headshot

Richard Debski

Professor
Orthopedic Robotics Laboratory Bioengineering Department

overview

Dr. Debski's research interests focus on orthopaedic biomechanics and are aimed at elucidating the contribution of ligaments, tendons, muscles, and bone to joint stability throughout the musculoskeletal system. Specifically, experimental and computational analyses are performed to examine the properties of the ligaments and joint capsules; determine ligament forces and joint kinematics; and evaluate the effect of injuries and repair procedures on joint motion. Novel experimental techniques such as a robotic testing system and Shoulder Testing Apparatus rev.4 are utilized to answer research questions. Recent major projects have focused on improvement of diagnoses and repair procedures for injuries to the ligaments, capsules, and bony structures at the shoulder and knee; improvement of rehabilitation for rotator cuff injuries; patellofemoral pain; and robotic technology for biomechanical testing. Currently, Dr. Debski serves as the Co-Director of the Orthopaedic Robotics Laboratory - a core laboratory facility in the Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery and Bioengineering - and also participates in the McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine .

about

(2011) Richard Skalak Award.

(2008) Faculty Partner Award - Career Services.

(2006) Chancellor's Distinguished Research Award - Junior Scholar.

(2004) Y.C. Fung Young Investigator Award.

(2004) Nominated for 2004 Charles S. Neer Award - Basic Science.

(2003) Achilles Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Research Award.

(1996) Kappa Delta Award: "For The Young Investigator" - Outstanding Orthopaedic Research.

(1994 - 1995) Dean's Fellowship (Graduate).

(1994) Herodicus Award.

(1994) Student Paper Competition, Second Place American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division.

(1992) National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship (Graduate).

(1992 - 1994) Wellington C. Carl Fellowship (Graduate).

(1992 - 1997) Whitaker Foundation Graduate Fellowship (Graduate).

(1991) Summa Cum Laude (Undergraduate).

(1991) Sigma Xi (Undergraduate).

(1991 - 1992) Keck Research Fellowship (Graduate).

(1990) Tau Beta Pi (Undergraduate).

(1990) Pi Tau Sigma (Undergraduate).

(1990) Golden Key National Honor Society (Undergraduate).

(1990 - 1991) Merit Scholarship (Undergraduate).

(1989 - 1991) John M. Milliken Memorial Scholarship (Undergraduate).

(1989 - 1991) National Dean's List (Undergraduate).

(1988 - 1991) University Scholar (Undergraduate).

(1987 - 1991) Dean's List (Undergraduate).

PhD, Mechanical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 1997 - present

BS, Mechanical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 1991 - present

Gibbs, C.M., Winkler, P.W., Tisherman, R.T., Chan, C.K., Diermeier, T.A., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2021). Continuous-Loop Tape Technique Has Greater Stiffness and Less Elongation Compared With Tied-Suture Fixation of Full-Thickness All-Soft Tissue Quadriceps Tendon Autografts. Orthop J Sports Med, 9(11), 23259671211054108.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/23259671211054108.

Gustafson, J.A., Elias, J.J., Fitzgerald, G.K., Tashman, S., Debski, R.E., & Farrokhi, S. (2021). Combining advanced computational and imaging techniques as a quantitative tool to estimate patellofemoral joint stress during downhill gait: A feasibility study. GAIT & POSTURE, 84, 31-37.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.11.016.

Novaretti, J.V., Herbst, E., Chan, C.K., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2021). Small lateral meniscus tears propagate over time in ACL intact and deficient knees. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 29(9), 3068-3076.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-020-06356-z.

Polamalu, S.K., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2021). Tibiofemoral bony morphology features associated with ACL injury and sex utilizing three-dimensional statistical shape modeling. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.24952.

Polamalu, S.K., Novaretti, J., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2021). Tibiofemoral bony morphology impacts the knee kinematics after anterolateral capsule injury and lateral extraarticular tenodesis differently than intact state. J Biomech, 110857.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2021.110857.

Takeuchi, S., Chan, C.K., Hattori, S., Gibbs, C.M., Yamakawa, S., Yano, Y., Musahl, V., Lin, A., Onishi, K., & Debski, R.E. (2021). An improved quantitative ultrasonographic technique could assess anterior translation of the glenohumeral joint accurately and reliably. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 29(8), 2595-2605.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-021-06459-1.

Yoshida, M., Takenaga, T., Chan, C.K., Musahl, V., Debski, R.E., & Lin, A. (2021). Location and magnitude of capsular injuries varies following multiple anterior dislocations of the shoulder: Implications for surgical repair. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 39(3), 648-656.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.24860.

Ferrer, G.A., Fortunato, R.N., Musahl, V., Maiti, S., & Debski, R.E. (2020). Effect of localized tendon remodeling on supraspinatus tear propagation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 108, 109903.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2020.109903.

Ferrer, G.A., Miller, R.M., Yoshida, M., Wang, J.H., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2020). The Correlation of Quantitative Ultrasound Measures and Supraspinatus Tendon Quality: A Pilot Study. J Med Ultrasound, 28(3), 162-168.Medknow. doi: 10.4103/JMU.JMU_104_19.

Ferrer, G.A., Miller, R.M., Yoshida, M., Wang, J.H.C., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2020). Localized Rotator Cuff Tendon Degeneration for Cadaveric Shoulders with and Without Tears Isolated to the Supraspinatus Tendon. CLINICAL ANATOMY, 33(7), 1007-1013.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/ca.23526.

Kaufmann, R.A., Wilps, T., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2020). Elbow Biomechanics: Soft Tissue Stabilizers. JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 45(2), 140-147.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2019.10.034.

Naendrup, J.H., Pfeiffer, T.R., Chan, C., Nagai, K., Novaretti, J.V., Sheean, A.J., Shafizadeh, S.T., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2020). Effect of Meniscal Ramp Lesion Repair on Knee Kinematics, Bony Contact Forces, and In Situ Forces in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Response. Am J Sports Med, 48(2), NP25-NP27.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546519897012.

Novaretti, J.V., Arner, J.W., Chan, C.K., Polamalu, S., Harner, C.D., Debski, R.E., & Lesniak, B.P. (2020). Does Lateral Extra-articular Tenodesis of the Knee Affect Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft In Situ Forces and Tibiofemoral Contact Pressures?. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 36(5), 1365-1373.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2020.01.051.

Novaretti, J.V., Lian, J., Patel, N.K., Chan, C.K., Cohen, M., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2020). Partial Lateral Meniscectomy Affects Knee Stability Even in Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Intact Knees. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 102(7), 567-573.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/JBJS.19.00712.

Patel, N.K., Chan, C., Murphy, C.I., Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., & Hogan, M.V. (2020). Hybrid Fixation Restores Tibiofibular Kinematics for Early Weightbearing After Syndesmotic Injury. ORTHOPAEDIC JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 8(9), 2325967120946744.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/2325967120946744.

Patel, N.K., Murphy, C.I., Pfeiffer, T.R., Naendrup, J.H., Zlotnicki, J.P., Debski, R.E., Hogan, M.V., & Musahl, V. (2020). Sagittal instability with inversion is important to evaluate after syndesmosis injury and repair: a cadaveric robotic study. J Exp Orthop, 7(1), 18.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1186/s40634-020-00234-w.

Patel, S., Giugale, J.M., Debski, R.E., & Fowler, J.R. (2020). Effect of Screw Length and Geometry on Interfragmentary Compression in a Simulated Proximal Pole Scaphoid Fracture Model. Hand (N Y), 15(3), 378-383.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1558944718795281.

Rehnke, R.D., II, S.M.A., Clarke, J.M., Price, B.C., Waheed, U., Debski, R.E., Badylak, S.F., & Rubin, J.P. (2020). Breast Reconstruction Using a Three-Dimensional Absorbable Mesh Scaffold and Autologous Fat Grafting: A Composite Strategy Based on Tissue-Engineering Principles. PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 146(4), 409E-413E.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000007172.

Tisherman, R.T., Patel, N.K., Murphy, C.I., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2020). Mobile application for quantification of the pivot shift examination: intraoperative usability and utility during real-world deployment. Journal of ISAKOS, 5(6), 345-350.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1136/jisakos-2020-000483.

