headshot

Mingjian Hua

Assistant Professor
Research Scientist
Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science

overview

Mingjian Hua initially joined the department as a visiting scholar in 1988. He earned his BS in Physical Metallurgy in 1982 from Beijing University of Iron and Steel Technology and MS in Materials Science in 1984 from Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials, China. Since earning his PhD in 1994, he has been a research faculty member with this department. Hua's research interests are in the areas of phase transformations and physical metallurgy. His research activities have involved extensive application of advanced microscopy techniques, such as transmission electron microscopy, STEM, quantitative metallography, and atom probe field ion microscopy. Hua has worked on the precipitation, grain boundary segregation and properties of steels, aluminum alloys, super alloys, and intermetallics.

about

PhD, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 1989 - 1994

MS, Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials, 1982 - 1985

BS, Beijing University of Science and Technology, 1978 - 1982

Gong, Y., Wu, Y., Hua, M., Uusitalo, J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2020). Influence of processing factors on the sheared-edge formability of vanadium bearing dual-phase steels produced using continuous galvanizing line simulations. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 55(13), 5639-5654.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s10853-020-04385-0.

Gong, Y., Uusitalo, J., Hua, M., Wu, Y., & DeArdo, A.J. (2019). Effects of pre-annealing conditions on the microstructure and properties of vanadium-bearing dual-phase steels produced using continuous galvanizing line simulations. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 54(9), 7211-7230.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s10853-019-03338-6.

Garcia-Fresnillo, L., Patel, R., Niewolak, L., Quadakkers, W.J., Hua, M., Wang, Q., & Meier, G.H. (2017). Oxidation behaviour and phase transformations of an interconnect material in simulated anode environment of intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells. MATERIALS AT HIGH TEMPERATURES, 34(1), 61-77.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/09603409.2016.1244373.

Hua, M., Wang, Q., Li, C., Vipperman, J.S., & DeArdo, A.J. (2016). Plastic deformation behavior of weld lines in ERW steel pipe. Iron and Steel Technology, 13(10), 144-151.

Li, C., Wang, L., Hampikian, H., Bair, M., Baker, A., Hua, M., Wang, Q., & Li, D. (2016). Concentric nano rings observed on Al-Cu-Fe microspheres. Applied Physics Letters, 108(22), 223105.AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.4953227.

Gong, Y., Hua, M., Uusitalo, J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2015). Improving Strength-Ductility Balance of High Strength Dual-Phase Steels by Addition of Vanadium. In HSLA Steels 2015, Microalloying 2015 & Offshore Engineering Steels 2015. (pp. 621-633).John Wiley & Sons, Inc. doi: 10.1002/9781119223399.ch76.

Kisko, A.P., Suikkanen, P.P., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Hua, M., Karjalainen, L.P., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). Simulation of Line Annealing of Type 430 Ferritic Stainless Steel. Materials Science Forum, 715-716(Vol. 715-716), 437-446.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.715-716.437.

DeArdo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., & Hua, M. (2010). Microalloyed steels for high-strength forgings. METALLURGIA ITALIANA, 102(9), 5-10.

Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Hua, M.J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2010). The Alloy Design and Thermomechanically Controlled Processing (TMCP) of Plate for High Pressure, Large Diameter Pipelines. Materials Science Forum, 638-642(Vols. 638-42), 124-129.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.638-642.124.

Wen, M., Meng, Q.N., Yu, W.X., Zheng, W.T., Mao, S.X., & Hua, M.J. (2010). Growth, stress and hardness of reactively sputtered tungsten nitride thin films. SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, 205(7), 1953-1961.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2010.08.082.

DeArdo, A.J., Hua, M.J., Cho, K.G., & Garcia, C.I. (2009). On strength of microalloyed steels: an interpretive review. MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 25(9), 1074-1082.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1179/174328409X455233.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2007). EBSD-IQ: A new method of characterizing and quantifying complex microstructures in steels. 2007 International Conference on Microalloyed Steels: Processing, Microstructure, Properties and Performance Proceedings, 335-344.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., De Ardo, A.J., Gao, W., & Glodowski, R.J. (2007). The transformation and strengthening behavior of V-N steels during hot strip mill simulation. Iron and Steel Technology, 4(10), 114-122.

