• Kevin Woeppel, Vaishnavi Dhawan, Delin Shi, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Nanotopography-enhanced biomimetic coating maintains bioactivity after weeks of dry storage and improves chronic neural recording. September 2023. Biomaterials. [Link
  • Elisa Castagnola, Elaine M Robbins, Daniela D Krahe, Bingchen Wu, May Yoon Pwint, Qun Cao, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Stable in-vivo electrochemical sensing of tonic serotonin levels using PEDOT/CNT-coated glassy carbon flexible microelectrode arrays. Biosensors and Bioelectronics. June 2023. [Link]
  • Chethani Ruhunage, Vaishnavi Dhawan, Chaminda P Nawarathne, Abdul Hoque, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Noe T Alvarez. Evaluation of Polymer-Coated Carbon Nanotube Flexible Microelectrodes for Biomedical Applications. MDPI Bioengineering. May 2023. [Link]
  • Qianru Yang and X. Tracy Cui. Advanced in vivo fluorescence microscopy of neural electronic interface. MRS Bulletin. Volume 48 May 2023. [Link].
  • Maysamreza Chamanzar, Mohammad Malekoshoaraie, Bingchen Wu, Daniela Krahe, Zabir Ahmed, Stephen Pupa, Vishal Jain, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Fully flexible high-density implantable neural probes for electrophysiology recording and controlled neurochemical modulation. Preprint. 
  • Elisa Castagnola, Elaine M Robbins, Daniela Krahe, Bingchen Wu, May Yoon Pwint, Qun Cao, Xinyan Tracy Cui.
    Implantable flexible multielectrode arrays for multi-site sensing of serotonin tonic levels. BiorxRiv Preprint.
  • Meijun Ye, Alexander G Zestos, Cristin G Welle, Guangying K Wu, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Safety and efficacy evaluation of electrical stimulation devices for neural modulation. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 2023. [Link]
  • Bingchen Wu, Elisa Castagnola, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Zwitterionic Polymer Coated and Aptamer Functionalized Flexible Micro-Electrode Arrays for In Vivo Cocaine Sensing and Electrophysiology. Micromachines.  14(2), 323. 2023. [Link]


  • Elaine Marie Robbins, Elisa Castagnola, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Accurate and stable chronic in vivo voltammetry enabled by a replaceable subcutaneous reference electrode. iScience.
    Volume 25, Issue 8. 2022. [Link]
  • Elisa, Castagnola, Elaine M. Robbins, Bingchen Wu, May Yoon Pwint, Raghav Garg, Tzahi Cohen-Karni, and Xinyan Tracy Cui. Flexible Glassy Carbon Multielectrode Array for In Vivo Multisite Detection of Tonic and Phasic Dopamine Concentrations. Biosensors 12, no. 7: 540.  2022. [Link
  • Ruikang Ding, Nathaniel C. Miller, Kevin M. Woeppel, Xinyan T. Cui, and Tevis D. B. Jacobs. Langmuir. 38 (24), 7512-7521. 2022. [Link]
  • Daniela Krahe, Kevin M. Woeppel, Qianru Yang, Neetu Kushwah, and Xinyan Tracy Cui. Melatonin Decreases Acute Inflammatory Response to Neural Probe Insertion.  Antioxidants 11, no. 8: 1628. 2022. [Link]
  • Neetu Kushwah, Kevin Woeppel, Vaishnavi Dhawan, Delin Shi, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Effects of neuronal cell adhesion molecule L1 and nanoparticle surface modifcation on microglia. Acta Biomaterialia. 2022. [Link]
  • Chethani K Ruhunage, Vaishnavi Dhawan, Tucker J McKenzie, Abdul Hoque, Connor E Rahm, Chaminda P Nawarathne, Neil Ayres, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Noe T Alvarez. Hydrophilic Micro- and Macroelectrodes with Antibiofouling Properties for Biomedical Applications. ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering. 2022. [Link]. 
  • Vaishnavi Dhawan, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Carbohydrate Based Biomaterials for Neural Interface Applications. Journal of Material Chemistry B. 2022. [Link].
  • Ruikang Ding, Nathaniel C Miller, Kevin M Woeppel, Xinyan T Cui, Tevis DB Jacobs. Surface Area and Local Curvature: Why Roughness Improves the Bioactivity of Neural Implants. Langmuir. 2022. [Link].
  • Xin Sally Zheng, Qianru Yang, Alberto Vazquez, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Imaging the Stability of Chronic Electrical Microstimulation Using Electrodes Coated with PEDOT/CNT and Iridium Oxide. iScience. 2022. [Link]
  • Ki-Ho Nam, Moataz Abdulhafez, Elisa Castagnola, Golnaz Najaf Tomaraei, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Mostafa Bedewy. Laser direct write of heteroatom-doped graphene on molecularly controlled polyimides for electrochemical biosensors with nanomolar sensitivity. Carbon. 2022.[Link]