Bell, K.M., Debski, R.E., Sowa, G.A., Kang, J.D., & Tashman, S. (2019). Optimization of compressive loading parameters to mimic in vivo cervical spine kinematics in vitro. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 87, 107-113.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.02.022.

Guenther, D., Sexton, S.L., Bell, K.M., Irarrazaval, S., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2019). Non-uniform strain distribution in anterolateral capsule of knee: Implications for surgical repair. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 37(5), 1025-1032.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.24270.

Gustafson, J.A., Elias, J.J., Debski, R.E., & Farrokhi, S. (2019). Development and validation of a kinematically-driven discrete element model of the patellofemoral joint. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 88, 164-172.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.03.032.

Miller, R.M., Thunes, J., Maiti, S., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2019). Effects of Tendon Degeneration on Predictions of Supraspinatus Tear Propagation. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 47(1), 154-161.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s10439-018-02132-w.

Miller, R.M., Thunes, J., Musahl, V., Maiti, S., & Debski, R.E. (2019). A Validated, Specimen-Specific Finite Element Model of the Supraspinatus Tendon Mechanical Environment. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 141(11).ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.4043872.

Naendrup, J.H., Patel, N.K., Zlotnicki, J.P., Murphy, C.I., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2019). Education and repetition improve success rate and quantitative measures of the pivot shift test. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 27(11), 3418-3425.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-019-05370-0.

Naendrup, J.H., Pfeiffer, T.R., Chan, C., Nagai, K., Novaretti, J.V., Sheean, A.J., Shafizadeh, S.T., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2019). Effect of Meniscal Ramp Lesion Repair on Knee Kinematics, Bony Contact Forces, and In Situ Forces in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 47(13), 3195-3202.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546519872964.

Naendrup, J.H., Zlotnicki, J.P., Murphy, C.I., Patel, N.K., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2019). Influence of knee position and examiner-induced motion on the kinematics of the pivot shift. J Exp Orthop, 6(1), 11.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1186/s40634-019-0183-7.

Novaretti, J.V., Lian, J., Sheean, A.J., Chan, C.K., Wang, J.H., Cohen, M., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2019). Lateral Meniscal Allograft Transplantation With Bone Block and Suture-Only Techniques Partially Restores Knee Kinematics and Forces. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 47(10), 2427-2436.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546519858085.

Patel, S., Tiedeken, N., Qvick, L., Debski, R.E., Kaufmann, R., & Fowler, J.R. (2019). Interfragmentary Compression Forces Vary Based on Scaphoid Bone Screw Type and Fracture Location. Hand (N Y), 14(3), 371-376.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1558944717745663.

Pfeiffer, T.R., Burnham, J.M., Kanakamedala, A.C., Hughes, J.D., Zlotnicki, J., Popchak, A., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2019). Distal femur morphology affects rotatory knee instability in patients with anterior cruciate ligament ruptures. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 27(5), 1514-1519.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-018-5269-8.

Rothrauff, B.B., Smith, C.A., Ferrer, G.A., Novaretti, J.V., Pauyo, T., Chao, T., Hirsch, D., Beaudry, M.F., Herbst, E., Tuan, R.S., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2019). The effect of adipose-derived stem cells on enthesis healing after repair of acute and chronic massive rotator cuff tears in rats. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 28(4), 654-664.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2018.08.044.

Takenaga, T., Yoshida, M., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., & Lin, A. (2019). Superior clavicle drilling points and fluoroscopic inclination for anatomic coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction: a cadaveric study. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 27(12), 3813-3820.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-019-05539-7.

Yoshida, M., Takenaga, T., Chan, C.K., Musahl, V., Lin, A., & Debski, R.E. (2019). Altered shoulder kinematics using a new model for multiple dislocations-induced Bankart lesions. CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 70, 131-136.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.08.014.

Bell, K.M., Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Irarrazaval, S., Guenther, D., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2018). In situ force in the anterior cruciate ligament, the lateral collateral ligament, and the anterolateral capsule complex during a simulated pivot shift test. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 36(3), 847-853.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.23676.

Ferrer, G.A., Guenther, D., Pauyo, T., Herbst, E., Nagai, K., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2018). Structural Properties of the Anterolateral Complex and Their Clinical Implications. CLINICS IN SPORTS MEDICINE, 37(1), 41-+.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2017.07.005.

Ferrer, G.A., Miller, R.M., Zlotnicki, J.P., Tashman, S., Irrgang, J.J., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2018). Exercise therapy for treatment of supraspinatus tears does not alter glenohumeral kinematics during internal/external rotation with the arm at the side. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 26(1), 267-274.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4695-3.

Fujimaki, Y., Araki, D., & Debski, R.E. (2018). Anatomy and function of the shoulder structures. In Othopaedic Knowledge Update: Shoulder and Elbow. (pp. 3-12).

Gustafson, J.A., Takenaga, T., & Debski, R.E. (2018). Basic Concepts in Functional Biomechanics. In Return to Play in Football. (pp. 3-15).Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-662-55713-6_1.

Herbst, E., Arilla, F.V., Guenther, D., Yacuzzi, C., Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Fu, F.H., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2018). Lateral Extra-articular Tenodesis Has No Effect in Knees With Isolated Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 34(1), 251-260.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2017.08.258.

Miller, R.M., Thunes, J., Musahl, V., Maiti, S., & Debski, R.E. (2018). Effects of tear size and location on predictions of supraspinatus tear propagation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 68, 51-57.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.12.017.

Pfeiffer, T.R., Burnham, J.M., Hughes, J.D., Kanakamedala, A.C., Herbst, E., Popchak, A., Shafizadeh, S., Irrgang, J.J., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2018). An Increased Lateral Femoral Condyle Ratio Is a Risk Factor for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 100(10), 857-864.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.01011.

Pfeiffer, T.R., Herbst, E., Kanakamedala, A.C., Naendrup, J.H., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2018). The Use of Fluoroscopy Leads to Improved Identification of the Femoral Lateral Collateral Ligament Origin Site When Compared With Traditional Tactile Techniques. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 34(8), 2487-+.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2018.03.035.

Pfeiffer, T.R., Kanakamedala, A.C., Herbst, E., Nagai, K., Murphy, C., Burnham, J.M., Popchak, A., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2018). Female sex is associated with greater rotatory knee laxity in collegiate athletes. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 26(5), 1319-1325.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4684-6.

Bakshi, N.K., Jolly, J.T., Debski, R.E., & Sekiya, J.K. (2017). Effect of perfect anatomic repair, imperfect anatomic repair, and no repair of a 25% Hill-Sachs lesion on bony contact and capsular forces at the glenohumeral joint. Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 33(1), 57-64.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.orthtr.2016.12.002.

Debski, R.E., Yamakawa, S., Musahl, V., & Fujie, H. (2017). Use of Robotic Manipulators to Study Diarthrodial Joint Function. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 139(2).ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.4035644.

Guenther, D., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2017). Beyond the Anterolateral Ligament: Response. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 45(6), NP18-NP19.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546517698924.

Guenther, D., Irarrazaval, S., Bell, K.M., Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Fu, F.H., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2017). The Role of Extra-Articular Tenodesis in Combined ACL and Anterolateral Capsular Injury. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 99(19), 1654-1660.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/JBJS.16.01462.

Guenther, D., Irarrázaval, S., Griffith, C., Musahl, V., & Debski, R. (2017). Anatomy and Function of the Anterolateral Capsule Structures. In Rotatory Knee Instability. (pp. 15-25).Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-32070-0_2.

Guenther, D., Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Bell, K.M., Irarrazaval, S., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2017). The Anterolateral Capsule of the Knee Behaves Like a Sheet of Fibrous Tissue. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 45(4), 849-855.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546516674477.

Miller, R.M., Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Surer, L., Arilla, F.V., Fu, F.H., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2017). Tensile properties of a split quadriceps graft for ACL reconstruction. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 25(4), 1249-1254.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-016-4019-z.

Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Arilla, F.V., Bell, K.M., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2017). Biomechanical evaluation of knee endpoint during anterior tibial loading: Implication for physical exams. KNEE, 24(2), 258-263.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2016.11.015.

Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Yoshida, M., Musahl, V., & Debski, R. (2017). In Vitro Biomechanical Analysis of Knee Rotational Stability. In Rotatory Knee Instability. (pp. 3-14).Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-32070-0_1.

Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Zlotnicki, J., Burnham, J.M., Guenther, D., Soni, A., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2017). Secondary Stabilizers of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament—Deficient Knee. Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics, 27(2), 107-112.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/j.oto.2017.02.005.

Rothrauff, B.B., Lauro, B.B., Yang, G., Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., & Tuan, R.S. (2017). Braided and Stacked Electrospun Nanofibrous Scaffolds for Tendon and Ligament Tissue Engineering. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, 23(9-10), 378-389.Mary Ann Liebert Inc. doi: 10.1089/ten.tea.2016.0319.

Rothrauff, B.B., Pauyo, T., Debski, R.E., Rodosky, M.W., Tuan, R.S., & Musahl, V. (2017). The Rotator Cuff Organ: Integrating Developmental Biology, Tissue Engineering, and Surgical Considerations to Treat Chronic Massive Rotator Cuff Tears. TISSUE ENGINEERING PART B-REVIEWS, 23(4), 318-335.Mary Ann Liebert Inc. doi: 10.1089/ten.teb.2016.0446.

YAMAKAWA, S., DEBSKI, R.E., & FUJIE, H. (2017). Strain distribution in the anterior cruciate ligament in response to anterior drawer force to the knee. Journal of Biomechanical Science and Engineering, 12(1).Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1299/jbse.16-00582.

Arilla, F.V., Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Yacuzzi, C., Guenther, D., Engel, B.S., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2016). Correlation between a 2D simple image analysis method and 3D bony motion during the pivot shift test. KNEE, 23(6), 1059-1063.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2016.06.003.

Arilla, F.V., Yeung, M., Bell, K., Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Rothrauff, B.B., Fu, F.H., Debski, R.E., Ayeni, O.R., & Musahl, V. (2016). Regarding "Experimental Execution of the Simulated Pivot-Shift Test: A Systematic Review of Techniques" Reply. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 32(5), 730-731.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2016.02.015.

Bakshi, N.K., Jameel, O.F., Merrill, Z.F., Debski, R.E., & Sekiya, J.K. (2016). The Influence of Surgical Stabilization on Glenohumeral Abduction Using 3-Dimensional Computed Tomography in Patients With Shoulder Instability. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 32(8), 1495-1501.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2016.01.021.

Bakshi, N.K., Jolly, J.T., Debski, R.E., & Sekiya, J.K. (2016). Does Repair of a Hill-Sachs Defect Increase Stability at the Glenohumeral Joint?. ORTHOPAEDIC JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 4(5), 2325967116645091.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/2325967116645091.

Bell, K.M., Yan, Y., Debski, R.E., Sowa, G.A., Kang, J.D., & Tashman, S. (2016). Influence of varying compressive loading methods on physiologic motion patterns in the cervical spine. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 49(2), 167-172.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.11.045.

Dombrowski, M.E., Costello, J.M., Ohashi, B., Murawski, C.D., Rothrauff, B.B., Arilla, F.V., Friel, N.A., Fu, F.H., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2016). Macroscopic anatomical, histological and magnetic resonance imaging correlation of the lateral capsule of the knee. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 24(9), 2854-2860.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-015-3517-8.

Ferrer, G.A., Miller, R.M., Murawski, C.D., Tashman, S., Irrgang, J.J., Musahl, V., Fu, F.H., & Debski, R.E. (2016). Quantitative analysis of the patella following the harvest of a quadriceps tendon autograft with a bone block. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 24(9), 2899-2905.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-015-3550-7.

Herbst, E., Naendrup, J.H., Pfeiffer, T., Debski, R.E., & Musahl, V. (2016). Neue App zur Quantifizierung des Pivot-shift-Tests. Arthroskopie, 29(4), 232-239.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00142-016-0096-8.

Miller, R.M., Popchak, A., Vyas, D., Tashman, S., Irrgang, J.J., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2016). Effects of exercise therapy for the treatment of symptomatic full-thickness supraspinatus tears on in vivo glenohumeral kinematics. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 25(4), 641-649.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2015.08.048.

Muller, B., Hofbauer, M., Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Wolf, M., Araki, D., Hoshino, Y., Araujo, P., Debski, R.E., Irrgang, J.J., Fu, F.H., & Musahl, V. (2016). Development of computer tablet software for clinical quantification of lateral knee compartment translation during the pivot shift test. COMPUTER METHODS IN BIOMECHANICS AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 19(2), 217-228.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10255842.2015.1006210.

Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Miller, R.M., Guenther, D., Fu, F.H., Lesniak, B.P., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2016). Structural Properties of the Anterolateral Capsule and Iliotibial Band of the Knee. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 44(4), 892-897.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546515623500.

Rigot, S.K., Diaz-Garcia, R., Debski, R.E., & Fowler, J. (2016). Biomechanical Analysis of Internal Fixation Methods for Distal Interphalangeal Joint Arthrodesis. Hand (N Y), 11(2), 221-226.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1558944715627211.

Rothrauff, B.B., Numpaisal, P.O., Lauro, B.B., Alexander, P.G., Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., & Tuan, R.S. (2016). Augmented repair of radial meniscus tear with biomimetic electrospun scaffold: an in vitro mechanical analysis. J Exp Orthop, 3(1), 23.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1186/s40634-016-0058-0.

Zlotnicki, J.P., Naendrup, J.H., Ferrer, G.A., & Debski, R.E. (2016). Basic biomechanic principles of knee instability. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med, 9(2), 114-122.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s12178-016-9329-8.

Araki, D., Miller, M., Fujimaki, Y., Hoshino, Y., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2015). Effect of Tear Location on Propagation of Isolated Supraspinatus Tendon Tears During Increasing Levels of Cyclic Loading. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 97A(4), 273-278.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/JBJS.N.00062.

Arilla, F.V., Guenther, D., Yacuzzi, C., Azar, A.A.R., Fu, F.H., Debski, R., & Musahl, V. (2015). Effects of Anterolateral Capsular Injury and Extra-Articular Tenodesis on Knee Kinematics During Physical Examination. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(7_suppl2), 2325967115S0003.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/2325967115s00032.

Arilla, F.V., Yeung, M., Bell, K., Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Rothrauff, B.B., Fu, F.H., Debski, R.E., Ayeni, O.R., & Musahl, V. (2015). Experimental Execution of the Simulated Pivot-Shift Test: A Systematic Review of Techniques. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 31(12), 2445-U403.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2015.06.027.

Bakshi, N.K., Patel, I., Jacobson, J.A., Debski, R.E., & Sekiya, J.K. (2015). Comparison of 3-Dimensional Computed Tomography-Based Measurement of Glenoid Bone Loss With Arthroscopic Defect Size Estimation in Patients With Anterior Shoulder Instability. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 31(10), 1880-1885.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2015.03.024.

Bell, K.M., Arilla, F.V., Rahnemai-Azar, A.A., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2015). Novel technique for evaluation of knee function continuously through the range of flexion. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 48(13), 3728-3731.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.08.019.

Guenther, D., Rahnemai-azar, A.A., Fu, F.H., & Debski, R.E. (2015). The Biomechanical Function of the Anterolateral Ligament of the Knee: Letter to the Editor. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 43(8), NP21-NP22.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546515597217.

Hartman, R.A., Yurube, T., Ngo, K., Merzlak, N.E., Debski, R.E., Brown, B.N., Kang, J.D., & Sowa, G.A. (2015). Biological Responses to Flexion/Extension in Spinal Segments Ex-Vivo. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 33(8), 1255-1264.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.22900.

Kowalczuk, M., Leblanc, M.C., Rothrauff, B.B., Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., Simunovic, N., & Ayeni, O.R. (2015). Posterior tibial translation resulting from the posterior drawer manoeuver in cadaveric knee specimens: a systematic review. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 23(10), 2974-2982.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-015-3584-x.

Leblanc, M.C., Kowalczuk, M., Andruszkiewicz, N., Simunovic, N., Farrokhyar, F., Turnbull, T.L., Debski, R.E., & Ayeni, O.R. (2015). Diagnostic accuracy of physical examination for anterior knee instability: a systematic review. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 23(10), 2805-2813.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-015-3563-2.

