, K., Weaver-Green, C., & Fox, R.J. (1997). MCL Healing: Combinated MCL and ACL Injuries Studied in Rabbits. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, 68(2), 142-148.

Boardman, N.D., Debski, R.E., Warner, J.J., Taskiran, E., Maddox, L., Imhoff, A.B., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1996). Tensile properties of the superior glenohumeral and coracohumeral ligaments. J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 5(4), 249-254.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s1058-2746(96)80050-4.

Buckwalter, J.A., & -Y. Woo, S.L. (1996). Age-Related Changes in Ligaments and Joint Capsules. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review, 4(3), 250-262.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00132585-199600430-00006.

Carlin, G.J., Livesay, G.A., Harner, C.D., Ishibashi, Y., Kim, H.S., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). In-Situ Forces in the Human PCL in Response to Posterior Tibial Loading. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 24, 193-197.

Carlin, G.J., Livesay, G.A., Harner, C.D., Ishibashi, Y., Kim, H.S., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). In-situ forces in the human posterior cruciate ligament in response to posterior tibial loading. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 24(2), 193-197.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF02667348.

Fujie, H., Livesay, G.A., Fujita, M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). Forces and moments in six-DOF at the human knee joint: Mathematical description for control. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 29(12), 1577-1585.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(96)00075-9.

Fujie, H., Livesay, G.A., Fujita, M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). Forces and moments in six-DOF at the human knee joint: Mathematical description for control. Journal of Biomechanics, 29(12), 1577-1585. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9290(96)80009-1.

Grewal, R., Sotereanos, D.G., Rao, U., Herndon, J.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). Bundle Pattern of the Flexor Digitorum Profunds Tendon in Zone II of the Hand: A Quantitative Assessment of the Size of a Laceration. J. of Hand Surgery, 21(A), 978-983.

Grewal, R., Sotereanos, D.G., Rao, U., Herndon, J.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). Bundle pattern of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon in zone II of the hand: A quantitative assessment of the size of a laceration. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 21A(6), 978-983.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0363-5023(96)80303-0.

Grewal, R., Xu, J., Sotereanos, D.G., & Woo, S.L. (1996). Biomechanical properties of peripheral nerves. Hand Clin, 12(2), 195-204.

Johnson, G.A., Livesay, G.A., Woo, S.L.Y., & Rajagopal, K.R. (1996). A single integral finite strain viscoelastic model of ligaments and tendons. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 118(2), 221-226.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2795963.

McGough, R.L., Debski, R.E., Taskiran, E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1996). Mechanical properties of the long head of the biceps tendon. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc, 3(4), 226-229.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF01466622.

Pfaeffle, H.J., Tomaino, M.M., Grewal, R., Xu, J.M., Boardman, N.D., Woo, S.L.Y., & Herndon, J.H. (1996). Tensile properties of the interosseous membrane of the human forearm. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 14(5), 842-845.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100140525.

Przybylski, G.J., Carlin, G.J., Patel, P.R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). Human anterior and posterior cervical longitudinal ligaments possess similar tensile properties. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 14(6), 1005-1008.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100140623.

Rudy, T.W., Livesay, G.A., Woo, S.L.Y., & Fu, F.H. (1996). A combined robotic/universal force sensor approach to determine in situ forces of knee ligaments. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 29(10), 1357-1360.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(96)00056-5.

Runco, T.J., Sakane, M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). Non-contact evaluation of in-situ surface strain distribution of the anterior cruciate ligament. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 33, 173-174.

Sakane, M., Li, G., Fox, R.J., Woo, S.L.Y., Rudy, T.W., Livesay, G., & Fu, F.H. (1996). The advantage of robot-assisted knee positioning for acl reconstruction surgery. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 33, 397-398.

Stone, J.D., Carlin, G.J., Ishibashi, Y., Hamer, C.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). Assessment of posterior cruciate ligament graft performance using robotic technology. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 24(6), 824-828.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354659602400619.

Stone, J.D., Carlin, G.J., Ishibashi, Y., Harner, C.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). Assessment of PCL Graft Performance Using Robotics Technology. Am. J. of Sports Medicine, 24(6), 824-828.

Thompson, W.O., Debski, R.E., Boardman, D., Taskiran, E., Warner, J.J.P., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). A biomechanical analysis of rotator cuff deficiency in a cadaveric model. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 24(3), 286-292.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354659602400307.

Yamaji, T., Levine, R.E., Woo, S.L.Y., Niyibizi, C., Kavalkovich, K., & Weaver-Green, C.M. (1996). MCL Healing One Year After a Concurrent MCL and ACL Injury: An Interdisciplinary Study in Rabbits. J. of Orthopaedic Research, 14, 223-227.

Yamaji, T., Levine, R.E., Woo, S.L.Y., Niyibizi, C., Kavalkovich, K.W., & WeaverGreen, C.M. (1996). Medial collateral ligament healing one year after a concurrent medial collateral ligament and anterior cruciate ligament injury: An interdisciplinary study in rabbits. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 14(2), 223-227.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100140209.

Debski, R.E., McMahon, P.J., Thompson, W.O., Woo, S.L., Warner, J.J., & Fu, F.H. (1995). A new dynamic testing apparatus to study glenohumeral joint motion. J Biomech, 28(7), 869-874. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(95)95276-b.

DEBSKI, R.E., MCMAHON, P.J., THOMPSON, W.O., WOO, S.L.Y., WARNER, J.J.P., & FU, F.H. (1995). A NEW DYNAMIC TESTING APPARATUS TO STUDY GLENOHUMERAL JOINT MOTION. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 28(7), 869-+.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(95)95276-B.

FUJIE, H., LIVESAY, G.A., WOO, S.L.Y., KASHIWAGUCHI, S., & BLOMSTROM, G. (1995). THE USE OF A UNIVERSAL FORCE-MOMENT SENSOR TO DETERMINE IN-SITU FORCES IN LIGAMENTS - A NEW METHODOLOGY. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 117(1), 1-7.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2792266.

Fujie, H., Livesay, G.A., Woo, S.L.Y., Kashiwaguchi, S., & Blomstrom, G.A. (1995). The Use of Universal Force-Moment Sensor to Determine In-situ Forces in Soft Tissues: Application to the Human ACL. J. of Biomechanical Engineering, 117, 1-7.

HARNER, C.D., LIVESAY, G.A., KASHIWAGUCHI, S., FUJIE, H., CHOI, N.Y., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1995). COMPARATIVE-STUDY OF THE SIZE AND SHAPE OF HUMAN ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENTS. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 13(3), 429-434.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100130317.

Harner, C.D., Xerogeanes, J.W., Livesay, G.A., Carlin, G.J., Smith, B.A., Kusayama, T., Kashiwaguchi, S., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). The Human PCL: An Interdisciplinary Study. Am. Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Young Investigator Award for Excellence in Research. Am. J. of Sports Medicine, 23(6), 736-745.

HARNER, C.D., XEROGEANES, J.W., LIVESAY, G.A., CARLIN, G.J., SMITH, B.A., KUSAYAMA, T., KASHIWAGUCHI, S., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1995). THE HUMAN POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT COMPLEX - AN INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDY - LIGAMENT MORPHOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICAL EVALUATION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 23(6), 736-745.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354659502300617.

JOSHI, M.D., SUH, J.K., MARUI, T., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1995). INTERSPECIES VARIATION OF COMPRESSIVE BIOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MENISCUS. JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH, 29(7), 823-828.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jbm.820290706.

Livesay, G.A., Fujie, H., Kashiwaguchi, S., Morrow, D.A., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). Determination of the In-Situ Forces and Force Distribution within the Human ACL. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 23(4), 467-474.

LIVESAY, G.A., FUJIE, H., KASHIWAGUCHI, S., MORROW, D.A., FU, F.H., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1995). DETERMINATION OF THE IN-SITU FORCES AND FORCE DISTRIBUTION WITHIN THE HUMAN ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 23(4), 467-474.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF02584446.

McMahon, P.J., Debski, R.E., Thompson, W.O., Warner, J.J., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1995). Shoulder muscle forces and tendon excursions during glenohumeral abduction in the scapular plane. J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 4(3), 199-208.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s1058-2746(05)80052-7.

NEWTON, P.O., WOO, S.L.Y., MACKENNA, D.A., & AKESON, W.H. (1995). IMMOBILIZATION OF THE KNEE-JOINT ALTERS THE MECHANICAL AND ULTRASTRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF THE RABBIT ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 13(2), 191-200.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100130207.

Niyibizi, C., Visconti, C.S., Kavalkovich, K., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). Collagens in an adult bovine medial collateral ligament: Immunofluorescence localization by confocal microscopy reveals that type XIV collagen predominates at the ligament-bone junction. MATRIX BIOLOGY, 14(9), 743-751.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0945-053X(05)80017-4.

Ohno, K., Pomaybo, A.S., Schmidt, C.C., Levine, R.E., Ohland, K.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). Healing of the MCL After a Combined MCL and ACL Injury and Reconstruction of the ACL: Comparison of Repair and Nonrepair of MCL Tears in Rabbits. J. of Orthopaedic Research, 13(3), 442-449.

OHNO, K., POMAYBO, A.S., SCHMIDT, C.C., LEVINE, R.E., OHLAND, K.J., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1995). HEALING OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT AFTER A COMBINED MEDIAL COLLATERAL AND ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURY AND RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT - COMPARISON OF REPAIR AND NONREPAIR OF MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT TEARS IN RABBITS. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 13(3), 442-449.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100130319.

SCHMIDT, C.C., GEORGESCU, H.I., KWOH, C.K., BLOMSTROM, G.L., ENGLE, C.P., LARKIN, L.A., EVANS, C.H., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1995). EFFECT OF GROWTH-FACTORS ON THE PROLIFERATION OF FIBROBLASTS FROM THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL AND ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENTS. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 13(2), 184-190.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100130206.

SUH, J.K., LI, Z.F., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1995). DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF A BIPHASIC CARTILAGE MODEL UNDER CYCLIC COMPRESSIVE LOADING. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 28(4), 357-364.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(94)00103-B.

Suh, J.K., Scherping, S., Mardi, T., Richard Steadman, J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). Basic science of articular cartilage injury and repair. Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine, 3(2), 78-86.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s1060-1872(95)80033-6.

Xerogeanes, J.W., Takeda, Y., Livesay, G.A., Ishibashi, Y., Kim, H.S., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1995). Effect of knee flexion on the in situ force distribution in the human anterior cruciate ligament. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc, 3(1), 9-13.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF01553518.

Xerogeanes, J.W., Takeda, Y., Livesay, G.A., Ishibashi, Y., Kim, Y., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). The Effect of Knee Flexion on the In-Situ Force Distribution of the Human ACL. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 3, 9-13.

ENGLE, C.P., NOGUCHI, M., OHLAND, K.J., SHELLEY, F.J., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1994). HEALING OF THE RABBIT MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT FOLLOWING AN ODONOGHUE TRIAD INJURY - EFFECTS OF ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 12(3), 357-364.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100120308.

Fu, F.H., Harner, C.D., Johnson, D.L., Miller, M.D., & Woo, S.L. (1994). Biomechanics of knee ligaments: basic concepts and clinical application. Instr Course Lect, 43, 137-148.