  • Kevin Woeppel, Christopher Hughes, Angelica J Herrera, James R Eles, Elizabeth C Tyler-Kabara, Robert A Gaunt, Jennifer L Collinger, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Explant analysis of Utah electrode arrays implanted in human cortex for brain-computer-interfaces. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 07 December 2021 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2021.
  • Delin Shi, Vaishnavi Dhawan, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Bio-integrative design of the neural tissue-device interface. Current Opinion in Biotechnology. 2021. [Link]
  • Ki-Ho Nam, Moataz Abdulhafez, Elisa Castagnola, Golnaz Najaf Tomaraei, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Mostafa Bedewy. Laser Direct Write of Heteroatom-Doped Graphene on Molecularly Controlled Polyimides for Electrochemical Biosensors with Nanomolar Sensitivity. Carbon. 2021. [Link]
  • Chao Tan, Neetu Kushwah, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Electrically Controlled Neurochemical Delivery From Microelectrodes for Focal and Transient Modulation of Cellular Behavior. Biosensors. 2021. [Link]
  • Qianru Yang, Alberto Vazquez, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Long-term in vivo Two-Photon Imaging of the Neuroinflammatory Response to Intracortical Implants and Micro-vessel Disruptions in Awake Mice. Biomaterials. 2021. [Link]
  • Kevin Woeppel, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Nanoparticle and Biomolecule Surface Modification Synergistically Increases Neural Electrode Recording Yield and Minimizes Inflammatory Host Response. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 2021. [Link]
  • Elisa Castagnola, Raghav Garg, Sahil K. Rastogi, Tzahi Cohen-Karni, Xinyan Tracy Cui. 3D Fuzzy Graphene Microelectrode Array for Dopamine Sensing at Sub-cellular Spatial Resolution. Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2021.113440. [Link]
  • Ashwati Krishnan, Mats Forssell, Zhanhong Du, X. Tracy Cui, Gary K Fedder, Shawn K Kelly. Residual voltage as an ad-hoc indicator of electrode damage in biphasic stimulation. Journal of Neuroengineering. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-2552/ac028a. [Link]
  • X. Sally Zheng, Chao, Tan, Elisa Castagnola, X. Tracy Cui. Electrode Materials for Chronic Electrical Microstimulation. Adv. Healthcare Mater. 2021, 2100119. https://doi.org/10.1002/adhm.202100119. [Link]
  • X. Sally Zheng  Qianru Yang, Alberto Vazquez, X. Tracy Cui, Imaging the Efficiency of PEDOT/CNT and Iridium Oxide Electrode Coatings for Microstimulation, Advanced NanoBiomedical Research, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1002/anbr.202000092. [Link]
  • Chao Tan, Elaine M. Robbins, Bingchen Wu, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Recent Advances in In Vivo Neurochemical Monitoring, Micromachines 12, no. 2: 208., 2021. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi12020208 [Link]


