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Rory Cooper

Professor
Bioengineering Department

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Dicianno, B.E., Sivakanthan, S., Sundaram, S.A., Satpute, S., Kulich, H., Powers, E., Deepak, N., Russell, R., Cooper, R., & Cooper, R.A. (2021). Systematic review: Automated vehicles and services for people with disabilities. NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS, 761, 136103.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2021.136103.

Satpute, S., Cooper, R., Dicianno, B.E., Joseph, J., Chi, Y., & Cooper, R.A. (2021). Mini-review: Rehabilitation engineering: Research priorities and trends. NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS, 764, 136207.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2021.136207.

Sivakanthan, S., Candiotti, J.L., Sundaram, S.A., Battles, C., Daveler, B.J., Chung, C.S., Grindle, G.G., Cooper, R., Dicianno, B.E., & Cooper, R.A. (2020). Usability evaluation of attitude control for a robotic wheelchair for tip mitigation in outdoor environments. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 82, 86-96.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2020.07.002.

Candiotti, J.L., Kamaraj, D.C., Daveler, B., Chung, C.S., Grindle, G.G., Cooper, R., & Cooper, R.A. (2019). Usability Evaluation of a Novel Robotic Power Wheelchair for Indoor and Outdoor Navigation. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 100(4), 627-637.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.07.432.

Cooper, R.A., & Cooper, R. (2019). Rehabilitation Engineering: A perspective on the past 40-years and thoughts for the future. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 72, 3-12.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2019.08.011.

Cooper, R.A., Tuakli-Wosornu, Y.A., Henderson, G.V., Quinby, E., Dicianno, B.E., Tsang, K., Ding, D., Cooper, R., Crytzer, T.M., Koontz, A.M., Rice, I., & Bleakney, A.W. (2018). Engineering and Technology in Wheelchair Sport. PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, 29(2), 347-+.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2018.01.013.

Candiotti, J., Wang, H., Chung, C.S., Kamaraj, D.C., Grindle, G.G., Shino, M., & Cooper, R.A. (2016). Design and evaluation of a seat orientation controller during uneven terrain driving. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 38(3), 241-247.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2015.12.007.

Crytzer, T.M., Hong, E.K., Dicianno, B.E., Pearlman, J., Schmeler, M., & Cooper, R.A. (2016). Identifying characteristic back shapes from anatomical scans of wheelchair users to improve seating design. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 38(9), 999-1007.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2016.06.017.

Ka, H., Ding, D., & Cooper, R.A. (2016). Three Dimentional Computer Vision-Based Alternative Control Method for Assistive Robotic Manipulator. Symbiosis, 1(1).SOJ Robotics & Automation (SOJRA).

Wu, Y.K., Liu, H.Y., Kelleher, A., Pearlman, J., & Cooper, R.A. (2016). Evaluating the usability of a smartphone virtual seating coach application for powered wheelchair users. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 38(6), 569-575.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2016.03.001.

Cooper, R.A., & De Luigi, A.J. (2014). Adaptive Sports Technology and Biomechanics: Wheelchairs. PM&R, 6(8), S31-S39.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2014.05.020.

Mahajan, H.P., Spaeth, D.M., Dicianno, B.E., Brown, K., & Cooper, R.A. (2014). Preliminary evaluation of a variable compliance joystick for people with multiple sclerosis. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 51(6), 951-961.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2013.01.0023.

Wang, H., Tsai, C.Y., Jeannis, H., Chung, C.S., Kelleher, A., Grindle, G.G., & Cooper, R.A. (2014). Stability analysis of electrical powered wheelchair-mounted robotic-assisted transfer device. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 51(5), 761-773.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2013.11.0240.

Gebrosky, B., Pearlman, J., Cooper, R.A., Cooper, R., & Kelleher, A. (2013). Evaluation of lightweight wheelchairs using ANSI/RESNA testing standards. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 50(10), 1373-1389.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2012.08.0155.

Kumar, A., Schmeler, M.R., Karmarkar, A.M., Collins, D.M., Cooper, R., Cooper, R.A., Shin, H., & Holm, M.B. (2013). Test-retest reliability of the functional mobility assessment (FMA): a pilot study. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 8(3), 213-219.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17483107.2012.688240.

Sindall, P., Lenton, J.P., Tolfrey, K., Cooper, R.A., Oyster, M., & Goosey-Tolfrey, V.L. (2013). Wheelchair Tennis Match-Play Demands: Effect of Player Rank and Result. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 8(1), 28-37.Human Kinetics. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.8.1.28.

Beyene, N.M., Steinfeld, A., Pearlman, J., & Cooper, R.A. (2012). Exploration of health perceptions and assistive technology use by driving status as related to transportation independence in New Delhi, India. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 7(4), 314-322.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17483107.2011.635328.

Cooper, R.A., Molinero, A.M., Souza, A., Collins, D.M., Karmarkar, A., Teodorski, E., & Sporner, M. (2012). Effects of Cross Slopes and Varying Surface Characteristics on the Mobility of Manual Wheelchair Users. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 24(2), 102-109.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2012.659326.

Dicianno, B.E., Mahajan, H., Guirand, A.S., & Cooper, R.A. (2012). Virtual Electric Power Wheelchair Driving Performance of Individuals with Spastic Cerebral Palsy. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, 91(10), 823-830.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e31825a1497.

Garcia-Mendez, Y., Pearlman, J.L., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2012). Dynamic stiffness and transmissibility of commercially available wheelchair cushions using a laboratory test method. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 49(1), 7-21.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2011.02.0023.

Hiremath, S.V., Ding, D., Farringdon, J., & Cooper, R.A. (2012). Predicting Energy Expenditure of Manual Wheelchair Users With Spinal Cord Injury Using a Multisensor-Based Activity Monitor. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 93(11), 1937-1943.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2012.05.004.

Karmarkar, A.M., Dicianno, B.E., Graham, J.E., Cooper, R., Kelleher, A., & Cooper, R.A. (2012). Factors Associated with Provision of Wheelchairs in Older Adults. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 24(3), 155-167.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2012.659795.

Koontz, A., Toro, M., Kankipati, P., Naber, M., & Cooper, R. (2012). An expert review of the scientific literature on independent wheelchair transfers. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 7(1), 20-29.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17483107.2011.553983.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Cooper, R., Boninger, M.L., Spaeth, D.M., Dvorznak, M.J., & Dobson, A. (2012). Biomechanics of and Interfaces for Wheelchair Mobility. In Textbook of Rehabilitation Engineering, Yamamoto, T. (Ed.). Ishiyaku Publishers Inc.

Kumar, A., Karmarkar, A.M., Collins, D.M., Souza, A., Oyster, M.L., Cooper, R., & Cooper, R.A. (2012). Pilot study for quantifying driving characteristics during power wheelchair soccer. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 49(1), 75-82.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2010.09.0191.

Liu, H.Y., Grindle, G.G., Chuang, F.C., Kelleher, A., Cooper, R., Sieworek, D., Smailagic, A., & Cooper, R.A. (2012). A Survey of Feedback Modalities for Wheelchair Power Seat Functions. IEEE PERVASIVE COMPUTING, 11(3), 54-62.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/MPRV.2011.20.

Wang, H., Grindle, G.G., Candiotti, J., Chung, C., Shino, M., Houston, E., & Cooper, R.A. (2012). The Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance (PerMMA): a robotic wheelchair with advanced mobility and manipulation. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2012, 3324-3327.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346676.

Cooper, R.A., & Nowak, C.J. (2011). Paralympics and veterans. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 48(10), XI-XIII.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2011.11.0209.

Cooper, R.A., Ferretti, E., Oyster, M., Kelleher, A., & Cooper, R. (2011). The Relationship Between Wheelchair Mobility Patterns and Community Participation Among Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 23(3), 177-183.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2011.588991.

Ding, D., Cooper, R.A., Pasquina, P.F., & Fici-Pasquina, L. (2011). Sensor technology for smart homes. MATURITAS, 69(2), 131-136.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2011.03.016.

Grindle, G.G., Wang, H., Salatin, B.A., Vazquez, J.J., & Cooper, R.A. (2011). Design and Development of the Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 23(2), 81-92.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2011.567374.

Guirand, A.S., Dicianno, B.E., Mahajan, H., & Cooper, R.A. (2011). Tuning Algorithms for Control Interfaces for Users with Upper-Limb Impairments. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, 90(12), 992-998.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e318228ca9f.

Hong, E.K., Pearlman, J., Salatin, B., Wang, H., Liu, H.Y., Cooper, R.A., & Hargroder, T. (2011). Design and Development of a Lightweight, Durable, Adjustable Composite Backrest Mounting. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 23(1), 24-35.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2010.541405.

Jefferds, A.N., Pearlman, J.L., Wee, J., & Cooper, R.A. (2011). International Mobility Technology Research: A Delphi Study to Identify Challenges and Compensatory Strategies. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 23(4), 232-242.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2011.614677.

Karmarkar, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Wang, H., Kelleher, A., & Cooper, R. (2011). Analyzing wheelchair mobility patterns of community-dwelling older adults. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 48(9), 1077-1086.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2009.10.0177.