Fujie, H., Kashiwaguchi, S., Livesay A., G., & Woo L-Y., S. (1994). Magnitude and Distribution of the In Situ Force in the Human Anterior Cruciate Ligament during a Joint Instability Test(Lachman Test). TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS Series A, 60(578), 2459-2463.Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1299/kikaia.60.2459.

Johnson, G.A., Tramaglini, D.M., Levine, R.E., Ohno, K., Choi, N., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1994). Changes in the Tensile and Viscoelastic Properties of the Human Patellar Tendon. J. of Orthopaedic Research, 12, 796-803.

JOHNSON, G.A., TRAMAGLINI, D.M., LEVINE, R.E., OHNO, K., CHOI, N.Y., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1994). TENSILE AND VISCOELASTIC PROPERTIES OF HUMAN PATELLAR TENDON. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 12(6), 796-803.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100120607.

Noguchi, M., McMahon, P.J., Johnson, G., Rosenblyum, V.D., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1994). Kinematics Analysis of Anterior Tibial Tendon Transfer for Equinovarus Foot Deformity. J. of Japanese Orthopaedic Surgery, 25, 2-5.

Takeda, Y., Xerogeanes, J., Livesay, G.A., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1994). Biomechanical Function of Human ACL. J. of Arthroscopic and Related Research, 10(2), 140-147.

TAKEDA, Y., XEROGEANES, J.W., LIVESAY, G.A., FU, F.H., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1994). BIOMECHANICAL FUNCTION OF THE HUMAN ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 10(2), 140-147.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0749-8063(05)80081-7.

Woo, S.L.Y., Johnson, G.A., & Levine, R.E. (1994). Viscoelastic Models for Ligaments and Tendons. Proceedings of the 12th U.S. National Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Reviews, 47(2), S282-S286.

Woo, S.L.Y., Johnson, G.A., Levine, R.E., & Rajagopal, K.R. (1994). Viscoelastic Models for Ligaments and Tendons. Applied Mechanics Reviews, 47(6S), S282-S286.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3124424.

Woo, S.L.Y., Ohno, K., Weaver, C.M., Pomaybo, A.S., & Xerogeanes, J.W. (1994). Nonoperative Treatment of Knee Ligament Injuries. J. of Sports, Exercise and Injury, 1, 2-13.

BROWN, R., PEDOWITZ, R., RYDEVIK, B., WOO, S., HARGENS, A., MASSIE, J., KWAN, M., & GARFIN, S.R. (1993). EFFECTS OF ACUTE GRADED STRAIN ON EFFERENT CONDUCTION PROPERTIES IN THE RABBIT TIBIAL NERVE. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, &NA;(296), 288-294.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-199311000-00046.

Buckwalter, J.A., & Woo, S.L. (1993). Drug treatment of soft tissue injuries efficacy and tissue effects. Iowa Orthop J, 13, 40-48.

Buckwalter, J.A., Woo, S.L.Y., Goldberg, V.M., Hadley, E.C., Booth, F., Oegema, T.R., & Eyre, D.R. (1993). Soft Tissue Aging and Musculoskeletal Function. J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, 75(A), 1533-1548.

BUCKWALTER, J.A., WOO, S.L.Y., GOLDBERG, V.M., HADLEY, E.C., BOOTH, F., OEGEMA, T.R., & EYRE, D.R. (1993). CURRENT CONCEPTS REVIEW - SOFT-TISSUE AGING AND MUSCULOSKELETAL FUNCTION. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 75A(10), 1533-1548.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-199310000-00015.

Carlson, G.D., Botte, M.J., Josephs, M.S., Newton, P.O., Davis, J.L., & Woo, S.L. (1993). Morphologic and biomechanical comparison of tendons used as free grafts. J Hand Surg Am, 18(1), 76-82.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0363-5023(93)90249-3.

Carlson, G.D., Botte, M.J., Josephs, M.S., Newton, P.O., Davis, J.L., Lieber, R.L., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1993). Morphologic and Biomechanical Comparison of Tendons Used as Free Grafts. J. of Hand Surgery, 18(A), 76-82.

Danto, M.I., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1993). The Mechanical Properties of Skeletally Mature Rabbit ACL and Patellar Tendon over a Range of Strain Rates. J. of Orthopaedic Research, 11, 58-67.

DANTO, M.I., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1993). THE MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES OF SKELETALLY MATURE RABBIT ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT AND PATELLAR TENDON OVER A RANGE OF STRAIN RATES. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 11(1), 58-67.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100110108.

Fu, F.H., Harner, C.D., Johnson, D.L., Miller, M.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1993). Biomechanics of Knee Ligaments: Basic Concepts and Clinical Applications. J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, 75(A), 1716-1727.

Fu, F.H., Harner, C.D., Johnson, D.L., Miller, M.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1993). Biomechanics of knee ligaments. Basic concepts and clinical application. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A, 75(11), 1716-1727. doi: 10.2106/00004623-199311000-00018.

FU, F.H., HARNER, C.D., JOHNSON, D.L., MILLER, M.D., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1993). BIOMECHANICS OF KNEE LIGAMENTS - BASIC CONCEPTS AND CLINICAL-APPLICATION. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 75A(11), 1716-1727.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-199311000-00018.

FUJIE, H., MABUCHI, K., WOO, S.L.Y., LIVESAY, G.A., ARAI, S., & TSUKAMOTO, Y. (1993). THE USE OF ROBOTICS TECHNOLOGY TO STUDY HUMAN JOINT KINEMATICS - A NEW METHODOLOGY. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 115(3), 211-217.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2895477.

Kwan, M.K., Lin, T.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1993). On the Viscoelastic Properties of the Anteromedial Bundle of the ACL. J. of Biomechanics, 26, 447-452.

KWAN, M.K., LIN, T.H.C., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1993). ON THE VISCOELASTIC PROPERTIES OF THE ANTEROMEDIAL BUNDLE OF THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 26(4-5), 447-452.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(93)90008-3.

More, R.C., Karras, B.T., Neiman, R., Fritschy, D., Woo, S.L.Y., & Daniel, D.M. (1993). Hamstrings-An ACL Protagonist: An In Vitro Study. Am. J. of Sports Medicine, 21, 231-237.

MORE, R.C., KARRAS, B.T., NEIMAN, R., FRITSCHY, D., WOO, S.L.Y., & DANIEL, D.M. (1993). HAMSTRINGS - AN ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT PROTAGONIST - AN INVITRO STUDY. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 21(2), 231-237.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354659302100212.

MOW, V.C., WOO, S.L.Y., & NEREM, R.M. (1993). SPECIAL ISSUE - 20TH ANNIVERSARY BIOMECHANICS SYMPOSIUM - FOREWORD. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 115(4), 451-452.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2895522.

NOGUCHI, M., SEILER, J.G., GELBERMAN, R.H., SOFRANKO, R.A., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1993). IN-VITRO BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF SUTURE METHODS FOR FLEXOR TENDON REPAIR. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 11(4), 603-611.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100110415.

SEILER, J.G., GELBERMAN, R.H., WILLIAMS, C.S., WOO, S.L.Y., DICKERSIN, G.R., SOFRANKO, R., CHU, C.R., & ROSENBERG, A.E. (1993). AUTOGENOUS FLEXOR-TENDON GRAFTS - A BIOMECHANICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL-STUDY IN DOGS. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 75A(7), 1004-1014.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-199307000-00006.

Seiler, J.G., Gelberman, R.H., Williams, C.S., Woo, S.L.Y., Dickersin, G.R., Sofranko, R.A., Chu, C.R., & Rosenberg, A.E. (1993). Autogenous Flexor Tendon Grafts: A Biomechanical and Morphological Study in Dogs. J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, 75(A), 1004-1014.

SHOEMAKER, S.C., ADAMS, D., DANIEL, D.M., & WOO, S.L. (1993). QUADRICEPS ANTERIOR CRUCIATE GRAFT INTERACTION - AN IN-VITRO STUDY OF JOINT KINEMATICS AND ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT GRAFT TENSION. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 294(294), 379-390.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-199309000-00054.

Shoemaker, S.C., Adams, D.J., Daniel, D.M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1993). Quadriceps/Anterior Cruciate Graft Interaction: An In Vitro Study of Joint Kinematics and ACL Graft Tension. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 294, 379-390.

Smith, B.A., Livesay, G.A., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1993). Biology and Biomechanics of the ACl. Clinics in Sports Medicine, 12(A), 637-670.

SMITH, B.A., LIVESAY, G.A., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1993). BIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS OF THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT. CLINICS IN SPORTS MEDICINE, 12(4), 637-670.

TAKAI, S., WOO, S.L.Y., LIVESAY, G.A., ADAMS, D.J., & FU, F.H. (1993). DETERMINATION OF THE IN-SITU LOADS ON THE HUMAN ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 11(5), 686-695.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100110511.

Woo, S.L., Johnson, G.A., & Smith, B.A. (1993). Mathematical modeling of ligaments and tendons. J Biomech Eng, 115(4B), 468-473. doi: 10.1115/1.2895526.

Woo, S.L.Y. (1993). Die Heilung des Medialen Seitenbands. Sportverletzung Sportschaden, 7, 3-16.

WOO, S.L.Y., JOHNSON, G.A., & SMITH, B.A. (1993). MATHEMATICAL-MODELING OF LIGAMENTS AND TENDONS. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 115(4), 468-473.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2895526.

Woo, S.L.Y., Smith, B.A., Livesay, G.A., & Blomstrom, G.L. (1993). (i) Why do ligaments fail?. Current Orthopaedics, 7(2), 73-84.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s0268-0890(05)80002-7.

Woo, S.L.Y., Smith, B.A., Livesay, G.A., & Blomstrong, G.L. (1993). Why Do Ligaments Fail?. Current Orthopaedics, 7, 73-84.

Anderson, D.R., Weiss, J.A., Takai, S., Ohland, K.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1992). Healing of the Medial Collateral Ligament Following a Traid Jury. J. of Orthopaedic Research, 10, 485-495.

ANDERSON, D.R., WEISS, J.A., TAKAI, S., OHLAND, K.J., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1992). HEALING OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT FOLLOWING A TRIAD INJURY - A BIOMECHANICAL AND HISTOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE KNEE IN RABBITS. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 10(4), 485-495.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100100404.

Carlson, G.D., Abitbol, J.J., Anderson, D.R., Krag, M.H., Kostuik, J.P., Woo, S.L., & Garfin, S.R. (1992). Screw fixation in the human sacrum:An in vitro study of the biomechanics of fixation. Spine, 17(6), 196-203.

CARLSON, G.D., ABITBOL, J.J., ANDERSON, D.R., KRAG, M.H., KOSTUIK, J.P., WOO, S.L.Y., & GARFIN, S.R. (1992). SCREW FIXATION IN THE HUMAN SACRUM - AN INVITRO STUDY OF THE BIOMECHANICS OF FIXATION. SPINE, 17(6), S196-S203.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00007632-199206001-00023.

COUTTS, R.D., WOO, S.L.Y., AMIEL, D., VONSCHROEDER, H.P., & KWAN, M.K. (1992). RIB PERIOCHONDRIAL AUTOGRAFTS IN FULL-THICKNESS ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE DEFECTS IN RABBITS. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, &NA;(275), 263-273.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-199202000-00040.