Stehle, J., Moore, S.M., Alaseirlis, D.A., Debski, R.E., & McMahon, P.J. (2015). A reliable method for classifying acromial shape. International Biomechanics, 2(1), 36-42.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/23335432.2015.1014847.

Thunes, J., Miller, R.M., Pal, S., Damle, S., Debski, R.E., & Maiti, S. (2015). The Effect of Size and Location of Tears in the Supraspinatus Tendon on Potential Tear Propagation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 137(8), 081012.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.4030745.

Amini, R., Voycheck, C.A., & Debski, R.E. (2014). A Method for Predicting Collagen Fiber Realignment in Non-Planar Tissue Surfaces as Applied to Glenohumeral Capsule During Clinically Relevant Deformation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 136(3), 031003.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.4026105.

Browe, D.P., Voycheck, C.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2014). Changes to the mechanical properties of the glenohumeral capsule during anterior dislocation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 47(2), 464-469.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2013.10.040.

Brown, A.J., Debski, R.E., Voycheck, C.A., & McMahon, P.J. (2014). Effects of External Rotation on Anteroposterior Translations in the Shoulder: A Pilot Study. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 472(8), 2397-2403.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1007/s11999-013-3419-3.

Miller, R.M., Fujimaki, Y., Araki, D., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2014). Strain Distribution Due to Propagation of Tears in the Anterior Supraspinatus Tendon. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 32(10), 1283-1289.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.22675.

Voycheck, C.A., Luu, K., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2014). Collagen fiber alignment and maximum principal strain in the glenohumeral capsule predict location of failure during uniaxial extension. BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY, 13, (pp. 379-385).Springer Science and Business Media LLC.Germany. doi: 10.1007/s10237-013-0503-2.

Browe, D.P., Rainis, C.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2013). Injury to the anteroinferior glenohumeral capsule during anterior dislocation. CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 28(2), 140-145.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2012.12.005.

Rainis, C.A., Browe, D.P., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2013). Capsule function following anterior dislocation: Implications for diagnosis of shoulder instability. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 31(6), 962-968.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.22300.

Hartman, R.A., Bell, K.M., Debski, R.E., Kang, J.D., & Sowa, G.A. (2012). Novel ex-vivo mechanobiological intervertebral disc culture system. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 45(2), 382-385.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.10.036.

Rainis, C.A., Amini, R., & Debski, R.E. (2012). A Method for Predicting Collagen Fiber Alignment in the Glenohumeral Capsule During Clinically Relevant Deformations. ASME 2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (pp. 445-446).American Society of Mechanical Engineers.Farjardo, Puerto Rico. doi: 10.1115/sbc2012-80300.

Rainis, C.A., Browe, D.P., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2012). Performing Clinical Exams at Specific Joint Positions May Help Identify Injured Regions of the Glenohumeral Capsule Following Anterior Dislocation. ASME 2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (pp. 709-710).American Society of Mechanical Engineers.Farjardo, Puerto Rico. doi: 10.1115/sbc2012-80142.

Rainis, C.A., Brown, A.J., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2012). Effects of simulated injury on the anteroinferior glenohumeral capsule. MEDICAL & BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING & COMPUTING, 50(12), 1299-1307.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11517-012-0961-1.

Sekiya, J.K., Jolly, J., & Debski, R.E. (2012). The Effect of a Hill-Sachs Defect on Glenohumeral Translations, In Situ Capsular Forces, and Bony Contact Forces. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 40(2), 388-394.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546511425018.

Drury, N.J., Ellis, B.J., Weiss, J.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2011). Finding consistent strain distributions in the glenohumeral capsule between two subjects: Implications for development of physical examinations. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 44(4), 607-613.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.11.018.

Voycheck, C.A., Browe, D.P., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2011). Changes in Capsule Function Following Anterior Dislocation Elucidate the Need for Standardized Clinical Exams to Diagnose Shoulder Instability. ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (pp. 495-496).American Society of Mechanical Engineers.Farmington, PA. doi: 10.1115/sbc2011-53831.

Voycheck, C.A., Browe, D.P., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2011). Injury to the Glenohumeral Capsule During Anterior Dislocation Leads to Higher Joint Contact Forces During Simulated Clinical Exams. ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (pp. 643-644).American Society of Mechanical Engineers.Farmington, PA. doi: 10.1115/sbc2011-53507.

Debski, R.E., Ellis, B., Drury, N., Moore, S., Mcmahon, P.J., & Weiss, J. (2010). Finite Element Modeling of the Inferior Glenohumeral Ligament Can Help Assess the Location of Injury during a Clinical Exam. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 13(3), 413-418.

Debski, R.E., Kandemir, U., Allaire, R., Lee, T., & McMahon, P. (2010). Quantification of Rotator Cuff Tear Geometry. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, 130(3), 369-373.

Drury, N.J., Ellis, B.J., Weiss, J.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2010). The Impact of Glenoid Labrum Thickness and Modulus on Labrum and Glenohumeral Capsule Function. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 132(12), 121003.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.4002622.

Drury, N.J., Ellis, B.J., Weiss, J.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2010). The impact of glenoid labrum thickness and modulus on labrum and glenohumeral capsule function. Journal of biomechanical engineering, 132(12), 121003.

Ellis, B.J., Drury, N.J., Moore, S.M., McMahon, P.J., Weiss, J.A., & Debski, R.E. (2010). Finite element modelling of the glenohumeral capsule can help assess the tested region during a clinical exam. COMPUTER METHODS IN BIOMECHANICS AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 13(3), 413-418.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10255840903317378.

Kandemir, U., Allaire, R.B., Debski, R.E., Lee, T.Q., & McMahon, P.J. (2010). Quantification of rotator cuff tear geometry: the repair ratio as a guide for surgical repair in crescent and U-shaped tears. ARCHIVES OF ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMA SURGERY, 130(3), 369-373.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00402-009-0860-6.

Moore, S.M., Ellis, B., Weiss, J.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2010). The Glenohumeral Capsule Should be Evaluated as a Sheet of Fibrous Tissue: A Validated Finite Element Model. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 38(1), 66-76.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s10439-009-9834-7.

Rowland, B.P., Smith, S.M., Voycheck, C.A., Sekiya, J.K., & Debski, R.E. (2010). Effect of Cortical Bone Thickness on the Magnitude and Classification of Hill Sachs Lesions Verses Glenoid Lesions. ASME 2010 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (pp. 685-686).American Society of Mechanical Engineers.Naples, FL. doi: 10.1115/sbc2010-19258.

Sharma, G.B., Debski, R.E., McMahon, P.J., & Robertson, D.D. (2010). Effect of glenoid prosthesis design on glenoid bone remodeling: Adaptive finite element based simulation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 43(9), 1653-1659.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.03.004.

Voycheck, C.A., Rainis, E.J., McMahon, P.J., Weiss, J.A., & Debski, R.E. (2010). Effects of region and sex on the mechanical properties of the glenohumeral capsule during uniaxial extension. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 108(6), 1711-1718.American Physiological Society. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01175.2009.

Yang, Z., Wickwire, A.C., & Debski, R.E. (2010). Development of a subject-specific model to predict the forces in the knee ligaments at high flexion angles. MEDICAL & BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING & COMPUTING, 48(11), 1077-1085.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11517-010-0653-7.

Darcy, S.P., Gil, J.E., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2009). The importance of position and path repeatability on force at the knee during six-DOF joint motion. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 31(5), 553-557.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2008.11.001.

Debski, R.E., Rainis, E., Maas, S., Henninger, H., Mcmahon, P.J., & Weiss, J. (2009). Material Properties of the Axillary Pouch of the Glenohumeral Capsule: Is Isotropic Material Symmetry Appropriate?. Journal of biomechanical Engineering, 131(031007).

Debski, R.E., Sharma, G., Robertson, D., & Mcmahon, P.J. (2009). Adaptive Glenoid Bone Remodeling: Simulation. Journal of Biomechanics, 38, 66-76.

Drury, N.J., Ellis, B.J., McMahon, P.J., Weiss, J.A., & Debski, R.E. (2009). The inferior stability provided by the glenohumeral capsule increases with external rotation in the abducted glenohumeral joint. Proceedings of the ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, SBC2008, (pp. 483-484).Marco Island, FL.