  • KM Woeppel, XT Cui - Handbook of Neuroengineering, 2020, Chapter titled “Neural Drug Delivery”, Springer Singapore, https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/978-981-15-2848-4_3-2.pdf.
  • Elisa Castagnola, X. Sally Zheng and X. Tracy Cui, Handbook of Neuroengineering, 2020, Chapter titled “Flexible and soft material and devices for neural interface”. https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-981-15-2848-4_5-1
  • Elisa Castagnola, Kevin Woeppel, Asiyeh Golabchi, Moriah McGuier, Neharika Chodapaneedi, Julian Metro, I Mitch Taylor, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Electrochemical Detection of Exogenously Administered Melatonin in the Brain, Analyst, 2020, DOI: 10.1039/D0AN00051E [Link]
  • Asiyeh Golabchi, Kevin M. Woeppel, Xia Li, Carl F. Lagenaur and X. Tracy Cui, Neuroadhesive protein coating improves the chronic performance of neuroelectronics in mouse brain, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 2020.
  • Christi L Kolarcik1, Carlos A Castro, Andrew Lesniak, Anthony J Demetris, Lee E Fisher, Robert A Gaunt, Douglas J Weber, and X Tracy Cui, Host tissue response to floating microelectrode arrays chronically implanted in the feline spinal nerve, Journal of Neural Engineering, 2020. [Link]

  • Qianru Yang, Bingchen Wu, James R. Eles, Alberto L. Vazquez, Takashi D. Y. Kozai, X. Tracy Cui, Zwitterionic Polymer Coating Suppresses Microglial Encapsulation to Neural Implants In Vitro and In Vivo, Advanced Biosystems, 2020. [Link]

  • Meer N. Ahmed, Delin Shi, Matthew T. Dailey, Kristi Rothermund, Michelle D. Drewry, Tia C. Calabrese, Xinyan T. Cui, and Fatima N. Syed-Picard, Dental Pulp Cell Sheets Enhance Facial Nerve Regeneration via Local Neurotrophic Factor Delivery, Advances in Tissue Engineering, 2020 [Link]

  • Elisa Castagnola, Elaine M Robbins, Kevin M Woeppel, Moriah McGuier, Asiyeh Golabchi, I Mitch Taylor, Adrian Michael, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Real-time Fast Scan Cyclic Voltammetry detection and quantification of exogenously administered melatonin in mice brain, Frontiers in bioengineering and biotechnology, 2020 [Link]

  • Elisa Castagnola, Raghav Garg, Sahil Rastogi, Tzahi Cohen-Karni, Xinyan Tracy Cui, 3D Fuzzy Graphene Microelectrode Array for Neurotransmitter Sensing at Sub-cellular Spatial Resolution, ChemRxiv, 2020


  • X Sally Zheng,, Azante Y Griffith, Emily Chang, Michael J Looker, Lee E Fischer, Brady Clapsaddle, X Tracy Cui, Evaluation of a conducting elastomeric composite material for intramuscular electrode application, Acta Biomaterialia [Link]
  • Eli J. Curry, Thinh T. Le, Ritopa Das, Kai Ke, Elise M. Santorella, Debayon Paul, Meysam T. Chorsi, Khanh T. M. Tran, Jeffrey Baroody, Emily R. Borges, Brian Ko, Asiyeh Golabchi, Xiaonan Xin, David Rowe, Lixia Yue, Jianlin Feng, M. Daniela Morales-Acosta, Qian Wu, I-Ping Chen, X. Tracy Cui, Joel Pachter, and  Thanh D. Nguyen, Biodegradable nanofiber-based piezoelectric transducer, PNAS January 7, 2020 117 (1) 214-220; first published December 23, 2019 [Link]
  • IM Taylor, N Patel, NC Freedman, E Castagnola, XT Cui, Direct in vivo electrochemical detection of resting dopamine using PEDOT/CNT functionalized microelectrodes, Analytical Chemistry 2019 [link]

  • A Golabchi, B Wu, B Cao, CJ Bettinger, XT Cui, Zwitterionic polymer/polydopamine coating reduce acute inflammatory tissue responses to neural implants, Biomaterials 2019 [link]

  • Kevin M. Woeppel,  X. Sally Zheng, Zachary M. Schulte, Nathaniel L. Rosi, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Nanoparticle Doped PEDOT for Enhanced Electrode Coatings and Drug Delivery. Adv. Healthcare Mater. 2019 [link]

