Susan Fullerton

Associate Professor
Bicentennial Board of Visitors Faculty Fellow and Vice Chair for Graduate Education
Visit Dr. Fullerton's lab site. Twitter Linkedin Chem/Petroleum Engineering


The mission of our research group is to establish a fundamental understanding of ion-electron transport at the molecular level, and use this knowledge to design next-generation electronic devices at the limit of scaling for memory, logic, and energy storage. Please see our group website for more details: http://fullertonlab.pitt.edu/


(2016) The Ralph E. Powe Junior Faculty Enhancement award.

(2009) The Frank J. Padden Jr. Award for "Excellence in Polymer Physics Research" - The American Physical Society.

(2007) General Electric - First Year Faculty for the Future Fellowship in Engineering ($10,000).

(2006) Travel Award to the Eighth International Conference on Quasi-Elastic Neutron Scattering Bloomington Convention Center, Bloomington, IN USA.

(2006) Outstanding Research Presentation: The Larry Duda Award for Outstanding Graduate Student Performance in Chemical Engineering, sponsored by Arkema, Inc. ($3000).

(2005) Travel Award to the Spallation Neutron Source - High Flux Isotope Reactor Users Meeting Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN USA.

(2005) Travel Award to Methods and Applications of Neutron Spectroscopy NIST Center for Neutron Research, Gaithersburg, MD USA.

(2004 - 2007) National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship.

(2004) Outstanding Teaching Assistant Award: The Walter R. and Aura Lee Supina Graduate Fellowship in Chemical Engineering ($2000).

(2003) General Electric - Faculty for the Future Fellowship in Engineering ($5000).

(2003) Marie Underhill Noll Graduate Fellowship in Engineering ($2500).

(2003) The Arthur and Elizabeth Rose Memorial Graduate Fellowship in Chemical Engineering ($5000).

(1998) Paul Morrow Endowed Scholarship in Engineering ($4000).

(1998) James H. Lum Scholarship in Engineering ($4000).

PhD, Chemical Engineering, Penn State University

BS, Chemical Engineering, Penn State University

Lin, Y.C., Jariwala, B., Bersch, B.M., Xu, K., Nie, Y., Wang, B., Eichfeld, S.M., Zhang, X., Choudhury, T.H., Pan, Y., Addou, R., Smyth, C.M., Li, J., Zhang, K., Haque, M.A., Folsch, S., Feenstra, R.M., Wallace, R.M., Cho, K., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Redwing, J.M., & Robinson, J.A. (2018). Realizing Large-Scale, Electronic-Grade Two-Dimensional Semiconductors. ACS NANO, 12(2), 965-975.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acsnano.7b07059.

Zhang, K., Bersch, B.M., Joshi, J., Addou, R., Cormier, C.R., Zhang, C., Xu, K., Briggs, N.C., Wang, K., Subramanian, S., Cho, K., Fullerton-Shirey, S., Wallace, R.M., Vora, P.M., & Robinson, J.A. (2018). Tuning the Electronic and Photonic Properties of Monolayer MoS2 via In Situ Rhenium Substitutional Doping. ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, 28(16), 1706950.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/adfm.201706950.

Crouch, G.M., Han, D., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Go, D.B., & Bohn, P.W. (2017). Addressable Direct-Write Nanoscale Filament Formation and Dissolution by Nanoparticle-Mediated Bipolar Electrochemistry. ACS NANO, 11(5), 4976-4984.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acsnano.7b01657.

Khan, A.A., Vigil, G.D., Zhang, Y., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., & Howard, S.S. (2017). Silica-coated ruthenium-complex nanoprobes for two-photon oxygen microscopy in biological media. OPTICAL MATERIALS EXPRESS, 7(3), 1066-1076.The Optical Society. doi: 10.1364/OME.7.001066.

Kinder, E.W., Fuller, A., Lin, Y.C., Robinson, J.A., & Fullerton-Shirey, S.K. (2017). Increasing the Room-Temperature Electric Double Layer Retention Time in Two-Dimensional Crystal FETs. ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 9(29), 25006-25013.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acsami.7b03776.

Li, H.M., Xu, K., Bourdon, B., Lu, H., Lin, Y.C., Robinson, J.A., Seabaugh, A.C., & Fullerton-Shirey, S.K. (2017). Electric Double Layer Dynamics in Poly(ethylene oxide) LiClO4 on Graphene Transistors. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 121(31), 16996-17004.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04788.

Park, J.H., Ravavar, L., Kwak, I., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Choudhury, P., & Kummel, A.C. (2017). Growth Mode Transition from Monolayer by Monolayer to Bilayer by Bilayer in Molecularly Flat Titanyl Phthalocyanine Film. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 121(12), 6721-6728.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b13096.