Rainis, E.J., Maas, S.A., Henninger, H.B., McMahon, P.J., Weiss, J.A., & Debski, R.E. (2009). Material Properties of the Axillary Pouch of the Glenohumeral Capsule: Is Isotropic Material Symmetry Appropriate?. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 131(3), 031007.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.3005169.

Sekiya, J.K., Wickwire, A.C., Stehle, J.H., & Debski, R.E. (2009). Hill-Sachs Defects and Repair Using Osteoarticular Allograft Transplantation Biomechanical Analysis Using a Joint Compression Model. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 37(12), 2459-2466.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546509341576.

Sharma, G.B., Debski, R.E., McMahon, P.J., & Robertson, D.D. (2009). Adaptive glenoid bone remodeling simulation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 42(10), 1460-1468.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.04.002.

Voycheck, C.A., Brown, A.J., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2009). Effects of simulated injury on tissue deformation and mechanical properties of the anteroinferior glenohumeral capsule. Proceedings of the ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, SBC2008, (pp. 923-924).Marco Island, FL.

Abramowitch, S., Redfern, M., Debski, R., Almarza, A., Borovetz, H., Hardesty, R.L., & Woo, S. (2008). Intramural research internship: A requirement of the undergraduate bioengineering curriculum at the University of Pittsburgh. ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings, 13-15.

Debski, R.E., Moore, S., Stehle, J., Rainis, E., & Mcmahon, P.J. (2008). The Current Anatomical Description of the Inferior glenohumeral Ligament Does Not Correlate With its Functional Role. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 26, 1598-1604.

Moore, S.A., Stehle, J.H., Rainis, E.J., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2008). The Current Anatomical Description of the Inferior Glenohumeral Ligament Does Not Correlate with Its Functional Role in Positions of External Rotation. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 26(12), 1598-1604.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.20685.

Beschorner, K.E., Redfern, M.S., Porter, W.L., & Debski, R.E. (2007). Effects of slip testing parameters on measured coefficient of friction. APPLIED ERGONOMICS, 38(6), 773-780.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2006.10.005.

Ellis, B.J., Debski, R.E., Moore, S.M., McMahon, P.J., & Weiss, J.A. (2007). Methodology and sensitivity studies for finite element modeling of the inferior glenohumeral ligament complex. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 40(3), 603-612.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2006.01.024.

Konrad, G.G., Sudkamp, N.P., Kreuz, P.C., Jolly, J.T., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2007). Pectoralis major tendon transfers above or underneath the conjoint tendon in subscapularis-deficient shoulders. An in vitro biomechanical analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 89(11), 2477-2484.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/JBJS.F.00811.

Stehle, J., Moore, S.M., Alaseirlis, D.A., Debski, R.E., & McMahon, P.J. (2007). Acromial morphology: Effects of suboptimal radiographs. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 16(2), 135-142.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2006.05.004.

Darcy, S.P., Kilger, R.H.P., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2006). Estimation of ACL forces by reproducing knee kinematics between sets of knees: A novel non-invasive methodology. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 39(13), 2371-2377.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.08.009.

Debski, R.E., Hsu, W., Yamamoto, Y., Fisk, J., & Woo, S. (2006). Differences in Torsional Joint Stiffness of the Knee between Genders and Implication on ACL Injury - A Human Cadaveric Study. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 34, 765-770.

Hsu, W.H., Fisk, J.A., Yamamoto, Y., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2006). Differences in torsional joint stiffness of the knee between genders - A human cadaveric study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 34(5), 765-770.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546505282623.

Kandemir, U., Allaire, R.B., Jolly, J.T., Debski, R.E., & McMahon, P.J. (2006). The relationship between the orientation of the glenoid and tears of the rotator cuff. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-BRITISH VOLUME, 88B(8), 1105-1109.British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.88B8.17732.

Konrad, G.G., Jolly, J.T., Labriola, J.E., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2006). Thoracohumeral muscle activity alters glenohumeral joint biomechanics during active abduction. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 24(4), 748-756.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.20062.

Konrad, G.G., Markmiller, M., Jolly, J.T., Ruter, A.E., Sudkarnp, N.P., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2006). Decreasing glenoid inclination improves function in shoulders with simulated, massive rotator cuff tears. CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 21(9), 942-949.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2006.04.013.

Moore, S.M., Thomas, M., Woo, S.L.Y., Gabriel, M.T., Kilger, R., & Debski, R.E. (2006). A novel methodology to reproduce previously recorded six-degree of freedom kinematics on the same diarthrodial joint. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 39(10), 1914-1923.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.05.014.

Musahl, V., Moore, S.M., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2006). Orientation feedback during simulated simple translation tests has little clinical significance on the magnitude and precision of glenohumeral joint translations. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 14(11), 1194-1199.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-006-0102-1.

Song, A.Y., Askari, M., Azemi, E., Alber, S., Hurwitz, D.J., Marra, K.G., Shestak, K.C., Debski, R., & Rubin, J.P. (2006). Biomechanical properties of the superficial fascial system. Aesthet Surg J, 26(4), 395-403.Oxford University Press (OUP). doi: 10.1016/j.asj.2006.05.005.

Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., Plakseychuk, A.Y., Van Scyoc, A., Sasaki, T., Mcmahon, P.J., & Fu, F.H. (2005). Varying Femoral Tunnels between the Anatomical Footprint and Isometric Positions: Effect on Function of the ACL Reconstructed Knee. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 33, 712-718.

Debski, R.E., Weiss, J.A., Newman, W.J., Moore, S.M., & McMahon, P.J. (2005). Stress and strain in the anterior band of the inferior glenohumeral ligament during a simulated clinical examination. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 14(1), 24S-31S.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2004.10.003.

Labriola, J.E., Lee, T.Q., Debski, R.E., & McMahon, P.J. (2005). Stability and instability of the glenohumeral joint: The role of shoulder muscles. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 14(1), 32S-38S.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2004.09.014.

Moore, S.M., McMahon, P.J., Azemi, E., & Debski, R.E. (2005). Bi-directional mechanical properties of the posterior region of the glenohumeral capsule. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 38(6), 1365-1369.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2004.06.005.

Moore, S.M., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2005). Accuracy of reproducing the motion of knee and shoulder diatrhodial joints using robotic technology. Proceedings of the 2005 Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2005, (pp. 988-989).Vail, CO.

Musahl, V., Plakseychuk, A., VanScyoc, A., Sasaki, T., Debski, R.E., McMahon, P.J., & Fu, F.H. (2005). Varying femoral tunnels between the anatomical footprint and isometric positions - Effect on kinematics of the anterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed knee. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 33(5), 712-718.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546504271747.

Rainis, E.J., Moore, S.M., Stehle, J., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2005). Effect of pressure on determining the nominal strain state of the inferior glenohumeral ligament complex. Proceedings of the 2005 Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2005, (pp. 996-997).Vail, CO.

Stehle, J., Wickwire, A.C., Debski, R.E., & Sekiya, J.K. (2005). A Technique to Reduce Hill-Sachs Lesions After Acute Anterior Dislocation of the Shoulder. Techniques in Shoulder & Elbow Surgery, 6(4), 230-235.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/01.bte.0000188312.56908.33.

Abramowitch, S.D., Woo, S.L.Y., Clineff, T.D., & Debski, R.E. (2004). An evaluation of the quasi-linear viscoelastic properties of the healing medial collateral ligament in a goat model. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 32(3), 329-335.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1023/B:ABME.0000017539.85245.6a.

Costic, R.S., Labriola, J.E., Rodosky, M.W., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Biomechanical rationale for development of anatomical reconstructions of coracoclavicular ligaments after complete acromioclavicular joint dislocations. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 32(8), 1929-1936.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546504264637.

Debski, R.E., Darcy, S.P., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2004). Experimental and computational modeling of joint and ligament mechanics. JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS, 20(4), 450-474.Human Kinetics. doi: 10.1123/jab.20.4.450.

Debski, R.E., Jari, R., Costic, R., & Rodosky , M. (2004). Biomechanical Evaluation of Three Common Reconstruction Procedures for Complete Dislocations of the Acromioclavicular Joint. Arthroscopy, 20, 237-245.

Debski, R.E., Labriola, J., Jolly, J., & McMahon, P. (2004). Active Stability of the Glenohumeral Joint Decreases in the Apprehension Position. Clinical Biomechanics, 19, 801-809.