  • X Sally Zheng, Noah R Snyder, Kevin Woeppel, Jenna Hanner, Xia Li, James Eles, Christi L Kolarcik, X Tracy Cui, A Superoxide Scavenging Coating for Improving Tissue Response to Neural Implants. Acta Biomateriala. 2019 [Link]

  • Bingchen Wu, Bin Cao, Ian M. Taylor, Kevin Woeppel, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Facile Synthesis of a 3,4-Ethylene-Dioxythiophene (EDOT) Derivative for Ease of Bio-functionalization of the Conducting Polymer PEDOT. Frontiers in Chemistry. 2019 [Link]
  • X. Zheng, K. M. Woeppel, A. Y. Griffith, E. Chang, M. J. Looker, L. E. Fisher, B. J. Clapsaddle, X. T. Cui, Soft Conducting Elastomer for Peripheral Nerve Interface Adv. Healthcare Mater. 2019, 1801311 [Link]

  • J.R. Eles, A.L. Vazquez, T.D.Y. Kozai, X.T. Cui, Meningeal inflammatory response and fibrous tissue remodeling around intracortical implants: An in vivo two-photon imaging study, Biomaterials, Volume 195, 2019, Pages 111-123 [Link]

  • Sergei V. Baranov, Oxana V. Baranova, Svitlana Yablonska, Yalikun Suofu, Alberto L. Vazquez, Takashi D. Y. Kozai, X. Tracy Cui, Lisa M. Ferrando, Timothy M. Larkin, Yulia Y. Tyurina, Valerian E. Kagan, Diane L. Carlisle, Bruce S. Kristal, Robert M. Friedlander, Mitochondria modulate programmed neuritic retraction, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Jan 2019, 116 (2) 650-659; DOI:10.1073/pnas.1811021116 [Link]


  • Asiyeh Golabchi, Bingchen Wu, Xia Lia, Diane L. Carlisle, Takashi D. Y. Kozai, Robert M. Friedlander, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Melatonin improves quality and longevity of chronic neural recording, Biomaterials [Link]

  • Akhil Patel, Yingfei Xue, Rebecca Hartley, Vinayak Sant, James Eles, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Donna Beer Stolz, Shilpa Sant, Hierarchically aligned fibrous hydrogel films through microfluidic self‐assembly of graphene and polysaccharides, Bioengineering and Biotechnology, First published: 16 July 2018 [Link]

  • James Eles, Alberto Vazquez, TK Kozai, X. Tracy Cui, In vivo imaging of neuronal calcium during electrode implantation: spatial and temporal mapping of damage and recovery, Biomaterials, 2018, 174: 79-94. [Link]

  • Yang Shen; Bin Cao; Noah Snyder; Kevin M. Woeppel; James Eles; Xinyan Cui, ROS Responsive Resveratrol Delivery from LDLR Peptide Conjugated PLA-coated Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Across the Blood-Brain Barrier, Journal of Nanobiotechnology, 2018, 16:13, [Link] [Open Access Link]

  • James Eles, Alberto Vazquez, TK Kozai, X. Tracy Cui, In vivo imaging of neuronal calcium during electrode implantation: spatial and temporal mapping of damage and recovery, Accepted by Biomaterials.

  • Kevin M. Woeppel, Xin Zheng, X. Tracy Cui, Enhancing Surface Immobilization of Bioactive Molecule via Silica Nanoparticle Base Coating, Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 2018, 10.1039/C8TB00408K [Link]

  • Cody PA, Eles JR, Lagenaur CF, Kozai TDY, Cui XT. Unique electrophysiological and impedance signatures between encapsulation types: An analysis of biological Utah array failure and benefit of a biomimetic coating in a rat model. Biomaterials. April 2018, Pages 117-128 (Link)

  • Zhanhong Jeff Du, Guo‐Qiang Bi, Xinyan Tracy Cui. Electrically Controlled Neurochemical Release from Dual-Layer Conducting Polymer Films for Precise Modulation of Neural Network Activity in Rat Barrel Cortex, Advanced functional Materials, DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201703988