Fu, F.H., L-Y Woo, S., & Irrgang, J.J. (1992). Current Concepts for Rehabilitation following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 15(6), 270-278.Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT). doi: 10.2519/jospt.1992.15.6.270.

Fu, F.H., Woo, S.L.Y., & Irrgang, J.J. (1992). Current Concepts for Rehabilitation Following ACL Reconstruction. J. of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 15, 270-278.

Hart, R.A., Woo, S.L.Y., & Newton, P.O. (1992). Ultrastructural Morphometry of the ACL and MCL: An Experimental Study in Rabbits. J. of Orthopaedic Research, 10, 96-103.

HART, R.A., WOO, S.L.Y., & NEWTON, P.O. (1992). ULTRASTRUCTURAL MORPHOMETRY OF ANTERIOR CRUCIATE AND MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENTS - AN EXPERIMENTAL-STUDY IN RABBITS. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 10(1), 96-103.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100100112.

KWAN, M.K., HACKER, S.A., WOO, S.L.Y., & WAYNE, J.S. (1992). THE EFFECT OF STORAGE ON THE BIOMECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE - A LARGE STRAIN STUDY. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 114(1), 149-153.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2895440.

Woo, S.L., Livesay, G.A., & Engle, C. (1992). Biomechanics of the human anterior cruciate ligament. Muscle stabilization and ACL reconstruction. Orthop Rev, 21(8), 935-941.

Woo, S.L., Livesay, G.A., & Engle, C. (1992). Biomechanics of the human anterior cruciate ligament. ACL structure and role in knee motion. Orthop Rev, 21(7), 835-842.

Woo, S.L.Y., Livesay, G.A., & Engle, C. (1992). Biomechanics of the Human ACL: ACL Structure and Role in Knee Motion. Orthopaedic Review, 21, 835-842.

WOO, S.L.Y., NEWTON, P.O., MACKENNA, D.A., & LYON, R.M. (1992). A COMPARATIVE-EVALUATION OF THE MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES OF THE RABBIT MEDIAL COLLATERAL AND ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENTS. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 25(4), 377-386.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(92)90257-2.

ANDERSON, D.R., WOO, S.L.Y., KWAN, M.K., & GERSHUNI, D.H. (1991). VISCOELASTIC SHEAR PROPERTIES OF THE EQUINE MEDIAL MENISCUS. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 9(4), 550-558.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100090411.

GELBERMAN, R.H., NUNLEY, J.A., OSTERMAN, A.L., BREEN, T.F., DIMICK, M.P., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1991). INFLUENCES OF THE PROTECTED PASSIVE MOBILIZATION INTERVAL ON FLEXOR TENDON HEALING - A PROSPECTIVE RANDOMIZED CLINICAL-STUDY. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 264(264), 189-196.

Gelberman, R.H., Siegel, D.B., Woo, S.L.Y., Amiel, D., Takai, S., & Lee, D. (1991). Healing of Digital Flexor Tendons: Importance of the Interval from Injury to Repair. A Biomechanical, Biochemical and Morphological Study in Dogs. J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, 73(A), 66-75.

GELBERMAN, R.H., SIEGEL, D.B., WOO, S.L.Y., AMIEL, D., TAKAI, S., & LEE, D. (1991). HEALING OF DIGITAL FLEXOR TENDONS - IMPORTANCE OF THE INTERVAL FROM INJURY TO REPAIR - A BIOMECHANICAL, BIOCHEMICAL, AND MORPHOLOGICAL-STUDY IN DOGS. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 73A(1), 66-75.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-199173010-00009.

GOMEZ, M.A., WOO, S.L.Y., AMIEL, D., HARWOOD, F., KITABAYASHI, L., & MATYAS, J.R. (1991). THE EFFECTS OF INCREASED TENSION ON HEALING MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENTS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 19(4), 347-354.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354659101900405.

Gomez, M.A., Woo, S.L.Y., Amiel, D., Harwood, F.L., Kitabayashi, L.R., & Matyas, J.R. (1991). The Effects of Increased Tension on Healing Medial Collateral Ligaments. Am. Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine 1990 O'Donoghue Sports Injury Research Award Paper. Am. J. of Sports Medicine, 19, 347-354.

Hollis, J.M., Takai, S., Adams, D.J., Horibe, S., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1991). The Effects of Knee Motion and External Loading on the Length of the ACL: A Kinematic Study. J. of Biomechanical Engineering, 113, 208-214.

HOLLIS, J.M., TAKAI, S., ADAMS, D.J., HORIBE, S., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1991). THE EFFECTS OF KNEE MOTION AND EXTERNAL LOADING ON THE LENGTH OF THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT (ACL) - A KINEMATIC STUDY. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 113(2), 208-214.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2891236.

Lyon, R.M., Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., Kitabayashi, L.R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1991). Ultrastructural Differences between the Cells of the Medial Collateral Ligament and ACL. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 272, 279-286.

LYON, R.M., AKESON, W.H., AMIEL, D., KITABAYASHI, L.R., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1991). ULTRASTRUCTURAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE CELLS OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL AND THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENTS. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, &NA;(272), 279-286.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-199111000-00042.

TAKAI, S., WOO, S.L.Y., HORIBE, S., TUNG, D.K.L., & GELBERMAN, R.H. (1991). THE EFFECTS OF FREQUENCY AND DURATION OF CONTROLLED PASSIVE MOBILIZATION ON TENDON HEALING. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 9(5), 705-713.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100090510.

Wall, E.J., Kwan, M.K., Rydevik, B.L., Woo, S.L.Y., & Garfin, S.R. (1991). Stress Relaxation of a Peripheral Nerve. J. of Hand Surgery, 16(a), 859-863.

Wayne, J.S., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1991). Finite Element Analysis of Repaired Articular Surfaces. Engineering in Medicine, Proceedings of the Institute of Mechanical Engineering, 205(H3), 155-162.

Wayne, J.S., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1991). Theoretical evaluation of repaired articular surfaces. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 19(5), 633-634.

Wayne, J.S., Woo, S.L., & Kwan, M.K. (1991). Finite element analyses of repaired articular surfaces. Proc Inst Mech Eng H, 205(3), 155-162.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1243/PIME_PROC_1991_205_286_02.

WAYNE, J.S., WOO, S.L.Y., & KWAN, M.K. (1991). APPLICATION OF THE U-P FINITE-ELEMENT METHOD TO THE STUDY OF ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 113(4), 397-403.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2895418.

WEISS, J.A., WOO, S.L.Y., OHLAND, K.J., HORIBE, S., & NEWTON, P.O. (1991). EVALUATION OF A NEW INJURY MODEL TO STUDY MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT HEALING - PRIMARY REPAIR VERSUS NONOPERATIVE TREATMENT. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 9(4), 516-528.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100090407.

Woo, S.L.Y. (1991). [312] Structural and functional properties of normal and healing ligaments: Part 1. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 28(1), 247-248.

Woo, S.L.Y., Hollis, J.M., Adams, D.J., Lyon, R.M., & Takai, S. (1991). Tensile Properties of the Human Femur-Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Tibia Complex: The Effects of Specimen Age and Orientation. Am Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine 1990 Excellence in Research Award Paper (Clinical Science). Am. J. of Sports Medicine, 19, 217-225.

WOO, S.L.Y., HOLLIS, J.M., ADAMS, D.J., LYON, R.M., & TAKAI, S. (1991). TENSILE PROPERTIES OF THE HUMAN FEMUR-ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT-TIBIA COMPLEX - THE EFFECTS OF SPECIMEN AGE AND ORIENTATION. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 19(3), 217-225.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354659101900303.

BALLOCK, R.T., LEE, T.Q., TRIGGS, K.J., WOO, S.L.Y., & GARFIN, S.R. (1990). THE EFFECT OF PIN LOCATION ON THE RIGIDITY OF THE HALO PIN-BONE INTERFACE. NEUROSURGERY, 26(2), 238-241.Oxford University Press (OUP). doi: 10.1097/00006123-199002000-00009.

BILLINGS, E., VONSCHROEDER, H.P., MAI, M.T., ARATOW, M., AMIEL, D., WOO, S.L.Y., & COUTTS, R.D. (1990). CARTILAGE RESURFACING OF THE RABBIT KNEE - THE USE OF AN ALLOGENEIC DEMINERALIZED BONE MATRIX-AUTOGENEIC PERICHONDRIUM COMPOSITE IMPLANT. ACTA ORTHOPAEDICA SCANDINAVICA, 61(3), 201-206.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17453679008993501.

Gelberman, R.H., Woo, S.L., Amiel, D., Horibe, S., & Lee, D. (1990). Influences of Flexor Sheath Continuity and Early Motion on Tendon Healing: A Biomechanical, Biochemical and Ultrastructural Study in Dogs. J. of Hand Surgery, 15(A), 69-77.

Gelberman, R.H., Woo, S.L., Amiel, D., Horibe, S., & Lee, D. (1990). Influences of flexor sheath continuity and early motion on tendon healing in dogs. J Hand Surg Am, 15(1), 69-77.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s0363-5023(09)91108-x.

HORIBE, S., WOO, S.L.Y., SPIEGELMAN, J.J., MARCIN, J.P., & GELBERMAN, R.H. (1990). EXCURSION OF THE FLEXOR DIGITORUM PROFUNDUS TENDON - A KINEMATIC STUDY OF THE HUMAN AND CANINE DIGITS. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 8(2), 167-174.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100080203.

INOUE, M., WOO, S.L., GOMEZ, M.A., AMIEL, D., OHLAND, K.J., & KITABAYASHI, L.R. (1990). EFFECTS OF SURGICAL-TREATMENT AND IMMOBILIZATION ON THE HEALING OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT - A LONG-TERM MULTIDISCIPLINARY STUDY. CONNECTIVE TISSUE RESEARCH, 25(1), 13-26.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/03008209009009809.

ISHIZUE, K.K., LYON, R.M., AMIEL, D., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1990). ACUTE HEMARTHROSIS - A HISTOLOGICAL, BIOCHEMICAL, AND BIOMECHANICAL CORRELATION OF EARLY EFFECTS ON THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT IN A RABBIT MODEL. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 8(4), 548-554.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100080411.

NEWTON, P.O., WOO, S.L.Y., KITABAYASHI, L.R., LYON, R.M., ANDERSON, D.R., & AKESON, W.H. (1990). ULTRASTRUCTURAL-CHANGES IN KNEE LIGAMENTS FOLLOWING IMMOBILIZATION. MATRIX, 10(5), 314-319.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0934-8832(11)80187-3.

RYDEVIK, B.L., KWAN, M.K., MYERS, R.R., BROWN, R.A., TRIGGS, K.J., WOO, S.L.Y., & GARFIN, S.R. (1990). AN INVITRO MECHANICAL AND HISTOLOGICAL STUDY OF ACUTE STRETCHING ON RABBIT TIBIAL NERVE. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 8(5), 694-701.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100080511.

WAYNE, J.S., AMIEL, D., KWAN, M.K., WOO, S.L.Y., FIERER, A., & MEYERS, M.H. (1990). LONG-TERM STORAGE EFFECTS ON CANINE OSTEOCHONDRAL ALLOGRAFTS. ACTA ORTHOPAEDICA SCANDINAVICA, 61(6), 539-545.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17453679008993578.