Karmarkar, A.M., Dicianno, B.E., Cooper, R., Collins, D.M., Matthews, J.T., Koontz, A., Teodorski, E.E., & Cooper, R.A. (2011). Demographic profile of older adults using wheeled mobility devices. J Aging Res, 2011, 560358.Hindawi Limited. doi: 10.4061/2011/560358.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Karmarkar, A., Spaeth, D.M., & Schmeler, M.R. (2011). Prescription of Wheelchairs and Seating Systems. In Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Braddom, R. (Ed.). Elsevier Limited.

Koontz, A.M., Kankipati, P., Lin, Y.S., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2011). Upper limb kinetic analysis of three sitting pivot wheelchair transfer techniques. CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 26(9), 923-929.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2011.05.005.

Koontz, A.M., Lin, Y.S., Kankipati, P., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R.A. (2011). Development of custom measurement system for biomechanical evaluation of independent wheelchair transfers. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 48(8), 1015-1028.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2010.09.0169.

Mahajan, H., Spaeth, D.M., Dicianno, B.E., Collins, D.M., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R.A. (2011). Comparison of Virtual Wheelchair Driving Performance of People With Traumatic Brain Injury Using an Isometric and a Conventional Joystick. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 92(8), 1298-1304.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2011.03.011.

Mason, Z.D., Pearlman, J., Cooper, R.A., & Laferrier, J.Z. (2011). Comparison of prosthetic feet prescribed to active individuals using ISO standards. PROSTHETICS AND ORTHOTICS INTERNATIONAL, 35(4), 418-424.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1177/0309364611421692.

Riggins, M.S., Kankipati, P., Oyster, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2011). The Relationship Between Quality of Life and Change in Mobility 1 Year Postinjury in Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 92(7), 1027-1033.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2011.02.010.

Brose, S.W., Weber, D.J., Salatin, B.A., Grindle, G.G., Wang, H., Vazquez, J.J., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). The Role of Assistive Robotics in the Lives of Persons with Disability. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, 89(6), 509-521.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181cf569b.

Cooper, R.A., & Cooper, R. (2010). Quality-of-life technology for people with spinal cord injuries. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 21(1), 1-13.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2009.07.004.

Cooper, R.A., Koontz, A.M., Ding, D., Kelleher, A., Rice, I., & Cooper, R. (2010). Manual wheeled mobility - current and future developments from the human engineering research laboratories. DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 32(26), 2210-2221.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2010.517599.

Dicianno, B.E., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Quality of life. Preface. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 21(1), xix-xx.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2009.08.002.

Dicianno, B.E., Cooper, R.A., & Coltellaro, J. (2010). Joystick control for powered mobility: current state of technology and future directions. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 21(1), 79-86.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2009.07.013.

Ding, D., Liu, H.Y., Cooper, R., Cooper, R.A., Smailagic, A., & Siewiorek, D. (2010). Virtual coach technology for supporting self-care. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 21(1), 179-194.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2009.07.012.

Gailey, R., McFarland, L.V., Cooper, R.A., Czerniecki, J., Gambel, J.M., Hubbard, S., Maynard, C., Smith, D.G., Raya, M., & Reiber, G.E. (2010). Unilateral lower-limb loss: Prosthetic device use and functional outcomes in servicemembers from Vietnam war and OIF/OEF conflicts. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 47(4), 317-331.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2009.04.0039.

Jefferds, A.N., Beyene, N.M., Upadhyay, N., Shoker, P., Pearlman, J.L., Cooper, R.A., & Wee, J. (2010). Current state of mobility technology provision in less-resourced countries. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 21(1), 221-242.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2009.07.011.

Karmarkar, A.M., Collins, D.M., Kelleher, A., Ding, D., Oyster, M., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Manual wheelchair-related mobility characteristics of older adults in nursing homes. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 5(6), 428-437.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17483107.2010.481346.

Koontz, A.M., Brindle, E.D., Kankipati, P., Feathers, D., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Design Features That Affect the Maneuverability of Wheelchairs and Scooters. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 91(5), 759-764.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2010.01.009.

Laferrier, J.Z., McFarland, L.V., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Reiber, G.E. (2010). Wheeled mobility: Factors influencing mobility and assistive technology in veterans and servicemembers with major traumatic limb loss from Vietnam war and OIF/OEF conflicts. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 47(4), 349-360.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2009.03.0022.

Liu, H.Y., Pearlman, J., Cooper, R., Hong, E.K., Wang, H., Salatin, B., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Evaluation of aluminum ultralight rigid wheelchairs versus other ultralight wheelchairs using ANSI/RESNA standards. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 47(5), 441-455.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2009.08.0137.

Pasquina, P.F., Pasquina, L.F., Anderson-Barnes, V.C., Giuggio, J.S., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Using architecture and technology to promote improved quality of life for military service members with traumatic brain injury. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 21(1), 207-220.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2009.08.001.

Pyo, J., Pasquina, P.F., DeMarco, M., Wallach, R., Teodorski, E., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Upper Limb Nerve Entrapment Syndromes in Veterans With Lower Limb Amputations. PM&R, 2(1), 14-22.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2009.10.002.

Souza, A., Kelleher, A., Cooper, R., Cooper, R.A., Iezzoni, L.I., & Collins, D.M. (2010). Multiple sclerosis and mobility-related assistive technology: Systematic review of literature. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 47(3), 213-223.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2009.07.0096.

Wang, H., Liu, H.Y., Pearlman, J., Cooper, R., Jefferds, A., Connor, S., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Relationship between wheelchair durability and wheelchair type and years of test. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 5(5), 318-322.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.3109/17483100903391137.

Cooper, R.A. (2009). SMARTWheel: From concept to clinical practice. PROSTHETICS AND ORTHOTICS INTERNATIONAL, 33(3), 198-209.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1080/03093640903082126.

Dicianno, B.E., Sibenaller, S., Kimmich, C., Cooper, R.A., & Pyo, J. (2009). Joystick use for virtual power wheelchair driving in individuals with tremor: Pilot study. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 46(2), 269-275.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2008.02.0022.

Gagnon, D., Koontz, A.M., Brindle, E., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Does upper-limb muscular demand differ between preferred and nonpreferred sitting pivot transfer directions in individuals with a spinal cord injury?. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 46(9), 1099-1108.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2009.02.0012.

Gailey, R.S., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Sports - medicine for the disabled. The time for specialization in prosthetics and orthotics is now. PROSTHETICS AND ORTHOTICS INTERNATIONAL, 33(3), 187-191.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1080/03093640903083934.

Karmarkar, A.M., Collins, D.M., Kelleher, A., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Satisfaction related to wheelchair use in older adults in both nursing homes and community dwelling. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 4(5), 337-343.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/17483100903038543.

Karmarkar, A.M., Collins, D.M., Wichman, T., Franklin, A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Dicianno, B.E., Pasquina, P.F., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Prosthesis and wheelchair use in veterans with lower-limb amputation. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 46(5), 567-575.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2008.08.0102.

Koontz, A.M., Roche, B.M., Collinger, J.L., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2009). Manual Wheelchair Propulsion Patterns on Natural Surfaces During Start-Up Propulsion. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 90(11), 1916-1923.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2009.05.022.

McClure, L.A., Boninger, M.L., Oyster, M.L., Williams, S., Houlihan, B., Lieberman, J.A., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Wheelchair Repairs, Breakdown, and Adverse Consequences for People With Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 90(12), 2034-2038.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2009.07.020.

Pearlman, J., Cooper, R., Chhabra, H.S., & Jefferds, A. (2009). Design, development and testing of a low-cost electric powered wheelchair for India. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 4(1), 42-57.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/17483100802338440.

Sporner, M.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Dicianno, B.E., Collins, D., Teodorski, E., Pasquina, P.F., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Psychosocial impact of participation in the National Veterans Wheelchair Games and Winter Sports Clinic. DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 31(5), 410-418.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/09638280802030923.

Sporner, M.L., Grindle, G.G., Kelleher, A., Teodorski, E.E., Cooper, R., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Quantification of activity during wheelchair basketball and rugby at the National Veterans Wheelchair Games: A pilot study. PROSTHETICS AND ORTHOTICS INTERNATIONAL, 33(3), 210-217.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1080/03093640903051816.

Wang, H., Salatin, B., Grindle, G.G., Ding, D., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Real-time model based electrical powered wheelchair control. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 31(10), 1244-1254.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2009.08.002.

Yang, Y.S., Koontz, A.M., Triolo, R.J., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2009). Biomechanical Analysis of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Trunk Musculature During Wheelchair Propulsion. NEUROREHABILITATION AND NEURAL REPAIR, 23(7), 717-725.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1545968308331145.

Zipfel, E., Olson, J., Puhlman, J., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Design of a custom racing hand-cycle: review and analysis. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 4(2), 119-128.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/17483100802011021.

Collinger, J.L., Boninger, M.L., Koontz, A.M., Price, R., Sisto, S.A., Tolerico, M.L., & Cooper, R.A. (2008). Shoulder biomechanics during the push phase of wheelchair propulsion: A multisite study of persons with paraplegia. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 89(4), 667-676.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.09.052.