Subramanian, S., Deng, D.D., Xu, K., Simonson, N., Wang, K., Zhang, K., Li, J., Feenstra, R., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., & Robinson, J.A. (2017). Properties of synthetic epitaxial graphene/molybdenum disulfide lateral heterostructures. CARBON, 125, 551-556.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.carbon.2017.09.058.

Wang, W.H., Gong, C., Wang, W., Kong, F., Kim, H., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Seabaugh, A., & Cho, K. (2017). Energetics of metal ion adsorption on and diffusion through crown ethers: First principles study on two-dimensional electrolyte. SOLID STATE IONICS, 301, 176-181.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.ssi.2017.01.029.

Xu, K., Lu, H., Kinder, E.W., Seabaugh, A., & Fullerton-Shirey, S.K. (2017). Monolayer Solid-State Electrolyte for Electric Double Layer Gating of Graphene Field-Effect Transistors. ACS NANO, 11(6), 5453-5464.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acsnano.6b08505.

Young, J.R., Chilcote, M., Barone, M., Xu, J., Katoch, J., Luo, Y.K., Mueller, S., Asel, T.J., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Kawakami, R., Gupta, J.A., Brillson, L.J., & Johnston-Halperin, E. (2017). Uniform large-area growth of nanotemplated high-quality monolayer MoS2. APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 110(26), 263103.AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.4989851.

Zhang, K., Borys, N.J., Bersch, B.M., Bhimanapati, G.R., Xu, K., Wang, B., Wang, K., Labella, M., Williams, T.A., Haque, M.A., Barnard, E.S., Fullerton-Shirey, S., Schuck, P.J., & Robinson, J.A. (2017). Deconvoluting the Photonic and Electronic Response of 2D Materials: The Case of MoS2. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7(1), 16938.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-16970-6.

Fathipour, S., Pandey, P., Fullerton-Shirey, S., & Seabaugh, A. (2016). Electric-double-layer doping of WSe2 field-effect transistors using polyethylene-oxide cesium perchlorate. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 120(23), 234902.AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.4971958.

Lin, Z., McCreary, A., Briggs, N., Subramanian, S., Zhang, K., Sun, Y., Li, X., Borys, N.J., Yuan, H., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Chernikov, A., Zhao, H., McDonnell, S., Lindenberg, A.M., Xiao, K., LeRoy, B.J., Drndic, M., Hwang, J.C.M., Park, J., Chhowalla, M., Schaak, R.E., Javey, A., Hersam, M.C., Robinson, J., & Terrones, M. (2016). 2D materials advances: from large scale synthesis and controlled heterostructures to improved characterization techniques, defects and applications. 2D MATERIALS, 3(4), 042001.IOP Publishing. doi: 10.1088/2053-1583/3/4/042001.

Park, J.H., Fathipour, S., Kwak, I., Sardashti, K., Ahles, C.F., Wolf, S.F., Edmonds, M., Vishwanath, S., Xing, H.G., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Seabaugh, A., & Kummel, A.C. (2016). Atomic Layer Deposition of Al2O3 on WSe2 Functionalized by Titanyl Phthalocyanine. ACS NANO, 10(7), 6888-6896.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acsnano.6b02648.

Park, J.H., Vishwanath, S., Liu, X., Zhou, H., Eichfeld, S.M., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Robinson, J.A., Feenstra, R.M., Furdyna, J., Jena, D., Xing, H.G., & Kummel, A.C. (2016). Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Air Exposure Effects on Molecular Beam Epitaxy Grown WSe2 Monolayers and Bilayers. ACS NANO, 10(4), 4258-4267.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acsnano.5b07698.

Khan, A.A., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., & Howard, S.S. (2015). Easily prepared ruthenium-complex nanomicelle probes for two-photon quantitative imaging of oxygen in aqueous media. RSC ADVANCES, 5(1), 291-300.Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). doi: 10.1039/c4ra11229f.

Park, J.H., Movva, H.C.P., Chagarov, E., Sardashti, K., Chou, H., Kwak, I., Hu, K.T., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Choudhury, P., Banerjee, S.K., & Kummel, A.C. (2015). In Situ Observation of Initial Stage in Dielectric Growth and Deposition of Ultrahigh Nucleation Density Dielectric on Two-Dimensional Surfaces. NANO LETTERS, 15(10), 6626-6633.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02429.

Wang, W.H., Gong, C., Wang, W., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Seabaugh, A., & Cho, K. (2015). First-Principles Study of Crown Ether and Crown Ether-Li Complex Interactions with Graphene. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 119(34), 20016-20022.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b07049.