Woo, S.L.Y., & Wayne, J.S. (1990). Mechanics of the ACL and Its Contribution to Knee Kinematics. Applied Mechanics Review, 43(2), S142-S149.

Woo, S.L.Y., & Wayne, J.S. (1990). Mechanics of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Its Contribution to Knee Kinematics. Applied Mechanics Reviews, 43(5S), S142-S149.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3120793.

WOO, S.L.Y., DANTO, M.I., OHLAND, K.J., LEE, T.Q., & NEWTON, P.O. (1990). THE USE OF A LASER MICROMETER SYSTEM TO DETERMINE THE CROSS-SECTIONAL SHAPE AND AREA OF LIGAMENTS - A COMPARATIVE-STUDY WITH 2 EXISTING METHODS. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 112(4), 426-431.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2891206.

WOO, S.L.Y., FUNG, Y.C., NEREM, R.M., & HAYASHI, K. (1990). IN MEMORIAM - SEGUCHI,YASUYUKI. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 112(4), 369-370.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2891198.

WOO, S.L.Y., OHLAND, K.J., & WEISS, J.A. (1990). AGING AND SEX-RELATED CHANGES IN THE BIOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF THE RABBIT MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT. MECHANISMS OF AGEING AND DEVELOPMENT, 56(2), 129-142.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0047-6374(90)90004-Y.

WOO, S.L.Y., PETERSON, R.H., OHLAND, K.J., SITES, T.J., & DANTO, M.I. (1990). THE EFFECTS OF STRAIN RATE ON THE PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT IN SKELETALLY IMMATURE AND MATURE RABBITS - A BIOMECHANICAL AND HISTOLOGICAL STUDY. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 8(5), 712-721.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100080513.

WOO, S.L.Y., WEISS, J.A., GOMEZ, M.A., & HAWKINS, D.A. (1990). MEASUREMENT OF CHANGES IN LIGAMENT TENSION WITH KNEE MOTION AND SKELETAL MATURATION. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 112(1), 46-57.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2891125.

Woo, S.L.Y., Young, E.P., Ohland, K.J., Marcin, J.P., Horibe, S., & Lin, H. (1990). The Effects of Transection of the ACL on Healing of the Medial Collateral Ligament: A Biomechanical Study of the Knee in Dogs. J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, 72(A), 382-392.

WOO, S.L.Y., YOUNG, E.P., OHLAND, K.J., MARCIN, J.P., HORIBE, S., & LIN, H.C. (1990). THE EFFECTS OF TRANSECTION OF THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT ON HEALING OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT - A BIOMECHANICAL STUDY OF THE KNEE IN DOGS. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 72A(3), 382-392.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-199072030-00010.

AKESON, W.H., GARFIN, S., AMIEL, D., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1989). PARA-ARTICULAR CONNECTIVE-TISSUE IN OSTEO-ARTHRITIS. SEMINARS IN ARTHRITIS AND RHEUMATISM, 18(4), 41-50.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0049-0172(89)90015-2.

BALLOCK, R.T., WOO, S.L.Y., LYON, R.M., HOLLIS, J.M., & AKESON, W.H. (1989). USE OF PATELLAR TENDON AUTOGRAFT FOR ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION IN THE RABBIT - A LONG-TERM HISTOLOGIC AND BIOMECHANICAL STUDY. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 7(4), 474-485.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100070404.

BOTTE, M.J., GARFIN, S.R., BYRNE, T.P., WOO, S.L.Y., & NICKEL, V.L. (1989). THE HALO SKELETAL FIXATOR - PRINCIPLES OF APPLICATION AND MAINTENANCE. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 239(239), 12-18.

Gelberman, R.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1989). The physiological basis for application of controlled stress in the rehabilitation of flexor tendon injuries. Journal of Hand Therapy, 2(2), 66-70.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s0894-1130(89)80044-4.

GOMEZ, M.A., WOO, S.L.Y., INOUE, M., AMIEL, D., HARWOOD, F.L., & KITABAYASHI, L. (1989). MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT HEALING SUBSEQUENT TO DIFFERENT TREATMENT REGIMENS. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 66(1), 245-252.American Physiological Society. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1989.66.1.245.

KWAN, M.K., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1989). A STRUCTURAL MODEL TO DESCRIBE THE NONLINEAR STRESS-STRAIN BEHAVIOR FOR PARALLEL-FIBERED COLLAGENOUS TISSUES. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 111(4), 361-363.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3168392.

KWAN, M.K., COUTTS, R.D., WOO, S.L.Y., & FIELD, F.P. (1989). MORPHOLOGICAL AND BIOMECHANICAL EVALUATIONS OF NEOCARTILAGE FROM THE REPAIR OF FULL-THICKNESS ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE DEFECTS USING RIB PERICHONDRIUM AUTOGRAFTS - A LONG-TERM STUDY. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 22(8-9), 921-&.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(89)90076-6.

KWAN, M.K., WAYNE, J.S., WOO, S.L.Y., FIELD, F.P., HOOVER, J., & MEYERS, M. (1989). HISTOLOGICAL AND BIOMECHANICAL ASSESSMENT OF ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE FROM STORED OSTEOCHONDRAL SHELL ALLOGRAFTS. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 7(5), 637-644.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100070503.

LYON, R.M., WOO, S.L.Y., HOLLIS, J.M., MARCIN, J.P., & LEE, E.B. (1989). A NEW DEVICE TO MEASURE THE STRUCTURAL-PROPERTIES OF THE FEMUR-ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT-TIBIA COMPLEX. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 111(4), 350-354.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3168390.

TRIGGS, K.J., BALLOCK, T., LEE, T.Q., WOO, S.L.Y., & GARFIN, S.R. (1989). THE EFFECT OF ANGLED INSERTION ON HALO PIN FIXATION. SPINE, 14(8), 781-783.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00007632-198908000-00001.

BEAN, D.J., HOLLIS, J.M., WOO, S.L.Y., & CONVERY, F.R. (1988). SUSTAINED PRESSURIZATION OF POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE - A COMPARISON OF LOW-VISCOSITY AND MODERATE-VISCOSITY BONE CEMENTS. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 6(4), 580-584.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100060416.

LEE, T.Q., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1988). A NEW METHOD FOR DETERMINING CROSS-SECTIONAL SHAPE AND AREA OF SOFT-TISSUES. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 110(2), 110-114.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3108414.

TO, S.Y.C., KWAN, M.K., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1988). SIMULTANEOUS MEASUREMENTS OF STRAINS ON 2 SURFACES OF TENDONS AND LIGAMENTS. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 21(6), 511-514.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(88)90243-6.

WOO, S.L.Y., & BUCKWALTER, J.A. (1988). AAOS NIH ORS WORKSHOP - INJURY AND REPAIR OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SOFT-TISSUES - SAVANNAH, GEORGIA, JUNE 18-20, 1987. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 6(6), 907-931.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100060615.

WOO, S.L.Y., HOLLIS, J.M., & LYON, R.M. (1988). EFFECTS OF KNEE FLEXION ANGLE ON THE STRUCTURAL-PROPERTIES OF THE RABBIT FEMUR ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT TIBIA COMPLEX - REPLY. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 21(8), 689-691.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(88)90209-6.

AKESON, W.H., AMIEL, D., ABEL, M.F., GARFIN, S.R., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1987). EFFECTS OF IMMOBILIZATION ON JOINTS. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, &NA;(219), 28-37.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-198706000-00006.

Bean, D.J., Convery, F.R., Woo, S.L., & Lieber, R.L. (1987). Regional variation in shear strength of the bone-polymethylmethacrylate interface. J Arthroplasty, 2(4), 293-298.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s0883-5403(87)80062-1.

Inoue, M., McGurk-Burleson, E., Hollis, J.M., & Woo, S.L. (1987). Treatment of Medial Collateral Ligament Injury: I. The Importance of ACL on the Varus-Valgus Knee Laxity. The 1986 Am. Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Excellence in Research Award (Sports Science). Am. J. of Sports Medicine, 15, 15-21.

INOUE, M., MCGURKBURLESON, E., HOLLIS, J.M., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1987). TREATMENT OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT INJURY .1. THE IMPORTANCE OF ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT ON THE VARUS-VALGUS KNEE LAXITY. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 15(1), 15-21.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354658701500103.

SPIEGELMAN, J.J., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1987). A RIGID-BODY METHOD FOR FINDING CENTERS OF ROTATION AND ANGULAR DISPLACEMENTS OF PLANAR JOINT MOTION. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 20(7), 715-721.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(87)90037-6.

WOO, S.L.Y., GOMEZ, M.A., INOUE, M., & AKESON, W.H. (1987). NEW EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES TO EVALUATE THE BIOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF HEALING CANINE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENTS. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 5(3), 425-432.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100050315.

Woo, S.L.Y., Gomez, M.A., Sites, T., Newton, P.O., Orlando, C.A., & Akeson, W.H. (1987). The Biomechanical and Morphological Changes of the MCL Following Immobilization and Remobilization. J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, 69(A), 1200-1211.

WOO, S.L.Y., GOMEZ, M.A., SITES, T.J., NEWTON, P.O., ORLANDO, C.A., & AKESON, W.H. (1987). THE BIOMECHANICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL-CHANGES IN THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT OF THE RABBIT AFTER IMMOBILIZATION AND REMOBILIZATION. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 69A(8), 1200-1211.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-198769080-00014.

WOO, S.L.Y., HOLLIS, J.M., ROUX, R.D., GOMEZ, M.A., INOUE, M., KLEINER, J.B., & AKESON, W.H. (1987). EFFECTS OF KNEE FLEXION ON THE STRUCTURAL-PROPERTIES OF THE RABBIT FEMUR-ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT-TIBIA COMPLEX (FATC). JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 20(6), 557-563.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(87)90277-6.

Woo, S.L.Y., Inoue, M., McGurk-Burleson, E., & Gomez, M.A. (1987). Treatment of Medial Collateral Ligament Injury: II. Structure and Function of Canine Knees in Response to Differing Treatment Regimens. The 1986 Am. Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Excellence in Research Award (Sports Science). Am. J. of Sports Medicine, 15, 22-29.

WOO, S.L.Y., INOUE, M., MCGURKBURLESON, E., & GOMEZ, M.A. (1987). TREATMENT OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT INJURY .2. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF CANINE KNEES IN RESPONSE TO DIFFERING TREATMENT REGIMENS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 15(1), 22-29.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354658701500104.

Woo, S.L.Y., Kwan, M.K., Lee, T.Q., Field, F.P., Kleiner, J.B., & Coutts, R.D. (1987). Perichondrial Autograft for Articular Cartilage: Shear Modulus of Neocartilage Studies in Rabbits Cartilage Autografts. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, 58, 510-515.

WOO, S.L.Y., KWAN, M.K., LEE, T.Q., FIELD, F.P., KLEINER, J.B., & COUTTS, R.D. (1987). PERICHONDRIAL AUTOGRAFT FOR ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE - SHEAR MODULUS OF NEOCARTILAGE STUDIED IN RABBITS. ACTA ORTHOPAEDICA SCANDINAVICA, 58(5), 510-515.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17453678709146390.

WOO, S.L.Y., LEE, T.Q., GOMEZ, M.A., SATO, S., & FIELD, F.P. (1987). TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENT BEHAVIOR OF THE CANINE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 109(1), 68-71.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3138645.