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2007). On achieving a better understanding of the polygonal ferrite microstructure in IF steel using image quality analysis. MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING PROCESSES, 22(2), 281-285.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10426910601134179.

Al Hajeri, K.F., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & Deardo, A.J. (2006). Particle-stimulated nucleation of ferrite in heavy steel sections. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 46(8), 1233-1240.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.46.1233.

Wang, R., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Zhang, H., & Deardo, A.J. (2006). Microstructure and precipitation behavior of Nb, Ti complex microalloyed steel produced by compact strip processing. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 46(9), 1345-1353.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.46.1345.

DeArdo, A.J., Garcia, J.E., Hua, M., & Garcia, C.I. (2005). A new frontier in microalloying: Advanced high strength, coated sheet steels. MICROALLOYING FOR NEW STEEL PROCESSES AND APPLICATIONS, 500-501, 27-37.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.500-501.27.

Wang, R.Z., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Zhang, H.T., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). The microstructure evolution of Nb,Ti complex microalloyed steel during the CSP process. MICROALLOYING FOR NEW STEEL PROCESSES AND APPLICATIONS, 500-501, 229-236.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.500-501.229.

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & Deardo, A.J. (2005). Image Quality Analysis: A New Method of Characterizing Microstructures. ISIJ International, 45(2), 254.

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & Deardo, A.J. (2005). Image Quality Analysis: A New Method of Characterizing Microstructure. ISIJ International, 45(2), 254-62.

Chen, Z., Shan, Z.W., Wu, N.Q., Sikka, V.K., Hua, M.J., & Mao, S.X. (2004). Fine carbide-strengthened 3Cr-3WVTa bainitic steel. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 35 A(4), 1281-1288. doi: 10.1007/s11661-004-0302-6.

Chen, Z., Shan, Z.W., Wu, N.Q., Sikka, V.K., Hua, M.R., & Mao, S.X. (2004). Fine carbide-strengthened 3Cr-3WVTa bainitic steel. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 35A(4), 1281-1288.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11661-004-0302-6.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., Miller, M.K., & Deardo, A.J. (2003). Application of grain boundary engineering in lead-free "green steel". ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 43(12), 2023-2027.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.43.2023.

Rege, J., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & Deardo, A.J. (1999). The Segregation Behavior of Phosphorus in Ti and Ti+Nb Stabilized Interstitial-free Steels. ISIJ International, 40, 191-99.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & Deardo, A.J. (1997). Precipitation Behavior in Ultra-Low Carbon Steels Containing Titanium and Niobium. Metall. Mater. Trans. A, (Volume 28A), 1768-80.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1997). Precipitation behavior in ultra-low-carbon steels containing titanium and niobium. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 28(9), 1769-1780.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11661-997-0108-4.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., Eloot, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (1997). Identification of Ti-S-C-containing multi-phase precipitates in ultra-low carbon steels by analytical electron microscopy. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 37(11), 1129-1132.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.37.1129.

HUA, M.J., GARCIA, C.I., & DEARDO, A.J. (1993). MULTIPHASE PRECIPITATES IN INTERSTITIAL-FREE STEELS. SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA, 28(8), 973-978.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0956-716X(93)90065-Z.

POULY, P., HUA, M.J., GARCIA, C.I., & DEARDO, A.J. (1993). ISOTHERMAL TRANSFORMATION BEHAVIOR OF NEAR-GAMMA TIAL ALLOYS. SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA, 29(12), 1529-1534.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0956-716X(93)90272-T.

Brenner, S.S., & Hua, M. (1991). FIM/Atom Probe Analysis of Grain Boundaries in B-Doped Ni3Al. Scripta Met., 25, 1271.

Gong, Y., Hua, M., Uusitalo, J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2016). Processing factors that influence the microstructure and properties of high-strength dual-phase steels produced using CGL simulations. In AISTech - Iron and Steel Technology Conference Proceedings, 3, (pp. 2779-2789).