Cooper, R.A. (2008). Quality-of-life technology. IEEE ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY MAGAZINE, 27(2), 10-11. doi: 10.1109/EMB.2008.915492.

Cooper, R.A., Cooper, R., & Boninger, M.L. (2008). Trends and issues in wheelchair technologies. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 20(2), 61-72.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2008.10131933.

Cooper, R.A., Dicianno, B.E., Brewer, B., LoPresti, E., Ding, D., Simpson, R., Grindle, G., & Wang, H. (2008). A perspective on intelligent devices and environments in medical rehabilitation. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 30(10), 1387-1398.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2008.09.003.

Cooper, R.A., Tolerico, M., Kaminski, B.A., Spaeth, D., Ding, D., & Cooper, R. (2008). Quantifying Wheelchair Activity of Children A Pilot Study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, 87(12), 977-983.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e31818dfe74.

Cowan, R.E., Boninger, M.L., Sawatzky, B.J., Mazoyer, B.D., & Cooper, R.A. (2008). Preliminary outcomes of the SmartWheel Users' Group database: a proposed framework for clinicians to objectively evaluate manual wheelchair propulsion. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 89(2), 260-268.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.08.141.

Dicianno, B.E., Aguila, E.D., Cooper, R.A., Pasquina, P.F., Clark, M.J., Collins, D.M., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Wichman, T.A. (2008). Acute mountain sickness in disability and adaptive sports: Preliminary data. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 45(4), 479-487.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2007.08.0136.

Ding, D., Leister, E., Cooper, R.A., Cooper, R., Kelleher, A., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Boninger, M.L. (2008). Usage of tilt-in-space, recline, and elevation seating functions in natural environment of wheelchair users. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 45(7), 973-983.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2007.11.0178.

Ding, D., Souza, A., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R., Kelleher, A., & Boninger, M.L. (2008). A preliminary study on the impact of pushrim-activated power-assist wheelchairs among individuals with tetraplegia. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, 87(10), 821-829.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e318186bd1a.

Karmarkar, A., Cooper, R.A., Liu, H.Y., Connor, S., & Puhlman, J. (2008). Evaluation of pushrim-activated power-assisted wheelchairs using ANSI/RESNA standards. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 89(6), 1191-1198.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.10.029.

Kim, J., Brienza, D.M., Lynch, R.A., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2008). Effectiveness evaluation of a remote accessibility assessment system for wheelchair users using virtualized reality. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 89(3), 470-479.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.08.158.

Kwarciak, A.M., Cooper, R.A., & Fitzgerald, S.G. (2008). Curb descent testing of suspension manual wheelchairs. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 45(1), 73-84.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2006.11.0142.

Liu, H.Y., Cooper, R.A., Pearlman, J., Cooper, R., & Connor, S. (2008). Evaluation of titanium ultralight manual wheelchairs using ANSI/RESNA standards. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 45(9), 1251-1267.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2007.12.0204.

Pasquina, P.F., Tsao, J.W., Collins, D.M., Chan, B.L., Charrow, A., Karmarkar, A.M., & Cooper, R.A. (2008). Quality of medical care provided to service members with combat-related limb amputations: Report of patient satisfaction. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 45(7), 953-960.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2007.10.0163.

Pearlman, J., Cooper, R.A., Krizack, M., Lindsley, A., Wu, Y., Reisinger, K.D., Armstrong, W., Casanova, H., Chhabra, H.S., & Noon, J. (2008). Lower-limb prostheses and wheelchairs in low-income countries. IEEE ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY MAGAZINE, 27(2), 12-22.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/EMB.2007.907372.

Rentschler, A.J., Simpson, R., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2008). Clinical evaluation of Guido robotic walker. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 45(9), 1281-1293.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2007.10.0160.

Simpson, R.C., LoPresti, E.F., & Cooper, R.A. (2008). How many people would benefit from a smart wheelchair?. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 45(1), 53-71.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2007.01.0015.

Spaeth, D.M., Mahajan, H., Karmarkar, A., Collins, D., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2008). Development of a wheelchair virtual driving environment: Trials with subjects with traumatic brain injury. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 89(5), 996-1003.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.11.030.

Ambrosio, F., Boninger, M.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Hubbard, S.L., Schwid, S.R., & Cooper, R.A. (2007). Comparison of mobility device delivery within Department of Veterans Affairs for individuals with multiple sclerosis versus spinal cord injury. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 44(5), 693-701.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2006.02.0016.

Authier, E.L., Pearlman, J., Allegretti, A.L., Rice, I., & Cooper, R.A. (2007). A sports wheelchair for low-income countries. DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 29(11-12), 963-967.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/09638280701240714.

Chaves, E.S., Cooper, R.A., Collins, D.M., Karmarkar, A., & Cooper, R. (2007). Review of the use of physical restraints and lap belts with wheelchair users. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 19(2), 94-107.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2007.10131868.

Cooper, R.A., Ding, D., Grindle, G.G., & Wang, H. (2007). Personal mobility and manipulation using robotics, artificial intelligence and advanced control. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2007, 4368-4371.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4353305.

Crane, B.A., Holm, M.B., Hobson, D., Cooper, R.A., & Reed, M.P. (2007). A dynamic seating intervention for wheelchair seating discomfort. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, 86(12), 988-993.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181583ed9.

Crane, B.A., Holm, M.B., Hobson, D., Cooper, R.A., & Reed, M.P. (2007). Responsiveness of the TAWC tool for assessing wheelchair discomfort. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 2(2), 97-103.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/17483100601178484.

Dicianno, B.E., Spaeth, D.M., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Boninger, M.L., & Brown, K.W. (2007). Force control strategies while driving electric powered wheelchairs with isometric and movement-sensing joysticks. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING, 15(1), 144-150.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2007.891394.

Ding, D., Cooper, R.A., Cooper, R., & Kelleher, A. (2007). Monitoring seat feature usage among wheelchair users. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2007, 4364-4367.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4353304.

Fitzgerald, S.G., Kelleher, A., Teodorski, E., Collins, D.M., Boninger, M., & Cooper, R.A. (2007). The development of a nationwide registry of wheelchair users. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 2(6), 358-365.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/17483100701745752.

Gordon, A.T., Lutz, G.E., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R.A. (2007). Introduction to nanotechnology - Potential applications in physical medicine and rehabilitation. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, 86(3), 225-241.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e318031ee1a.

Hubbard, S.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Vogel, B., Reker, D.M., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2007). Distribution and cost of wheelchairs and scooters provided by veterans health administration. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 44(4), 581-592.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2006.10.0136.

Kirby, R.L., & Cooper, R.A. (2007). Applicability of the Wheelchair Skills Program to the Indian context. DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 29(11-12), 969-972.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/09638280701240730.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Pearlman, J.L., Impink, B.G., & Wilkinson, M. (2007). Wheelchairs. In An Introduction to Rehabilitation Engineering, Cooper, R.A., Ohnanbe, H., & Hobson, D.A. (Eds.). 2-2, (pp. 2097-2118).Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Pearlman, J.L., Impink, B.G., & Wilkinson, M. (2007). Wheelchairs. In An Introduction to Rehabilitation Engineering, Cooper, R.A., Ohnanbe, H., & Hobson, D.A. (Eds.). 2-2, (pp. 2097-2118).Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Koontz, A.M., Yang, Y., Price, R., Tollerico, M.L., DiGivine, C.P., Sisto, S.A., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2007). Multisite comparison of wheelchair propulsion kinetics in persons with paraplegia. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 44(3), 449-458.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2006.05.0048.

Tolerico, M.L., Ding, D., Cooper, R.A., Spaeth, D.M., Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R., Kelleher, A., & Boninger, M.L. (2007). Assessing mobility characteristics and activity levels of manual wheelchair users. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 44(4), 561-571.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2006.02.0017.

Wang, H., Grindle, G.G., Connor, S., & Cooper, R.A. (2007). An experimental method for measuring the moment of inertia of an electric power wheelchair. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2007, 4798-4801.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4353413.

Wolf, E., Cooper, R.A., Pearlman, J., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Kelleher, A. (2007). Longitudinal assessment of vibrations during manual and power wheelchair driving over select sidewalk surfaces. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 44(4), 573-580.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2006.05.0049.

Zipfel, E., Cooper, R.A., Pearlman, J., Cooper, R., & McCartney, M. (2007). New design and development of a manual wheelchair for India. DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 29(11-12), 949-962.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/09638280701240672.

Collins, D.M., Fitzgerald, S.G., Sachs-Ericsson, N., Scherer, M., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2006). Psychosocial well-being and community participation of service dog partners. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 1(1-2), 41-48.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/09638280500167183.

Collins, D.M., Karmarkar, A., Relich, R., Pasquina, P.F., & Cooper, R.A. (2006). Review of research on prosthetic devices for lower extremity amputation. Crit Rev Biomed Eng, 34(5), 379-438.Begell House. doi: 10.1615/critrevbiomedeng.v34.i5.20.

Cooper, R.A. (2006). Wheelchair standards: It's all about quality assurance and evidence-based practice. JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE, 29(2), 93-94.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2006.11753862.