Convery, F.R., Devine, S.D., Hollis, J.M., & Woo, S.L. (1986). Cement composite delivery system. Orthop Rev, 15(9), 581-585.

GARFIN, S.R., LEE, T.Q., ROUX, R.D., SILVA, F.W., BALLOCK, R.T., BOTTE, M.J., KATZ, M.M., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1986). STRUCTURAL BEHAVIOR OF THE HALO ORTHOSIS PIN BONE INTERFACE - BIOMECHANICAL EVALUATION OF STANDARD AND NEWLY DESIGNED STAINLESS-STEEL HALO FIXATION PINS. SPINE, 11(10), 977-981.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00007632-198612000-00001.

GARFIN, S.R., ROUX, R., BOTTE, M.J., CENTENO, R., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1986). SKULL OSTEOLOGY AS IT AFFECTS HALO PIN PLACEMENT IN CHILDREN. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ORTHOPAEDICS, 6(4), 434-436.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/01241398-198607000-00008.

Gelberman, R.H., Manske, P.R., Akeson, W.H., Woo, S.L., Lundborg, G., & Amiel, D. (1986). Flexor Tendon Repair. Elizabeth Winston Lanier Kappa Delta Award Paper for Outstanding Orthopaedic Research. J. of Orthopaedic Research, 4, 119-128.

GELBERMAN, R.H., MANSKE, P.R., AKESON, W.H., WOO, S.L.Y., LUNDBORG, G., & AMIEL, D. (1986). KAPPA-DELTA AWARD PAPER - FLEXOR TENDON REPAIR. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 4(1), 119-128.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100040116.

PETERSON, R.H., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1986). A NEW METHODOLOGY TO DETERMINE THE MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES OF LIGAMENTS AT HIGH-STRAIN RATES. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 108(4), 365-367.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3138631.

WOO, S.L.Y. (1986). ORTHOPEDIC RESEARCH FUNDING AND MANPOWER - PRESIDENTIAL-ADDRESS - 32ND ANNUAL-MEETING OF THE ORTHOPEDIC-RESEARCH-SOCIETY. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 4(4), 510-513.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100040416.

WOO, S.L.Y., ORLANDO, C.A., CAMP, J.F., & AKESON, W.H. (1986). EFFECTS OF POSTMORTEM STORAGE BY FREEZING ON LIGAMENT TENSILE BEHAVIOR. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 19(5), 399-404.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(86)90016-3.

WOO, S.L.Y., ORLANDO, C.A., GOMEZ, M.A., FRANK, C.B., & AKESON, W.H. (1986). TENSILE PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT AS A FUNCTION OF AGE. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 4(2), 133-141.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100040201.

Amiel, D., Frey, C., Woo, S.L., Harwood, F.L., & Akeson, W.H. (1985). Value of Hyaluronic Acid in the Prevention of Contracture Formation. Clnical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 196, 305-311.

AMIEL, D., FREY, C., WOO, S.L.Y., HARWOOD, F., & AKESON, W. (1985). VALUE OF HYALURONIC-ACID IN THE PREVENTION OF CONTRACTURE FORMATION. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, NO. 196(196), 306-311.

FRANK, C., AMIEL, D., WOO, S.L.Y., & AKESON, W. (1985). NORMAL LIGAMENT PROPERTIES AND LIGAMENT HEALING. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, NO. 196(196), 15-25.

GARFIN, S.R., BOTTE, M.J., WOO, S.L.Y., & NICKEL, V.L. (1985). RELIABILITY AFTER REPEATED USE OF A TORQUE SCREWDRIVER EMPLOYED FOR HALO PIN FIXATION. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 3(1), 121-123.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100030115.

Woo, S.L.Y., Lee, T.Q., & Field, F.P. (1985). Mechanical characterization of normal and rib perichondrial autografts for articular cartilage. Federation Proceedings, 44(3).

COUTTS, R.D., AMIEL, D., WOO, S.L.Y., WOO, Y.K., & AKESON, W.H. (1984). TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF PERICHONDRIAL GRAFTING IN THE RABBIT. EUROPEAN SURGICAL RESEARCH, 16(5), 322-328.S. Karger AG. doi: 10.1159/000128426.

FRANK, C., AKESON, W.H., WOO, S.L.Y., AMIEL, D., & COUTTS, R.D. (1984). PHYSIOLOGY AND THERAPEUTIC VALUE OF PASSIVE JOINT MOTION. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, NO. 185(185), 113-125.

SIMON, B.R., COATS, R.S., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1984). RELAXATION AND CREEP QUASILINEAR VISCOELASTIC MODELS FOR NORMAL ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 106(2), 159-164.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3138474.

Woo, S.L., & Seguchi, Y. (1984). Impact of Medical Engineering on Health Sciences. J. of Japanese Society of Mechanical Engineers (printed in Japanese), 87, 75-80.

Woo, S.L., Lothringer, K.S., Akeson, W.H., Coutts, R.D., Woo, Y.K., Simon, B.R., & Gomez, M.A. (1984). Less rigid internal fixation plates: historical perspectives and new concepts. J Orthop Res, 1(4), 431-449.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100010412.

FRANK, C., WOO, S.L.Y., AMIEL, D., HARWOOD, F., GOMEZ, M., & AKESON, W. (1983). MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT HEALING - A MULTIDISCIPLINARY ASSESSMENT IN RABBITS. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 11(6), 379-389.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354658301100602.

Frank, C.B., Woo, S.L., Amiel, D., Harwood, F.L., Gomez, M.A., & Akeson, W.H. (1983). Medial Collateral Ligament Healing: A Multidisciplinary Assessment in Rabbits. Am. Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Excellence in Basic Science Award Paper. J. of Sports Medicine, 11, 379-389.

GOMEZ, M.A., WOO, S.L.Y., & COUTTS, R.D. (1983). A NEW FEMORAL COMPONENT DESIGN BASED ON THE TRABECULAR SYSTEMS OF THE PROXIMAL FEMUR. BIOMATERIALS MEDICAL DEVICES AND ARTIFICIAL ORGANS, 11(1), 39-50.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/10731198309118793.

Woo, S.L., Gomez, M.A., Seguchi, Y., Endo, C.M., & Akeson, W.H. (1983). Measurement of mechanical properties of ligament substance from a bone-ligament-bone preparation. J Orthop Res, 1(1), 22-29.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100010104.

WOO, S.L.Y. (1983). CORRECTION. BIORHEOLOGY, 20(3), 345.

WOO, S.L.Y., SIMON, B.R., AKESON, W.H., GOMEZ, M.A., & SEGUCHI, Y. (1983). A NEW APPROACH TO THE DESIGN OF INTERNAL-FIXATION PLATES. JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH, 17(3), 427-439.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jbm.820170304.

AMIEL, D., WOO, S.L.Y., HARWOOD, F.L., & AKESON, W.H. (1982). THE EFFECT OF IMMOBILIZATION ON COLLAGEN TURNOVER IN CONNECTIVE-TISSUE - A BIOCHEMICAL-BIOMECHANICAL CORRELATION. ACTA ORTHOPAEDICA SCANDINAVICA, 53(3), 325-332.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17453678208992224.

COUTTS, R.D., WOO, S.L.Y., BOYER, J., DOTY, D., GONSALVES, M., AMIEL, D., & AKESON, W.H. (1982). THE EFFECT OF DELAYED INTERNAL-FIXATION ON HEALING OF THE OSTEOTOMIZED DOG RADIUS. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, &NA;(163), 254-260.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-198203000-00039.

GELBERMAN, R.H., WOO, S.L.Y., LOTHRINGER, K., AKESON, W.H., & AMIEL, D. (1982). EFFECTS OF EARLY INTERMITTENT PASSIVE MOBILIZATION ON HEALING CANINE FLEXOR TENDONS. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 7(2), 170-175.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0363-5023(82)80083-X.

WOO, S.L.Y. (1982). MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES OF TENDONS AND LIGAMENTS .1. QUASI-STATIC AND NON-LINEAR VISCOELASTIC PROPERTIES. BIORHEOLOGY, 19(3), 385-396.IOS Press. doi: 10.3233/bir-1982-19301.

WOO, S.L.Y., GOMEZ, M.A., WOO, Y.K., & AKESON, W.H. (1982). MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES OF TENDONS AND LIGAMENTS .2. THE RELATIONSHIPS OF IMMOBILIZATION AND EXERCISE ON TISSUE REMODELING. BIORHEOLOGY, 19(3), 397-408.IOS Press. doi: 10.3233/bir-1982-19302.

BLUEL, K.E., SAUL, T.A., LENTZ, D.J., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1981). EVALUATION OF RECONSTITUTED COLLAGEN TAPE AS A MODEL FOR CHEMICALLY MODIFIED SOFT-TISSUES. BIOMATERIALS MEDICAL DEVICES AND ARTIFICIAL ORGANS, 9(1), 37-46.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/10731198109117599.

GARFIN, S.R., TIPTON, C.M., MUBARAK, S.J., WOO, S.L.Y., HARGENS, A.R., & AKESON, W.H. (1981). ROLE OF FASCIA IN MAINTENANCE OF MUSCLE TENSION AND PRESSURE. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 51(2), 317-320.American Physiological Society. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1981.51.2.317.

GELBERMAN, R.H., AMIFL, D., GONSALVES, M., WOO, S., & AKESON, W.H. (1981). THE INFLUENCE OF PROTECTED PASSIVE MOBILIZATION ON THE HEALING OF FLEXOR TENDONS - A BIOCHEMICAL AND MICRO-ANGIOGRAPHIC STUDY. HAND, 13(2), 120-128.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1016/S0072-968X(81)80051-4.

Woo, S.L., Kuei, S.C., Amiel, D., Gomez, M.A., Hayes, W.C., White, F., & Akeson, W.H. (1981). The Effect of Prolonged Physical Training on the Properties of Long Bones: A Study of Wolff's Law. J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, 63(A), 780-787.

Woo, S.L.Y. (1981). RELATIONSHIPS OF CHANGES IN STRESS LEVELS ON LONG BONE REMODELING. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 45, 107-129.

WOO, S.L.Y., GELBERMAN, R.H., COBB, N.G., AMIEL, D., LOTHRINGER, K., & AKESON, W.H. (1981). THE IMPORTANCE OF CONTROLLED PASSIVE MOBILIZATION ON FLEXOR TENDON HEALING - A BIOMECHANICAL STUDY. ACTA ORTHOPAEDICA SCANDINAVICA, 52(6), 615-622.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17453678108992156.

WOO, S.L.Y., GOMEZ, M.A., & AKESON, W.H. (1981). THE TIME AND HISTORY-DEPENDENT VISCOELASTIC PROPERTIES OF THE CANINE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 103(4), 293-298.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3138295.

WOO, S.L.Y., GOMEZ, M.A., AMIEL, D., RITTER, M.A., GELBERMAN, R.H., & AKESON, W.H. (1981). THE EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON THE BIOMECHANICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL-PROPERTIES OF SWINE DIGITAL FLEXOR TENDONS. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 103(1), 51-56.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3138246.

WOO, S.L.Y., KUEI, S.C., AMIEL, D., GOMEZ, M.A., HAYES, W.C., WHITE, F.C., & AKESON, W.H. (1981). THE EFFECT OF PROLONGED PHYSICAL-TRAINING ON THE PROPERTIES OF LONG-BONE - A STUDY OF WOLFFS LAW. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 63(5), 780-787.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-198163050-00013.