Gabriel, M.T., Wong, E.K., Woo, S.L.Y., Yagi, M., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Distribution of in situ forces in the anterior cruciate ligament in response to rotatory loads. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 22(1), 85-89.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(03)00133-5.

Jari, R., Costic, R.S., Rodosky, M.W., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Biomechanical function of surgical procedures for acromioclavicular joint dislocations. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 20(3), 237-245.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2004.01.011.

McMahon, P.J., Burkart, A., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Glenohumeral translations are increased after a type II superior labrum anterior-posterior lesion: A cadaveric study of severity of passive stabilizer injury. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 13(1), 39-44. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2003.09.004.

Moore, S.M., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Bi-directional mechanical properties of the axillary pouch of the glenohumeral capsule: Implications for modeling and surgical repair. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 126(2), 284-288.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.1695574.

Moore, S.M., Musahl, V., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Multidirectional kinematics of the glenohumeral joint during simulated simple translation tests: impact on clinical diagnoses. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 22(4), 889-894.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/j.orthres.2003.12.011.

Song, Y.H., Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., Thomas, M., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2004). A three-dimensional finite element model of the human anterior cruciate ligament: a computational analysis with experimental validation. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 37(3), 383-390.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9290(03)00261-6.

Watanabe, Y., Van Scyoc, A., Tsuda, E., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2004). Biomechanical function of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus: a human cadaveric study. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC SCIENCE, 9(3), 280-284.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1007/s00776-004-0781-8.

Yamamoto, Y., Hsu, W.H., Woo, S.L.Y., Van Scyoc, A.H., Takakura, Y., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Knee stability and graft function after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction - A comparison of a lateral and an anatomical femoral tunnel placement. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 32(8), 1825-1832.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0363546504263947.

Abramowitch, S.D., Papageorgiou, C.D., Debski, R.E., Clineff, T.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). A biomechanical and histological evaluation of the structure and function of the healing medial collateral ligament in a goat model. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 11(3), 155-162.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-002-0336-5.

Armfield, D.R., Stickle, R.L., Robertson, D.D., Towers, J.D., & Debski, R.E. (2003). Biomechanical Basis of Common Shoulder Problems. Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology, 7, 15-18.

Armfield, D.R., Stickle, R.L., Robertson, D.D., Towers, J.D., & Debski, R.E. (2003). Biomechanical basis of common shoulder problems. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol, 7(1), 5-18.Georg Thieme Verlag KG. doi: 10.1055/s-2003-41081.

Burkart, A., Debski, R., Musahl, V., McMahon, R., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Biomechanical tests for type IISLAP lesions of the shoulder joint before and after arthroscopic repair. ORTHOPADE, 32(7), 600-607.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00132-003-0495-1.

Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., & McMahon, P.J. (2003). Glenohumeral translations are only partially restored after repair of a simulated type II superior labral lesion. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 31(1), 56-63.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465030310012101.

Costic, R.S., Jari, R., Rodosky, M.W., & Debski, R.E. (2003). Joint compression alters the kinematics and loading patterns of the intact and capsule-transected AC joint. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 21(3), 379-385.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(02)00197-3.

Costic, R.S., Vangura, A., Fenwick, J.A., Rodosky, M.W., & Debski, R.E. (2003). Viscoelastic behavior and structural properties of the coracoclavicular ligaments. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS, 13(5), 305-310.Wiley. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0838.2003.00335.x.

Debski, R.E., Burkart, A., Musahl, V., & McMahon, P. (2003). Glenohumeral Translations are Only Partially Restored After Repair of the Type II SLAP Lesion. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 31, 56-63.

Debski, R.E., Costic, R., Jari, R., & Rodosky, M. (2003). Does Joint Compression Alter the Kinematics and Loading Patterns of Intact and Injured AC Joints?. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 21, 379-385.

Debski, R.E., Fenwick, J.A., Vangura, A., Fu, F.H., Woo, S.L.Y., & Rodosky, M.W. (2003). Effect of arthroscopic procedures on the acromioclavicular joint. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 406(406), 89-96. doi: 10.1097/01.blo.0000030505.43495.0f.

Debski, R.E., Leader, J., Boston, J., & Rudy, T. (2003). Mandibular Kinematics Represents by the Grood and Suntay Joint Coordinate System. Journal of Biomechanics, 36, 275-281.

Debski, R.E., Moore, S.M., Mercer, J.L., Sacks, M.S., & McMahon, P.J. (2003). The collagen fibers of the anteroinferior capsulolabrum have multiaxial orientation to resist shoulder dislocation. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 12(3), 247-252.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1058-2746(02)00044-7.

Debski, R.E., Moore, S.M., Mercer, J.L., Sacks, M.S., & McMahon, P.J. (2003). The collagen fibers of the anteroinferior capsulolabrum have multiaxial orientation to resist shoulder dislocation. J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 12(3), 247-252. doi: 10.1016/s1058-2746(02)00044-7.

Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., Abramowitch, S., Gabriel , M., Hertel, P., Fu, F., & Woo, S. (2003). Tensile Properties of an ACL Graft after Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Press-Fit Fixation. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 11, 68-74.

Fukuda, Y., Woo, S.L.Y., Loh, J.C., Tsuda, E., Tang, P., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2003). A quantitative analysis of valgus torque on the ACL: a human cadaveric study. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 21(6), 1107-1112.Wiley. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(03)00084-6.

Leader, J.K., Boston, J.R., Debski, R.E., & Rudy, T.E. (2003). Mandibular kinematics represented by a non-orthogonal floating axis joint coordinate system. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 36(2), 275-281.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9290(02)00337-8.

Musahl, V., Abramowitch, S.D., Gabriel, M.T., Debski, R.E., Hertel, P., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Tensile properties of an anterior cruciate ligament graft after bone-patellar tendon-bone press-fit fixation. KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, 11(2), 68-74.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00167-003-0354-y.

Musahl, V., Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Van Scyoc, A., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). Anterior cruciate ligament tunnel placement: Comparison of insertion site anatomy with the guidelines of a computer-assisted surgical system. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 19(2), 154-160.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jars.2003.50001.

Robertson, D.D., Debski, R.E., Almusa, E., Armfield, D.R., Stone, D.A., & Walker, P.S. (2003). Knee joint biomechanics: relevance to imaging. 7, (pp. 43-58).Georg Thieme Verlag KG. doi: 10.1055/s-2003-41084.

Burkart, A.C., & Debski, R.E. (2002). Anatomy and function of the glenohumeral ligaments in anterior shoulder instability. CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, 400(400), 32-39.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1097/00003086-200207000-00005.

Debski, R.E., Tsuda, E., Fukuda, Y., Loh, J., Fu, F., & Woo, S. (2002). The Effect of Soft-tissue Graft Fixation in Anterior Tibial Loading. Arthroscopy, 18, 960-967.

Musahl, V., Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Van Scyoc, A., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). Accuracy of anterior Cruciate ligament tunnel placement with an active robotic system: A cadaveric study. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 18(9), 968-973.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jars.2002.36110.

Tsuda, E., Fukuda, Y., Loh, J.C., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). The effect of soft-tissue graft fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction on graft-tunnel motion under anterior tibial loading. ARTHROSCOPY-THE JOURNAL OF ARTHROSCOPIC AND RELATED SURGERY, 18(9), 960-967.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1053/jars.2002.36112.

Yagi, M., Wong, E.K., Kanamori, A., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). Biomechanical analysis of an Anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 30(5), 660-666.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465020300050501.

Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., McMahon, P.J., Rudy, T., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., van Scyoc, A., & Woo, S.L. (2001). Precision of ACL tunnel placement using traditional and robotic techniques. Comput Aided Surg, 6(5), 270-278.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1002/igs.10013.

Debski, R.E., Parsons IV, I.M., Woo, S.L.Y., & Fu, F.H. (2001). Effect of capsular injury on acromioclavicular joint mechanics. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A, 83(9), 1344-1351. doi: 10.2106/00004623-200109000-00009.

Debski, R.E., Parsons, I.M., Woo, S.L., & Fu, F.H. (2001). Effect of capsular injury on acromioclavicular joint mechanics. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 83(9), 1344-1351.Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.2106/00004623-200109000-00009.