Gong, Y., Hua, M., Uusitalo, J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2016). Improving the sheared-edge formability of high-strength dual-phase steel. In AISTech - Iron and Steel Technology Conference Proceedings, 3, (pp. 2723-2735).

Gong, Y., Hua, M., Uusitalo, J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2016). New challenges in thermomechanical processing: Applications in the cold mill. In TMP 2016 - 5th International Conference on ThermoMechanical Processing, Advance Programme.

Hua, M., Wang, Q., Li, C., Vipperman, J.S., & Deardo, A.J. (2016). Plastic deformation behavior of weld lines in ERW steel pipe. In AISTech - Iron and Steel Technology Conference Proceedings, 2, (pp. 2327-2335).

Fang, C., Hua, M., Choi, S.H., & Deardo, A.J. (2015). Improving the batch annealing of microalloyed cold rolled HSLA steels. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2015, MS and T 2015, 2, (pp. 969-980).

Gong, Y., Hua, M., Uusitalo, J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2015). Improving strength-ductility balance of high strength dual-phase steels by addition of vanadium. In 7th International Conference on High Strength Low Alloy Steels, HSLA Steels 2015, International Conference on Microalloying 2015, Microalloying 2015 and International Conference on Offshore Engineering Steels 2015, OES 2015, 2, (pp. 621-633).

Hua, M., Gong, Y., Gordillo, M., Glodowski, R.J., & Deardo, A.J. (2015). HRTEM on the precipitates in V-added DP980 steel. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2015, MS and T 2015, 2, (pp. 947-953).

Gong, Y., Liang, X., Hua, M., Uusitalo, J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2014). Influence of stored energy in cold rolled sheet on the formation of austenite during the subsequent intercritical annealing of v-bearing dual-phase steels. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2014, MS and T 2014, 1, (pp. 395-404).

Hua, M., Wang, Q., Li, Z.K., Panzeri, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2014). High temperature young's modulus of a seamless pipe steel. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2014, MS and T 2014, 1, (pp. 321-326).

Liang, X.J., Hua, M.J., & Deardo, A.J. (2014). The influence of thermomechanical controlled processing on bainite formation in low carbon high strength steel. In Materials Science Forum, 783-786, (pp. 21-26). doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.783-786.21.

Liang, X.J., Hua, M.J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2014). The mechanism of martensite-austenite microconstituents formation during thermomechanical controlling processing in low carbon bainitic steel. In Materials Science Forum, 783-786, (pp. 704-712). doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.783-786.704.

Liang, X.J., Hua, M.J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2014). The Influence of Thermomechanical Controlled Processing on Bainite Formation in Low Carbon High Strength Steel. In Materials Science Forum, 783-786, (pp. 21-26).Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.783-786.21.

Liang, X.J., Hua, M.J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2014). The Mechanism of Martensite-Austenite Microconstituents Formation during Thermomechanical Controlling Processing in Low Carbon Bainitic Steel. In Materials Science Forum, 783-786, (pp. 704-712).Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.783-786.704.

Liang, X., Gong, Y., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2013). Development of microalloyed high strength dual phase steels. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2013, MS and T 2013, 1, (pp. 177-184).

Liang, X.J., Hua, M.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2013). The Thermomechanical Controlled Processing of High-Strength Steel Plate: A New View of Toughness Based on Modern Metallography. In Materials Science Forum, 762, (pp. 38-46).Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.762.38.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Redkin, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). Metallurgy and continuous galvanizing line processing of high-strength dual-phase steels microalloyed with Niobium and Vanadium. In METALLURGIA ITALIANA, 104(6), (pp. 3-8).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Redkin, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). The alloy design and processing of high strength dual-phase steels for production on continuous galvanizing lines. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2012, MS and T 2012, 2, (pp. 1003-1012).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Redkin, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). The alloy design and processing of high-strength dual-phase steels for production on continuous galvanizing lines. In AIST Steel Properties and Applications Conference Proceedings - Combined with MS and T'12, Materials Science and Technology 2012, (pp. 213-223).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., Liang, X., Suikannen, P., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). On the Microstructure of Plate Steels for API-5L X120 Applications. In Materials Science Forum, 706-709, (pp. 17-23).Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.706-709.17.