Cooper, R.A. (2006). James J. Peters Memorial Lecture - Carrying the torch: A call to build on the progress of the past 25 years. JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE, 29(1), 5-9. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2006.11753848.

Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R., & Kelleher, A. (2006). Use of the INDEPENDENCE 3000 IBOT Transporter at home and in the community: a case report. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 1(1-2), 111-117.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/09638280500167571.

Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Spaeth, D.M., Ding, D., Guo, S., Koontz, A.M., Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R., Kelleher, A., & Collins, D.M. (2006). Engineering better wheelchairs to enhance community participation. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING, 14(4), 438-455.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2006.888382.

Cooper, R.Cooper, R., Tolerico, M., Guo, S., Ding, D., & Pearlman, J. (2006). Advances in Electric-Powered Wheelchairs. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, 11(4), 15-29.American Spinal Injury Association. doi: 10.1310/acuk-kfyp-abeq-a30c.

Dicianno, B.E., Spaeth, D.M., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Boninger, M.L. (2006). Advancements in power wheelchair joystick technology: Effects of isometric joysticks and signal conditioning on driving performance. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, 85(8), 631-639.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/01.phm.0000228519.54763.b4.

Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R.A., Zipfel, E., Spaeth, D.M., Puhlman, J., Kelleher, A., Cooper, R., & Guo, S. (2006). The development and preliminary evaluation of a training device for wheelchair users: the GAME(Wheels) system. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 1(1-2), 129-139.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/09638280500167639.

Frontera, W.R., Fuhrer, M.J., Jette, A.M., Chan, L., Cooper, R.A., Duncan, P.W., Kemp, J.D., Ottenbacher, K.J., Peckham, H., Roth, E.J., & Tate, D.G. (2006). Rehabilitation Medicine Summit: Building Research Capacity. Executive summary. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 87(1), 148-152.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2005.10.021.

Frontera, W.R., Fuhrer, M.J., Jette, A.M., Chan, L., Cooper, R.A., Duncan, P.W., Kemp, J.D., Ottenbacher, K.J., Peckham, P.H., Roth, E.J., & Tate, D.G. (2006). Rehabilitation Medicine Summit: Building Research Capacity - Executive summary. PHYSICAL THERAPY, 86(2), 285-298.Oxford University Press (OUP). doi: 10.1093/ptj/86.2.285.

Frontera, W.R., Fuhrer, M.J., Jette, A.M., Chan, L., Cooper, R.A., Duncan, P.W., Kemp, J.D., Ottenbacher, K.J., Peckham, P.H., Roth, E.J., & Tate, D.G. (2006). Rehabilitation medicine summit: building research capacity Executive Summary. JOURNAL OF NEUROENGINEERING AND REHABILITATION, 3(6), x-xxiii. doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-3-1.

Guo, S.F., Grindle, G.G., Authier, E.L., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Kelleher, A., & Cooper, R. (2006). Development and qualitative assessment of the GAME(Cycle) exercise system. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING, 14(1), 83-90.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2006.870493.

Hubbard, S.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Reker, D.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Kazis, L.E. (2006). Demographic characteristics of veterans who received wheelchairs and scooters from Veterans Health Administration. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 43(7), 831-844.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2005.11.0174.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Ding, D., Spaeth, D.M., & Schmeler, M.R. (2006). Prescription of Wheelchairs and Seating Systems. In Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Braddom, R. (Ed.). (pp. 381-411).Elsevier Limited.

Koontz, A.M., Yang, Y., Boninger, D.S., Kanaly, J., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Dieruf, K., & Ewer, L. (2006). Investigation of the performance of an ergonomic handrim as a pain-relieving intervention for manual wheelchair users. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 18(2), 123-145.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2006.10131912.

Mercer, J.L., Boninger, M., KoontZ, A., Ren, D., Dyson-Hudson, T., & Cooper, R. (2006). Shoulder joint kinetics and pathology in manual wheelchair users. CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 21(8), 781-789.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2006.04.010.

Pearlman, J., Cooper, R.A., Zipfel, E., Cooper, R., & McCartney, M. (2006). Towards the development of an effective technology transfer model of wheelchairs to developing countries. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol, 1(1-2), 103-110.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/09638280500167563.

Algood, S.D., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R., & Boninger, M.L. (2005). Effect of a pushrim-activated power-assist wheelchair on the functional capabilities of persons with tetraplegia. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 86(3), 380-386.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2004.05.017.

Ambrosio, F., Boninger, M.L., Souza, A.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Koontz, A.M., & Cooper, R.A. (2005). Biomechanics and strength of manual wheelchair users. JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE, 28(5), 407-414.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2005.11753840.

Boninger, M.L., Koontz, A.M., Sisto, S.A., Dyson-Hudson, T.A., Chang, M., Price, R., & Cooper, R.A. (2005). Pushrim biomechanics and injury prevention in spinal cord injury: recommendations based on CULP-SCI investigations. Journal of rehabilitation research and development, 42(3 Supp), 9-19.

Cooper, R.A., Ding, D., Simpson, R., Fitzgerald, S.G., Spaeth, D.M., Guo, S.F., Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R., Kim, J., & Boninger, M.L. (2005). Virtual reality and computer enhanced training applied to wheeled mobility: An overview of work in Pittsburgh. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 17(2), 159-170.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2005.10132105.

Crane, B.A., Holm, M.B., Hobson, D., Cooper, R.A., Reed, M.P., & Stadelmeier, S. (2005). Test-retest reliability, internal item consistency, and concurrent validity of the wheelchair seating discomfort assessment tool. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 17(2), 98-107.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2005.10132100.

Ding, D., & Cooper, R.A. (2005). Electric-powered wheel chairs. IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS MAGAZINE, 25(2), 22-34.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/MCS.2005.1411382.

Ding, D., Leister, E., Cooper, R., Spaeth, D., Cooper, R., Kelleher, A., & Boninger, M. (2005). A wheelchair usage monitoring/logging system. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2005, 6897-6899.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2005.1616091.

Fitzgerald, S.G., Collins, D.M., Cooper, R.A., Tolerico, M., Kelleher, A., Hunt, P., Martin, S., Impink, B., & Cooper, R. (2005). Issues in maintenance and repairs of wheelchairs: A pilot study. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 42(6), 853-862.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2004.10.0130.

Frontera, W.R., Fuhrer, M.J., Jette, A.M., Chan, L., Cooper, R.A., Duncan, P.W., Kemp, J.D., Ottenbacher, K.J., Peckham, P.H., Roth, E.J., & Tate, D.G. (2005). Rehabilitation medicine summit - Building research capacity. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, 84(12), 913-926.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/01.phm.0000190316.61035.5e.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Yang, Y.S., Impink, B.G., & van der Woude, L.H.V. (2005). A kinetic analysis of manual wheelchair propulsion during start-up on select indoor and outdoor surfaces. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 42(4), 447-458.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2004.08.0106.

Kwarciak, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Ammer, W.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R. (2005). Fatigue testing of selected suspension manual wheelchairs using ANSI/RESNA standards. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 86(1), 123-129.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2003.11.038.

Pearlman, J.L., Cooper, R.A., Karnawat, J., Cooper, R., & Boninger, M.L. (2005). Evaluation of the safety and durability of low-cost nonprogrammable electric powered wheelchairs. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 86(12), 2361-2370.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2005.07.294.

Simpson, R., LoPresti, E., Hayashi, S., Guo, S., Ding, D., Ammer, W., Sharma, V., & Cooper, R. (2005). A prototype power assist wheelchair that provides for obstacle detection and avoidance for those with visual impairments. J Neuroeng Rehabil, 2(1), 30.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-2-30.

Souza, A.L., Boninger, M.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Shimada, S.D., Cooper, R.A., & Ambrosio, F. (2005). Upper limb strength in individuals with spinal cord injury who use manual wheelchairs. JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE, 28(1), 26-32.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2005.11753795.

Wolf, E., Pearlman, J., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Kelleher, A., Collins, D.M., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R. (2005). Vibration exposure of individuals using wheelchairs over sidewalk surfaces. DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 27(23), 1443-1449.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/09638280500264709.

Algood, S.D., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R., & Boninger, M.L. (2004). Impact of a pushrim-activated power-assisted wheelchair on the metabolic demands, stroke frequency, and range of motion among subjects with tetraplegia. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 85(11), 1865-1871.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2004.04.043.

Boninger, M.L., Impink, B.G., Cooper, R.A., & Koontz, A.M. (2004). Relation between median and ulnar nerve function and wrist kinematics during wheelchair propulsion. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 85(7), 1141-1145.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2003.11.016.

Chaves, E.S., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R., Fitzgerald, S.G., Gray, D.B., & Cooper, R.A. (2004). Assessing the influence of wheelchair technology on perception of participation in spinal cord injury. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 85(11), 1854-1858.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2004.03.033.

Cooper, R.A. (2004). Bioengineering and spinal cord injury: a perspective on the state of the science. J Spinal Cord Med, 27(4), 351-364.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2004.11753773.

Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Kellerher, A. (2004). Preliminary assessment of a prototype advanced mobility device in the work environment of veterans with spinal cord injury. NEUROREHABILITATION, 19(2), 161-170.IOS Press. doi: 10.3233/nre-2004-19210.