Xu, H., Fathipour, S., Kinder, E.W., Seabaugh, A.C., & Fullerton-Shirey, S.K. (2015). Reconfigurable Ion Gating of 2H-MoTe2 Field-Effect Transistors Using Poly(ethylene oxide)-CsClO4 Solid Polymer Electrolyte. ACS NANO, 9(5), 4900-4910.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/nn506521p.

Schaetzl, D.M., Li, P., Chaudhari, N., Bernstein, G.H., & Fullerton-Shirey, S.K. (2014). Magnetic Alignment of Gamma (Core)-Alpha (Shell) Fe2O3 Nanorods in a Solid Polymer Electrolyte for Li-Ion Batteries. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 118(33), 18836-18845.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/jp501786r.

Elliott, L.C.C., Jing, B., Akgun, B., Zhu, Y., Bohn, P.W., & Fullerton-Shirey, S.K. (2013). Loading and Distribution of a Model Small Molecule Drug in Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) Brushes: a Neutron Reflectometry and AFM Study. LANGMUIR, 29(10), 3259-3268.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/la305088k.

Do, N.S.T., Schaetzl, D.M., Dey, B., Seabaugh, A.C., & Fullerton-Shirey, S.K. (2012). Influence of Fe2O3 Nanofiller Shape on the Conductivity and Thermal Properties of Solid Polymer Electrolytes: Nanorods versus Nanospheres. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 116(40), 21216-21223.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/jp3059454.

Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Ganapatibhotla, L.V.N.R., Shi, W., & Maranas, J.K. (2011). Influence of Thermal History and Humidity on the Ionic Conductivity of Nanoparticle-Filled Solid Polymer Electrolytes. JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART B-POLYMER PHYSICS, 49(21), 1496-1505.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/polb.22330.

Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Ganapatibhotla, V.N., Shi, W., & Maranas, J.K. (2011). Influence of humidity and crystallization time on the ionic conductivity of nanoparticle-filled solid polymer electrolytes. Journal of Polymer Science B, 49(21), 1496-1505.

Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., & Maranas, J.K. (2010). Structure and Mobility of PEO/LiClO4 Solid Polymer Electrolytes Filled with Al2O3 Nanoparticles. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 114(20), 9196-9206.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/jp906608p.

Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., & Maranas, J.K. (2009). Effect of LiClO4 on the Structure and Mobility of PEO-Based Solid Polymer Electrolytes. MACROMOLECULES, 42(6), 2142-2156.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ma802502u.

Fullerton, S.K., & Maranas, J.K. (2005). A molecular dynamics study of the structural dependence of boron oxide nanoparticles on shape. NANO LETTERS, 5(2), 363-368.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/nl048660f.

Fullerton, S., & Maranas, J.K. (2004). A molecular interpretation of vitreous boron oxide dynamics. Journal of Chemical Physics, 121(7), 8562-8570.

Subramania, S., Xu, K., Moser, S.K., Deng, D., Li, J., Feenstra, R.M., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., & Robinson, J.A. (2019). Engineering p-n junctions in grapbene/molybdenum disulfide heterostructures. In 2019 Device Research Conference (DRC), 2019-June, (pp. 83-84).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/drc46940.2019.9046431.

Heidarlou, M.A., Jariwala, B., Paletti, P., Rouvimov, S., Robinsorr, J.A., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., & Seabaugh, A. (2018). Supercapacity (>1000 fJF/cm2) charge release in a CVD-grown WSe2 FET incorporating a PEO: CsCI04 side gate. In 2018 76th Device Research Conference (DRC), 2018-June.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/drc.2018.8442277.

Xu, K., Bostian, E., Woeppel, A., Ding, H., Islam, M.M., Guzman, D., Seabaugh, A.C., Strachan, A., Beckman, E.J., & Fullerton-Shirey, S. (2018). Using Ions to Control Transport in Two-Dimensional Materials for Ion-Controlled Electronics. In 2018 IEEE 13th Nanotechnology Materials and Devices Conference (NMDC).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/nmdc.2018.8605868.

Fathipour, S., Li, H., Paletti, P., Remskar, M., Fullerton-Shirey, S., & Seabaugh, A. (2017). First synthesized WS2 nanotube and nanoribbon field effect transistors grown by chemical vapor transport. In 2017 75th Annual Device Research Conference (DRC).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/drc.2017.7999406.

Fathipour, S., Li, H.M., Remskar, M., Yeh, L., Tsai, W., Lin, Y., Fullerton-Shirey, S., & Seabaugh, A. (2016). Record high current density and low contact resistance in MoS2 FETs by ion doping. In 2016 International Symposium on VLSI Technology, Systems and Application (VLSI-TSA).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/vlsi-tsa.2016.7480511.