AKESON, W.H., AMIEL, D., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1980). IMMOBILITY EFFECTS ON SYNOVIAL JOINTS THE PATHOMECHANICS OF JOINT CONTRACTURE. BIORHEOLOGY, 17(1-2), 95-110.IOS Press. doi: 10.3233/bir-1980-171-212.

AKESON, W.H., COUTTS, R.D., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1980). PRINCIPLES OF LESS RIGID INTERNAL-FIXATION WITH PLATES. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 23(3), 235-239.

DANZIG, L.A., WOO, S.L.Y., AKESON, W.H., JEMMOTT, G.F., & WICKHAM, M.G. (1980). INTERNAL-FIXATION PLATES AFTER 56 YEARS OF IMPLANTATION - REPORT OF A CASE. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, NO 149(149), 201-206.

SUTHERLAND, D.H., OLSHEN, R., COOPER, L., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1980). THE DEVELOPMENT OF MATURE GAIT. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 62(3), 336-353.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-198062030-00004.

Sutherland, D.H., Olshen, R.A., Cooper, L., & Woo, S.L. (1980). The Development of Mature Gait. J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, 62(A), 336-353.

WOO, S.L.Y. (1980). BIORHEOLOGY OF SOFT-TISSUES - THE NEED FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES. BIORHEOLOGY, 17(1-2), 39-43.IOS Press. doi: 10.3233/bir-1980-171-208.

WOO, S.L.Y. (1980). 3RD INTERNATIONAL-CONGRESS OF BIORHEOLOGY SYMPOSIUM ON SOFT-TISSUES AROUND A DIARTHRODIAL JOINT - INTRODUCTION. BIORHEOLOGY, 17(1-2), 37.

WOO, S.L.Y., RITTER, M.A., AMIEL, D., SANDERS, T.M., GOMEZ, M.A., KUEL, S.C., GARFIN, S.R., & AKESON, W.H. (1980). THE BIOMECHANICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL-PROPERTIES OF SWINE TENDONS - LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON THE DIGITAL EXTENSORS. CONNECTIVE TISSUE RESEARCH, 7(3), 177-183.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/03008208009152109.

WOO, S.L.Y., SIMON, B.R., KUEI, S.C., & AKESON, W.H. (1980). QUASILINEAR VISCOELASTIC PROPERTIES OF NORMAL ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 102(2), 85-90.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3138220.

Woo, S.L.Y., Kuei, S.C., Gomez, M.A., Winters, J.M., Amiel, D., & Akeson, W.H. (1979). EFFECT OF IMMOBILIZATION AND EXERCISE ON THE STRENGTH CHARACTERISTICS OF BONE-MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT-BONE COMPLEX. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 32, 67-70.

WOO, S.L.Y., LUBOCK, P., GOMEZ, M.A., JEMMOTT, G.F., KUEI, S.C., & AKESON, W.H. (1979). LARGE DEFORMATION NONHOMOGENEOUS AND DIRECTIONAL PROPERTIES OF ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE IN UNIAXIAL TENSION. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 12(6), 437-446.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(79)90028-9.

SIMON, B.R., WOO, S.L.Y., MCCARTY, M., LEE, S., & AKESON, W.H. (1978). PARAMETRIC STUDY OF BONE REMODELING BENEATH INTERNAL-FIXATION PLATES OF VARYING STIFFNESS. JOURNAL OF BIOENGINEERING, 2(6), 543-556.

AKESON, W.H., AMIEL, D., MECHANIC, G.L., WOO, S.L.Y., HARWOOD, F.L., & HAMER, M.L. (1977). COLLAGEN CROSS-LINKING ALTERATIONS IN JOINT CONTRACTURES - CHANGES IN REDUCIBLE CROSS-LINKS IN PERIARTICULAR CONNECTIVE-TISSUE COLLAGEN AFTER 9 WEEKS OF IMMOBILIZATION. CONNECTIVE TISSUE RESEARCH, 5(1), 15-19.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/03008207709152607.

AKESON, W.H., WOO, S.L.Y., AMIEL, D., & DOTY, D.H. (1977). RAPID RECOVERY FROM CONTRACTURE IN RABBIT HINDLIMB - CORRELATIVE BIOMECHANICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL STUDY. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 122(122), 359-365.

AKESON, W.H., WOO, S.L.Y., TAYLOR, T.K.F., GHOSH, P., & BUSHELL, G.R. (1977). BIOMECHANICS AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF INTERVERTEBRAL DISKS - NEED FOR CORRELATION STUDIES. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 129(129), 133-140.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-197711000-00015.

SIMON, B.R., WOO, S.L.Y., STANLEY, G.M., OLMSTEAD, S.R., MCCARTY, M.P., JEMMOTT, G.F., & AKESON, W.H. (1977). EVALUATION OF ONE-DIMENSIONAL, 2-DIMENSIONAL, AND 3-DIMENSIONAL FINITE-ELEMENT AND EXPERIMENTAL-MODELS OF INTERNAL-FIXATION PLATES. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 10(2), 79-86.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(77)90071-9.

WOO, S.L.Y., SIMON, B.R., AKESON, W.H., & MCCARTY, M.P. (1977). INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO EVALUATE EFFECT OF INTERNAL-FIXATION PLATE ON LONG BONE REMODELING. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 10(2), 87-&.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(77)90072-0.

AKESON, W.H., WOO, S.L.Y., AMIEL, D., DOTY, D.H., & RUTHERFORD, L. (1976). VALUE OF 17-BETA-ESTRADIOL IN PREVENTION OF CONTRACTURE FORMATION. ANNALS OF THE RHEUMATIC DISEASES, 35(5), 429-436.BMJ. doi: 10.1136/ard.35.5.429.

AKESON, W.H., WOO, S.L.Y., RUTHERFORD, L., COUTTS, R.D., GONSALVES, M., & AMIEL, D. (1976). EFFECTS OF RIGIDITY OF INTERNAL-FIXATION PLATES ON LONG BONE REMODELING - BIOMECHANICAL AND QUANTITATIVE HISTOLOGICAL STUDY. ACTA ORTHOPAEDICA SCANDINAVICA, 47(3), 241-249.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17453677608991984.

CONVERY, F.R., WOO, S.L.Y., AKESON, W.H., AMIEL, D., & MALCOM, L.L. (1976). EXPERIMENTAL HEMARTHROSIS IN KNEE OF MATURE CANINE. ARTHRITIS AND RHEUMATISM, 19(1), 59-67.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/art.1780190110.

COUTTS, R.E., AKESON, W.H., WOO, S.L.Y., MATTHEWS, J.V., GONSALVES, M., & AMIEL, D. (1976). COMPARISON OF STAINLESS-STEEL AND COMPOSITE PLATES IN HEALING OF DIAPHYSEAL OSTEOTOMIES OF DOG RADIUS - REPORT ON A SHORT-TERM STUDY. ORTHOPEDIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 7(1), 223-229.

WILKIE, K.C.B., & WOO, S.L. (1976). HEMICELLULOSES OF BAMBOOS ARUNDINARIA-JAPONICA AND A-ANCEPTS .1. NON-CELLULOSIC BETA-D-GLUCANS FROM BAMBOO, AND INTERPRETATIVE PROBLEMS IN STUDY OF ALL HEMICELLULOSES. CARBOHYDRATE RESEARCH, 49(JUL), 399-409.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0008-6215(00)83157-2.

WOO, S.L.Y., AKESON, W.H., & JEMMOTT, G.F. (1976). MEASUREMENTS OF NONHOMOGENEOUS, DIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES OF ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE IN TENSION. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 9(12), 785-791.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(76)90186-X.

Woo, S.L.Y., Akeson, W.H., Coutts, R.D., Rutherford, L., Doty, D., Jemmott, G., & Amiel, D. (1976). A Comparison of Cortical Bone Atrophy Secondary to Fixation with Plates With Large Differences in Bending Stiffness. J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, 58(A), 190-195.

WOO, S.L.Y., AKESON, W.H., COUTTS, R.D., RUTHERFORD, L., DOTY, D., JEMMOTT, G.F., & AMIEL, D. (1976). COMPARISON OF CORTICAL BONE ATROPHY SECONDARY TO FIXATION WITH PLATES WITH LARGE DIFFERENCES IN BENDING STIFFNESS. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 58(2), 190-195.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-197658020-00005.

Akeson, W.H., Woo, S.L.Y., Amiel, D., Matthews, J.V., & Rutherford, L. (1975). Lubrication defect of immobilized connective tissue matrices Study of the biomechanical and biochemical characteristics of normal and immobilized rabbit knee. ANNALS OF THE RHEUMATIC DISEASES, 34, 101-103.

AKESON, W.H., WOO, S.L.Y., COUTTS, R.D., MATTHEWS, J.V., GONSALVES, M., & AMIEL, D. (1975). QUANTITATIVE HISTOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF EARLY FRACTURE HEALING OF CORTICAL BONES IMMOBILIZED BY STAINLESS-STEEL AND COMPOSITE PLATES. CALCIFIED TISSUE RESEARCH, 19(1), 27-37.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF02563988.

Simon, B.R., Woo, S.L.Y., Stanley, G.M., Olmstead, S.R., Akeson, W.H., & Jemmott, G. (1975). FINITE ELEMENT AND EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF AN INTERNAL FIXATION PLATE MODEL. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 1, 93-95.

Woo, S.L.Y., Akeson, W.H., Jemmott, G.F., & Van Veen, M.A. (1975). MEASUREMENTS OF NON-HOMOGENEOUS DIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ARTICULAR CARTILAGE IN TENSION USING A VIDEO-DIMENSIONAL ANALYZER. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 1, 115-117.

WOO, S.L.Y., MATTHEWS, J.V., AKESON, W.H., AMIEL, D., & CONVERY, F.R. (1975). CONNECTIVE-TISSUE RESPONSE TO IMMOBILITY - CORRELATIVE STUDY OF BIOMECHANICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL MEASUREMENTS OF NORMAL AND IMMOBILIZED RABBIT KNEES. ARTHRITIS AND RHEUMATISM, 18(3), 257-264.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/art.1780180311.

AKESON, W.H., WOO, S.L.Y., AMIEL, D., & MATTHEWS, J.V. (1974). BIOMECHANICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN PERIARTICULAR CONNECTIVE-TISSUE DURING CONTRACTURE DEVELOPMENT IN IMMOBILIZED RABBIT KNEE. CONNECTIVE TISSUE RESEARCH, 2(4), 315-323.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/03008207409152261.

WOO, S.L.Y., AKESON, W.H., LEVENETZ, B., COUTTS, R.D., MATTHEWS, J.V., & AMIEL, D. (1974). POTENTIAL APPLICATION OF GRAPHITE FIBER AND METHYL-METHACRYLATE RESIN COMPOSITES AS INTERNAL-FIXATION PLATES. JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH, 8(5), 321-338.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jbm.820080513.

AKESON, W.H., WOO, S.L.Y., AMIEL, D., COUTTS, R.D., & DANIEL, D. (1973). CONNECTIVE-TISSUE RESPONSE TO IMMOBILITY - BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN PERIARTICULAR CONNECTIVE-TISSUE OF IMMOBILIZED RABBIT KNEE. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 93(93), 356-362.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-197306000-00039.