Cooper, R.A., Cooper, R., Schmeler, M., & Boninger, M.L. (2004). Push for power. Rehab Manag, 17(2), 32-36.

Cooper, R.A., Wolf, E., Fitzgerald, S.G., Kellerher, A., Ammer, W., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R. (2004). Evaluation of selected sidewalk pavement surfaces for vibration experienced by users of manual and power wheelchairs. JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE, 27(5), 468-475.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2004.11752239.

Crane, B.A., Holm, M.B., Hobson, D., Cooper, R.A., Reed, M.P., & Stadelmeier, S. (2004). Development of a consumer-driven Wheelchair Seating Discomfort Assessment Tool (WcS-DAT). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH, 27(1), 85-90.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00004356-200403000-00014.

Ding, D., Cooper, R.A., & Spaeth, D. (2004). Optimized joystick controller. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2004, 4881-4883.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2004.1404350.

Ding, D., Cooper, R.A., Guo, S.F., & Corfman, T.A. (2004). Analysis of driving backward in an electric-powered wheelchair. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, 12(6), 934-943.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/TCST.2004.833638.

Fass, M.V., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Schmeler, M., Boninger, M.L., Algood, S.D., Ammer, W.A., Rentschler, A.J., & Duncan, J. (2004). Durability, value, and reliability of selected electric powered wheelchairs. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 85(5), 805-814.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2003.08.096.

Fay, B.T., Boninger, M.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Souza, A.L., Cooper, R.A., & Koontz, A.M. (2004). Manual wheelchair pushrim dynamics in people with multiple sclerosis. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 85(6), 935-942.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2003.08.093.

Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R.A., Thorman, T., Cooper, R., Guo, S.F., & Boninger, M.L. (2004). The GAME(Cycle) exercise system: Comparison with standard ergometry. JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE, 27(5), 453-459.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2004.11752237.

Hunt, P.C., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., Zafonte, R.D., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Schmeler, M.R. (2004). Demographic and socioeconomic factors associated with disparity in wheelchair customizability among people with traumatic spinal cord injury. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 85(11), 1859-1864.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2004.07.347.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Arva, J., Buning, M.E., Souza, A.L., & Ambrosio, F. (2004). Strength and Disability. In Muscle Strength, Kumar, S. (Ed.). (pp. 485-518).CRC Press LLC.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Souza, A.L., & Fay, B.T. (2004). Scapular range of motion in a quasi-wheelchair push. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS, 33(3), 237-248.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2003.04.002.

Rentschler, A.J., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Boninger, M.L., Guo, S.F., Ammer, W.A., Vitek, M., & Algood, D. (2004). Evaluation of selected electric-powered wheelchairs using the ANSI/RESNA standards. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 85(4), 611-619.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2003.06.023.

Schmeler, M.R., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Cooper, R. (2004). Freestyle seating. Rehab Manag, 17(1), 38-42.

Schmeler, M.R., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Cooper, R. (2004). Freestyle Seating. Rehab Management, 17(1), 38-42.

Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Lin, J., Cooper, R., Dicianno, B., & Liu, B. (2003). Investigating neck pain in wheelchair users. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, 82(3), 197-202.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/01.PHM.0000054217.17816.DD.

Boninger, M.L., Dicianno, B.E., Cooper, R.A., Towers, J.D., Koontz, A.M., & Souza, A.L. (2003). Shoulder magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities, wheelchair propulsion, and gender. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 84(11), 1615-1620.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/S0003-9993(03)00282-X.

Cooper, R.A., & Seelman, K.D. (2003). Inclusion of people with disabilities. SCIENCE, 300(5627), 1877.American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). doi: 10.1126/science.300.5627.1877a.

Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R., Dobson, A.R., Kessler, J., Schmeler, M., & Fitzgerald, S.G. (2003). Use of the INDEPENDENCE 3000 IBOT Transporter at home and in the community. JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE, 26(1), 79-85.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2003.11753665.

Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R., Robertson, R.N., & Baldini, F.D. (2003). Wheelchair racing efficiency. DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 25(4-5), 207-212.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/0963828021000030918.

Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R., Robertson, R.N., & Baldini, F.D. (2003). Wheelchair racing efficiency. Disability and rehabilitation, 25(4-5), 207-212.

Cooper, R.A., Wolf, E., Fitzgerald, S.G., Boninger, M.L., Ulerich, R., & Ammer, W.A. (2003). Seat and footrest shocks and vibrations in manual wheelchairs with and without suspension. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 84(1), 96-102.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/apmr.2003.50069.

Corfman, T.A., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Koontz, A.M., & Fitzgerald, S.G. (2003). Range of motion and stroke frequency differences between manual wheelchair propulsion and pushrim-activated power-assisted wheelchair propulsion. JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE, 26(2), 135-140.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2003.11753673.

Corfman, T.A., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Cooper, R. (2003). Tips and falls during electric-powered wheelchair driving: Effects of seatbelt use, legrests, and driving speed. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 84(12), 1797-1802.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0003-9993(03)00467-2.

DiGiovine, C.P., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Boninger, M.L., Wolf, E.J., & Guo, S.F. (2003). Whole-body vibration during manual wheelchair propulsion with selected seat cushions and back supports. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING, 11(3), 311-322.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2003.816872.

DiGiovine, C.P., Cooper, R.A., Wolf, E., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Boninger, M.L. (2003). Analysis of whole-body vibration during manual wheelchair propulsion: A comparison of seat cushions and back supports for individuals without a disability. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 15(2), 129-144.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2003.10131897.

Ding, D., Cooper, R.A., Kaminski, B.A., Kanaly, J.R., Allegretti, A., Chaves, E., & Hubbard, S. (2003). Integrated control and related technology of assistive devices. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 15(2), 89-97.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2003.10131892.

Fitzgerald, S.G., Arva, J., Cooper, R.A., Dvorznak, M.J., Spaeth, D.M., & Boninger, M.L. (2003). A pilot study on community usage of a pushrim-activated, power-assisted wheelchair. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 15(2), 113-119.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2003.10131895.

Guo, S.F., Cooper, R.A., Corfman, T., Ding, D., & Grindle, G. (2003). Influence of wheelchair front caster wheel on reverse directional stability. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 15(2), 98-104.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2003.10131893.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Fay, B.T. (2003). Musculoskeletal Pain and Overuse Injuries. In Spinal Cord Medicine: Principles and Practice, Lin, V., & Cardenas, D.D. (Eds.). (pp. 527-534).Demos Medical Publishing.

Rentschler, A.J., Cooper, R.A., Blasch, B., & Boninger, M.L. (2003). Intelligent walkers for the elderly: Performance and safety testing of VA-PAMAID robotic walker. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 40(5), 423-431.Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2003.09.0423.

Boninger, M.L., Souza, A.L., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Koontz, A.M., & Fay, B.T. (2002). Propulsion patterns and pushrim biomechanics in manual wheelchair propulsion. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 83(5), 718-723.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/apmr.2002.32455.

Cooper, R.A. (2002). Wheelchair users are not necessarily wheelchair bound. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, 50(4), 771-772.Wiley. doi: 10.1046/j.1532-5415.2002.50177.x.

Cooper, R.A., DiGiovine, C.P., Boninger, M.L., Shimada, S.D., Koontz, A.M., & Baldwin, M.A. (2002). Filter frequency selection for manual wheelchair biomechanics. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 39(3), 323-336.

Cooper, R.A., Schmeler, M.R., Cooper, R., & Boninger, M.L. (2002). 20 years and still rolling strong!. Sports ‘N’ Spokes, 35-45.the Paralyzed Veterans of America.

Cooper, R.A., Spaeth, D.M., Jones, D.K., Boninger, M.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Guo, S. (2002). Comparison of virtual and real electric powered wheelchair driving using a position sensing joystick and an isometric joystick. Medical engineering & physics, 24(10), 703-708.

Cooper, R.A., Spaeth, D.M., Jones, D.K., Boninger, M.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Guo, S.F. (2002). Comparison of virtual and real electric powered wheelchair driving using a position sensing joystick and an isometric joystick. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 24(10), 703-708.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1350-4533(02)00111-X.

Cooper, R.A., Thorman, T., Cooper, R., Dvorznak, M.J., Fitzgerald, S.G., Ammer, W., Song-Feng, G., & Boninger, M.L. (2002). Driving characteristics of electric-powered wheelchair users: How far, fast, and often do people drive?. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 83(2), 250-255.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/apmr.2002.28020.

Cooper, R.A., Thorman, T., Cooper, R., Dvorznak, M.J., Fitzgerald, S.G., Ammer, W., Song-Feng, G., & Boninger, M.L. (2002). Driving characteristics of electric-powered wheelchair users: how far, fast, and often do people drive?. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 83(2), 250-255.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Souza, A.L., & Fay, B.T. (2002). Shoulder kinematics and kinetics during two speeds of wheelchair propulsion. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 39(6), 635-649.

O'Connor, T.J., Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R.A., Thorman, T.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2002). Kinetic and physiological analysis of the GAME(wheels) system. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 39(6), 627-634.