Debski, R.E., Parsons, I.M., Woo, S.L.Y., & Fu, F.H. (2001). Effect of capsular injury on acromioclavicular joint mechanics. JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME, 83A(9), 1344-1351. doi: 10.2106/00004623-200109000-00009.

Scheffler, S.U., Clineff, T.D., Papageorgiou, C.D., Debski, R.E., Ma, C.B., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2001). Structure and function of the healing medial collateral ligament in a goat model. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 29(2), 173-180.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1114/1.1349701.

Debski, R.E., Parsons, I., Fenwick, J., & Vangura, A. (2000). Ligament Mechanics During 3-DOF Motion at the AC Joint. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 28, 612-618.

Debski, R.E., Parsons, I.M., Fenwick, J., & Vangura, A. (2000). Ligament mechanics during three degree-of-freedom motion at the acromioclavicular joint. ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 28(6), 612-618.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1114/1.1304848.

Hoher, J., Scheffler, S.U., Withrow, J.D., Livesay, G.A., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Mechanical behavior of two hamstring graft constructs for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 18(3), 456-461.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100180319.

Ma, C.B., Papageogiou, C.D., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). Interaction between the ACL graft and MCL in a combined ACL plus MCL knee injury using a goat model. ACTA ORTHOPAEDICA SCANDINAVICA, 71(4), 387-393.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/000164700317393394.

Rudy, T.W., Sakane, M., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). The effect of the point of application of anterior tibial loads on human knee kinematics. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 33(9), 1147-1152.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9290(00)00065-8.

Woo, S.L.Y., Debski, R.E., Vangura, A.J., Withrow, J.D., Vogrin, T.M., Wong, E.K., & Fu, F.H. (2000). Use of robotic technology to study the biomechanics of ligaments and their replacements. Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics, 10(1), 87-91.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s1048-6666(00)80048-8.

Woo, S.L.Y., Debski, R.E., Zeminski, J., Abramowitch, S.D., Saw, S.S.C., & Fenwick, J.A. (2000). Injury and repair of ligaments and tendons. 2, (pp. 83-118).Annual Reviews Inc. doi: 10.1146/annurev.bioeng.2.1.83.

Clineff, T.D., Debski, R.E., Scheffler, S.U., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Experimental & theoretical evaluation of the viscoelastic properties of the healing goat medial collateral ligament. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 42, 393-394.

Clineff, T.D., Debski, R.E., Scheffler, S.U., Withrow, J.D., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Evaluation of the viscoelastic properties of the intact medial collateral ligament in a goat model. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 43, 21-22.

Debski, R.E., Parsons, I.M., Fenwick, J.A., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1999). Effect of AC capsular injury on the forces in the coracoclavicular ligaments. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 42, 467-468.

Debski, R.E., Sakane, M., Woo, S.L.Y., Wong, E.K., Fu, F.H., & Warner, J.J.P. (1999). Contribution of the passive properties of the rotator cuff to glenohumeral stability during anterior-posterior loading. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 8(4), 324-329.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1058-2746(99)90154-4.

Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Woo, S.L.Y., Fu, F.H., & Warner, J.J.P. (1999). An analytical approach to determine the in situ forces in the glenohumeral ligaments. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 121(3), 311-315.ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.2798326.

Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Woo, S.L.Y., Sakane, M., Fu, F.H., & Warner, J.J.P. (1999). In situ force distribution in the glenohumeral joint capsule during anterior-posterior loading. JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, 17(5), 769-776.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/jor.1100170523.

Woo, S.L., Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Yagi, M., & Tarinelli, D. (1999). Use of robotic technology for diathrodial joint research. J Sci Med Sport, 2(4), 283-297.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s1440-2440(99)80002-4.

Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (1999). Robotics technology and ligament research: from in-vitro to in-vivo biomechanics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 42, 137-138.

Woo, S.L.Y., Debski, R.E., Withrow, J.D., & Janaushek, M.A. (1999). Biomechanics of knee ligaments. 27, (pp. 533-543).SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/03635465990270042301.

Apreleva, M., Hasselman, C.T., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., Woo, S.L.Y., & Warner, J.J.P. (1998). A dynamic analysis of glenohumeral motion after simulated capsulolabral injury: A cadaver model. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A, 80(4), 474-480. doi: 10.2106/00004623-199804000-00003.

Apreleva, M., Hasselman, C.T., Debski, R.E., Warner, J., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1998). A Dynamic Analysis of Capsulolabral Injury in the Shoulder. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 80, 474-480.

Debski, R.E., Demirhan, M., Imhoff, A., Patel, P., Fu, F., & Woo, S. (1998). Suprascapular Nerve Entrapment Under the Spinoglenoid Ligament: An Anatomic and Morphologic Study. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 7, 238-243.

Demirhan, M., Imhoff, A.B., Debski, R.E., Patel, P.R., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.I.Y. (1998). The spinoglenoid ligament and its relationship to the suprascapular nerve. JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY, 7(3), 238-243.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S1058-2746(98)90051-9.

Caldwell, G.L., Warner, J.P., Miller, M.D., Boardman, D., Towers, J., & Debski, R. (1997). Strength of fixation with transosseous sutures in rotator cuff repair. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 79(7), 1064-1068. doi: 10.2106/00004623-199707000-00013.

Debski, R.E., Caldwell, G., Waner, J., Miller, M., Boardman, N., & Towers, J. (1997). Transosseous Rotator Cuff Fixation: The Weak Link ? A Biomechanical Evaluation. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 79, 1064-1068.

Lee, K.W., Debski, R.E., Chen, C.H., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1997). Functional Evaluation of the Ligaments at the Acromioclavicular Joint during AP and SI Translation. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 25, 858-862.

Lee, K.W., Debski, R.E., Chen, C.H., Woo, S.L.Y., & Fu, F.H. (1997). Functional evaluation of the ligaments at the acromioclavicular joint during anteroposterior and superoinferior translation. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 25(6), 858-862.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354659702500622.

Boardman, N.D., Debski, R.E., Warner, J.J., Taskiran, E., Maddox, L., Imhoff, A.B., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1996). Tensile properties of the superior glenohumeral and coracohumeral ligaments. J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 5(4), 249-254.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s1058-2746(96)80050-4.

Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Warner, J., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1996). Interrelationships of the Capsuloligamentous Restraints during Translation of the Glenohumeral Joint. Pittsburgh Orthopaedic Journal, 7, 101-102.

McGough, R.L., Debski, R.E., Taskiran, E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1996). Mechanical properties of the long head of the biceps tendon. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc, 3(4), 226-229.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF01466622.

Thompson, W.O., Debski, R.E., Boardman, D., Taskiran, E., Warner, J.J.P., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1996). A biomechanical analysis of rotator cuff deficiency in a cadaveric model. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 24(3), 286-292.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/036354659602400307.

Debski, R.E., McMahon, P., Thompson, W., Warner, J., Woo, S., & Fu, F. (1995). Shoulder Muscle Forces and Tendon Excursions During Scapular Plane Abduction. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 4, 199-208.

DEBSKI, R.E., MCMAHON, P.J., THOMPSON, W.O., WOO, S.L.Y., WARNER, J.J.P., & FU, F.H. (1995). A NEW DYNAMIC TESTING APPARATUS TO STUDY GLENOHUMERAL JOINT MOTION. JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 28(7), 869-+.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(95)95276-B.

McGough, R.L., Debski, R.E., Taskiran, E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1995). Tensile Properties of the Long Head of the Biceps Tendon. Pittsburgh Orthopaedic Journal, 6, 94-95.

McMahon, P.J., Debski, R.E., Thompson, W.O., Warner, J.J., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L. (1995). Shoulder muscle forces and tendon excursions during glenohumeral abduction in the scapular plane. J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 4(3), 199-208.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s1058-2746(05)80052-7.

Boardman, N.D., Taskiran, E., Debski, R.E., Warner, J., Woo, S.L., & Fu, F.H. (1994). Structural Properties of the Superior Glenohumeral and Coracohumeral Ligaments. Pittsburgh Orthopaedic Journal, 5, 84.

Debski, R.E., Thompson, W.O., Boardman, N.D., Mcmahon, P.J., Warner, J., Woo, S.L., & Fu, F.H. (1994). Rotator Cuff Function in a Variety of Deficiency States. Pittsburgh Orthopaedic Journal, 5, 85-86.