Fathipour, S., Paletti, P., Fullerton-Shirey, S., & Seabaugh, A. (2016). Demonstration of electric double layer p-i-n junction in WSe2. In 2016 74th Annual Device Research Conference (DRC), 2016-August.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/drc.2016.7548485.

Khan, A.A., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Vigil, G.D., Zhang, Y., & Howard, S.S. (2016). Highly Stable Two-photon Oxygen Imaging Probe Based on a Ruthenium-Complex Encapsulated in a Silica-coated Nanomicelle. In Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics.OSA. doi: 10.1364/cleo_at.2016.atu4o.3.

Li, M.O., Xiao, S., Yan, R., Vishwanath, S., Fullerton-Shirey, S., Jena, D., & Xing, H.G. (2016). Fermi level tunability of a novel 2D crystal: Tin Diselenide (SnSe2). In 2016 74th Annual Device Research Conference (DRC), 2016-August.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/drc.2016.7548473.

Seabaugh, A., Fathipour, S., Li, W., Lu, H., Park, J.H., Kummel, A.C., Jena, D., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., & Fay, P. (2015). Steep subthreshold swing tunnel FETs: GaN/InN/GaN and transition metal dichalcogenide channels. In 2015 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM), 2016-February, (pp. 35.6.1-35.6.4).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/iedm.2015.7409835.

Xu, K., Chu, T., Bourdon, B., Seabaugh, A., Chen, Z., & Fullerton-Shirey, S. (2015). Reconfigurable p-n junction formation and bandgap opening in bilayer graphene using polyethylene oxide and CsClO4 solid polymer electrolyte. Poster session presented at the meeting of 2015 73rd Annual Device Research Conference (DRC).Columbus, OH, USA.

Fathipour, S., Xu, H., Kinder, E., Fullerton-Shirey, S., & Seabaugh, A. (2014). Investigation of aging and restoration of polyethylene-oxide cesium-perchlorate solid polymer electrolyte used for ion doping of a WSe2 field-effect transistor. Poster session presented at the meeting of 2014 72nd Annual Device Research Conference (DRC).Santa Barbara, CA, USA.

Khan, A.A., Ahmed, T., Vigil, G.D., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., & Howard, S.S. (2014). Photophysical properties of novel Ru-complex probes for two-photon dissolved oxygen imaging. CLEO: 2014.San Jose, CA, USA.

Khan, A.A., Ahmed, T., Vigil, G.D., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., & Howard, S.S. (2014). Photophysical properties of novel Ru-complex probes for two-photon dissolved oxygen imaging. In Optics InfoBase Conference Papers.

Khan, A.A., DeLeon, E.R., Ahmed, T., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Olson, K.R., & Howard, S.S. (2013). Chemical Probes for Two-Photon Bioimaging Based on Surfactant Nanomicelles and Ormosil PEBBLEs. Poster session presented at the meeting of CLEO: Applications and Technology.San Jose, CA, USA.

Khan, A.A., DeLeon, E.R., Ahmed, T., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Olson, K.R., & Howard, S.S. (2013). Chemical probes for two-photon bioimaging based on surfactant nanomicelles and ormosil PEBBLEs. In CLEO: QELS_Fundamental Science, CLEO:QELS FS 2013.

Khan, A.A., DeLeon, E.R., Ahmed, T., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Olson, K.R., & Howard, S.S. (2013). Chemical probes for two-photon bioimaging based on surfactant nanomicelles and ormosil PEBBLEs. In CLEO: Applications and Technology, CLEO_AT 2013.

Khan, A.A., DeLeon, E.R., Ahmed, T., Fullerton-Shirey, S.K., Olson, K.R., & Howard, S.S. (2013). Chemical probes for two-photon bioimaging based on surfactant nanomicelles and ormosil PEBBLEs. In CLEO: Science and Innovations, CLEO_SI 2013.

Fullerton, S.K., Maranas, J.K., & Sakai, V.G. (2005). Peo mobility in nanoparticle-filled polymer electrolytes as measured by neutron scattering. American Physical Society.Baltimore, MD USA.

Fullerton, S.K., & Maranas, J.K. (2004). A molecular interpretation of vitreous boron oxide dynamics. American Institute of Chemical Engineers.United States. doi: 10.1063/1.1804156.

Fullerton S, & Seabaugh AC. (2018). Single transistor random access memory using ion storage in two-dimensional crystals. 9,899,480.

Research interests

2D Materials
Ion gating
Ion transport
Polymer electrolytes