Arva, J., Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2001). Mechanical efficiency and user power requirement with a pushrim activated power assisted wheelchair. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 23(10), 699-705.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1350-4533(01)00054-6.

Boninger, M.L., Towers, J.D., Cooper, R.A., Dicianno, B.E., & Munin, M.C. (2001). Shoulder imaging abnormalities in individuals with paraplegia. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 38(4), 401-408.

Cooper, R.A. (2001). Improvements in mobility for people with disabilities. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 23(10), V.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1350-4533(01)00111-4.

Cooper, R.A., Baldini, F.D., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R. (2001). Physiological responses to two wheelchair-racing exercise protocols. NEUROREHABILITATION AND NEURAL REPAIR, 15(3), 191-195.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/154596830101500306.

Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Boninger, M.L., Prins, K., Rentschler, A.J., Arva, J., & O'Connor, T.J. (2001). Evaluation of a pushrim-activated, power-assisted wheelchair. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 82(5), 702-708.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/apmr.2001.20836.

DiGiovine, C.P., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2001). Dynamic calibration of a wheelchair dynamometer. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 38(1), 41-55.

Dvorznak, M.J., Cooper, R.A., O'Connor, T.J., Boninger, M.L., & Fitzgerald, S.G. (2001). Kinematic comparison of Hybrid II test dummy to wheelchair user. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 23(4), 239-247.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1350-4533(01)00025-X.

Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Rentschler, A.J. (2001). Comparison of fatigue life for 3 types of manual wheelchairs. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 82(10), 1484-1488.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/apmr.2001.26139.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2001). An autoregressive modeling approach to analyzing wheelchair propulsion forces. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 23(4), 285-291.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1350-4533(00)00082-5.

O'Connor, T.J., Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R.A., Thorman, T.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2001). Does computer game play aid in motivation of exercise and increase metabolic activity during wheelchair ergometry?. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 23(4), 267-273.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1350-4533(01)00046-7.

Shimada, S.D., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Koontz, A.M., & Corfman, T.A. (2001). Comparison of three different models to represent the wrist during wheelchair propulsion. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING, 9(3), 274-282.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/7333.948455.

VanSickle, D.P., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & DiGiovine, C.P. (2001). Analysis of vibrations induced during wheelchair propulsion. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 38(4), 409-421.

Boninger, M.L., Baldwin, M., Cooper, R.A., Koontz, A., & Chan, L. (2000). Manual wheelchair pushrim biomechanics and axle position. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 81(5), 608-613.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/mr.2000.1455.

Cooper, R.A. (2000). Wheelchairs and related technology for the millennium - Guest editorial. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 37(3), XIII-XVI.

Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2000). Encouraging students with disabilities to pursue careers in bioengineering. IEEE ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY MAGAZINE, 19(4), 9-12.

Cooper, R.A., Dvorznak, M.J., Rentschler, A.J., & Boninger, M.L. (2000). Displacement between the seating surface and hybrid test dummy during transitions with a variable configuration wheelchair: A technical note. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 37(3), 297-303.

Cooper, R.A., Dvorznak, M.J., Rentschler, A.J., & Boninger, M.L. (2000). Displacement between the seating surface and hybrid test dummy during transitions with a variable configuration wheelchair: a technical note. Journal of rehabilitation research and development, 37(3), 297-303.

Cooper, R.A., Jones, D.K., Fitzgerald, S., Boninger, M.L., & Albright, S.J. (2000). Analysis of position and isometric joysticks for powered wheelchair driving. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 47(7), 902-910.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/10.846684.

Cooper, R.A., Rentschler, A.J., O'Connor, T.J., & Ster, J.F. (2000). Wheelchair armrest strength testing. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 12(2), 106-115.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10400435.2000.10132016.

Cooper, R.A., Schmeler, M.R., Cooper, R., Thorman, T., & Boninger, M.L. (2000). On the Lighter Side: Studies Show Ultralight Manual Wheelchairs Have the Advantage for Long Term Users. Advance for Providers of Post-Acute Care, 3(11), 71-73.

Cooper, R.A., Widman, L.M., Jones, D.K., Robertson, R.N., & Ster, J.F. (2000). Force sensing control for electric powered wheelchairs. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, 8(1), 112-117.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/87.817696.

Corfman, T.A., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Arva, J., Spaeth, D.M., & Boninger, M.L. (2000). Excursion and Stroke Frequency Differences Between Manual Wheelchair Propulsion and Pushrim-Assisted Wheelchair Propulsion. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, 19(6), 60.IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.

DiGiovine, C.P., Cooper, R.A., DiGiovine, M.M., Boninger, M.L., & Robertson, R.N. (2000). Frequency analysis of kinematics of racing wheelchair propulsion. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON REHABILITATION ENGINEERING, 8(3), 385-393.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/86.867880.

DiGiovine, M.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Lawrence, B.M., VanSickle, D.P., & Rentschler, A.J. (2000). User assessment of manual wheelchair ride comfort and ergonomics. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 81(4), 490-494.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/mr.2000.3845.

O'Connor, T.J., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., Dvorznak, M.J., Boninger, M.L., VanSickle, D.P., & Glass, L. (2000). Evaluation of a manual wheelchair interface to computer games. NEUROREHABILITATION AND NEURAL REPAIR, 14(1), 21-31.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/154596830001400103.

VanSickle, D.P., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2000). Road loads acting on manual wheelchairs. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON REHABILITATION ENGINEERING, 8(3), 371-384.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/86.867879.

Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., Baldwin, M.A., Shimada, S.D., & Koontz, A. (1999). Wheelchair Pushrim kinetics: Body weight and median nerve function. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, 80(8), 910-915.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0003-9993(99)90082-5.

Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (1999). Walking on Your Hands. Paraplegia News, 12-16.

Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (1999). Smart Selection. Sports ‘N Spokes, 25(2), 23-26.

Cooper, R.A., Robertson, R.N., VanSickle, D.P., Boninger, M.L., & Shimada, S.D. (1997). Methods for determining three-dimensional wheelchair pushrim forces and moments: A technical note. JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 34(2), 162-170.

Ka, H., Ding, D., & Cooper, R.A. (2015). ARoMA-V2: Assistive Robotic Manipulation Assistance with Computer Vision and Voice Recognition. In The 9th Conference on Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of Korea.RESKO.Goyang, Gyounggi-do, Korea.

Ding, D., Ka, H., Cooper, R.A., Telson, J., & Krishnaswamy, K. (2014). Focus Group Evaluation of an Overhead Kitchen Robot Appliance. In Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Rehabilitation Engineering.RESNA.Indianapolis, IL.

Cooper, R.A., Grindle, G.G., Vazquez, J.J., Xu, J., Wang, H., Candiotti, J., Chung, C., Salatin, B., Houston, E., Kelleher, A., Cooper, R., Teodorski, E., & Beach, S. (2012). Personal Mobility and Manipulation Appliance-Design, Development, and Initial Testing. In PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE, 100(8), (pp. 2505-2511).Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/JPROC.2012.2200537.

Koontz, A.M., Jerome, G.M., Toro Hernandez, M.L., & Cooper, R.A. (2012). The impact of transfer setup on hand positioning during independent transfers. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2012 Annual Conference.Baltimore, MD.

Wang, H., Candiotti, J., Chung, C., Shino, M., & Cooper, R.A. (2012). Design and Development of a Step Climbing Sequence for a Novel Electric Powered Wheelchair. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Baltimore, MD.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., & Toro-Hernandez, M.L. (2011). The impact of transfer setup on the performance of independent transfers: Preliminary results. In Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Toronto, ON, Canada.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Ding, D., & Mary R, M.R. (2011). Using Experiential Learning to Excite and Inspire Underrepresented Undergraduates in STEM. In American Society of Engineering Education Conference.Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Kim, M.J., Toro-Hernandez, M.L., & De Luigi, A.J. (2011). Relationship between Physical Function and the Performance of Independent Transfers in SCI Population. In Association of Academic Physiatrists Annual Meeting.Phoenix, AZ.

Wang, H., Cooper, R.A., Cooper, R.M., Srinivasa, S., Xu, J., Grindle, G.G., Salatin, B., Chung, C.S., Kelleher, A.R., & Vazquez, J.J. (2011). Quality of Life Technology Robots (QoLTbolts): Towards Providing Assistance in the Home and Community for People with Disabilities and Older Adults, Everyday Technology for Independence and Care. In 11th European Conference for the Advancement of Assistive Technology, AAATE 2011.Maastricht, the Netherlands.

Wang, H., Ding, D., & Cooper, R.A. (2011). How Driving Parameters Affect an Electrical Powered Wheelchair's Slip on Different Terrains. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Toronto, ON, Canada.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Hiremath, S.V., Ding, D., & Lin, J.T. (2010). Impact of Cross-Slope and Surface Type on Wheelchair Propulsion. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Las Vegas, NV.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Kankipati, P., Naber, M., & Toro-Hernandez, M.L. (2010). Independent Wheelchair Transfer: A Systematic Literature Review. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Las Vegas, NV.

Koontz, A.M., Gagnon, D., Brindle, E., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Positioning the Wheelchair Closer to the Target Surface Reduces Shoulder Muscular Demand for Sitting Pivot Transfers. In van der Woude, L.H.V. (Ed.). In Assistive Technology Research Series, 26, (pp. 13-18).IOS Press. doi: 10.3233/978-1-60750-080-3-13.