  • Michelson NJ, Vazquez AL, Eles JR, Salatino JW, Purcell EK, Williams JJ, Cui XT, Kozai TDY. Multi-scale, multi-modal analysis uncovers complex relationship at the brain tissue-implant neural interface: New Emphasis on the Biological Interface. J Neural Engineering. 2017 Nov 28. doi: 10.1088/1741-2552/aa9dae, [Link


  • Woeppel K, Yang Q, Cui XT, Recent Advances in Neural Electrode-Tissue Interface, Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering, December 2017,Vol 4,  Pages 21-31 [Link]

  • Catt K, Li H, Hoang V, Beard R, Cui XT, Self-Powered Therapeutic Release from Conducting Polymer/Graphene Oxide Films on Magnesium, Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, In Press, Corrected Proof. [Link]

  • Taylor IM, Du Z, Bigelow E, Eles JR, Horner AR, Catt K, Webser S, Jamieson B, Cui XT. Aptamer-functionalized neural recording electrodes for the direct measurement of cocaine in vivo. Journal of Materials Chemistry B. 2017, Accepted manuscript. [Link]

  • Du Z, Kolarcik CL, Kozai TDY, Luebben SD, Sapp SA, Zheng XS, Nabity JA, Cui XT. Ultrasoft microwire neural electrodes improve chronic tissue integration. Acta Biomaterialia. 2017, in press. [Link]

  • Eles JR, Vazquez AL, Snyder NR, Lagenaur C, Murphy MC, Kozai TDY, Cui XT. Neuroadhesive L1 coating attenuates acute microglial attachment to neural electrodes as revealed by live two-photon microscopy. Biomaterials. 2017, 113: 279-92. [Link]


  • Khilwani, Gilgunn PJ, Kozai TDY, Ong XC, Korkmaz E, Gunalan PK, Cui XT, Fedder GK, Ozdoganlar OB, Ultra-miniature ultra-compliant neural probes with dissolvable delivery needles: design, fabrication and characterization. Biomedical microdevices, 2016. 18(6): p. 97 [Link]

  • Catt K, Li H, Cui XT. Poly(3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene) graphene oxide composite coatings for controlling magnesium implant corrosion. Acta Biomaterialia. 2016, 48(15): 530-540 [Link]

  • Degenhart AD*, Eles JR*, Dum R, Mischel JL, Smalianchuk I, Endler B, Ashmore RC, Tyler-Kabara EC, Hatsopoulos NG, Wang W, Batista AP, Cui XT. Histological evaluation of a chronically-implanted electrocorticographic electrode grid in a non-human primate. Journal of Neural Engineering. 2016, 13(4): 046019 [Link] [*Authors contributed equally]

  • Taylor IM, Robbins EM, Catt KA, Cody PA, Happe CL, Cui XT. Enhanced dopamine detection sensitivity by PEDOT/graphene oxide coating on in vivo carbon fiber electrodes. Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 2016 [In press] [Link]

  • Kozai TDY, Jaquins-Gerst AS, Vazquez AL, Michael AC, Cui XT. Dexamethasone retrodialysis attenuates microglial response to implanted probes in vivoBiomaterials. 2016, 87 157-169. [Link]


  • Kozai TDY, Eles JR, Vazquez AL, Cui XT. Two-photon imaging of chronically implanted neural electrodes: Sealant Methods and new insights. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 2015, 258(30) 46-55. [Link]

  • Alba NA, Du Z, Catt K, Kozai TDY, Cui XT. In vivo electrochemical analysis of a PEDOT/MWCNT neural electrode. Biosensors. 2015, 5(4) 618-646.

  • Kozai TDY, Catt K, Du Z, Na K, Srivannavit O, Haque RM, Seymour J, Wise KD, Yoon E, Cui XT. Chronic in vivo evaluation of PEDOT/CNT for stable neural recordings. IEEE TBME. 2015. [in press] [ Link]

  • Patel PR, Na K, Zhang H, Kozai TDY, Kotov NA, Yoon E, Chestek CA. Insertion and development of linear 8.6μm diameter channel carbon fiber electrode arrays for single unit recordings. J Neural Eng. 2015. 12 (4), 046009. [ Link]