Coletti, J.M., Akeson, W.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1972). A Comparison of the Physical Behavior of Normal Articular Cartilage and the Arthroplasty Surface. J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, 54(A), 147-160.

COLETTI, J.M., WOO, S.L.Y., & AKESON, W.H. (1972). COMPARISON OF PHYSICAL BEHAVIOR OF NORMAL ARTICULAR CARTILAGE AND ARTHROPLASTY SURFACE. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, A 54(1), 147-&.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-197254010-00014.

WOO, S.L., KOBAYASHI, A.S., LAWRENCE, C., & SCHLEGEL, W.A. (1972). MATHEMATICAL-MODEL OF CORNEO-SCLERAL SHELL AS APPLIED TO INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE-VOLUME RELATIONS AND APPLANATION TONOMETRY. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 1(1), 87-98.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF02363420.

Woo, S.L.Y., Kobayashi, A.S., Lawrence, C., & Schlegel, W. (1972). A Mathematical Model of the Corneo-Scleral Shell as Applied to Intraocular Pressure-Volume Relations and Applanation Tonometry. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 1, 89-98.

WOO, S.L.Y., SCHLEGEL, W.A., KOBAYASHI, A.S., & LAWRENCE, C. (1972). NONLINEAR MATERIAL PROPERTIES OF INTACT CORNEA AND SCLERA. EXPERIMENTAL EYE RESEARCH, 14(1), 29-+.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0014-4835(72)90139-X.

KOBAYASHI, A.S., WOO, S.L.Y., LAWRENCE, C., & SCHLEGEL, W.A. (1971). ANALYSIS OF CORNEO-SCLERAL SHELL BY METHOD OF DIRECT STIFFNESS. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 4(5), 323-+.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(71)90053-4.

Wiederhielm, C.A., Kobayashi, A.S., Stromberg, D.D., & Woo, S.L. (1968). Structural response of relaxed and constricted arterioles. J Biomech, 1(4), 259-270.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(68)90021-3.

Kobayashi, A.S., Woo, S.L.Y., & Shah, R.C. (1967). Plane-Stress, Elastic-Plastic States in the Vicinity of Crack Tips. NASA CR, 772.

Shaw, D. (2012). OPENING CEREMONY. International Society of Biomechanics.Calgary, Canada.

Bidone, T.C., Deriu, M.A., Di Benedetto, G., Massai, D., & Morbiducci, U. (2011). Insights Into the Molecular Mechanisms of Actin Dynamics: A Multiscale Modeling Approach. In ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PARTS A AND B), (pp. 397-398).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2011-53417.

Fisher, M.B., Jung, H.J., Kim, K.E., McMahon, P.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2011). Extracellular Matrix Bioscaffolds to Enhance ACL Healing: Impact on the Contribution of the MCL to Joint Stability. In ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PARTS A AND B), (pp. 641-642).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2011-53416.

Kim, K.E., Hsu, S., Fisher, M.B., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2011). The Effect of Patellar Orientation on the Stiffness of the Porcine Femur-Medial Patellofemoral Ligament-Patella Complex. In ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PARTS A AND B), (pp. 683-684).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2011-53545.

Prantil, R.K., Mondello, T.A., Yu, S.H., Pervaiz, K., Woo, S.L.Y., & Li, Z.M. (2011). Stiffness of the Transverse Carpal Ligament Under the Influence of Collagenase. In ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PARTS A AND B), (pp. 677-678).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2011-53284.

Fisher, M.B., Jung, H.J., Liang, R., Kim, K., McMahon, P.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2010). Use of Extracellular Matrix Bioscaffolds to Enhance ACL Healing: A Multidisciplinary Approach in a Goat Model. In ASME 2010 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PARTS A AND B), (pp. 47-48).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2010-19559.

Fisher, M.B., Jung, H.J., McMahon, P.J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2009). Effects of Tunnel Location for Suture Augmentation Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury. In ASME 2009 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PART A), (pp. 259-260).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2009-206605.

Abramowitch, S., Redfern, M., Debski, R., Almarza, A., Borovetz, H., Hardesty, R.L., & Woo, S. (2008). Intramural research internship: A requirement of the undergraduate bioengineering curriculum at the University of Pittsburgh. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings.

Liang, R., Nguyen, T., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2008). A bioscaffold enhances the fibrillogenesis in healing medial collateral ligament. In TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 14(5), (p. 800).

Woo, S.L.Y., Fisher, M.B., & Almarza, A.J. (2008). Regeneration of Ligaments and Tendons With ECM Bioscaffolds. In Volume 15: Processing and Engineering Applications of Novel Materials, 15, (pp. 111-112).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2008-68870.

Zhang, X., Jiang, G., Wu, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2008). A subject-specific finite element model of the anterior cruciate ligament. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS'08 - "Personalized Healthcare through Technology", (pp. 891-894).

Zhang, X., Wu, C., Jiang, G., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2008). The effects of geometry and fiber bundle orientation on the finite element modeling of the anterior cruciate ligament. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS'08 - "Personalized Healthcare through Technology", (pp. 899-902). doi: 10.1109/iembs.2008.4649299.

Lorang, N.H., Hellmann, L.A., Wu, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2007). Validation of a High-Payload Robotic/UFS Testing System for Studying of Joint Motion. In ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference, (pp. 639-640).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2007-176356.

Shin, E.J., Wanna, G.B., Choi, B., III, A.D., Ebert, O., Genden, E.M., & Woo, S.L. (2007). Interleukin-12 expression enhances vesicular stomatitis virus oncolytic therapy in murine squamous cell carcinoma. In LARYNGOSCOPE, 117(2), (pp. 210-214).Wiley.United States. doi: 10.1097/01.mlg.0000246194.66295.d8.

Abramowitch, S.D., Fu, Y.C., Liang, R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2006). Functional Tissue Engineering of Patellar Tendon Healing: A Histological and Biomechanical Assessment. In MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38(5), (pp. 71-72).Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1249/00005768-200605001-00729.

Hunziker, E., Spector, M., Libera, J., Gertzman, A., Woo, S.L.Y., Ratcliffe, A., Lysaght, M., Coury, A., Kaplan, D., & Vunjak-Novakovic, G. (2006). Translation from research to applications. In TISSUE ENGINEERING, 12(12), (pp. 3341-3364).Mary Ann Liebert Inc.United States. doi: 10.1089/ten.2006.12.3341.

Bechtold, S.J., Darcy, S.P., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Repeatability of Establishing Anatomical Coordinate Systems and the Initial Configuration of the Knee. In Advances in Bioengineering, (pp. 371-372).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2004-59781.

Moore, S.M., Gabriel, M.T., Thomas, M., Zeminski, J., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2004). The Effect of the Accuracy of Various Measuring Devices on Recorded Joint Kinematics. In Advances in Bioengineering, (pp. 323-324).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2004-61551.

Abramowitch, S.D., Clineff, T.D., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). An Experimental and Analytical Evaluation of the Nonlinear Viscoelastic Properties of the Healing Medial Collateral Ligament in a Goat Model. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 337-338).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43075.

Darcy, S.P., Gil, J.E., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2003). The Effect of Position and Path Repeatability on Biomechanical Testing of Diarthrodial Joints. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 225-226).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43053.

Darcy, S.P., Kilger, R.H.P., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2003). Estimation of ACL Forces Utilizing a Novel Non-Invasive Methodology That Reproduces Knee Kinematics Between Sets of Knees. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 237-238).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43090.

Fisk, J.A., Rollins, M.L., Van Scyoc, A.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). The Effect of Random Skin Motion on Knee Kinematics Calculated With Surface Markers: A Comparison of Three Marker Sets. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 241-242).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43114.

Gilbert, T.W., Grashow, J., Woo, S.L.Y., Chancellor, M.B., & Sacks, M.S. (2003). Fiber Kinematics of Small Intestinal Submucosa Subjected to Biaxial Stretch. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 323-324).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43019.

Gilbert, T.W., Wang, J.H.C., Badylak, S.F., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Development of a Novel Model System to Study Remodeling of ECM Scaffolds in Response to Cyclic Stretching. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 393-394).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-41444.

Moon, D.K., Gabriel, M.T., Abramowitch, S.D., Takakura, Y., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). The Effects of Refreezing on the Tensile Properties of the Medial Collateral Ligament-Bone Complex: A Rabbit Model. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 335-336).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43072.

Moore, S.M., Thomas, M., Gabriel, M.T., Zeminski, J., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2003). Reproducing the Motion of a Diarthrodial Joint During a Clinical Examination Using Robotic Technology. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 257-258).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43074.

Song, Y., Debski, R.E., Gil, J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). Development of a 3-D Non-Linear Finite Element Model of Human Knee Joint. In Advances in Bioengineering, (pp. 409-410).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2002-32608.

Debski, R.E., Vangura, A., Fenwick, J., Woo, S.L.Y., & Fu, F.H. (2001). Role of the coracoclavicular ligaments in AC joint stability: A validated computational approach. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 50, (pp. 47-48).

Zeminski, J., Kanamori, A., Yagi, M., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). A biomechanical evaluation of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in response to rotational loads. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 48, (pp. 7-8).

Wang, J.H.C., Celechovsky, C., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Effects of silicone microgrooves on 3T3 fibroblasts. In Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings, 2, (p. 781).

Vogrin, T.M., Woo, S.L.Y., Höher, J., Janaushek, M.A., Ma, C.B., & Harner, C.D. (1998). Biomechanical evaluation of a posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the knee using robotic technology. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 39, (pp. 21-22).

Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Sakane, M., Warner, J.J.P., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). Application of robotic/UFS technology to study the in-situ load distribution in the glenohumeral joint capsule during A-P loading. Orthopaedic Research Seminar.Department of Orthopaedics, University of Pittsburgh.

Pfaeffle, H.J., Tomaino, M.M., Grewal, R., Xu, J., Boardman, N.D., Herndon, J.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). Tensile properties of the interosseous membrane of the human forearm. In Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference - Proceedings, (p. 455).

Chan, S.S., Livesay, G.A., Morrow, D.A., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). Development of a low-cost laser reflectance system to determine the cross-sectional shape and area of soft tissues. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 31, (pp. 123-124).

Debski, R.E., Imhoff, A.B., Warner, J.J.P., Demirhan, M., Patel, P.R., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). Determination of in-situ length changes of the glenohumeral ligaments during abduction. Long Beach Orthopaedic Bioengineering Symposium.Long Beach, VA.

Fujie, H., Mabuchi, K., Itoman, M., Tsukamoto, Y., Livesay, G.A., Woo, S.L.Y., Sasada, T., & Ikeuchi, K. (1995). Use of a robotic system for the study of joint biomechanics: In-situ force in the human anterior cruciate ligament. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 31, (pp. 219-220).

McGough, R., Debski, R.E., Taskiran, E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). Tensile properties of the long head of the biceps tendon. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 31, (pp. 3-4).

Woo, S.L.Y., Schmidt, C.C., Taylor, B.J., Yamaji, T., & Weaver-Green, C. (1995). Effects of EGF and TGF-β on the biomechanical properties of the healing medial collateral ligament. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 31, (pp. 53-54).