Koontz, A.M., Hernandez, T.M., Kankipati, P., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Enhancing the Wheelchair Transfer Process to Elements in the Built Environment. In Applied Factors and Ergonomics International Conference.Miami, FL.

Wang, H., Bachman, E., Salatin, B., Ding, D., Cooper, R.A., & Grindle, G.G. (2010). Real-Time Forwarding Tipping Detection and Prevention of a Front Wheel Drive Electric Powered Wheelchair. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Las Vegas, NV.

Wang, H., Kumar, A., Karmarkar, A., Sporner, M., Grindle, G.G., Kelleher, A.R., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Quantifying Driving Characteristics During Wheelchair Soccer. In International Seating Symposium.Vancouver BC.

Wang, H., Liu, H.Y., Pearlman, J.L., Jefferds, A., Cooper, R.M., & Cooper, R.A. (2010). Seventeen Years of Wheelchair Life-cycle Testing—the Impact of Time, Materials and Wheelchair Designs on Durability and Value. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Las Vegas, NV.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Gagnon, D., & Brindle, E. (2009). Is Upper Limb Muscular Demand Different Between Wheelchair Transfers from the Preferred versus Non-Preferred Side?. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.New Orleans, LA.

Wang, H., Grindle, G.G., Ding, D., Cooper, R.A., Teodorski, E.E., & Salatin, B. (2009). Electric Powered Wheelchair Driving Strategies Over Difficult Outdoor Terrain: A Focus Group Study. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.New Orleans, LA.

Wang, H., Liu, H.Y., Connor, S., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Relationship Between Wheelchair Durability and Wheelchair Types and Test Years. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.New Orleans, LA.

Wang, H., Pearlman, J.L., Hong, E.K., Salatin, B., Cooper, R., Cooper, R.A., & Liu, H.Y. (2009). Comparison of Durability and Cost Effectiveness Between Aluminum and Titanium Ultralight Rigid Frame Manual Wheelchairs. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.New Orleans, LA.

Wang, H., Salatin, B., Grindle, G.G., Ding, D., & Cooper, R.A. (2009). Real-time Slip Detection and Traction Control of Electrical Powered Wheelchairs. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.New Orleans, LA.

Koontz, A.M., Ding, D., Hershberger, M., & Cooper, R.A. (2008). A Model Undergraduate Research Program in Rehabilitation Engineering. In Proceedings of the Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Arlington, VA.

Koontz, A.M., Kankipati, P., & Cooper, R.A. (2008). A custom measurement system for investigating wheelchair transfer biomechanics. In Proceedings of the XVIth International Conference on Mechanics in Medicine and Biology.Pittsburgh, PA.

Wang, H., Collins, E.G., Dupont, E., Coyle, E., Ding, D., Cooper, R.A., & Grindle, G.G. (2008). Vibration-Based Terrain Classification for Electric Powered Wheelchairs. In Cooper, R.A., & Merrell, R. (Eds.). In Proceedings of the 4th IASTED International Conference on Telehealth and Assistive Technologies, Telehealth/AT 2008, (pp. 139-144).ACTA Press.

Wang, H., Collins, E.G., Dupont, E., Coyle, E., Ding, D., Cooper, R.A., & Grindle, G.G. (2008). Vibration-Based Terrain Classification for Electric Powered Wheelchairs. In Cooper, R.A., & Merrell, R. (Eds.). In Proceedings of the 4th IASTED International Conference on Telehealth and Assistive Technologies, Telehealth/AT 2008, (pp. 139-144).ACTA Press.

Wang, H., Dicianno, B.E., Gordon, G.J., Cooper, R.A., Sibenaller, S.M., & Mahajan, H. (2008). A Control Algorithm to Improve Target Tracking in Individuals with and without Cerebral Palsy. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Crystal City Hyatt, Arlington, VA.

Wang, H., Salatin, B., Grindle, G.G., & Cooper, R.A. (2008). The Design of a Smart Controller for Electric Powered Wheelchairs. In Cooper, R.A., & Merrell, R. (Eds.). In Proceedings of the 4th IASTED International Conference on Telehealth and Assistive Technologies, Telehealth/AT 2008, (pp. 133-138).ACTA Press.

Wang, H., Salatin, B., Grindle, G.G., & Cooper, R.A. (2008). The Design of a Smart Controller for Electric Powered Wheelchairs. In Cooper, R.A., & Merrell, R. (Eds.). In Proceedings of the 4th IASTED International Conference on Telehealth and Assistive Technologies, Telehealth/AT 2008, (pp. 133-138).ACTA Press.

Wang, H., Salatin, B., Grindle, G.G., & Cooper, R.A. (2008). Quantifying Forward Tipping Characteristics of a Front Wheel Drive Electric Powered Wheelchair. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Crystal City Hyatt, Arlington, VA.

Koontz, A.M., Triolo, R.J., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Yang, Y. (2007). Surface EMG Analysis on Shoulder Muscle During Prolonged Wheelchair Propulsion. In Proceedings of the International Society of Biomechanics Congress.Taipei, Taiwan.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Mercer, J.L. (2006). Relationship of shoulder pathology and shoulder kinetics during wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the 29th Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Mercer, J.L. (2006). Upper body kinematic analysis of four types of lateral wheelchair transfers. In Proceedings of the 29th Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Yang, Y.S., Triolo, R.J., Mercer, J.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2006). Surface electrical stimulation of trunk musculature during wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the 29th Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Pearlman, J.L., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, D., & Mercer, J.L. (2005). Effect of Weight on Wheelchair Propulsion Over Various Surfaces. In Proceedings of the 28th Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Rice, I. (2005). Characteristics of the Manual Wheelchair Propulsive Stroke Under Fatigue Conditions. In Proceedings of the 28th Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Pearlman, J.L., Mercer, J.L., Boninger, M.L., & Cowan, R.E. (2005). Factors Affecting Start-Up Propulsion Forces. In Proceedings of the 28th Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Eisler, H., Cooper, R.A., Cooper, R., & Boninger, M.L. (2005). Considerations for the Selection and Fitting of Manual Wheelchairs for Optimal Mobility. In Proceedings of the 21st International Seating Symposium, (pp. 59-60).Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology, University of Pittsburgh.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Pearlman, J.L., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Mercer, J.L. (2005). Kinetic Analysis of Manual Wheelchair Propulsion Over Three Surfaces. In XXth Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics and 29th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics.Cleveland State University, OH.

Koontz, A.M., Yang, Y.S., Kanaly, J., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R.A. (2005). Start-Up propulsion biomechanics using a prototype ergonomic pushrim. In Proceedings of the 28th Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Yang, Y.S., Price, R., Sisto, S.A., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R.A. (2005). Multi-site comparison of wheelchair propulsion in persons with paraplegia. In Proceedings of the 28th Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Rice, I. (2004). An analysis of trunk excursion in manual wheelchair users. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Yang, Y.S. (2004). Influence of gripping moments on mechanical efficiency of wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2004 Annual Conference.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., Kanaly, J., & Yang, Y.S. (2004). Biomechanical analysis of a new ergonomic wheelchair pushrim. In Proceedings of the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Symposium.Tainan, Taiwan, National Cheng Kung University.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Rice, I., Yang, Y.S., & Cooper, R.A. (2004). Trunk movement patterns and propulsion efficiency in wheelchair users with and without SCI. In Proceedings of the American Society Biomechanics 2004 Annual Meeting.Portland, OR.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Triolo, R.J., Cooper, R.A., & Yang, Y.S. (2004). EMG activity of trunk muscles during wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the American Society Biomechanics 2004 Annual Meeting.Portland, OR.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Triolo, R.J., Cooper, R.A., & Yang, Y.S. (2004). Wheelchair Propulsion Pattern and EMG Activity of the Trunk Muscles. In Proceedings of the 19th Japanese Conference on the Advancement of Assistive and Rehabilitation Technology (RESJA Conference), (pp. 219-220).Sapporo, Japan.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Impink, B.G. (2004). Range of Motion and Wheelchair Pushrim Kinetics: Their Impact on Nerve Health. In Proceedings of the 27th Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Rice, I. (2004). Wheelchair users with SCI exhibit paradoxical trunk motion during propulsion. In Proceedings of the Restoration of Wheeled Mobility in SCI Rehabilitation Congress.Amsterdam, Holland.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Tharakeshwarappa, N. (2004). Biomechanical analysis of a wheelchair wheelie in persons with SCI. In Proceedings of the American Society Biomechanics 2004 Annual Meeting.Portland, OR.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Tharakeshwarappa, N. (2004). Corrective forces required to balance in a wheelchair wheelie. In Proceedings of the Restoration of Wheeled Mobility in SCI Rehabilitation Congress.Amsterdam, Holland.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Dvorznak, M.J., & Ambrosio, A. (2004). A model-based criterion for assessing appropriateness of wheelchair setup. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2004 Annual Conference.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Ding, D., Cooper, R., & Hoover, A.E. (2004). Manual Wheelchair Use and Reported Pain. In Proceedings of the 27th Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Mercer, J.L., Dicianno, B.E., Wolfe, E., & Fitzgerald, S.G. (2004). Body Mass Index and its Limitations on Functional Wheelchair Propulsion. In Proceedings of the 27th Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Schwid, S., Boninger, M.L., & Ambrosio, F. (2004). The Effect of Mobility Device Use on Strength, Fatigue, and Quality of Life in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis. In Proceedings of the 19th Japanese Conference on the Advancement of Assistive and Rehabilitation Technology (RESJA Conference), (pp. 217-218).Sapporo, Japan.