  • Kolarcik CL, Luebben SD, Sapp SA, Hanner J, Snyder N, Kozai TDY, Chang E, Nabity JA, Nabity ST, Lagenaur CF, Cui XT. Elastomeric and soft conducting microwires for implantable neural interfaces. Soft Matter. 2015. 11. 4847-4861. [ Link]

  • Weaver C, Cui XT. Directed Neural Stem Cell Differentiation with a Functionalized Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 2015. [in press] [ Link]

  • Du ZJ, Luo X, Weaver C, Cui XT. Poly (3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-ionic liquid coating improves neural recording and stimulation functionality of MEAs. Journal of Material Chemistry C. 2015. [in press] [ Link]

  • Kozai TDY, Vazquez AL. Photoelectric artefact from optogenetics and imaging on microelectrodes and bioelectronics: New Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of Material Chemistry B. 2015. 3. 4965-4978. [ Link] [ cover].

  • Kozai TDY, Jaquins-Gerstl A, Vazquez AL, Michael AC, Cui XT. Brain Tissue Responses to Neural Implants Impact Signal Sensitivity and Intervention Strategies. ACS Chem. Neurosci.2015. 6(1). 48-67. [ Link] [ cover]

  • Kozai TDY, Du Z, Gugel ZV, Smith MA, Chase SM, Bodily LM, Caparosa EM, Friedlander RM, Cui XT. Comprehensive Chronic Laminar Single-Unit, Multi-Unit, and Local Field Potential Recording Performance with Planar Single Shank Electrode Arrays. J Neurosci Methods.2015. 242. 15-40. [ Link]

  • Kozai TDY, Catt K, Li X, Gugel ZV, Olafsson VT, Vazquez AL, Cui XT. Mechanical failure modes of chronically implanted planar silicon-based neural probes for laminar recording. Biomaterials. 2015. 37. 25-39.   [ Link]
  • Kolarcik CL, Catt K, Rost E, Albrecht I, Bourbeau D, Du Z, Kozai TDY, Luo X, Weber DJ, Cui XT. Evaluation of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/carbon nanotube neural electrode coatings for stimulation in the dorsal root ganglion. J Neural Eng.2015. 12. 016008. [ Link]


  • Kozai TDY, Li X, Bodily  LM, Caparosa EM, Zenonos GA, Carlisle DL, Friedlander RM, Cui XT. Effect of caspase-1 knockout on chronic neural recording quality and longevity: Insight into cellular and molecular mechanisms of the reactive tissue response. Biomaterials. 2014. 35(36). 9620-9634. [ Link]
  • Kozai TDY, Gugel ZV, Li X, Gilgunn PJ, Khilwani R, Ozdoganlar OB, Fedder GK, Weeber DJ, Cui XT. Chronic tissue response to carboxymethyl cellulose based dissolvable insertion needle for ultra-compliant, ultra-small neural probes. Biomaterials. 2014. 35(34). 9255-68 [ Link]
  • Freedman MS, Cui XT. Substrate Electrode Morphology Affects Electrically Controlled Drug Release from Electrodeposited Polypyrrole Films . Physical Chemistry Communications. 2014. 1(1). 15-25 [ Link]
  • Weaver CL, Li H, Luo X, Cui XT. A graphene oxide/conducting polymer nanocomposite for electrochemical dopamine detection: origin of improved sensitivity and specificity. J Mater Chem B. 2(32): 5209-5219. [ Link].
  • Wang W, Xu G, Cui XT, Sheng G, Luo X. Enhanced catalytic and dopamine sensing properties of electrochemically reduced conducting polymer nanocomposite doped with pure graphene oxide. Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 2014 Aug 15; 58: 153-6. [ Link]

  • Kozai TDY, Alba NA, Zhang H, Kotov NA, Gaunt RA, Cui XT. "Nanostructured coatings for improved charge delivery to neurons" in "Nanotechnology and Neuroscience: nano-electronic, photonic, and mechanical neuronal interfacing" Springer. 2014. [ Link]

  • Weaver CL, LaRosa JM, Luo X, and Cui XT. Electrically Controlled Drug Delivery from Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite Films. ACS Nano. 2014 8(2): 1834-1843. [ Link].