Debski, R.E., Boardman, N.D., Thompson, W.O., Warner, J.J.P., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1994). Measurement of muscle force and glenohumeral joint kinematics during scapular plane abduction. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 28, (pp. 107-108).

Rudy, T., Livesay, G.A., Xerogeanes, J.W., Takeda, Y., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1994). Combined robotics/UFS approach to measure knee kinematics and determine in-situ ACL forces. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 28, (pp. 287-288).

Zhang, A.X., Miller, M.C., Berger, R.A., Rubash, H.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1994). Accuracy in establishment of anatomical coordinate systems by photography. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 28, (pp. 187-188).

Fujie, H., Livesay, G.A., Kashiwaguchi, S., Blomstrom, G., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1992). Determination of in situ force in the human anterior cruciate ligament: A new methodology. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 22, (pp. 91-94).

Johnson, G.A., Rajagopal, K.R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1992). Single integral finite strain (SIFS) viscoelastic model of ligaments and tendons. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 22, (pp. 245-248).

Suh, J.K., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1992). Negative hydrostatic pressure in articular cartilage extracellular matrix under cyclic compressive load. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 22, (pp. 199-202).

Fujie, H., Livesay, G.A., Mabuchi, K., Tsukamoto, Y., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1991). New methodology to perform joint kinematics studies using robotics. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 20, (pp. 407-408).

HENRICK, C.A., CARNEY, R.L., BROWN, T.L., LUI, A.S.T., WOO, S.L., STAAL, G.B., & CERF, D.C. (1991). ANTI-JUVENILE HORMONE AGENTS. In ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 202, (pp. 3-AGRO).

Livesay, G.A., Takai, S., Choi, N.Y., Fujie, H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1991). In-situ loads in the anterior cruciate ligament. Experimental results, clinical implications. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 20, (pp. 443-445).

Ohland, K.J., Woo, S.L.Y., Weiss, J.A., Takai, S., & Shelley, F.J. (1991). Healing of combined injuries of the rabbit medial collateral ligament and its insertions. A long term study on the effects of conservative vs. surgical treatment. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 20, (pp. 447-451).

Hacker, S.A., Woo, S.L.Y., Wayne, J.S., & Kwan, M.K. (1990). Regional variation and effect of age on the biomechanical properties of human meniscus. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 20, (pp. 449-451).

Danto, M.I., Marcin, J.P., Schultz, J.E., Young, E.P., Ohland, K.J., Newton, P.O., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1989). Comparison of three methods for measuring the cross-sectional area along the rabbit medial collateral ligament. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 98, (pp. 97-100).

Gomez, M.A., Kwan, M.K., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1989). Analytical technique for defining the mechanical properties of ligament tissues. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 98, (pp. 45-48).

Hollis, J.M., Horibe, S., Adams, D.J., Marcin, J.P., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1989). Force distribution in the anterior cruciate ligament as a function of flexion angle. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 98, (pp. 41-44).

Kwan, M.K., Wall, E.J., Weiss, J.A., Rydevik, B.L., Garfin, S.R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1989). Biomechanical analysis of rabbit peripheral nerve: in situ stresses and strains. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 98, (pp. 109-112).

MacKenna, D.A., Newton, P.O., Lyon, R.M., Akeson, W.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1989). Effect of hemarthrosis and synovectomy on the mechanical properties ot the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 98, (pp. 65-68).

May, D.K., Horibe, S., Woo, S.L.Y., Albright, J.P., Zhang, C.J., & Buckwalter, J.A. (1989). Effects of long-term intensive exercise and age on the biomechanical properties of canine flexor tendons. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 98, (pp. 73-76).

Newton, P.O., MacKenna, D.A., Lyon, R.M., Akeson, W.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1989). Comparison of the medical properties of the medial collateral and anterior cruciate ligaments of the rabbit knee. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 98, (pp. 53-56).

Wang, C.W., Weiss, J.A., Albright, J.P., Buckwalter, J.A., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1989). Effects of long term exercise on the structural and mechanical properties of the canine medial collateral ligament. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 98, (pp. 69-72).

Wayne, J.S., Kwan, M.K., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1989). Application of the u-P finite element method to biphasic modelling of articular cartilage. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 98, (pp. 37-40).

WEISS, J.A., GOMEZ, M.A., HAWKINS, D.A., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1988). THE EFFECT OF EPIPHYSEAL CLOSURE ON LIGAMENT INSITU STRESSES AND STRAINS. In JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 21(10), (p. 868).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(88)90067-X.

Lin, H.C., Kwan, M.K.W., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1987). ON THE STRESS RELAXATION PROPERTIES OF ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT (ACL). In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 3, (pp. 5-6).

Woo, S.L.Y., Gomez, M.A., & Sites, T.J. (1987). MICROSTRUCTURAL AND BIOMECHANICAL CHANGES OF THE LIGAMENT-BONE COMPLEX FOLLOWING IMMOBILIZATION AND REMOBILIZATION. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD, 84, (pp. 209-212).

Hawkins, D.A., Gomez, M.A., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1986). INDIRECT METHOD TO DETERMINE LIGAMENT STRESSES IN SITU. (pp. 166-167).

Hollis, J.M., Lee, E.B., Ballock, R.T., Gomez, M.A., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1986). EFFECT OF LOADING DIRECTION ON THE FAILURE PROPERTIES OF THE FEMUR-ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT-TIBIA COMPLEX. (pp. 168-169).

McGurk-Burleson, E., Inoue, M., Hollis, J.M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1986). FUNCTIONAL ROLES OF THE ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT AND MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT IN PROVIDING STABILITY TO THE CANINE KNEE JOINT. (pp. 172-173).

Spiegelman, J.J., Woo, S.L.Y., & Kwan, M.K. (1986). MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION FOR DESCRIBING FLEXOR TENDON EXCURSION ACROSS DIGITAL JOINTS. (pp. 103-104).

Woo, S.L.Y., & Akeson, W.H. (1986). STRUCTURAL AND MECHANICAL BEHAVIORS OF TENDONS AND LIGAMENTS. In Materials Science Monographs, (pp. 95-121).

Woo, S.L.Y., Akeson, W.H., & Coutts, R.D. (1986). BIOMECHANICAL CONSIDERATIONS OF METAL AND COMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR BONE FRACTURE FIXATION PLATES. In Materials Science Monographs, (pp. 223-244).

WOO, S.L.Y. (1985). FUNCTIONAL ADAPTATION OF CORTICAL BONE, TENDONS AND LIGAMENTS. In JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 18(7), (p. 516).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(85)90672-4.

Frank, C., Woo, S.L.Y., Amiel, D., Harwood, F., Gomez, M., & Akeson, W. (1984). HEALING OF MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT (MCL). In Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings, (p. 339).

Gomez, M.A., Woo, S.L.Y., Sato, S., Amiel, D., Harwood, F.L., & Akeson, W.H. (1984). MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF HEALING CANINE MCL LIGAMENT. In Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings, (p. 269).

WOO, S.L.Y., NEWTON, P.O., & GOMEZ, M.A. (1984). EFFECT OF IMMOBILIZATION AND REMOBILIZATION ON THE PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENTS. In JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 17(11), (p. 871).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(84)90163-5.

Woo, S.L.Y., Sato, S., Lee, T.Q., & Gomez, M.A. (1984). THERMAL EFFECTS ON LIGAMENT TENSILE BEHAVIOR. In Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings, (p. 273).

Woo, S.L.Y., Camp, J., Gomez, M.A., & Akeson, W.H. (1983). COMPARISON OF THE BIOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FRESH AND FROZEN LIGAMENTS. In Advances in Bioengineering, (pp. 98-99).

Simon, B.R., Woo, S.L.Y., & Coats, R.S. (1982). RELAXATION AND CREEP QUASILINEAR VISCOELASTIC MODELS FOR NORMAL ARTICULAR CARTILAGE. In Advances in Bioengineering, (pp. 75-78).

AMIEL, D., WOO, S.L.Y., AKESON, W.H., & HARWOOD, F.L. (1981). IMMOBILIZATION EFFECT ON THE MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT AND PATELLAR TENDON A BIOCHEMICAL-BIOMECHANICAL STUDY. In BIORHEOLOGY, 18(1), (p. 128).

Woo, S.L.Y., Akeson, W.H., Coutts, R.D., Gomez, M.A., Cobb, N.G., Gonsalves, M., & Amiel, D. (1981). POTENTIAL ADVANTAGES OF LESS RIGID Ti-6Al-4V PLATES. In Transactions of the Annual Meeting of the Society for Biomaterials in conjunction with the Interna, 4, (p. 58).

WOO, S.L.Y., GOMEZ, M.A., ENDO, C.M., & AKESON, W.H. (1981). ON THE MEASUREMENT OF LIGAMENT STRAINS AND STRAIN DISTRIBUTION. In BIORHEOLOGY, 18(1), (p. 139).

Woo, S.L.Y. (1980). Introduction1. In Biorheology, 17(1-2), (p. 37).IOS Press. doi: 10.3233/bir-1980-171-207.

WOO, S.L.Y., AMIEL, D., AKESON, W.H., KUEI, S.C., & TIPTON, C.M. (1979). EFFECT OF LONG-TERM EXERCISE ON LIGAMENTS, TENDONS AND BONES OF SWINE. In MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 11(1), (p. 105).

AKESON, W.H., AMIEL, D., WOO, S.L.Y., & HARWOOD, F. (1978). MECHANICAL IMPERATIVES FOR SYNOVIAL JOINT HOMEOSTASIS - PRESENT POTENTIAL FOR THEIR THERAPEUTIC MANIPULATION. In BIORHEOLOGY, 15(5-6), (p. 449).

MALCOM, L.L., CONVERY, F.R., WOO, S.L.Y., & AKESON, W.H. (1978). RHEOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT OF INTER-ARTICULAR CARTILAGE SURFACE SHEARING FORCES INVITRO. In BIORHEOLOGY, 15(5-6), (p. 482).

WOO, S.L.Y. (1978). BIORHEOLOGY OF SOFT-TISSUES - NEED FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES. In BIORHEOLOGY, 15(5-6), (p. 448).

AMIEL, D., AKESON, W.H., & WOO, S.L.Y. (1976). CHANGES IN COLLAGEN CROSS-LINKS IN IMMOBILIZED PERIARTICULAR CONNECTIVE-TISSUE. In ARCHIVES INTERNATIONALES DE PHYSIOLOGIE DE BIOCHIMIE ET DE BIOPHYSIQUE, 84(3), (p. R33).

MALCOLM, L.L., FUNG, Y.C., WOO, S.L.Y., AKESON, W.H., & AMIEL, D. (1975). STEADY-STATE DYNAMIC FRICTIONAL PROPERTIES OF CARTILAGE-CARTILAGE INTERFACES. In JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, A 57(4), (p. 567).

Akeson, W.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1974). USE OF FIBROUS COMPOSITE PLATES FOR FIXATION OF OSTEOMIZED CANINE RADII. (pp. 10-18).

CONVERY, F.R., WOO, S.L.Y., AKESON, W.H., AMIEL, D., & MALCOM, L.L. (1974). EXPERIMENTAL HEMARTHROSIS IN MATURE DOGS. In JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, A 56(4), (p. 852).

Research interests

biomechanics
extracellular matrix
knee
ligaments
motion
tendons
tissue engineering