Koontz, A.M., Nogan, S., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., Triolo, R.J., & Yang, Y.S. (2004). Activation of the Trunk Muscles during Wheelchair Propulsion. In Proceedings of the 9th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society (IFESS).Bournemouth, UK.

Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R., Souza, A.L., Ambrosio, F., & Wolf, E. (2003). Causes and Alleviation of Repetitive Strain Injuries Among Wheelchair Users. In Posture and Mobility Group Annual Conference: Improving the Outcome.University of York, UK.

Cooper, R.A., Cooper, R., Boninger, M.L., Koontz, A.M., Wolf, E., Yang, Y.S., & Dobson, A. (2003). Technical Contributions to Wheelchairs that Improve Outcomes. In Posture and Mobility Group Annual Conference: Improving the Outcome.University of York, UK.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Impink, B.G. (2003). Median & ulnar nerve function related to wrist range of motion during wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2003 Annual Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Yang, Y.S. (2003). The effect of hand contact speed on wheelchair propulsion kinetics. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2003 Annual Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Tharakeshwarappa, N., & Towers, T. (2003). Finite element model of the shoulder joint during wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2003 Annual Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Chaves, E., Garber, S., & Williams, A.L. (2003). Clinical evaluation of a wheelchair mounted robotic arm. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2003 Annual Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Impink, B.G., Boninger, M.L., & Ebihara, K. (2003). Kinetic analysis of wheelchair propulsion for various surfaces and ramp conditions. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2003 Annual Conference.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Ebihara, K., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Impink, B.G. (2003). Temporal characteristics of real-world wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the 2003 American Society Biomechanics Conference.Toledo, OH.

Yang, Y.S., Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2003). The effect of hand contact acceleration on wheelchair propulsion kinetics. In Proceedings of the 2003 American Society Biomechanics Conference.Toledo, OH.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Baldwin, M.A. (2002). Braking kinetics in wheelchair propulsion: Evaluation of a new ergonomic pushrim. In Proceedings of the 3rd National VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Conference,.Washington D.C.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Ma, L. (2002). Gender difference in the segmental power and energy of manual wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2002 Annual Conference.Minneapolis, MN.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., Dicianno, B.E., & Towers, J.T. (2002). Propulsion work and power differences in wheelchair users with greater evidence of shoulder pathology at follow-up. In Proceedings of Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2002 Annual Conference.Minneapolis, MN.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., Towers, J.T., & Ma, L. (2002). Segmental power during propulsion in wheelchair users with greater evidence of shoulder injury overtime. In IV World Congress of Biomechanics Conference.Calgary, CA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Souza, A., Fay, B., & Ambrosio, F. (2002). A Fatigue Analysis During Wheelchair Propulsion In Patients With Multiple Sclerosis. In Proceedings of Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2002 Annual Conference.Minneapolis, MN.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., Souza, A., Fay, B., & Ambrosio, F. (2002). A Biomechanical Analysis of Wheelchair Propulsion in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. In Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers Annual Meeting.Chicago, IL.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Souza, A.L., & Kim, S.J. (2002). Wheelchair braking biomechanics. In Proceedings of Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North Americ 2002 Annual Conference.Minneapolis, MN.

Koontz, A.M., Yang, Y.S., Cooper, R.A., & Boninger, M.L. (2002). Trunk movement adaptations during wheelchair propulsion at two speeds and load conditions. In Proceedings of Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2002 Annual Conference.Minneapolis, MN.

Cohn, E., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Panchang, S. (2001). Accessibility of Rehabilitation Web Pages Using Jaws And Bobby. In Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) Annual Meeting.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., & Cooper, R.A. (2001). The role of the shoulder during wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the Seventeenth International Seating Symposium, (pp. 45-46).Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., Fay, B.T., & Deitzer, J. (2001). Scapula orientation in a virtual wheelchair push. In ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 13(2), (p. 139).Reno, NV.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Fay, B.T. (2001). Considering gender differences in manual wheelchair propulsion kinetics: Use of a pushrim force ratio. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2001 Annual Conference, (pp. 277-279).Reno, NV.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Collins, J., & Guo, S. (2001). Techniques of data collection from two SMARTWheels. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America2001 Annual Conference, (pp. 274-276).Reno, NV.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Fay, B.T., & Ma, L. (2001). Mechanical energy change within the segments of upper extremity during wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2001 Annual Conference, (pp. 307-309).Reno, NV.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Fay, B.T., & Souza, A.L. (2001). Predicting scapula orientation in wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2001 Annual Conference.Reno, NV.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Fay, B.T., & Souza, A.L. (2001). Comparison of pushrim kinetics between four different manual wheelchair pushrim conditions. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2001 Annual Conference, (pp. 221-223).Reno, NV.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Towers, J.D., & Dicianno, B.E. (2001). Wheelchair propulsion forces and MRI evidence of shoulder injury. In Abstracts of the Academic Physiatrists Annual Meeting.Hilton Head, SC.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Collins, J.D., Cooper, R.A., & Songfeng, G. (2000). Visual frequency feedback and its effect on wheelchair propulsion kinetics. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2000 Annual Conference.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Fay, B.T. (2000). Relating shoulder joint forces and range of motion during wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the 24th Annual Meeting of the American Society Biomechanics.Chicago, IL.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Fitzgerald, S.F. (2000). Prevention and Treatment of Repetitive Strain Injuries Among Manual Wheelchair Users. In Proceedings APEC Workshop on Technology with Humanistic Concerns for Disabilities, (pp. 99-110).Taipei, Taiwan.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Fay, B.T. (2000). Gender differences in the kinetic features of manual wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the 24th Annual Meeting of the American Society Biomechanics.Chicago, IL.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Baldwin, M.A., & Fay, B.T. (2000). Maximum contraction measurement at the wrist. In Proceedings of the 2nd National Department of VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Conference, (p. 142).Washington, D.C.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Fay, B.T., & Baldwin, M.A. (2000). Shoulder joint forces and moments during two speeds of wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2000 Annual Conference.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Fitzgerald, S.G., & Fay, B.T. (2000). Gender-based anthropometric differences of manual wheelchair users. In Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Fay, B.T., Boninger, M.L., & Souza, A.L. (2000). A kinetic analysis of propulsion patterns in manual wheelchair users. In Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Conference.Orlando, FL.

Souza, A.L., Boninger, M.L., Koontz, A.M., Fay, B.T., & Cooper, R.A. (2000). Classification of stroke patterns in manual wheelchair users. In ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY, 12(2), (p. 155).Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., & Cooper, R.A. (1999). Comparison of manual wheelchairs, using ANSI/RESNA standards. In Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Seating Symposium.Orlando, FL.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., Baldwin, M.A., & Towers, J. (1999). Wheelchair propulsion forces and MRI evidence of shoulder impairment. In Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Meeting of the American Society Biomechanics.Pittsburgh, PA.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., O’Connor, T.J., Baldwin, M.A., & Dvorznak, M.J. (1999). Calculation of work and power during wheelchair propulsion of individuals with paraplegia. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) 1999 Annual Conference.Long Beach, CA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Baldwin, M.A. (1999). EMG activity of wrist muscles during wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the 1st Joint Meeting of BMES & EMBS.Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Baldwin, M.A. (1999). Comparison of side-to-side wheelchair propulsion forces using an ARMA modeling technique. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) 1999 Annual Conference.Long Beach, CA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., & Baldwin, M.A. (1999). Relating wheelchair setup to propulsion biomechanics. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) 1999 Annual Conference.Long Beach, CA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Baldwin, M.A., & Fay, B.T. (1999). Wrist flexor muscle activity during wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the 2nd National VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Conference -“The Next Generation”.Washington D.C.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Baldwin, M.A., & Fay, B.T. (1999). Wrist kinematics and indicators of carpal tunnel syndrome during manual wheelchair propulsion. In Proceedings of the 1st Joint Meeting of BMES & EMBS, (p. 108).Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., Fay, B.T., & Baldwin, M.A. (1999). Comparison of propulsion kinetics and forearm EMG between two wheelchair pushrim designs. In Proceedings of the 1st Joint Meeting of BMES & EMBS, (p. 105).Atlanta, GA.

Koontz, A.M., Boninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A., & Baldwin, M.A. (1998). Effect of vinyl coated pushrims on wheelchair propulsion kinetics. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) 1998 Annual Conference.Minneapolis, MN.

Koontz, A.M., Cooper, R.A., Boninger, M.L., O’Connor, T.J., Baldwin, M.A., & Shimada, S.D. (1998). Biomechanical comparison of wheelchair basketball players and non-basketball players. In Proceedings of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA) 1998 Annual Conference.Minneapolis, MN.