  • Zhang L, Zhang F, Weng Z, Brown BN, Yan H, Ma XM, Vosler PS, Badylak SF, Dixon CE, Cui XT, Chen J. Effect of an inductive hydrogel composed of urinary bladder matrix upon functional recovery following traumatic brain injury. Tissue Eng Part A. 2013 Sept;19(17-18):1909-18.
  • Wang JY1, Liou AK, Ren ZH, Zhang L, Brown BN, Cui XT, Badylak SF, Cai YN, Guan YQ, Leak RK, Chen J, Ji X, Chen L. Neurorestorative effect of urinary bladder matrix-mediated neural stem cell transplantation following traumatic brain injury in rats. CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets. 2013 May 1;12(3): 412-25. [ Link]
  • Huang J, Lee I, Luo X, Cui XT, Yun M. Shadow masking for nanomaterial-based biosensors incorporated with a microfluidic device. Biomed Microdevices. 2013 Jun;15(3):531-7. [ Link].


  • Kozai TDY, Vazquez AL, Weaver CL, Kim SG, Cui XT. In vivo two photon microscopy reveals microglial reaction to implantation of microelectrode through extension of processes. J Neural Eng.2012. 9. 066001.[ Link
  • Kolarcik, C.L., Bourbeau, D., Azemi, E., Rost, E., Zhang, L., Lagenaur, C.F., Weber, D.J. and Cui, X.T. In vivo effects of L1 coating on inflammation and neuronal health at the electrode/tissue interface in rat dorsal root ganglion and spinal cord. Acta Biomaterialia,2012. 8(10): p. 3561-75. [ Link]
  • Innam Lee, Xiliang Luo, Jiyong Huang, Xinyan Tracy Cui and Minhee Yun, Detection of Cardiac Biomarkers Using Single Polyaniline Nanowire-Based Conductometric Biosensors. Biosensors2012, 2(2), 205-220. [ Link]


  • Luo, X., C. L. Weaver, D. D. Zhou, R. Greenberg, and X. T. Cui, Highly stable carbon nanotube doped poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) for chronic neural stimulation. Biomaterials, 2011. 32(24): p. 5551-5557.Link]
  • Huang, J., X. Luo, I. Lee, Y. Hu, X. T. Cui and M. Yun, Rapid real-time electrical detection of proteins using single conducting polymer nanowire-based microfluidic aptasensor. Biosens Bioelectron, 2011. 30(1): p. 306-309.Link]
  • Luo, X., C. Matranga, S. Tan, N. Alba, and X. T. Cui, Carbon nanotube nanoreservior for controlled release of anti-inflammatory dexamethasone. Biomaterials, 2011. 32(26): p. 6316-6323.Link]
  • Stauffer, W. R., P. M. Lau, G. Q. Bi, and X. T. Cui, Rapid modulation of local neural activity by controlled drug release from polymer-coated recording microelectrodes. J Neural Eng, 2011. 8(4): 044001. [ Link]
  • Luo, X., I. Lee, J. Huang, M. Yun, and X. T. Cui, Ultrasensitive protein detection using an aptamer-functionalized single polyaniline nanowire. Chem Commun (Camb), 2011. 47(22): p. 6368-6370. [ Link]
  • Justin, G. A., Y. Zhang, X. T. Cui, C. W. Bradberry, M. Sun, and R. J. Sclabassi, A metabolic biofuel cell: conversion of human leukocyte metabolic activity to electrical currents.J Biol Eng, 2011. 5: p. 5. [ Link]
  • Lee, I., X. Luo, X. T. Cui, and M. Yun, Highly sensitive single polyaniline nanowire biosensor for the detection of immunoglobulin G and myoglobin. Biosens Bioelectron, 2011. 26(7): p. 3297-3302. [ Link]
  • Collinger, J. L., B. E. Dicianno, D. J. Weber, X. T. Cui, W. Wang, D. M. Brienza, and M. L. Boninger Integrating rehabilitation engineering technology with biologics. PM R, 2011. 3(6 Suppl 1): p. S148-157. [ Link]
  • Luo, X. and X. T. Cui, Electrochemical deposition of conducting polymer coatings on magnesium surfaces in ionic liquid. Acta Biomater, 2011. 7(1): p. 441-446. [ Link]
  • Azemi, E., C. F. Lagenaur, and X. T. Cui, The surface immobilization of the neural adhesion molecule L1 on neural probes and its effect on neuronal density and gliosis at the probe/tissue interface. Biomaterials, 2011. 32(3): p.681-692. [ Link]