Cho, K., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Lee, J., Ahn, Y.S., & DeArdo, A.J. (2010). A New Method to Study the Effect of Cooling Rate on the Decomposition of Austenite in Advanced High Strength Sheet Steels. In ASTM Special Technical Publication, 1523 STP, (pp. 843-858).ASTM International. doi: 10.1520/stp49187s.

DeArdo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., & Hua, M. (2010). New Method of Characterizing and Quantifying Complex Microstructures in Steels. In MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING PROCESSES, 25(1-3), (pp. 33-40).Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10426910903143415.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Suikkenan, P., Karjalainen, P., & DeArdo, A.J. (2010). The Alloy design, rolling and cooling of modern linepipe steels: From X60 to X120. In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Steel Rolling, (p. 129).

Dean, S.W., Cho, K., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Lee, J., Ahn, Y.S., & DeArdo, A.J. (2009). A New Method to Study the Effect of Cooling Rate on the Decomposition of Austenite in Advanced High Strength Sheet Steels. In Journal of ASTM International, 6(7), (p. 101822).ASTM International. doi: 10.1520/jai101822.

DeArdo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Hua, M., Choi, J.K., & Cho, J.Y. (2009). New method of characterizing and quantifying complex microstructures in steels. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2009, MS and T'09, 2, (pp. 944-955).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2009). On the strength of microalloyed steels - An interpretive review. In METALLURGIA ITALIANA, 101(11-12), (pp. 35-42).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., DeArdo, A.J., & Hajeri, K.A. (2009). Particle stimulated nucleation of ferrite in microalloyed steel. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2009, MS and T'09, 3, (pp. 1591-1602).

Borchardt, F.D.S., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & Deardo, A.J. (2008). Microstructural and processing factors affecting the formation of pro-eutectoid cementite in SAE 1092 steel wire. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08, 2, (pp. 1302-1311).

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., & Hua, M. (2008). New method of characterizing and quantifying complex microstructures in steels. In New Developments on Metallurgy and Applications of High Strength Steels, Buenos Aires 2008 - Proc. Int. Conf. New Developments on Metallurgy and Applications of High Strength Steels, 2 Physical Metallurgy and Alloy Design, (pp. 1029-1040).

Hua, M.J., Garcia, C.I., Dearclo, A.J., Miller, M.K., & Glodowski, R.J. (2008). Study of strengthening mechanisms in V-N steels. In New Developments on Metallurgy and Applications of High Strength Steels, Buenos Aires 2008 - Proc. Int. Conf. New Developments on Metallurgy and Applications of High Strength Steels, 2 Physical Metallurgy and Alloy Design, (pp. 1041-1052).

Hua, M.J., Garcia, C.I., Deardo, A.J., Miller, M.K., & Glodowski, R.J. (2008). Origins of strength in V-N bearing strip steels. In 3rd International Conference on Thermomechanical Processing of Steels, TMP 2008.

Sha, Q.Y., Hua, M.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2008). Transformation characteristics of M-A constituents in Nb-Ti microalloyed, low-mn steel and their effect on mechanical properties. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08, 2, (pp. 1337-1347).

DeArdo, A.J., Marraccini, R., Hua, M.J., & Garcia, C.I. (2007). Optimization of Nb HSLA Microstructure Using Advanced Thermomechanical Processing in a CSP Plant. In Materials Science Forum, 539-543(PART 1), (pp. 28-35).Trans Tech Publications Ltd. doi: 10.4028/0-87849-428-6.28.

Garcia, C.I., Marraccini, R., Hua, M.J., & Deardo, A.J. (2007). Producing high quality skelp for X-70 API ERW pipe using the CSP process at nucor steel berkeley. In 2007 International Conference on Microalloyed Steels: Processing, Microstructure, Properties and Performance Proceedings, (pp. 69-81).AIST.

Hua, M.J., Garcai, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., Miller, M.K., & Glodowski, R.J. (2007). The strengthening behavior in V-N steels. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems", 6, (pp. 3911-3920).