Mcmahon, P.J., Debski, R.E., Blomstrom, G.L., Warner, J., Fu, F.H., Tramaglini, D.M., & Woo, S.L. (1992). Development and Repeatability Analysis of a Dynamic Shoulder Model. Pittsburgh Orthopaedic Journal, 3, 136-39.

Barri, K., Zhang, Q., Mehta, D., Chakrabartty, S., Debski, R.E., & Alavi, A.H. (2021). An implantable, battery-free sensing system for monitoring of spinal fusion. In Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems XV, 11593.SPIE. doi: 10.1117/12.2580811.

Miller, R.M., Araki, D., Fujimaki, Y., Musahl, V., & Debski, R.E. (2013). Correlation Between Age and Tendon Strength in Supraspinatus Tendon With Full-Thickness Tears. In Volume 1B: Extremity; Fluid Mechanics; Gait; Growth, Remodeling, and Repair; Heart Valves; Injury Biomechanics; Mechanotransduction and Sub-Cellular Biophysics; MultiScale Biotransport; Muscle, Tendon and Ligament; Musculoskeletal Devices; Multiscale Mechanics; Thermal Medicine; Ocular Biomechanics; Pediatric Hemodynamics; Pericellular Phenomena; Tissue Mechanics; Biotransport Design and Devices; Spine; Stent Device Hemodynamics; Vascular Solid Mechanics; Student Paper and Design Competitions, 1 B.American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2013-14037.

Browe, D.P., Rainis, C.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2012). The Effect of Anterior Dislocation on the Mechanical Properties of the Inferior Glenohumeral Ligament. In ASME 2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (pp. 773-774).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2012-80099.

Browe, D.P., Voycheck, C.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2011). Injury to the Glenohumeral Capsule During Anterior Dislocation Results in Damage to the Anteroinferior Capsule. In ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PARTS A AND B), (pp. 1287-1288).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2011-53840.

Luu, K., Voycheck, C.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2011). Collagen Fiber Alignment and Maximum Principal Strain in the Glenohumeral Capsule Predict Location of Failure During Uniaxial Extension. In ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PARTS A AND B), (pp. 903-904).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2011-53492.

Voycheck, C.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2011). The Collagen Fiber Kinematics in the Anteroinferior Glenohumeral Capsule Are Not Affine-Predicted. In ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PARTS A AND B), (pp. 587-588).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2011-53835.

Voycheck, C.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2010). Collagen Fiber Alignment and Maximum Principle Strain in the Axillary Pouch Predict Location of Failure During Uniaxial Extension. In ASME 2010 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PARTS A AND B), (pp. 463-464).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2010-19044.

Voycheck, C.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2010). Mechanical Properties of the Glenohumeral Capsule Change With Simulated Injury. In ASME 2010 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B, (PARTS A AND B), (pp. 321-322).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2010-19267.

Sharma, G.B., Robertson, D.D., Smolinski, P.J., Debski, R.E., & McMahon, P.J. (2009). Effects of glenoid prosthesis design variables on glenoid bone remodeling: A finite element based simulation and validation study. In Proceedings of the ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, SBC2008, (PART B), (pp. 1009-1010).

Abramowitch, S., Redfern, M., Debski, R., Almarza, A., Borovetz, H., Hardesty, R.L., & Woo, S. (2008). Intramural research internship: A requirement of the undergraduate bioengineering curriculum at the University of Pittsburgh. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings.

Drury, N.J., Ellis, B.J., Moore, S.M., Weiss, J.A., & Debski, R.E. (2007). Maximum Principal Strains in the Glenohumeral Capsule During a Clinical Exam: A Validated Finite Element Model. In ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference, (pp. 311-312).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2007-175358.

Rainis, E.J., Voycheck, C.A., Timcho, E.A., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2007). Effects of Gender on the Mechanical Properties of the Glenohumeral Capsule: Implications for Surgical Repair Techniques. In ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference, (pp. 911-912).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/sbc2007-176345.

Bechtold, S.J., Darcy, S.P., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Repeatability of Establishing Anatomical Coordinate Systems and the Initial Configuration of the Knee. In Advances in Bioengineering, (pp. 371-372).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2004-59781.

Labriola, J.E., Jolly, J.T., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2004). Active stability of the glenohumeral joint decreases in the apprehension position. In CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 19(8), (pp. 801-809).Elsevier BV.England. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2004.05.008.

Moore, S.M., Gabriel, M.T., Thomas, M., Zeminski, J., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2004). The Effect of the Accuracy of Various Measuring Devices on Recorded Joint Kinematics. In Advances in Bioengineering, (pp. 323-324).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2004-61551.

Abramowitch, S.D., Clineff, T.D., Debski, R.E., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2003). An Experimental and Analytical Evaluation of the Nonlinear Viscoelastic Properties of the Healing Medial Collateral Ligament in a Goat Model. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 337-338).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43075.

Costic, R.S., Labriola, J.E., Rodosky, M.W., & Debski, R.E. (2003). Stiffness Comparison of Coracoclavicular Ligament and Anatomic Reconstruction Complexes: Overall and Individual Complex Components. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 321-322).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43011.

Darcy, S.P., Gil, J.E., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2003). The Effect of Position and Path Repeatability on Biomechanical Testing of Diarthrodial Joints. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 225-226).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43053.

Darcy, S.P., Kilger, R.H.P., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2003). Estimation of ACL Forces Utilizing a Novel Non-Invasive Methodology That Reproduces Knee Kinematics Between Sets of Knees. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 237-238).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43090.

Labriola, J.E., Jolly, J.T., McMahon, P.J., & Debski, R.E. (2003). Active Stability of the Glenohumeral Joint Decreases in the Apprehension Position. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 213-214).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-42925.

Moore, S.M., Thomas, M., Gabriel, M.T., Zeminski, J., Woo, S.L.Y., & Debski, R.E. (2003). Reproducing the Motion of a Diarthrodial Joint During a Clinical Examination Using Robotic Technology. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 257-258).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43074.

Newman, W.J., Debski, R.E., Moore, S.M., & Weiss, J.A. (2003). Development of a Finite Element Model of the Inferior Glenohumeral Ligament of the Glenohumeral Joint. In Advances in Bioengineering, 55, (pp. 243-244).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2003-43137.

Newman, W.J., Debski, R.E., Gardiner, J.C., Moore, S.M., & Weiss, J.A. (2002). Function of the Anterior Band of the Inferior Glenohumeral Ligament During the Load and Shift Test. In Advances in Bioengineering, (pp. 61-62).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2002-32497.

Song, Y., Debski, R.E., Gil, J., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2002). Development of a 3-D Non-Linear Finite Element Model of Human Knee Joint. In Advances in Bioengineering, (pp. 409-410).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/imece2002-32608.

Debski, R.E., Vangura, A., Fenwick, J., Woo, S.L.Y., & Fu, F.H. (2001). Role of the coracoclavicular ligaments in AC joint stability: A validated computational approach. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 50, (pp. 47-48).

Zeminski, J., Kanamori, A., Yagi, M., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (2000). A biomechanical evaluation of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in response to rotational loads. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 48, (pp. 7-8).

Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Sakane, M., Warner, J.J.P., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1997). Application of robotic/UFS technology to study the in-situ load distribution in the glenohumeral joint capsule during A-P loading. Orthopaedic Research Seminar.Department of Orthopaedics, University of Pittsburgh.

Debski, R.E., Imhoff, A.B., Warner, J.J.P., Demirhan, M., Patel, P.R., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). Determination of in-situ length changes of the glenohumeral ligaments during abduction. Long Beach Orthopaedic Bioengineering Symposium.Long Beach, VA.

McGough, R., Debski, R.E., Taskiran, E., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1995). Tensile properties of the long head of the biceps tendon. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 31, (pp. 3-4).

Debski, R.E., Boardman, N.D., Thompson, W.O., Warner, J.J.P., Fu, F.H., & Woo, S.L.Y. (1994). Measurement of muscle force and glenohumeral joint kinematics during scapular plane abduction. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) BED, 28, (pp. 107-108).

Research interests

Biomechanics of shoulder & knee
robotics
soft tissue injuries & repair