  • Ling Zhang, William R. Stauffer, Esther P. Jane, Paul J. Sammak and Xinyan Tracy Cui, Enhanced Differentiation of Embryonic and Neural Stem Cells to Neuronal Fates on Laminin Peptides Doped Polypyrrole, Macromol Biosci, 2010. 10(12): p. 1456-1464. [ Link]
  • Nicolsa Alba, Mingui Sun, Robert Scalbassi, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Novel Hydrogel-Based Preparation- Free EEG Electrode. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng, 2010, 18(4): p. 415-423. [ Link]
  • Erdrin Azemi, Glenn Gobbel, Xinyan Tracy Cui, Seeding Neural Progenitor Cells on Silicon Based Neural Probes. J Neurosurg, 2010, 113(3): p. 673-681.Link]


  • Xiliang Luo and Xinyan Tracy Cui, Sponge-like nanostructured conducting polymers for electrically controlled drug release. Electrochemistry Communications, 2009. 11(10), p. 1956-1959. [ Link]
  • Luo, X. and X.T. Cui, Electrochemically controlled release based on nanoporous conducting polymers. Electrochemistry Communications, 2009. 11(2): p. 402-404. [ Link]


  • Wei Liao, Nicolas J. Alba, Brad Randall and X. Tracy Cui, Conducting Polymer-based Impedimetric Aptamer Biosensor for in situ Detection. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 2008. 392(5): p. 861-864. [ Link]
  • Azemi, E., Stauffer, W. R., Gostock, M. S., Lagenaur, C. F., Cui, X. T., Surface immobilization of neural adhesion molecule L1 for improving the biocompatibility of chronic neural probes: In vitro characterization. Acta Biomater, 2008. 4: p. 1208-1217. [ Link]
  • Brayfield, C. A., Marra, K. G., Leonard, J. P.,Tracy Cui, X.,Gerlach, J. C. Excimer laser channel creation in polyethersulfone hollow fibers for compartmentalized in vitro neuronal cell culture scaffolds. Acta Biomater, 2008. 4(2): p. 244-255.  [ Link]


  • Cui XT, Zhou DD, Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) for Chronic Neural Stimulation. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems & Rehabilitation Engineering, 2007. 15: p. 502-508. [ Link]
  • Liao W, Cui XT: Reagentless aptamer based impedance biosensor for monitoring a neuroinflammatory cytokine PDGF. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2007. 23: 218-224. [ Link]
  • Widge AS, Jeffries-El M, Cui X, Lagenaur CF, Matsuoka Y, Self-assembled monolayers of polythiophene conductive polymers improve biocompatibility and electrical impedance of neural electrodes. Biosens Bioelectron. 2007. 22(8):, p. 1723-1732. [ Link]


  • Schwartz AB, Cui XT, Weber DJ, Moran DW, Brain-controlled interfaces: movement restoration with neural prosthetics. Neuron, 2006. 52(1): p. 205-220. [ Link]
  • Yinghong Xiao; David C. Martin; Xinyan Cui and Mehash Shenai, Surface modification of neural probes with conducting polymer poly(hydroxymethylated-3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and its biocompatibility. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2006. 128(2): 117-130. [Link]
  • William R. Stauffer and Xinyan T. Cui, Polypyrrole doped with 2 peptide sequences from laminin. Biomaterials, 2006. 27(11): p. 2405-2413. [ Link]
  • Reecha Wadhwa, Carl F. Lagenaur and Xinyan Tracy Cui, Electrochemically controlled release of dexamethasone from conducting polymer polypyrrole coated electrode. Journal of Controlled Release, 2006.110(3): p. 531-541. [ Link]