Wang, R., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Zhang, H., & Deardo, A.J. (2007). Precipitation during thin slab casting and rolling of microalloyed steels: Formation and effect of microalloying precipitates. In 2007 International Conference on Microalloyed Steels: Processing, Microstructure, Properties and Performance Proceedings, (pp. 225-237).AIST.

Al Hajeri, K.F., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2006). Grain refinement in heavy section HSLA steels: Role of particle stimulated nucleation (PSN). In International Conference on New Developments in Long and Forged Products: Metallurgy and Applications, (pp. 239-249).

Al Hajeri, K.F., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). Refinement of ferrite grain size through Particle Stimulated Nucleation (PSN) mechanism in heavy steel sections. In Materials Science and Technology, 2, (pp. 51-62).

Chen, T.R., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). Role of niobium on the segregation behavior of phosphorus and manganese in high strength if sheet steels for automotive use. In Materials Science and Technology, 2, (pp. 163-171).ASM, ACerS, AIST, AWS and TMS.

Garcia-Gonzalez, J.E., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). Fundamental study of the austenite formation and decomposition in high strength low-Si, Al added Nb-Mo TRIP steels. In Materials Science and Technology, 2, (pp. 3-14).

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). An advanced understanding of the polygonal ferrite microstructures of if steel using image quality analysis. In Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials XIV With Frontiers in Materials Science 2005: Innovative Materials and Manufacturing Techiques - Proceedings of a Symposium, (pp. 283-306).ASM, AcerS, AIST, AWS, and TMS.

Wu, J.H., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., & Deardo, A.J. (2005). Image quality analysis: A new method of characterizing microstructures. In ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 45(2), (pp. 254-262).Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.45.254.

DeArdo, A.J., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & Thillou, V. (2004). Precipitation hardening of ferrite in commercially processed niobium-bearing HSLA steels. In Materials Science and Technology, 1, (pp. 3-10).

Garcia, C.I., Parish, C., Ahn, Y.S., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2004). Thermomechanical processing challenges in the cold mill. In International Conference on Advanced High Strength Sheet Steels for Automotive Applications - Proceedings, (pp. 285-291).AIST.

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2003). Microstructure characterization of the austenite decomposition of HSLA steel strip. In Materials Science and Technology 2003 Meeting, (pp. 291-309).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & Deardo, A.J. (2002). Green Manufacturing: Eliminating Lead from Vehicles by Using Tin-Enhanced Free Machining Steels. In SAE Technical Paper Series.SAE International. doi: 10.4271/2002-01-1000.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Deardo, A.J., & Piehler, H.R. (2002). Forming Strain Path and Cold Work Embrittlement in Sheet Steels. In SAE Technical Paper Series.SAE International. doi: 10.4271/2002-01-0043.

Rege, J.S., Hua, M.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2000). The segregation behavior of phosphorus in Ti and Ti plus Nb stabilized interstitial-free steels. In ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 40(2), (pp. 191-199).Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.40.191.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1998). New Understanding of Stabilization and the Properties of Ultra-Low Carbon Steels. In SAE Technical Paper Series.SAE International. doi: 10.4271/980961.

Thillou, V., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., Perdrix, C., & DeArdo, A.J. (1998). Precipitation of NbC and effect of Mn on the strength properties of hot strip HSLA low carbon steel. In PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MICROALLOYING IN STEELS, 284-2, (pp. 311-318).Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.284-286.311.

Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., & Hua, M. (1997). A new multi-phase steel for lighter, liability-free cold forged components. In Technical Paper - Society of Manufacturing Engineers. AD, (148), (pp. 1-10).

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., & Tither, G. (1997). Dual-stabilized ferritic stainless steels for demanding applications such as automotive exhaust systems. In Iron and Steelmaker (I and SM), 24(4), (pp. 41-44).

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1993). Chemical twinning in the Ti4C2S2-TiS system. In Proceedings - Annual Meeting, Microscopy Society of America, (pp. 744-745).San Francisco Press.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1993). Precipitation studies in Ti and Ti+Nb stabilized interstitial-free steels. In International Symposium on Low-Carbon Steels for the 90's, (pp. 445-451).